Jeremiah 49:19
New International Version
"Like a lion coming up from Jordan's thickets to a rich pastureland, I will chase Edom from its land in an instant. Who is the chosen one I will appoint for this? Who is like me and who can challenge me? And what shepherd can stand against me?"

New Living Translation
I will come like a lion from the thickets of the Jordan, leaping on the sheep in the pasture. I will chase Edom from its land, and I will appoint the leader of my choice. For who is like me, and who can challenge me? What ruler can oppose my will?”

English Standard Version
Behold, like a lion coming up from the jungle of the Jordan against a perennial pasture, I will suddenly make him run away from her. And I will appoint over her whomever I choose. For who is like me? Who will summon me? What shepherd can stand before me?

Berean Study Bible
Behold, one will come up like a lion from the thickets of the Jordan to the watered pasture. Indeed, I will chase Edom from its land in an instant. Who is the chosen one I will appoint for this? For who is like Me? Who will summon Me? And what shepherd can stand against Me?”

New American Standard Bible
"Behold, one will come up like a lion from the thickets of the Jordan against a perennially watered pasture; for in an instant I will make him run away from it, and whoever is chosen I shall appoint over it. For who is like Me, and who will summon Me into court? And who then is the shepherd who can stand against Me?"

King James Bible
Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of Jordan against the habitation of the strong: but I will suddenly make him run away from her: and who is a chosen man, that I may appoint over her? for who is like me? and who will appoint me the time? and who is that shepherd that will stand before me?

Christian Standard Bible
"Look, it will be like a lion coming from the thickets of the Jordan to the watered grazing land. I will chase Edom away from her land in a flash. I will appoint whoever is chosen for her. For who is like me? Who will issue me a summons? Who is the shepherd who can stand against me?"

Contemporary English Version
I, the LORD, will attack you like a lion from the forest, attacking sheep in a meadow along the Jordan. In a moment the flock runs, and the land is empty. Who will I choose to attack you? I will do it myself! No one can force me to fight or chase me away.

Good News Translation
Like a lion coming out of the thick woods along the Jordan River up to the green pasture land, I will come and make the Edomites run away suddenly from their country. Then the leader I choose will rule the nation. Who can be compared to me? Who would dare challenge me? What ruler could oppose me?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
"Look, it will be like a lion coming from the thickets of the Jordan to the watered grazing land. Indeed, I will chase Edom away from her land in a flash. I will appoint whoever is chosen for her. For who is like Me? Who will summon Me? Who is the shepherd who can stand against Me?"

International Standard Version
Look, like a lion comes up from the thicket of the Jordan to a pasture that grows year round, so I'll drive them away from her in an instant, and I'll appoint whomever is chosen over her. Indeed, who is like me? Who gives me counsel? Who is the shepherd who will stand against me?"

NET Bible
"A lion coming up from the thick undergrowth along the Jordan scatters the sheep in the pastureland around it. So too I will chase the Edomites off their land. Then I will appoint over it whomever I choose. For there is no one like me, and there is no one who can call me to account. There is no ruler who can stand up against me.

New Heart English Bible
Look, he shall come up like a lion from the pride of the Jordan against the strong habitation: for I will suddenly make them run away from it; and whoever is chosen, him will I appoint over it: for who is like me? And who will appoint me a time? And who is the shepherd who will stand before me?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"I will suddenly chase them from their places like a lion coming out of the jungle along the Jordan River into pastureland. I will appoint over Edom whomever I choose. Who is like me? Who can challenge me? Is there any leader who can stand up to me?"

JPS Tanakh 1917
Behold, he shall come up like a lion From the thickets of the Jordan Against the strong habitation; For I will suddenly make him run away from it, And whoso is chosen, him will I appoint over it; For who is like Me? and who will appoint Me a time? And who is that shepherd that will stand before Me?

New American Standard 1977
“Behold, one will come up like a lion from the thickets of the Jordan against a perennially watered pasture; for in an instant I shall make him run away from it, and whoever is chosen I shall appoint over it. For who is like Me, and who will summon Me into court? And who then is the shepherd who can stand against Me?”

Jubilee Bible 2000
Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of Jordan to the strong habitation: for I will make rest and make him run from upon her, and he who is chosen I shall appoint over her; for who is like me? and who will appoint me the time? and who is that shepherd that will stand before me?

King James 2000 Bible
Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the thickets of Jordan against the habitation of the strong: but I will suddenly make him run away from her: and who is a chosen man, that I may appoint over her? for who is like me? and who will arraign me? and who is that shepherd that will stand before me?

