Genesis 15:17
New International Version
When the sun had set and darkness had fallen, a smoking firepot with a blazing torch appeared and passed between the pieces.

New Living Translation
After the sun went down and darkness fell, Abram saw a smoking firepot and a flaming torch pass between the halves of the carcasses.

English Standard Version
When the sun had gone down and it was dark, behold, a smoking fire pot and a flaming torch passed between these pieces.

Berean Study Bible
When the sun had set and darkness had fallen, behold, a smoking firepot and a flaming torch appeared and passed between the halves of the carcasses.

New American Standard Bible
It came about when the sun had set, that it was very dark, and behold, there appeared a smoking oven and a flaming torch which passed between these pieces.

New King James Version
And it came to pass, when the sun went down and it was dark, that behold, there appeared a smoking oven and a burning torch that passed between those pieces.

King James Bible
And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces.

Christian Standard Bible
When the sun had set and it was dark, a smoking fire pot and a flaming torch appeared and passed between the divided animals.

Contemporary English Version
Sometime after sunset, when it was very dark, a smoking cooking pot and a flaming fire passed between the two halves of each animal.

Good News Translation
When the sun had set and it was dark, a smoking fire pot and a flaming torch suddenly appeared and passed between the pieces of the animals.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When the sun had set and it was dark, a smoking fire pot and a flaming torch appeared and passed between the divided animals.

International Standard Version
When the sun had fully set and it was dark, a smoking fire pot and a fiery torch passed between the animal pieces.

NET Bible
When the sun had gone down and it was dark, a smoking firepot with a flaming torch passed between the animal parts.

New Heart English Bible
It came to pass that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, look, a smoking fire pot and a flaming torch passed between these pieces.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The sun had gone down, and it was dark. Suddenly a smoking oven and a flaming torch passed between the animal pieces.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and there was thick darkness, behold a smoking furnace, and a flaming torch that passed between these pieces.

New American Standard 1977
And it came about when the sun had set, that it was very dark, and behold, there appeared a smoking oven and a flaming torch which passed between these pieces.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And it came to pass that when the sun went down and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces.

King James 2000 Bible
And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces.

American King James Version
And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces.

American Standard Version
And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold, a smoking furnace, and a flaming torch that passed between these pieces.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And when the sun was about to set, there was a flame, and behold a smoking furnace and lamps of fire, which passed between these divided pieces.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when the sun was set, there arose a dark mist, and there appeared a smoking furnace and a lamp of fire passing between those divisions.

Darby Bible Translation
And it came to pass when the sun had gone down, and it was dark, that behold, there was a smoking furnace, and a flame of fire which passed between those pieces.

English Revised Version
And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a flaming torch that passed between these pieces.

Webster's Bible Translation
And it came to pass, that when the sun had gone down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces.

World English Bible
It came to pass that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold, a smoking furnace, and a flaming torch passed between these pieces.

Young's Literal Translation
And it cometh to pass -- the sun hath gone in, and thick darkness hath been -- and lo, a furnace of smoke, and a lamp of fire, which hath passed over between those pieces.
Study Bible
God Confirms His Promise
16In the fourth generation your descendants will return here, for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet complete.” 17When the sun had set and darkness had fallen, behold, a smoking firepot and a flaming torch appeared and passed between the halves of the carcasses. 18On that day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, “To your descendants I have given this land—from the river of Egypt to the great River Euphrates—…
Cross References
Genesis 15:10
So Abram brought all these to Him, split each of them down the middle, and laid the halves opposite each other. The birds, however, he did not cut.

Exodus 19:18
Mount Sinai was completely enveloped in smoke, because the LORD had descended on it in fire. And smoke rose like the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mountain quaked violently.

1 Kings 18:38
Then the fire of the LORD fell and consumed the sacrifice, the wood, the stones, and the dust, and it licked up the water in the trench.

Jeremiah 34:18
And those who have transgressed My covenant and have not fulfilled the terms of the covenant they made before Me, I will treat like the calf they cut in two in order to pass between its pieces.

Jeremiah 34:19
The officials of Judah and Jerusalem, the court officials, the priests, and all the people of the land who passed between the pieces of the calf,

Treasury of Scripture

And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces.

smoking.

