Jeremiah 51:32
New International Version
the river crossings seized, the marshes set on fire, and the soldiers terrified."

New Living Translation
All the escape routes are blocked. The marshes have been set aflame, and the army is in a panic.

English Standard Version
the fords have been seized, the marshes are burned with fire, and the soldiers are in panic.

Berean Study Bible
The fords have been seized, the marshes set on fire, and the soldiers are terrified.”

New American Standard Bible
The fords also have been seized, And they have burned the marshes with fire, And the men of war are terrified.

King James Bible
And that the passages are stopped, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted.

Christian Standard Bible
The fords have been seized, the marshes set on fire, and the fighting men are terrified.

Contemporary English Version
The enemy now controls the river crossings! The marshes are on fire! Your army has panicked!"

Good News Translation
The enemy have captured the river crossing and have set the fortresses on fire. The Babylonian soldiers have panicked.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The fords have been seized, the marshes set on fire, and the soldiers are terrified.

International Standard Version
The fords have been captured, and the marshes burned with fire. The soldiers are terrified.

NET Bible
They will report that the fords have been captured, the reed marshes have been burned, the soldiers are terrified.

New Heart English Bible
and the passages are seized, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are frightened.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The river crossings have been taken. The enemy has burned its marshes, and its soldiers are terrified.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the fords are seized, And the castles they have burned with fire, And the men of war are affrighted.

New American Standard 1977
The fords also have been seized, And they have burned the marshes with fire, And the men of war are terrified.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the fords were taken, and they have burned the reeds with fire, and the men of war were astounded.

King James 2000 Bible
And that the fords are seized, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are terrified.

American King James Version
And that the passages are stopped, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted.

American Standard Version
and the passages are seized, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
At the end of his passages they were taken, and his cisterns they have burnt with fire, and his warriors are going forth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And that the fords are taken, and the marshes are burnt with fire, and the men of war are affrighted.

Darby Bible Translation
and the passages are seized, and the reedy places are burnt with fire, and the men of war are affrighted.

English Revised Version
and the passages are surprised, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted.

Webster's Bible Translation
And that the passages are stopped, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted.

World English Bible
and the passages are seized, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are frightened.

Young's Literal Translation
And the passages have been captured, And the reeds they have burnt with fire, And the men of war have been troubled.
Study Bible
Babylon's Punishment
31One courier races to meet another, and messenger follows messenger, to announce to the king of Babylon that his city has been captured from end to end. 32The fords have been seized, the marshes set on fire, and the soldiers are terrified.” 33For this is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: “The Daughter Babylon is like a threshing floor at the time it is trampled. In just a little while her harvest time will come.”…
Cross References
Isaiah 47:14
Surely they are like stubble; the fire will burn them up. They cannot deliver themselves from the power of the flame. There will be no coals to warm them or fire to sit beside.

Jeremiah 50:38
A drought is upon her waters, and they will be dried up. For it is a land of graven images, and the people go mad over idols.

Jeremiah 51:31
One courier races to meet another, and messenger follows messenger, to announce to the king of Babylon that his city has been captured from end to end.

Jeremiah 51:33
For this is what the LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: "The Daughter Babylon is like a threshing floor at the time it is trampled. In just a little while her harvest time will come."

Jeremiah 52:7
Then the city was breached, and though the Chaldeans had surrounded the city, all the men of war fled. the city by night by way of the gate between the two walls near the king's garden. They fled toward the Arabah,

Treasury of Scripture

And that the passages are stopped, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted.

the passages

Jeremiah 50:38
A drought is upon her waters; and they shall be dried up: for it is the land of graven images, and they are mad upon their idols.

Isaiah 44:27
That saith to the deep, Be dry, and I will dry up thy rivers:

the near

Jeremiah 51:30
The mighty men of Babylon have forborn to fight, they have remained in their holds: their might hath failed; they became as women: they have burned her dwellingplaces; her bars are broken.

Jeremiah 50:37
A sword is upon their horses, and upon their chariots, and upon all the mingled people that are in the midst of her; and they shall become as women: a sword is upon her treasures; and they shall be robbed.







