Micah 4:3
New International Version
He will judge between many peoples and will settle disputes for strong nations far and wide. They will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not take up sword against nation, nor will they train for war anymore.

New Living Translation
The LORD will mediate between peoples and will settle disputes between strong nations far away. They will hammer their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will no longer fight against nation, nor train for war anymore.

English Standard Version
He shall judge between many peoples, and shall decide disputes for strong nations far away; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war anymore;

Berean Study Bible
Then He will judge between many peoples and arbitrate for strong nations far and wide. Then they will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will no longer take up the sword against nation, nor will they train anymore for war.

New American Standard Bible
And He will judge between many peoples And render decisions for mighty, distant nations. Then they will hammer their swords into plowshares And their spears into pruning hooks; Nation will not lift up sword against nation, And never again will they train for war.

King James Bible
And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

Christian Standard Bible
He will settle disputes among many peoples and provide arbitration for strong nations that are far away. They will beat their swords into plows and their spears into pruning knives. Nation will not take up the sword against nation, and they will never again train for war.

Contemporary English Version
He will settle arguments between distant and powerful nations. They will pound their swords and their spears into rakes and shovels; they will never again make war or attack one another.

Good News Translation
He will settle disputes among the nations, among the great powers near and far. They will hammer their swords into plows and their spears into pruning knives. Nations will never again go to war, never prepare for battle again.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He will settle disputes among many peoples and provide arbitration for strong nations that are far away. They will beat their swords into plows, and their spears into pruning knives. Nation will not take up the sword against nation, and they will never again train for war.

International Standard Version
And he will judge among many people, rebuking strong nations far away; and they will reshape their swords as plowshares and their spears as pruning hooks. No nation will threaten another, nor will they train for war anymore.

NET Bible
He will arbitrate between many peoples and settle disputes between many distant nations. They will beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks. Nations will not use weapons against other nations, and they will no longer train for war.

New Heart English Bible
and he will judge between many peoples, and will decide concerning strong nations afar off. They will beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not lift up sword against nation, neither will they learn war any more.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then he will judge disputes between many people and settle arguments between many nations far and wide. They will hammer their swords into plowblades and their spears into pruning shears. Nations will never fight against each other, and they will never train for war again.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And He shall judge between many peoples, And shall decide concerning mighty nations afar off; And they shall beat their swords into plowshares, And their spears into pruninghooks; Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, Neither shall they learn war any more.

New American Standard 1977
And He will judge between many peoples And render decisions for mighty, distant nations. Then they will hammer their swords into plowshares And their spears into pruning hooks; Nation will not lift up sword against nation, And never again will they train for war.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he shall judge among many peoples and correct strong nations even afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruninghooks; nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they train for war any more.

King James 2000 Bible
And he shall judge between many peoples, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

American King James Version
And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

American Standard Version
and he will judge between many peoples, and will decide concerning strong nations afar off: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning-hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And he shall judge among many peoples, and shall rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into ploughshares, and their spears into sickles; and nation shall no more lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn to war any more.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off: and they shall beat their swords into ploughshares, and their spears into spades: nation shall not take sword against nation: neither shall they learn war any more.

Darby Bible Translation
And he shall judge among many peoples, and reprove strong nations, even afar off; and they shall forge their swords into ploughshares, and their spears into pruning-knives: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

English Revised Version
and he shall judge between many peoples, and shall reprove strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plow-shares, and their spears into pruning-hooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

World English Bible
and he will judge between many peoples, and will decide concerning strong nations afar off. They will beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not lift up sword against nation, neither will they learn war any more.

Young's Literal Translation
And He hath judged between many peoples, And given a decision to mighty nations afar off, They have beaten their swords to ploughshares, And their spears to pruning-hooks, Nation lifteth not up sword unto nation, Nor do they learn war any more.
Study Bible
The Mountain of the House of the LORD
2And many nations will come and say, “Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob. He will teach us His ways, so that we may walk in His paths.” For the law will go forth from Zion and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. 3Then He will judge between many peoples and arbitrate for strong nations far and wide. Then they will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will no longer take up the sword against nation, nor will they train anymore for war. 4And each man will sit under his own vine and under his own fig tree, with no one to frighten him. For the mouth of the LORD of Hosts has spoken.…
Cross References
Psalm 46:9
He makes wars to cease throughout the earth; He breaks the bow and shatters the spear; He burns the shields in the fire.