American King James Version
Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of Jordan against the habitation of the strong: but I will suddenly make him run away from her: and who is a chosen man, that I may appoint over her? for who is like me? and who will appoint me the time? and who is that shepherd that will stand before me?

American Standard Version
Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the pride of the Jordan against the strong habitation: for I will suddenly make them run away from it; and whoso is chosen, him will I appoint over it: for who is like me? and who will appoint me a time? and who is the shepherd that will stand before me?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Behold, he shall come up as a lion out of the midst of Jordan to the place of Aetham: for I will speedily drive them from it, and do ye set the young men against her: for who is like me? and who will withstand me? and who is this shepherd, who shall confront me?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Behold one shall come up as a lion from the swelling of the Jordan, against the strong and beautiful: for I will make him run suddenly upon her: and who shall be the chosen one whom I may appoint over her? for who is like to m? and who shall abide me? and who is that shepherd that can withstand my countenance?

Darby Bible Translation
Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of the Jordan against the strong habitation; for I will make them suddenly run away from it; and who is a chosen [man] whom I shall appoint over her? For who is like me? and who will assign me a time? and who is that shepherd that will stand before me?

English Revised Version
Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the pride of Jordan against the strong habitation: but I will suddenly make him run away from her; and whoso is chosen, him will I appoint over her: for who is like me? and who will appoint me a time? and who is the shepherd that will stand before me?

Webster's Bible Translation
Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of Jordan against the habitation of the strong: but I will suddenly make him run away from her: and who is a chosen man, that I may appoint over her? for who is like me? and who will appoint me the time? and who is that shepherd that will stand before me?

World English Bible
Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the pride of the Jordan against the strong habitation: for I will suddenly make them run away from it; and whoever is chosen, him will I appoint over it: for who is like me? and who will appoint me a time? and who is the shepherd who will stand before me?

Young's Literal Translation
Lo, as a lion he cometh up, Because of the rising of the Jordan, Unto the enduring habitation, But I cause to rest, I cause him to run from off her, And who is chosen? concerning her I lay a charge, For who is like Me? and who conveneth Me? And who is this shepherd who standeth before Me?
Study Bible
The Judgment on Edom
18As Sodom and Gomorrah were overthrown along with their neighbors,” says the LORD, “no one will reside there; no man will dwell there. 19Behold, one will come up like a lion from the thickets of the Jordan to the watered pasture. Indeed, I will chase Edom from its land in an instant. Who is the chosen one I will appoint for this? For who is like Me? Who will summon Me? And what shepherd can stand against Me?” 20Therefore hear the plans that the LORD has made against Edom and the strategies He has devised against the people of Teman: The little ones of the flock will surely be dragged away, and their pasture will be made desolate because of them.…
Cross References
Exodus 15:11
Who among the gods is like You, O LORD? Who is like You--majestic in holiness, revered with praises, performing wonders?

Numbers 16:5
Then he said to Korah and all his followers, "Tomorrow morning the LORD will reveal who belongs to Him and who is holy, and He will bring that person near to Himself. The one He chooses, He will bring near to Himself.

Joshua 3:15
Now the Jordan overflows its banks throughout the harvest season. But as soon as the priests carrying the ark reached the Jordan and their feet touched the water's edge,

Job 41:10
No one is ferocious enough to rouse Leviathan. Then who is able to stand against Me?

Isaiah 46:9
Remember what happened long ago, for I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there is none like Me.

Jeremiah 12:5
"If you have raced with men on foot and they have worn you out, how can you compete with horses? If you stumble in a peaceful land, how will you do in the thickets of the Jordan?

Jeremiah 50:44
Behold, one will come like a lion from the thickets of the Jordan to the watered pasture. For in an instant I will chase Babylon from her land. Who is the chosen one I will appoint over her? For who is like Me, and who can challenge Me? What shepherd can stand against Me?"

Treasury of Scripture

Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of Jordan against the habitation of the strong: but I will suddenly make him run away from her: and who is a chosen man, that I may appoint over her? for who is like me? and who will appoint me the time? and who is that shepherd that will stand before me?

he shall come

Jeremiah 4:7
The lion is come up from his thicket, and the destroyer of the Gentiles is on his way; he is gone forth from his place to make thy land desolate; and thy cities shall be laid waste, without an inhabitant.

Jeremiah 50:44
Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of Jordan unto the habitation of the strong: but I will make them suddenly run away from her: and who is a chosen man, that I may appoint over her? for who is like me? and who will appoint me the time? and who is that shepherd that will stand before me?