Lexicon
The fords
וְהַמַּעְבָּר֣וֹת (wə·ham·ma‘·bā·rō·wṯ)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4569: A crossing-place, a transit, overwhelming

have been seized,
נִתְפָּ֔שׂוּ (niṯ·pā·śū)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 8610: To manipulate, seize, chiefly to capture, wield, to overlay, to use unwarrantably

the marshes
הָאֲגַמִּ֖ים (hā·’ă·ḡam·mîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 98: A marsh, a rush, a stockade of reeds

set on fire,
שָׂרְפ֣וּ (śā·rə·p̄ū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 8313: To be, on fire

and the soldiers
וְאַנְשֵׁ֥י (wə·’an·šê)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

are terrified.”
נִבְהָֽלוּ׃ (niḇ·hā·lū)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 926: To tremble inwardly, be, alarmed, agitated, to hasten anxiously
(32) That the passages are stopped.--These were probably the ferries across the Euphrates, by which one part of the city was in communication with the other. These were at the ends of the streets that ran at right angles to the river, and gates--left open in the panic of surprise--led down to them. Besides these there was one bridge over the Euphrates in the middle and a tunnel under it (Herod. i. 186). The word is elsewhere used for fords, as in Genesis 32:22; Judges 3:28, but cannot have that meaning here, as the Euphrates was not fordable at Babylon.

The reeds they have burned with fire.--The word for "reeds" is elsewhere (Isaiah 14:23; Isaiah 41:18; Exodus 7:19; Exodus 8:5) translated "pool." Here it probably refers to the great pool constructed by Nitocris as a reservoir or dock. This was probably left dry by the diversion of the river into another channel, and the reeds which grew in it, perhaps also the flood-gates of the canals, and the ships that were in dock, were burnt by the Persians. The very pools were the scene of a conflagration.

Verse 32. - And that the passages are stopped; rather, are seized (as Jeremiah 48:41). Babylon, it should be remembered, was divided nearly in half by the Euphrates. It was guarded, says Professor Rawlinson, "by two walls of brick, which skirted them along their whole length. In each of these walls were twenty-five gates, corresponding to the number of the streets which gave upon the river; and outside each gate was a sloped landing place, by which you could descend to the water's edge, if you had occasion to cross the river. Boats were kept ready at these landing places to convey passengers from side to side; while for those who disliked this method of conveyance, a bridge was provided of a somewhat peculiar construction" ('Ancient Monarchies,' 2:514). The reeds they have burned with fire. This rendering is no doubt tenable, though it gives an unusual meaning to the first noun. The "reeds" would be those of the marshes in the neighbourhood of Babylon; and Kimchi suggests that these would be cut down to facilitate the entrance of the army into the city, Surely a very forced explanation. The natural meaning of the first noun is "pools" or "lakes," and, considering that Herodotus (1:185) speaks of a lake in connection with the defences of Babylon, it has been thought (e.g. by Vitringa) that the prophet may refer to something which was to happen to this and similar lakes; "burned with fire" is then regarded as a hyperbolical expression equivalent to "dried up" (comp. ver. 36). This, however, is hardly less forced than the first interpretation; and we seem almost compelled to assume s corruption of the text, and to read (for 'agammin) 'armonim, palaces. If "palaces" (i.e. lofty houses, for such is the etymological meaning) were not uncommon at Jerusalem (Isaiah 32:14), much more frequent must they have been at Babylon, Or perhaps the prophet refers to the two magnificent royal palaces, which, together with the temple of Bel, constituted the wonders of Babylon. They were on opposite sides of the river, and were guarded with triple enclosures, the circumference in the one case amounting to sixty stadia (nearly seven miles), and in the other to thirty (Rawlinson, 'Ancient Monarchies,' 2:514, etc.). 51:1-58 The particulars of this prophecy are dispersed and interwoven, and the same things left and returned to again. Babylon is abundant in treasures, yet neither her waters nor her wealth shall secure her. Destruction comes when they did not think of it. Wherever we are, in the greatest depths, at the greatest distances, we are to remember the Lord our God; and in the times of the greatest fears and hopes, it is most needful to remember the Lord. The feeling excited by Babylon's fall is the same with the New Testament Babylon, Re 18:9,19. The ruin of all who support idolatry, infidelity, and superstition, is needful for the revival of true godliness; and the threatening prophecies of Scripture yield comfort in this view. The great seat of antichristian tyranny, idolatry, and superstition, the persecutor of true Christians, is as certainly doomed to destruction as ancient Babylon. Then will vast multitudes mourn for sin, and seek the Lord. Then will the lost sheep of the house of Israel be brought back to the fold of the good Shepherd, and stray no more. And the exact fulfilment of these ancient prophecies encourages us to faith in all the promises and prophecies of the sacred Scriptures.
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OT Prophets: Jeremiah 51:32 And the passages are seized and (Jer.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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