Psalm 72:3
May the mountains bring peace to the people and the hills bring righteousness.

Psalm 110:6
He will judge the nations, heaping up the dead; He will crush the leaders far and wide.

Isaiah 2:4
Then He will judge between the nations and arbitrate for many peoples. They will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will no longer take up the sword against nation, nor train anymore for war.

Isaiah 11:3
And He will delight in the fear of the LORD. He will not judge by what His eyes see, and He will not decide by what His ears hear,

Isaiah 65:25
The wolf and the lamb will feed together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox, but the food of the serpent will be dust. They will do no harm nor destruction on all My holy mountain," says the LORD.

Joel 3:10
Beat your plowshares into swords and your pruning hooks into spears. Let the weak say, 'I am strong!'

Zechariah 8:20
This is what the LORD of Hosts says: "Peoples will yet come--the residents of many cities--

Treasury of Scripture

And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

he shall judge.

1 Samuel 2:10
The adversaries of the LORD shall be broken to pieces; out of heaven shall he thunder upon them: the LORD shall judge the ends of the earth; and he shall give strength unto his king, and exalt the horn of his anointed.

Psalm 82:8
Arise, O God, judge the earth: for thou shalt inherit all nations.

Psalm 96:13
Before the LORD: for he cometh, for he cometh to judge the earth: he shall judge the world with righteousness, and the people with his truth.

and rebuke.

Micah 5:15
And I will execute vengeance in anger and fury upon the heathen, such as they have not heard.

Micah 7:16,17
The nations shall see and be confounded at all their might: they shall lay their hand upon their mouth, their ears shall be deaf…

Psalm 2:5-12
Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure…

they shall.

Psalm 46:9
He maketh wars to cease unto the end of the earth; he breaketh the bow, and cutteth the spear in sunder; he burneth the chariot in the fire.

Isaiah 2:4
And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

Isaiah 11:6-9
The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them…

pruninghooks.

Psalm 72:7
In his days shall the righteous flourish; and abundance of peace so long as the moon endureth.

Isaiah 9:7
Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.

Isaiah 60:17,18
For brass I will bring gold, and for iron I will bring silver, and for wood brass, and for stones iron: I will also make thy officers peace, and thine exactors righteousness…







Lexicon
Then He will judge
וְשָׁפַ֗ט (wə·šā·p̄aṭ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8199: To judge, pronounce sentence, to vindicate, punish, to govern, to litigate

between
בֵּ֚ין (bên)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 996: An interval, space between

many
רַבִּ֔ים (rab·bîm)
Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7227: Much, many, great

peoples
עַמִּ֣ים (‘am·mîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

and arbitrate
וְהוֹכִ֛יחַ (wə·hō·w·ḵî·aḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3198: To be right, reciprocal, to argue, to decide, justify, convict

for strong
עֲצֻמִ֖ים (‘ă·ṣu·mîm)
Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6099: Powerful, numerous

nations
לְגוֹיִ֥ם (lə·ḡō·w·yim)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1471: A foreign nation, a Gentile, a troop of animals, a flight of locusts

far and wide.
רָח֑וֹק (rā·ḥō·wq)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7350: Remote, of place, time, precious

Then they will beat
וְכִתְּת֨וּ (wə·ḵit·tə·ṯū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Conjunctive perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 3807: To bruise, violently strike

their swords
חַרְבֹתֵיהֶ֜ם (ḥar·ḇō·ṯê·hem)
Noun - feminine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2719: Drought, a cutting instrument, as a, knife, sword

into plowshares
לְאִתִּ֗ים (lə·’it·tîm)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 855: A hoe, other digging implement

and their spears
וַחֲנִיתֹֽתֵיהֶם֙ (wa·ḥă·nî·ṯō·ṯê·hem)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2595: A lance

into pruning hooks.
לְמַזְמֵר֔וֹת (lə·maz·mê·rō·wṯ)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4211: A pruning knife

