Jeremiah 31:19
New International Version
After I strayed, I repented; after I came to understand, I beat my breast. I was ashamed and humiliated because I bore the disgrace of my youth.'

New Living Translation
I turned away from God, but then I was sorry. I kicked myself for my stupidity! I was thoroughly ashamed of all I did in my younger days.'

English Standard Version
For after I had turned away, I relented, and after I was instructed, I struck my thigh; I was ashamed, and I was confounded, because I bore the disgrace of my youth.’

Berean Study Bible
After I returned, I repented; and after I was instructed, I struck my thigh in grief. I was ashamed and humiliated because I bore the disgrace of my youth.’

New American Standard Bible
For after I turned back, I repented; And after I was instructed, I smote on my thigh; I was ashamed and also humiliated Because I bore the reproach of my youth.'

King James Bible
Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I smote upon my thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach of my youth.

Christian Standard Bible
After my return, I felt regret; After I was instructed, I struck my thigh in grief. I was ashamed and humiliated because I bore the disgrace of my youth."

Contemporary English Version
When we were young, we strayed and sinned, but then we realized what we had done. We are ashamed and disgraced and want to return to you."

Good News Translation
We turned away from you, but soon we wanted to return. After you had punished us, we hung our heads in grief. We were ashamed and disgraced because we sinned when we were young.'

Holman Christian Standard Bible
After I returned, I repented; After I was instructed, I struck my thigh in grief. I was ashamed and humiliated because I bore the disgrace of my youth."

International Standard Version
Indeed, after I turned away, then I repented. And after I came to understand, I slapped my forehead. I was both ashamed and humiliated because I bear the disgrace of my youth.'"

NET Bible
For after we turned away from you we repented. After we came to our senses we beat our breasts in sorrow. We are ashamed and humiliated because of the disgraceful things we did previously.'

New Heart English Bible
Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I struck on my thigh: I was ashamed, yes, even confounded, because I bore the reproach of my youth.'

GOD'S WORD® Translation
After I was turned around, I changed the way I thought and acted. After I was taught a lesson, I hung my head in shame. I was so ashamed and humiliated, because of all the stupid things I have done ever since I was young.'

JPS Tanakh 1917
Surely after that I was turned, I repented, And after that I was instructed, I smote upon my thigh; I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, Because I did bear the reproach of my youth.'

New American Standard 1977
‘For after I turned back, I repented; And after I was instructed, I smote on my thigh; I was ashamed, and also humiliated, Because I bore the reproach of my youth.’

Jubilee Bible 2000
Surely after I was turned, I repented; and after I was instructed, I smote upon my thigh; I was ashamed, and even confounded, because I bore the reproach of my youth.

King James 2000 Bible
Surely after I was turned, I repented; and after I was instructed, I struck myself upon the thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach of my youth.

American King James Version
Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I smote on my thigh: I was ashamed, yes, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach of my youth.

American Standard Version
Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I smote upon my thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach of my youth.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
For after my captivity I repented; and after I knew, I groaned for the day of shame, and shewed thee that I bore reproach from my youth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For after thou didst convert me, I did penance: and after thou didst shew unto me, I struck my thigh: I am confounded and ashamed, because I have borne the reproach of my youth.

Darby Bible Translation
Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after I knew myself, I smote upon [my] thigh. I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, for I bear the reproach of my youth.

English Revised Version
Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I smote upon my thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach of my youth.

Webster's Bible Translation
Surely after I was turned, I repented; and after I was instructed, I smote upon my thigh: I was ashamed, and even confounded, because I bore the reproach of my youth.

World English Bible
Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I struck on my thigh: I was ashamed, yes, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach of my youth.

Young's Literal Translation
For after my turning back I repented, And after my being instructed I struck on the thigh, I have been ashamed, I have also blushed, For I have borne the reproach of my youth.
Study Bible
Mourning Turned to Joy
18I have surely heard Ephraim’s moaning: ‘You disciplined me severely, like an untrained calf. Restore me, and I will return, for You are the LORD my God. 19After I returned, I repented; and after I was instructed, I struck my thigh in grief. I was ashamed and humiliated because I bore the disgrace of my youth.’ 20Is not Ephraim a precious son to Me, a delightful child? Though I often speak against him, surely I still remember him. Therefore My heart yearns for him; I have great compassion for him,” declares the LORD.…
Cross References
Luke 18:13
But the tax collector stood at a distance, unwilling even to lift up his eyes to heaven. Instead, he beat his breast and said, 'God, have mercy on me, a sinner!'

Psalm 119:67
Before I was afflicted, I went astray; but now I keep Your word.

Isaiah 54:4
Do not be afraid, for you will not be put to shame; do not be humiliated, for you will not be disgraced. For you will forget the shame of your youth, and remember no more the reproach of your widowhood.

Jeremiah 3:25
Let us lie down in our shame; let our disgrace cover us. We have sinned against the LORD our God, both we and our fathers; from our youth even to this day we have not obeyed the voice of the LORD our God."

Ezekiel 21:12
Cry out and wail, O son of man, for it is against My people; it is against all the princes of Israel! They are tossed to the sword with My people; therefore strike your thigh.

Ezekiel 36:31
Then you will remember your evil ways and your deeds that were not good, and you will loathe yourselves for your iniquities and abominations.

Zechariah 12:10
Then I will pour out on the house of David and on the residents of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and prayer, and they will look on Me, the One they have pierced. They will mourn for Him as one mourns an only child, and weep bitterly for Him as one grieves a firstborn son.

Treasury of Scripture

Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I smote on my thigh: I was ashamed, yes, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach of my youth.