Zechariah 11:3
There is a voice of the howling of the shepherds; for their glory is spoiled: a voice of the roaring of young lions; for the pride of Jordan is spoiled.

the swelling

Jeremiah 12:5
If thou hast run with the footmen, and they have wearied thee, then how canst thou contend with horses? and if in the land of peace, wherein thou trustedst, they wearied thee, then how wilt thou do in the swelling of Jordan?

Joshua 3:15
And as they that bare the ark were come unto Jordan, and the feet of the priests that bare the ark were dipped in the brim of the water, (for Jordan overfloweth all his banks all the time of harvest,)

1 Chronicles 12:15
These are they that went over Jordan in the first month, when it had overflown all his banks; and they put to flight all them of the valleys, both toward the east, and toward the west.

who is like

Exodus 15:11
Who is like unto thee, O LORD, among the gods? who is like thee, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders?

Psalm 89:6,8
For who in the heaven can be compared unto the LORD? who among the sons of the mighty can be likened unto the LORD? …

Psalm 113:5,6
Who is like unto the LORD our God, who dwelleth on high, …

appoint me the time.

Job 9:19,21
If I speak of strength, lo, he is strong: and if of judgment, who shall set me a time to plead? …

Job 23:3-7
Oh that I knew where I might find him! that I might come even to his seat! …

Job 40:3-5
Then Job answered the LORD, and said, …

that shepherd

Jeremiah 30:21
And their nobles shall be of themselves, and their governor shall proceed from the midst of them; and I will cause him to draw near, and he shall approach unto me: for who is this that engaged his heart to approach unto me? saith the LORD.

Job 41:10
None is so fierce that dare stir him up: who then is able to stand before me?

Psalm 76:7
Thou, even thou, art to be feared: and who may stand in thy sight when once thou art angry?







Lexicon
Behold,
הִ֠נֵּה (hin·nêh)
Interjection
Strong's Hebrew 2009: Lo! behold!

one will come up
יַעֲלֶ֨ה (ya·‘ă·leh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5927: To ascend, in, actively

like a lion
כְּאַרְיֵ֞ה (kə·’ar·yêh)
Preposition-k | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 738: A lion

from the thickets
מִגְּא֣וֹן (mig·gə·’ō·wn)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1347: Arrogance, majesty, ornament

of the Jordan
הַיַּרְדֵּן֮ (hay·yar·dên)
Article | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3383: Jordan -- the principal river of Palestine

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

the watered pasture.
נְוֵ֣ה (nə·wêh)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5116: Abode of shepherd or flocks, habitation

Indeed,
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

I will chase [Edom]
אֲרִיצֶ֨נּוּ (’ă·rî·ṣen·nū)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect Cohortative if contextual - first person common singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7323: To run

from [its land]
מֵֽעָלֶ֔יהָ (mê·‘ā·le·hā)
Preposition-m | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

in an instant.
אַרְגִּ֤יעָה (’ar·gî·‘āh)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect Cohortative - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7280: To toss violently and suddenly, to settle, quiet, to wink

Who
וּמִ֥י (ū·mî)
Conjunctive waw | Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4310: Who?, whoever, in oblique construction with prefix, suffix

is the chosen one
בָח֖וּר (ḇā·ḥūr)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 970: Selected, a youth

I will appoint
אֶפְקֹ֑ד (’ep̄·qōḏ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6485: To visit, to oversee, muster, charge, care for, miss, deposit

for this?
אֵלֶ֣יהָ (’ê·le·hā)
Preposition | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

For
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

who
מִ֤י (mî)
Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4310: Who?, whoever, in oblique construction with prefix, suffix

is like Me?
כָמ֙וֹנִי֙ (ḵā·mō·w·nî)
Preposition | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3644: Like, as, when

Who
וּמִ֣י (ū·mî)
Conjunctive waw | Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4310: Who?, whoever, in oblique construction with prefix, suffix

will summon Me?
יֹעִידֶ֔נִּי (yō·‘î·ḏen·nî)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - third person masculine singular | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3259: To fix upon, to meet, to summon, to direct, to engage

And what
וּמִי־ (ū·mî-)
Conjunctive waw | Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4310: Who?, whoever, in oblique construction with prefix, suffix

shepherd
רֹעֶ֔ה (rō·‘eh)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7462: To tend a, flock, pasture it, in, to graze, to rule, to associate with

can stand
יַעֲמֹ֖ד (ya·‘ă·mōḏ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5975: To stand, in various relations

against Me??
לְפָנָֽי׃ (lə·p̄ā·nāy)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face
(19) Like a lion from the swelling of Jordan.--Better, as in Jeremiah 12:5, the pride of Jordan--i.e., the thick jungle-forests which were the glory of its banks.

