Isaiah 23:3
New International Version
On the great waters came the grain of the Shihor; the harvest of the Nile was the revenue of Tyre, and she became the marketplace of the nations.

New Living Translation
sailing over deep waters. They brought you grain from Egypt and harvests from along the Nile. You were the marketplace of the world.

English Standard Version
And on many waters your revenue was the grain of Shihor, the harvest of the Nile; you were the merchant of the nations.

Berean Study Bible
On the great waters came the grain of Shihor; the harvest of the Nile was the revenue of Tyre; she was the merchant of the nations.

New American Standard Bible
And were on many waters. The grain of the Nile, the harvest of the River was her revenue; And she was the market of nations.

King James Bible
And by great waters the seed of Sihor, the harvest of the river, is her revenue; and she is a mart of nations.

Christian Standard Bible
over deep water. Tyre's revenue was the grain from Shihor--the harvest of the Nile. She was the merchant among the nations.

Contemporary English Version
Your merchants sailed the seas, making you wealthy by trading with nation after nation. They brought back grain that grew along the Nile.

Good News Translation
across the sea to buy and sell the grain that grew in Egypt and to do business with all the nations.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
on many waters. Tyre's revenue was the grain from Shihor-- the harvest of the Nile. She was the merchant among the nations.

International Standard Version
and were on mighty waters. Her revenue was the grain of Shihor, the harvest of the Nile; and she became the marketplace of nations.

NET Bible
the deep waters! Grain from the Shihor region, crops grown near the Nile she receives; she is the trade center of the nations.

New Heart English Bible
On great waters, the seed of the Shihor, the harvest of the Nile, was her revenue. She was the market of nations.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The grain of Shihor is on the Mediterranean. The harvest of the Nile River is brought to Tyre. Tyre became the marketplace for the nations.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And on great waters the seed of Shihor, The harvest of the Nile, was her revenue; And she was the mart of nations.

New American Standard 1977
And were on many waters. The grain of the Nile, the harvest of the River was her revenue; And she was the market of nations.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Her provision was from the plantings that grow with the many waters of the Nile, of the harvest of the river. She was also the mart of the Gentiles.

King James 2000 Bible
And by great waters the grain of Sihor, the harvest of the river, is her revenue; and she is a marketplace of nations.

American King James Version
And by great waters the seed of Sihor, the harvest of the river, is her revenue; and she is a mart of nations.

American Standard Version
And on great waters the seed of the Shihor, the harvest of the Nile, was her revenue; and she was the mart of nations.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
in great waters, a generation of merchants? as when the harvest is gathered in, so are these traders with the nations.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The seed of the Nile in many waters, the harvest of the river is her revenue: and she is become the mart of the nations.

Darby Bible Translation
And on great waters, the seed of Shihor, the harvest of the Nile, was her revenue; and she was the market of the nations.

English Revised Version
And on great waters the seed of Shihor, the harvest of the Nile, was her revenue; and she was the mart of nations.

Webster's Bible Translation
And by great waters the seed of Sihor, the harvest of the river, is her revenue; and she is a mart of nations.

World English Bible
On great waters, the seed of the Shihor, the harvest of the Nile, was her revenue. She was the market of nations.

Young's Literal Translation
And in many waters is the seed of Sihor, The harvest of the brook is her increase, And she is a mart of nations.
Study Bible
The Fall of Tyre
2Be silent, O dwellers of the coastland, you merchants of Sidon, whom the seafarers have enriched. 3On the great waters came the grain of Shihor; the harvest of the Nile was the revenue of Tyre; she was the merchant of the nations. 4Be ashamed, O Sidon, the stronghold of the sea, for the sea has spoken: “I have not been in labor or given birth. I have not raised young men or brought up young women.”…
Cross References
Joshua 13:3
from the Shihor east of Egypt to the territory of Ekron on the north (considered to be Canaanite territory)--that of the five Philistine rulers of Gaza, Ashdod, Ashkelon, Gath, and Ekron, as well as the Avvites;

1 Chronicles 13:5
So David assembled all the Israelites, from the River Shihor in Egypt to Lebo-hamath, to bring the ark of God from Kiriath-jearim.

Isaiah 19:7
The bulrushes by the Nile, by the mouth of the river, and all the fields sown along the Nile, will wither, blow away, and be no more.

Jeremiah 2:18
Now what will you gain on your way to Egypt to drink the waters of the Nile? What will you gain on your way to Assyria to drink the waters of the Euphrates?

Ezekiel 27:3
Tell Tyre, who dwells at the gateway to the sea, merchant of the peoples on many coasts, that this is what the Lord GOD says: 'You have said, O Tyre, "I am perfect in beauty."

Treasury of Scripture

And by great waters the seed of Sihor, the harvest of the river, is her revenue; and she is a mart of nations.

Sihor

1 Chronicles 13:5
So David gathered all Israel together, from Shihor of Egypt even unto the entering of Hemath, to bring the ark of God from Kirjathjearim.

Jeremiah 2:18
And now what hast thou to do in the way of Egypt, to drink the waters of Sihor? or what hast thou to do in the way of Assyria, to drink the waters of the river?

the harvest

Isaiah 32:20
Blessed are ye that sow beside all waters, that send forth thither the feet of the ox and the ass.

