Genesis 15:11
New International Version
Then birds of prey came down on the carcasses, but Abram drove them away.

New Living Translation
Some vultures swooped down to eat the carcasses, but Abram chased them away.

English Standard Version
And when birds of prey came down on the carcasses, Abram drove them away.

Berean Study Bible
And the birds of prey descended on the carcasses, but Abram drove them away.

New American Standard Bible
The birds of prey came down upon the carcasses, and Abram drove them away.

King James Bible
And when the fowls came down upon the carcases, Abram drove them away.

Christian Standard Bible
Birds of prey came down on the carcasses, but Abram drove them away.

Contemporary English Version
And when birds came down to eat the animals, Abram chased them away.

Good News Translation
Vultures came down on the bodies, but Abram drove them off.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Birds of prey came down on the carcasses, but Abram drove them away.

International Standard Version
When birds of prey swooped down on the carcasses, Abram drove them away.

NET Bible
When birds of prey came down on the carcasses, Abram drove them away.

New Heart English Bible
The birds of prey came down on the carcasses, and Abram drove them away.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When birds of prey came down upon the carcasses, Abram drove them away.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the birds of prey came down upon the carcasses, and Abram drove them away.

New American Standard 1977
And the birds of prey came down upon the carcasses, and Abram drove them away.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And when the fowls came down upon the carcases, Abram drove them away.

King James 2000 Bible
And when the birds of prey came down upon the carcasses, Abram drove them away.

American King James Version
And when the fowls came down on the carcasses, Abram drove them away.

American Standard Version
And the birds of prey came down upon the carcasses, and Abram drove them away.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And birds came down upon the bodies, even upon the divided parts of them, and Abram sat down by them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the fowls came down upon carcasses, and Abram drove them away.

Darby Bible Translation
And the birds of prey came down on the carcases; and Abram scared them away.

English Revised Version
And the birds of prey came down upon the carcases, and Abram drove them away.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when the fowls came down upon the carcases, Abram drove them away.

World English Bible
The birds of prey came down on the carcasses, and Abram drove them away.

Young's Literal Translation
and the ravenous birds come down upon the carcases, and Abram causeth them to turn back.
Study Bible
God Confirms His Promise
10So Abram brought all these to Him, split each of them down the middle, and laid the halves opposite each other. The birds, however, he did not cut. 11And the birds of prey descended on the carcasses, but Abram drove them away. 12As the sun was setting, Abram fell into a deep sleep, and suddenly great terror and darkness overwhelmed him.…
Cross References
Genesis 15:10
So Abram brought all these to Him, split each of them down the middle, and laid the halves opposite each other. The birds, however, he did not cut.

Genesis 15:12
As the sun was setting, Abram fell into a deep sleep, and suddenly great terror and darkness overwhelmed him.

Treasury of Scripture

And when the fowls came down on the carcasses, Abram drove them away.

fowls.

Ezekiel 17:3,7
And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; A great eagle with great wings, longwinged, full of feathers, which had divers colours, came unto Lebanon, and took the highest branch of the cedar: …

Matthew 13:4
And when he sowed, some seeds fell by the way side, and the fowls came and devoured them up:

Abram.

Psalm 119:13
With my lips have I declared all the judgments of thy mouth.







Lexicon
And the birds of prey
הָעַ֖יִט (hā·‘a·yiṭ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5861: A hawk, other bird of prey

descended
וַיֵּ֥רֶד (way·yê·reḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3381: To come or go down, descend

on
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the carcasses,
הַפְּגָרִ֑ים (hap·pə·ḡā·rîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6297: A carcase, an idolatrous image

but Abram
אַבְרָֽם׃ (’aḇ·rām)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 87: Abram -- 'exalted father', the original name of Abraham

drove them away.
וַיַּשֵּׁ֥ב (way·yaš·šêḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5380: To blow, to disperse
(11) And when the fowls . . . --Heb., And the birds of prey came down upon the carcases, and Abram scared them away. Had there been a sacrifice the fire would have kept the vultures from approaching; but the bodies lay exposed, and Abram therefore kept guard over them, lest the purpose of the ceremonial should be frustrated by any want of respect shown to the outward symbols.

Verse 11. - And when the fowls - literally, and the bird of prey, a collective singular with the article, as in Genesis 14:13, symbolizing the Egyptians and other adversaries of Israel, as in Ezekiel 17:3, 7, 12; Ezekiel 39:4, 17; Revelation 19:17, 18 (Knobel, Rosenmüller, Lunge, Keil, Kalisch), which may be regarded as probable if the divided victims represented Israel in affliction, which is doubtful (vide supra). It does not appear necessary to attach any special significance to the descent of the vultures, which are always attracted towards carrion, and the introduction of which here completes the naturalness of the scene - came down upon the caresses (the LXX. interpolates, ἐπὶ τὰ διχοτομήματα), Abram drove them away. Literally, caused them to be blown away, i.e. by blowing. "Though Abram is here represented as the instrument, yet the effect is to be ascribed primarily to the tutelar agency of omnipotence" (Bush; cf. Exodus 15:10; Ezekiel 21:31). The act of scaring the voracious birds has been taken to represent the ease with which Abram or Israel would ward off his enemies (Jonathan, Targums, Rosenmüller, Bush); the averting of destruction from the Israelites through Abram's merit (Kalisch, Keil); Abram's religious regard for and observance of God's treaty (Wordsworth); the patriarch's expectation that God was about to employ the sacrificial victims for some holy purpose (Alford); simply his anxiety to preserve the victims pure and un-mutilated for whatever end they might have to serve (Murphy). 15:7-11 Assurance was given to Abram of the land of Canaan for an inheritance. God never promises more than he is able to perform, as men often do. Abram did as God commanded him. He divided the beasts in the midst, according to the ceremony used in confirming covenants, Jer 34:18,19. Having prepared according to God's appointment, he set himself to wait for the sign God might give him. A watch must be kept upon our spiritual sacrifices. When vain thoughts, like these fowls, come down upon our sacrifices, we must drive them away, and seek to attend on God without distraction.
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