Against the habitation of the strong.--Better, against the evergreen pasturage. The word for "habitation" is that used in Jeremiah 6:2 for the place where shepherds encamp, the other substantive conveys the idea of permanence rather than strength, and the image by which the prophet paints the Chaldaean invasion is that of a lion (comp. Jeremiah 5:6) making its way through the jungle, and rushing upon the flocks and herds in one of the meadow tracts along the course of the Jordan.

But I will suddenly make him run away from her.--Literally, I will wink, I will make him . . . The pronouns are obscure in the Hebrew as in the English, but the meaning seems to be, "I will, as in the twinkling of an eye, drive him (Edom) away from it" (his pasturage, or habitation).

And who is a chosen man, that I may appoint over her?--Better, who is a chosen one, and I will appoint him . . .? The word translated "chosen one" is commonly associated with the idea of youth, the flower of a nation's strength, its chosen champions. Commentators for the most part apply it to Nebuchadnezzar as being, in the full vigour of his strength, the chosen ruler whom Jehovah would appoint over Edom. The interrogative form, however, and the implied negative answer to the questions that follow suggest a different interpretation. "Who," the prophet asks in a tone of scorn, as though Jehovah spoke by him, "is a chosen champion of Edom? and I will appoint him." The implied answer is that Edom has no such champion. Compare the taunting words uttered by Jehu (2Kings 10:2-3)--"Look even out the best and meetest of your master's sons"--and Rabshakeh (2Kings 18:23).

Who is like me? and who will appoint me the time?--The questions follow rapidly one on another in the same tone. To "appoint a time" was the technical phrase, as in Job 9:19, for the notice by which a prosecutor summoned the accused to trial. "Who," Jehovah asks, "will thus summon Me, and before what tribunal?" "What shepherd (i.e., what ruler) will stand before Me to defend his flock against My power?"

Verses 19-22. - Figures descriptive of the unique physical qualities of the destined conqueror of Edom. Both figures have been used before (see Jeremiah 4:7; Jeremiah 48:40). Verse 19. - He shall some. The subject is withheld, as in ch. 46:18 (see note); 48:40. The swelling of Jordan; rather, the pride of Jordan; i.e. the luxuriant thickets on its banks. See on Jeremiah 12:5, where the phrase first occurs. Against the habitation of the strong; rather, to the evergreen pasture. The word rendered "evergreen" is one of those which are the despair of interpreters, from their fulness of meaning. The root-meaning is simply "continuance," whether it be continuance of strength (comp. Micah 6:2, Hebrew) or of the flow of a stream (Deuteronomy 21:4; Amos 5:24), or, as here, of the perennial verdure of a well watered pasturage. But I will suddenly make him run away from her. Make whom? The lion? Such is the natural inference from the Authorized Version, but the context absolutely forbids it. It seems useless to mention the crowd of explanations which have been offered of this "obscure and much-vexed passage," as old Matthew Poole calls it, since in Jeremiah 50:44 we have precisely the same phrase, but with another suffix, which clears up the meaning. We may, therefore, either read (with the Septuagint and the Syriac Version), "For I will suddenly make them run away from it" (viz. the pasture), or keep the old reading "him" for "them," and explain "him" as meaning the Edomites. The expression used for "suddenly" is very forcible; we might render, with Ewald, "in the twinkling of an eye." And who is a chosen man, etc.? A still more difficult clause. If the text is correct, which cannot be assumed as certain, we should probably render, with Ewald, "and will appoint over it [i.e. the land of Edom] him who is chosen," viz. Nebuchadnezzar. Who will appoint me the time? The same phrase is rendered in Job 9:19, "Who shall set me a time to plead?" (comp. the Latin phrase dicur dicere). To drag a defendant before the tribunal implies equality of rank. One might venture to do this with Nebuchadnezzar, if he were not the representative of One still mightier. Finally, Who is that shepherd that will stand before me? The land of Edom has been likened to a pasture; it is natural that the ruler should be now described as a shepherd (comp. Jeremiah 29:34) 49:7-22 The Edomites were old enemies to the Israel of God. But their day is now at hand; it is foretold, not only to warn them, but for the sake of the Israel of God, whose afflictions were aggravated by them. Thus Divine judgments go round from nation to nation; the earth is full of commotion, and nothing can escape the ministers of Divine vengeance. The righteousness of God is to be observed amidst the violence of men.
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Alphabetical: a against an and appoint away Behold can challenge chase chosen come coming court Edom for from him I in instant into is it its Jordan Jordan's land Like lion make me of one over pasture pastureland perennially rich run shall shepherd stand summon the then thickets this to up watered what Who whoever will

OT Prophets: Jeremiah 49:19 Behold he shall come up like (Jer.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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