Jeremiah 31:19
Parallel Verses
New International Version
After I strayed, I repented; after I came to understand, I beat my breast. I was ashamed and humiliated because I bore the disgrace of my youth.'

King James Bible
Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I smote upon my thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach of my youth.

Darby Bible Translation
Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after I knew myself, I smote upon [my] thigh. I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, for I bear the reproach of my youth.

World English Bible
Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I struck on my thigh: I was ashamed, yes, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach of my youth.

Young's Literal Translation
For after my turning back I repented, And after my being instructed I struck on the thigh, I have been ashamed, I have also blushed, For I have borne the reproach of my youth.

Jeremiah 31:19 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

After that I was turned - Converted from my sin, folly, and idolatry.

I repented - To conviction of sin, I now added contrition for sin. Conviction, in this sense of the word, must precede contrition or repentance. As soon as a man sees himself lost and undone, he is convicted of sin; when convicted, he begins to mourn. Thus contrition follows conviction.

I smote upon my thigh - My sorrow grew deeper and deeper; I smote upon my thigh through the extremity of my distress. This was a usual sign of deep affliction. See Ezekiel 21:12. It was the same among the ancient Greeks. So Homer: -

Ως εφατ' αυταρ Αρης θαλερω πεπληγετο μηρω

Χερσι καταπρηνεσσ,ολοφυρομενος δε προσηυδα.

IL. lib. 15:113.

"She spake: and with expanded arms, his thighs

Smiting, thus sorrowful, the god exclaimed."

Cowper.

- αυταρ Αχιλλευς

Μηρω πληξαμενος Πατροκληα προσεειπεν.

IL. lib. 16:124.

"Achilles saw it, smote his thigh, and said."

Cowper.

continued...

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Surely after.

Deuteronomy 30:2,6-8 And shall return to the LORD your God, and shall obey his voice according to all that I command you this day, you and your children...

Ezekiel 36:26,31 A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh...

Zechariah 12:10 And I will pour on the house of David, and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications...

Luke 15:17-19 And when he came to himself, he said, How many hired servants of my father's have bread enough and to spare, and I perish with hunger!...

John 6:44,45 No man can come to me, except the Father which has sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day...

Ephesians 2:3-5 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind...

2 Timothy 2:25 In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth;

Titus 3:3-7 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy...

I smote.

Ezekiel 21:12 Cry and howl, son of man: for it shall be on my people, it shall be on all the princes of Israel...

Luke 18:13 And the publican, standing afar off, would not lift up so much as his eyes to heaven, but smote on his breast, saying...

2 Corinthians 7:10,11 For godly sorrow works repentance to salvation not to be repented of: but the sorrow of the world works death...

I was ashamed.

Jeremiah 3:25 We lie down in our shame, and our confusion covers us: for we have sinned against the LORD our God, we and our fathers...

Leviticus 26:41,42 And that I also have walked contrary to them, and have brought them into the land of their enemies...

Ezra 9:6 And said, O my God, I am ashamed and blush to lift up my face to you, my God: for our iniquities are increased over our head...

Ezekiel 6:9 And they that escape of you shall remember me among the nations where they shall be carried captives...

Ezekiel 16:61-63 Then you shall remember your ways, and be ashamed, when you shall receive your sisters, your elder and your younger...

Ezekiel 20:43,44 And there shall you remember your ways, and all your doings, wherein you have been defiled...

Ezekiel 36:31 Then shall you remember your own evil ways, and your doings that were not good...

Romans 6:21 What fruit had you then in those things whereof you are now ashamed? for the end of those things is death.

I did.

Jeremiah 3:25 We lie down in our shame, and our confusion covers us: for we have sinned against the LORD our God, we and our fathers...

Jeremiah 22:21 I spoke to you in your prosperity; but you said, I will not hear. This has been your manner from your youth...

Jeremiah 32:30 For the children of Israel and the children of Judah have only done evil before me from their youth...

Job 13:26 For you write bitter things against me, and make me to possess the iniquities of my youth.

Job 20:11 His bones are full of the sin of his youth, which shall lie down with him in the dust.

Psalm 25:7 Remember not the sins of my youth, nor my transgressions: according to your mercy remember you me for your goodness' sake, O LORD.

Isaiah 54:4 Fear not; for you shall not be ashamed: neither be you confounded; for you shall not be put to shame...

Ezekiel 23:3 And they committed prostitutions in Egypt; they committed prostitutions in their youth: there were their breasts pressed...

Luke 15:30 But as soon as this your son was come, which has devoured your living with harlots, you have killed for him the fatted calf.

Library
What the Stable Creation Teaches
'If those ordinances depart from before Me, saith the Lord, then the seed of Israel also shall cease from being a nation before Me for ever.'--JER. xxxi. 36. This is the seal of the new covenant, which is to be made in days future to the prophet and his contemporaries, with the house of Israel and of Judah. That new covenant is referred to in Hebrews as the fundamental law of Christ's kingdom. Therefore we have the right to take to ourselves the promises which it contains, and to think of 'the house
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

God in the Covenant
But I have been thinking for the last two or three days, that the covenant of grace excels the other covenant most marvelously in the mighty blessings which it confers. What does the covenant of grace convey? I had thought this morning of preaching a sermon upon "The covenant of grace; what are the blessings it gives to God's children?" But when I began to think of it, there was so much in the covenant, that if I had only read a catalogue of the great and glorious blessings, wrapped up within its
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 2: 1856

A vision of Judgement and Cleansing
'And he shewed me Joshua the high priest standing before the Angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him. 2. And the Lord said unto Satan, The Lord rebuke thee, O Satan; even the Lord that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: is not this a brand plucked out of the fire? 3. Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and stood before the Angel. 4. And He answered and spake unto those that stood before Him, saying, Take away the filthy garments from him. And unto him He said,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Perseverance in Holiness
May the King himself come near and feast his saints to-day! May the Comforter who convinced of sin now come to cheer us with the promise! We noticed concerning the fig tree, that it was confirmed in its barrenness: it had borne no fruit, though it made large professions of doing so, and it was made to abide as it was. Let us consider another form of confirmation: not the curse of continuance in the rooted habit of evil; but the blessing of perseverance in a settled way of grace. May the Lord show
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 35: 1889

Cross References
Luke 18:13
"But the tax collector stood at a distance. He would not even look up to heaven, but beat his breast and said, 'God, have mercy on me, a sinner.'

Psalm 119:67
Before I was afflicted I went astray, but now I obey your word.

Isaiah 54:4
"Do not be afraid; you will not be put to shame. Do not fear disgrace; you will not be humiliated. You will forget the shame of your youth and remember no more the reproach of your widowhood.

Jeremiah 3:25
Let us lie down in our shame, and let our disgrace cover us. We have sinned against the LORD our God, both we and our ancestors; from our youth till this day we have not obeyed the LORD our God."

Ezekiel 21:12
Cry out and wail, son of man, for it is against my people; it is against all the princes of Israel. They are thrown to the sword along with my people. Therefore beat your breast.

Ezekiel 36:31
Then you will remember your evil ways and wicked deeds, and you will loathe yourselves for your sins and detestable practices.

Zechariah 12:10
"And I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication. They will look on me, the one they have pierced, and they will mourn for him as one mourns for an only child, and grieve bitterly for him as one grieves for a firstborn son.

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