Micah 1:13
New International Version
You who live in Lachish, harness fast horses to the chariot. You are where the sin of Daughter Zion began, for the transgressions of Israel were found in you.

New Living Translation
Harness your chariot horses and flee, you people of Lachish. You were the first city in Judah to follow Israel in her rebellion, and you led Jerusalem into sin.

English Standard Version
Harness the steeds to the chariots, inhabitants of Lachish; it was the beginning of sin to the daughter of Zion, for in you were found the transgressions of Israel.

Berean Study Bible
Harness the horses to the chariot, O inhabitant of Lachish. You were the beginning of sin to the daughter of Zion, for the transgressions of Israel were found in you.

New American Standard Bible
Harness the chariot to the team of horses, O inhabitant of Lachish-- She was the beginning of sin To the daughter of Zion-- Because in you were found The rebellious acts of Israel.

King James Bible
O thou inhabitant of Lachish, bind the chariot to the swift beast: she is the beginning of the sin to the daughter of Zion: for the transgressions of Israel were found in thee.

Christian Standard Bible
Harness the horses to the chariot, you residents of Lachish. This was the beginning of sin for Daughter Zion because Israel's acts of rebellion can be traced to you.

Contemporary English Version
Get the war chariots ready, you people of Lachish. You led Jerusalem into sin, just as Israel did.

Good News Translation
You that live in Lachish, hitch the horses to the chariots. You imitated the sins of Israel and so caused Jerusalem to sin.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Harness the horses to the chariot, you residents of Lachish. This was the beginning of sin for Daughter Zion, because Israel's acts of rebellion can be traced to you.

International Standard Version
"You inhabitants of Lachish, harness your chariot to your swiftest steed— the daughter of Zion has begun to sin— because within you the transgressions of Israel were revealed.

NET Bible
Residents of Lachish, hitch the horses to the chariots! You influenced Daughter Zion to sin, for Israel's rebellious deeds can be traced back to you!

New Heart English Bible
Harness the chariot to the swift steed, inhabitant of Lachish. She was the beginning of sin to the daughter of Zion; For the transgressions of Israel were found in you.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Harness the horses to the chariots, inhabitants of Lachish. You were the first to lead the people of Zion into sin. The rebellious acts of Israel are found in you.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Bind the chariots to the swift steeds, O inhabitant of Lachish; She was the beginning of sin to the daughter of Zion; For the transgressions of Israel are found in thee.

New American Standard 1977
Harness the chariot to the team of horses, O inhabitant of Lachish— She was the beginning of sin To the daughter of Zion— Because in you were found The rebellious acts of Israel.

Jubilee Bible 2000
O thou inhabitant of Lachish, hitch the chariot to dromedaries: for thou wert the beginning of the sin to the daughter of Zion, for in thee the rebellions of Israel were invented.

King James 2000 Bible
O you inhabitant of Lachish, harness the chariot to the swift steeds: it is the beginning of sin to the daughter of Zion: for the transgressions of Israel were found in you.

American King James Version
O you inhabitant of Lachish, bind the chariot to the swift beast: she is the beginning of the sin to the daughter of Zion: for the transgressions of Israel were found in you.

American Standard Version
Bind the chariot to the swift steed, O inhabitant of Lachish: she was the beginning of sin to the daughter of Zion; for the transgressions of Israel were found in thee.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
even a sound of chariots and horsemen: the inhabitants of Lachis, she is the leader of sin to the daughter of Sion: for in thee were found the transgressions of Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
A tumult of chariots hath astonished the inhabitants of Lachis: it is the beginning of sin to the daughter of Sion, for in thee were found the crimes of Israel.

Darby Bible Translation
Bind the chariot to the swift steed, O inhabitress of Lachish: she was the beginning of sin to the daughter of Zion; for in thee were found the transgressions of Israel.

English Revised Version
Bind the chariot to the swift steed, O inhabitant of Lachish: she was the beginning of sin to the daughter of Zion; for the transgressions of Israel were found in thee.

Webster's Bible Translation
O thou inhabitant of Lachish, bind the chariot to the swift beast: she is the beginning of the sin to the daughter of Zion: for the transgressions of Israel were found in thee.

World English Bible
Harness the chariot to the swift steed, inhabitant of Lachish. She was the beginning of sin to the daughter of Zion; For the transgressions of Israel were found in you.