Deuteronomy 11:10
For the land, whither thou goest in to possess it, is not as the land of Egypt, from whence ye came out, where thou sowedst thy seed, and wateredst it with thy foot, as a garden of herbs:

she is

Isaiah 23:8
Who hath taken this counsel against Tyre, the crowning city, whose merchants are princes, whose traffickers are the honourable of the earth?

Ezekiel 27:33
When thy wares went forth out of the seas, thou filledst many people; thou didst enrich the kings of the earth with the multitude of thy riches and of thy merchandise.

Ezekiel 28:4
With thy wisdom and with thine understanding thou hast gotten thee riches, and hast gotten gold and silver into thy treasures:







Lexicon
On the great
רַבִּים֙ (rab·bîm)
Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7227: Much, many, great

waters
וּבְמַ֤יִם (ū·ḇə·ma·yim)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4325: Water, juice, urine, semen

came the grain
זֶ֣רַע (ze·ra‘)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 2233: Seed, fruit, plant, sowing-time, posterity

of Shihor;
שִׁחֹ֔ר (ši·ḥōr)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7883: Nile -- a stream on the border of Egypt

the harvest
קְצִ֥יר (qə·ṣîr)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7105: Severed, harvest, the crop, the time, the reaper, a limb

of the Nile
יְא֖וֹר (yə·’ō·wr)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2975: Nile -- a channel, a fosse, canal, shaft, the Nile, the Tigris

was the revenue of Tyre;
תְּבֽוּאָתָ֑הּ (tə·ḇū·’ā·ṯāh)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8393: Product, revenue

she was
וַתְּהִ֖י (wat·tə·hî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

the merchant
סְחַ֥ר (sə·ḥar)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5505: An emporium, profit

of the nations.
גּוֹיִֽם׃ (gō·w·yim)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1471: A foreign nation, a Gentile, a troop of animals, a flight of locusts
(3) By great waters the seed of Sihor . . .--Sihor ("the dark river") is as in Jeremiah 2:18, a Hebrew name for the Nile. The corn-trade with Egypt (Ezekiel 27:7, adds the linen-trade) was naturally a chief branch of Tyrian commerce. Practically, indeed, as the Egyptians had no timber to build ships, and, for the most part, hated the sea, their navy consisted of Ph?nicians. Tyre practically reaped the harvest that sprang from the inundation of the Nile. For "mart," read gain. The "great waters" are those of the great sea, i.e., of the Mediterranean.

Verse 3. - By great waters; rather, on great waters; i.e. on the waters of the Mediterranean (cf. Psalm 107:23; Ezekiel 27:26). The Egyptian vessels conveyed the corn intended for exportation to the ports at the mouths of the Nile, where it was transhipped aboard Phoenician craft, which carried it on the open sea to the countries needing it. We never hear of the Egyptians disputing the trade of the Mediterranean with the Phoenicians and the Greeks, though they certainly had trading-vessels at times on the waters of the Red Sea. The seed of Sihor; i.e. the corn of the Nile valley. "Si-her," or rather "Shihor," is the only proper name by which the Nile is designated in the Hebrew Scriptures. It means "the dark," "the turbid," and may be compared with the modern "Bahr-el-azrak," used of the Eastern or Abyssinian Nile, and with the term" Nilus" itself, if that signifies "the dark blue stream." It occurs, as the name of the Nile, only in Joshua 13:3; 1 Chronicles 13:5; Jeremiah 2:18; and the present place. Is her revenue; i.e. "produces a portion of her annual income." And she is a man of nations (so Gesenius and Ewald). Delitzsch and Mr. Cheyne translate, "It is the gain of the nations," referring "it' to the corn which the Tyrians exported. 23:1-14 Tyre was the mart of the nations. She was noted for mirth and diversions; and this made her loth to consider the warnings God gave by his servants. Her merchants were princes, and lived like princes. Tyre being destroyed and laid waste, the merchants should abandon her. Flee to shift for thine own safety; but those that are uneasy in one place, will be so in another; for when God's judgments pursue sinners, they will overtake them. Whence shall all this trouble come? It is a destruction from the Almighty. God designed to convince men of the vanity and uncertainty of all earthly glory. Let the ruin of Tyre warn all places and persons to take heed of pride; for he who exalts himself shall be abased. God will do it, who has all power in his hand; but the Chaldeans shall be the instruments.
Jump to Previous
Brook Grain Great Harvest Increase Market Marketplace Mart Merchant Nations Nile Revenue River Seed Shihor Sihor Trade Tyre Waters Wealth
Jump to Next
Brook Grain Great Harvest Increase Market Marketplace Mart Merchant Nations Nile Revenue River Seed Shihor Sihor Trade Tyre Waters Wealth
Links
Isaiah 23:3 NIV
Isaiah 23:3 NLT
Isaiah 23:3 ESV
Isaiah 23:3 NASB
Isaiah 23:3 KJV

Isaiah 23:3 Bible Apps
Isaiah 23:3 Biblia Paralela
Isaiah 23:3 Chinese Bible
Isaiah 23:3 French Bible
Isaiah 23:3 German Bible

Alphabetical: and became came grain great harvest her many market marketplace nations Nile of On revenue River she Shihor the Tyre was waters were

OT Prophets: Isaiah 23:3 On great waters the seed (Isa Isi Is) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Isaiah 23:2
Top of Page
Top of Page