Exodus 3:2,3
And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed…

Deuteronomy 4:20
But the LORD hath taken you, and brought you forth out of the iron furnace, even out of Egypt, to be unto him a people of inheritance, as ye are this day.

Judges 6:21
Then the angel of the LORD put forth the end of the staff that was in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire out of the rock, and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel of the LORD departed out of his sight.

a burning lamp.

2 Samuel 22:9
There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it.

passed.

Jeremiah 34:18,19
And I will give the men that have transgressed my covenant, which have not performed the words of the covenant which they had made before me, when they cut the calf in twain, and passed between the parts thereof, …







Lexicon
When the sun
הַשֶּׁ֙מֶשׁ֙ (haš·še·meš)
Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 8121: The sun, the east, a ray, a notched battlement

had set
בָּ֔אָה (bā·’āh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

and darkness
וַעֲלָטָ֖ה (wa·‘ă·lā·ṭāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5939: Thick darkness

had fallen,
וַיְהִ֤י (way·hî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

behold,
וְהִנֵּ֨ה (wə·hin·nêh)
Conjunctive waw | Interjection
Strong's Hebrew 2009: Lo! behold!

a smoking
עָשָׁן֙ (‘ā·šān)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6227: Smoke

firepot
תַנּ֤וּר (ṯan·nūr)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 8574: (portable) stove, firepot

and a flaming
אֵ֔שׁ (’êš)
Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 784: A fire

torch
וְלַפִּ֣יד (wə·lap·pîḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3940: A flambeau, lamp, flame

appeared and passed
עָבַ֔ר (‘ā·ḇar)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5674: To pass over, through, or by, pass on

between
בֵּ֖ין (bên)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 996: An interval, space between

the halves
הַגְּזָרִ֥ים (hag·gə·zā·rîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1506: Something cut off, a portion

[of the carcasses].
הָאֵֽלֶּה׃ (hā·’êl·leh)
Article | Pronoun - common plural
Strong's Hebrew 428: These, those
(17) A smoking furnace.--The word really means the circular firepot which Orientals use in their houses to sit round for purposes of warmth. This one was wreathed in smoke, out of which shot "a burning lamp" (Heb., a torch of flame). For not two symbols, but only one, passed between the divided carcases. Abram had probably passed between them immediately after arranging them, and now Jehovah does the same. Fire is the recognised symbol of the Deity, as in the burning bush, the pillar of fire, the lightnings on Mount Sinai, &c.

Verse 17. - And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, - literally, and it was (i.e. this took place), the sun went down; less accurately, ἐπεὶ δὲ ὁ ἤλιιος ἐγένετο πρὸς δυσμὰς (LXX.), which was the state of matters in Ver. 12. Here the sun, which was then setting, is described as having set - and it was dark, - literally, and darkness was, i.e. a darkness that might be felt, as in Ver. 12; certainly not φλὸξ ἐγένετο (LXX.), as if there were another flame besides the one specified in the description - behold a smoking furnace, - the תַּנּוּר, or Oriental furnace, had the form of a cylindrical fire-pot (cf. Gesenius, p. 869; Keil in loco) - and a burning lamp - a lamp of fire, or fiery torch, emerging from the smoking stove: an emblem of the Divine presence (cf. Exodus 19:18) - that passed between those pieces - in ratification of the covenant. 15:17-21 The smoking furnace and the burning lamp, probably represented the Israelites' severe trials and joyful deliverance, with their gracious supports in the mean time. It is probable that this furnace and lamp, which passed between the pieces, burned and consumed them, and so completed the sacrifice, and testified God's acceptance of it. So it intimates that God's covenants with man are made by sacrifice, Ps 50:5. And we may know that he accepts our sacrifices, if he kindles in our souls pious and devout affections. The bounds of the land granted are stated. Several nations, or tribes, are spoken of, that must be cast out to make room for the seed of Abram. In this chapter we perceive in Abram faith struggling against, and triumphing over, unbelief. Wonder not, believers, if you meet with seasons of darkness and distress. But it is not the will of God that you should be cast down: fear not; for all that he was to Abram he will be to you.
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