Young's Literal Translation
Bind the chariot to a swift beast, O inhabitant of Lachish, The beginning of sin is she to the daughter of Zion, For in thee have been found the transgressions of Israel.
Study Bible
Weeping and Mourning
12For the residents of Maroth pined for good, but calamity came down from the LORD, even to the gate of Jerusalem. 13Harness the horses to the chariot, O inhabitant of Lachish. You were the beginning of sin to the daughter of Zion, for the transgressions of Israel were found in you. 14Therefore, send farewell gifts to Moresheth-gath; the houses of Achzib will prove deceptive to the kings of Israel.…
Cross References
Joshua 10:3
Therefore Adoni-zedek king of Jerusalem sent word to Hoham king of Hebron, Piram king of Jarmuth, Japhia king of Lachish, and Debir king of Eglon, saying,

1 Kings 4:28
Each one also brought to the required place their quotas of barley and straw for the chariot horses and other horses.

2 Kings 14:19
And conspirators plotted against Amaziah in Jerusalem, and he fled to Lachish. But men were sent after him to Lachish, and they killed him there.

Isaiah 36:2
And the king of Assyria sent the Rab-shakeh, with a great army, from Lachish to King Hezekiah at Jerusalem. And he stopped by the aqueduct of the upper pool, on the road to the Launderer's Field.

Micah 1:5
All this is for the transgression of Jacob and the sins of the house of Israel. What is the transgression of Jacob? Is it not Samaria? And what is the high place of Judah? Is it not Jerusalem?

Treasury of Scripture

O you inhabitant of Lachish, bind the chariot to the swift beast: she is the beginning of the sin to the daughter of Zion: for the transgressions of Israel were found in you.

Lachish.

Joshua 15:39
Lachish, and Bozkath, and Eglon,

2 Kings 18:13,14,17
Now in the fourteenth year of king Hezekiah did Sennacherib king of Assyria come up against all the fenced cities of Judah, and took them…

2 Chronicles 11:9
And Adoraim, and Lachish, and Azekah,

bind.

Genesis 19:17
And it came to pass, when they had brought them forth abroad, that he said, Escape for thy life; look not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the plain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed.

Isaiah 10:31
Madmenah is removed; the inhabitants of Gebim gather themselves to flee.

Jeremiah 4:29
The whole city shall flee for the noise of the horsemen and bowmen; they shall go into thickets, and climb up upon the rocks: every city shall be forsaken, and not a man dwell therein.

she.

Exodus 32:21
And Moses said unto Aaron, What did this people unto thee, that thou hast brought so great a sin upon them?

1 Kings 13:33,34
After this thing Jeroboam returned not from his evil way, but made again of the lowest of the people priests of the high places: whosoever would, he consecrated him, and he became one of the priests of the high places…

1 Kings 14:16
And he shall give Israel up because of the sins of Jeroboam, who did sin, and who made Israel to sin.

for.

2 Kings 8:18
And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, as did the house of Ahab: for the daughter of Ahab was his wife: and he did evil in the sight of the LORD.

2 Kings 16:3,4
But he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, yea, and made his son to pass through the fire, according to the abominations of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out from before the children of Israel…

Jeremiah 3:8
And I saw, when for all the causes whereby backsliding Israel committed adultery I had put her away, and given her a bill of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah feared not, but went and played the harlot also.







Lexicon
Harness
רְתֹ֧ם (rə·ṯōm)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7573: To bind, attach

the horses
לָרֶ֖כֶשׁ (lā·re·ḵeš)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7409: A relay of animals on a, post-route, a courser

to the chariot,
הַמֶּרְכָּבָ֛ה (ham·mer·kā·ḇāh)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4818: A chariot

O inhabitant
יוֹשֶׁ֣בֶת (yō·wō·še·ḇeṯ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3427: To sit down, to dwell, to remain, to settle, to marry

of Lachish.
לָכִ֑ישׁ (lā·ḵîš)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3923: Lachish -- a Canaanite city Southwest of Jerusalem