Nation
גּ֤וֹי (gō·w)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1471: A foreign nation, a Gentile, a troop of animals, a flight of locusts

will no longer
לֹֽא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

take up
יִשְׂא֞וּ (yiś·’ū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5375: To lift, carry, take

the sword
חֶ֔רֶב (ḥe·reḇ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2719: Drought, a cutting instrument, as a, knife, sword

against
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

nation,
גּוֹי֙ (gō·w)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1471: A foreign nation, a Gentile, a troop of animals, a flight of locusts

nor
וְלֹא־ (wə·lō-)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

will they train
יִלְמְד֥וּן (yil·mə·ḏūn)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural | Paragogic nun
Strong's Hebrew 3925: To exercise in, learn

anymore
ע֖וֹד (‘ō·wḏ)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 5750: Iteration, continuance, again, repeatedly, still, more

for war.
מִלְחָמָֽה׃ (mil·ḥā·māh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4421: A battle, war
(3) The name of the Messiah is the Prince of Peace; and we still look into the dim future out of a present life, rife with wars and rumours of wars, for the full realisation of His reign of peace. And we are sure that the time will come, for "the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it."

They shall beat their swords . . .--See Note on Joel 3:10.

Verse 3. - The effect of this reception of true religion shall be universal peace. He shall judge among many people; or better, between many peoples. The Lord shall be the Arbiter to whom all disputes shall be referred, as in the next clause. When his reign is acknowledged and his Law obeyed, all war and all causes of war shall cease. The gospel is a gospel of peace and love, and when "the kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord and his Christ" (Revelation 11:15), peace and love shall everywhere abound. (For the phrase in the text, comp. Judges 11:27; 1 Samuel 24:12, 15.) Rebuke strong nations afar off. The word rendered '"rebuke" means here "decide concerning," "act as umpire for." The arbitration of the sword shall no more be resorted to. The words "afar off" are omitted in the similar passage of Isaiah. Beat their swords into ploughshares; i.e. they shall practise the arts of peace instead of war. Literally, the short broad sword of the Israelites might readily be converted into a share, and the spear forged into a pruning hook (comp. Hosea 2:18; Zechariah 9:10). Martial has an epigram entitled, "Falx ex ense" (14:34) -

"Pax me certa ducis placidos curvavit in usus:
Agricolae nunc sum, militis ante fui."
The reverse process is seen in Joel 3:10, where ploughshares are beaten into swords. Thus Virgil, 'Georg.,' 1:508 -

"El curvae rigidum falces conflantur in ensem."

(Comp. Ovid, 'Fast.,' 1:699, etc.) 4:1-8 The nations have not yet so submitted to the Prince of Peace, as to beat their swords into ploughshares, nor has war ceased. But very precious promises these are, relating to the gospel church, which will be more and more fulfilled, for He is faithful that has promised. There shall be a glorious church for God set up in the world, in the last days, in the days of the Messiah. Christ himself will build it upon a rock. The Gentiles worshipped their idol gods; but in the period spoken of, the people will cleave to the Lord with full purpose of heart, and delight in doing his will. The word halteth, describes those who walk not according to the Divine word. The collecting the captives from Babylon was an earnest of healing, purifying, and prospering the church; and the reign of Christ shall continue till succeeded by the everlasting kingdom of heaven. Let us stir up each other to attend the ordinances of God, that we may learn his holy ways, and walk in them, receiving the law from his hands, which, being written in our hearts by his Spirit, may show our interest in the Redeemer's righteousness.
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Alphabetical: again against and anymore beat between decisions disputes distant far for hammer He hooks into judge lift many mighty Nation nations never nor not peoples plowshares pruning render settle spears strong sword swords take their Then They train up war wide will

OT Prophets: Micah 4:3 And he will judge between many peoples (Mc Mic. Mi) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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