Surely after.

Deuteronomy 30:2,6-8
And shalt return unto the LORD thy God, and shalt obey his voice according to all that I command thee this day, thou and thy children, with all thine heart, and with all thy soul; …

Ezekiel 36:26,31
A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh…

Zechariah 12:10
And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.

I smote.

Ezekiel 21:12
Cry and howl, son of man: for it shall be upon my people, it shall be upon all the princes of Israel: terrors by reason of the sword shall be upon my people: smite therefore upon thy thigh.

Luke 18:13
And the publican, standing afar off, would not lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast, saying, God be merciful to me a sinner.

2 Corinthians 7:10,11
For godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation not to be repented of: but the sorrow of the world worketh death…

I was ashamed.

Jeremiah 3:25
We lie down in our shame, and our confusion covereth us: for we have sinned against the LORD our God, we and our fathers, from our youth even unto this day, and have not obeyed the voice of the LORD our God.

Leviticus 26:41,42
And that I also have walked contrary unto them, and have brought them into the land of their enemies; if then their uncircumcised hearts be humbled, and they then accept of the punishment of their iniquity: …

Ezra 9:6
And said, O my God, I am ashamed and blush to lift up my face to thee, my God: for our iniquities are increased over our head, and our trespass is grown up unto the heavens.

I did.

Jeremiah 3:25
We lie down in our shame, and our confusion covereth us: for we have sinned against the LORD our God, we and our fathers, from our youth even unto this day, and have not obeyed the voice of the LORD our God.

Jeremiah 22:21
I spake unto thee in thy prosperity; but thou saidst, I will not hear. This hath been thy manner from thy youth, that thou obeyedst not my voice.

Jeremiah 32:30
For the children of Israel and the children of Judah have only done evil before me from their youth: for the children of Israel have only provoked me to anger with the work of their hands, saith the LORD.







Lexicon
After
אַחֲרֵ֤י (’a·ḥă·rê)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 310: The hind or following part

I returned,
שׁוּבִי֙ (šū·ḇî)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

I repented;
נִחַ֔מְתִּי (ni·ḥam·tî)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5162: To sigh, breathe strongly, to be sorry, to pity, console, rue, to avenge

and after
וְאַֽחֲרֵי֙ (wə·’a·ḥă·rê)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 310: The hind or following part

I was instructed,
הִוָּ֣דְעִ֔י (hiw·wā·ḏə·‘î)
Verb - Nifal - Infinitive construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3045: To know

I struck [my thigh]
סָפַ֖קְתִּי (sā·p̄aq·tî)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5606: To clap the hands, of satisfaction, to be enough, of excess, to vomit

in grief.
יָרֵ֑ךְ (yā·rêḵ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3409: Thigh,loin, flank, side

I was ashamed
בֹּ֚שְׁתִּי (bō·šə·tî)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 954: To pale, to be ashamed, to be disappointed, delayed

and
וְגַם־ (wə·ḡam-)
Conjunctive waw | Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 1571: Assemblage, also, even, yea, though, both, and

humiliated
נִכְלַ֔מְתִּי (niḵ·lam·tî)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3637: To wound, to taunt, insult

because
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

I bore
נָשָׂ֖אתִי (nā·śā·ṯî)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5375: To lift, carry, take

the disgrace
חֶרְפַּ֥ת (ḥer·paṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 2781: Contumely, disgrace, the pudenda

of my youth.’
נְעוּרָֽי׃ (nə·‘ū·rāy)
Noun - masculine plural construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5271: Youth, the state, the persons
(19) After that I was turned.--The words have been referred by some commentators (Hitzig) to the previous turning away from God--the apostasy of Ephraim; but the repetition of the word that had been used in the previous verse makes it far more natural to connect it with the first movement of repentance. The "smiting upon the thigh" is, like the Publican's "smiting on his breast" (Luke 18:13), an Eastern expression of extremest grief. So in Ezekiel 21:17 we have the "smiting of the hands together" as a symbol of anger, which is also sorrow. In Homer (Odyss. xiii. 193) we have the very gesture here depicted--

"And then he groaned, and smote on both his thighs

With headlong hands, and so in sorrow spoke."

The reproach of my youth--i.e., the shame which the sins of his youth had brought upon him.

Verse 19. - After that I was turned, I repented; rather, after my turning away (as Jeremiah 8:4), I have repented. It is a different kind of "turning" which is here meant, a turning away from God. I was instructed; literally, I was made to know; i.e. brought to my senses by punishment. I smote upon my thigh; rather, I have smitten, etc. Ephraim describes his present state of mind, and the symbols by which he translates it into act. Smiting upon the thigh was a sign of mourning (comp. Ezekiel 21:17). I did bear, etc.; rather, I have borne, etc. The "reproach of Ephraim's youth" is that which he brought upon himself in early times by his unfaithfulness to Jehovah. 31:18-20 Ephraim (the ten tribes) is weeping for sin. He is angry at himself for his sin, and folly, and frowardness. He finds he cannot, by his own power, keep himself close with God, much less bring himself back when he is revolted. Therefore he prays, Turn thou me, and I shall be turned. His will was bowed to the will of God. When the teaching of God's Spirit went with the corrections of his providence, then the work was done. This is our comfort in affliction, that the Lord thinks upon us. God has mercy in store, rich mercy, sure mercy, suitable mercy, for all who seek him in sincerity.
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Alphabetical: After also and ashamed back beat because bore breast came disgrace For humiliated I instructed my of on repented reproach smote strayed the thigh to turned understand was youth'

OT Prophets: Jeremiah 31:19 Surely after that I was turned (Jer.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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