You were
הִיא֙ (hî)
Pronoun - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

the beginning
רֵאשִׁ֨ית (rê·šîṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7225: The first, in place, time, order, rank

of sin
חַטָּ֥את (ḥaṭ·ṭāṯ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2403: An offence, its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, expiation, an offender

to the daughter
לְבַת־ (lə·ḇaṯ-)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1323: A daughter

of Zion,
צִיּ֔וֹן (ṣî·yō·wn)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6726: Zion -- a mountain in Jerusalem, also a name for Jerusalem

for
כִּי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

the transgressions
פִּשְׁעֵ֥י (piš·‘ê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6588: Transgression

of Israel
יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

were found
נִמְצְא֖וּ (nim·ṣə·’ū)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 4672: To come forth to, appear, exist, to attain, find, acquire, to occur, meet, be present

in you.
בָ֥ךְ (ḇāḵ)
Preposition | second person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew
(13) Bind the chariot to the swift beast--i.e., make haste to escape with thy goods. Lachish was the most important of the cities enumerated. It was fortified by Rehoboam, and was sought as a refuge by Amaziah from the conspiracy formed against him in Jerusalem. After the capture of the Holy City by Nebuchadnezzar, Lachish alone remained, with Azekah, of the defenced cities of Judah. It appears, from its position as a border city, to have been the channel for introducing into the kingdom of Judah the idolatry set up by Jeroboam in Israel.

Verse 13. - Lachish. A very strong and important city of the Canaanites, hod. Um Lakis, about fourteen miles northeast of Gaza, which was captured by Sennacherib after a long siege (2 Kings 18:14; Isaiah 36:2; Isaiah 37:8). In the British Museum there is a bas-relief, brought from Assyria, representing Sennacherib seated on his throne while the spoil of the city of Lachish passed before him (Sayce, 'Fresh Light from the Monuments,' pp. 123, 125). Bind the chariot to the swift beast. Harness your horses to your chariots, that ye may flee and escape destruction. The phrase is like the Latin, currum jungere equis. The paronomasia here lies in the sound, "Inhabitant of Lachish, harness your rekkesh" ("runner," "courser"). "Inhabitant of Horse town, harness your horses." Septuagint, ψόφος ἁρμάτων καὶ ἱππευόντων, "a sound of chariots and horsemen;" Vulgate, tumultus quadrigae stuporis - renderings which the present Hebrew text does not support. She was the beginning, etc. How Lachish came to adopt the idolatry of Israel, and how she infected Judah, we know not. A connection between Jerusalem and Lachish is found in the case of Amaziah (2 Kings 14:19), but nothing bearing on religion is mentioned. The whole clause is translated by Calmer, Keil, etc., thus: "It was the beginning of sin to the daughter of Zion that the iniquities of Israel were found in thee" (comp. Micah 6:16; Amos 8:14). The particular transgressions meant may be the idolatry of Jehoram (2 Chronicles 21:6) and Ahaziah (2 Chronicles 22:3, 4). 1:8-16 The prophet laments that Israel's case is desperate; but declare it not in Gath. Gratify not those that make merry with the sins or with the sorrows of God's Israel. Roll thyself in the dust, as mourners used to do; let every house in Jerusalem become a house of Aphrah, a house of dust. When God makes the house dust it becomes us to humble ourselves to the dust under his mighty hand. Many places should share this mourning. The names have meanings which pointed out the miseries coming upon them; thereby to awaken the people to a holy fear of Divine wrath. All refuges but Christ, must be refuges of lies to those who trust in them; other heirs will succeed to every inheritance but that of heaven; and all glory will be turned into shame, except that honour which cometh from God only. Sinners may now disregard their neighbours' sufferings, yet their turn to be punished will some come.
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Acts Beast Beginning Bind Cause Chariot Chariots Daughter First Found Harness Horse Horses Inhabitant Inhabitants Inhabitress Israel Lachish Quick-Running Rebellious Sin Steed Steeds Swift Team Transgressions War-Carriage Wrongdoings Yoked Zion
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Acts Beast Beginning Bind Cause Chariot Chariots Daughter First Found Harness Horse Horses Inhabitant Inhabitants Inhabitress Israel Lachish Quick-Running Rebellious Sin Steed Steeds Swift Team Transgressions War-Carriage Wrongdoings Yoked Zion
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OT Prophets: Micah 1:13 Harness the chariot to the swift steed (Mc Mic. Mi) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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