Jeremiah 51:2
New International Version
I will send foreigners to Babylon to winnow her and to devastate her land; they will oppose her on every side in the day of her disaster.

New Living Translation
Foreigners will come and winnow her, blowing her away as chaff. They will come from every side to rise against her in her day of trouble.

English Standard Version
and I will send to Babylon winnowers, and they shall winnow her, and they shall empty her land, when they come against her from every side on the day of trouble.

Berean Study Bible
I will send strangers to Babylon to winnow her and empty her land; for they will come against her from every side in the day of her disaster.

New American Standard Bible
"I will dispatch foreigners to Babylon that they may winnow her And may devastate her land; For on every side they will be opposed to her In the day of her calamity.

King James Bible
And will send unto Babylon fanners, that shall fan her, and shall empty her land: for in the day of trouble they shall be against her round about.

Christian Standard Bible
I will send strangers to Babylon who will scatter her and strip her land bare, for they will come against her from every side in the day of disaster.

Contemporary English Version
Foreign soldiers will come from every direction, and when the disaster is over, Babylonia will be empty and worthless.

Good News Translation
I will send foreigners to destroy Babylonia like a wind that blows straw away. When that day of destruction comes, they will attack from every side and leave the land bare.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I will send strangers to Babylon who will scatter her and strip her land bare, for they will come against her from every side in the day of disaster.

International Standard Version
I'll send foreigners to Babylon, and they'll winnow her, and devastate her land. They'll come against her from every side on the day of her disaster.

NET Bible
I will send people to winnow Babylonia like a wind blowing away chaff. They will winnow her and strip her land bare. This will happen when they come against her from every direction, when it is time to destroy her.

New Heart English Bible
I will send to Babylon foreigners who shall winnow her; and they shall empty her land: for in the day of trouble they shall be against her around.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I will send people to winnow Babylon, to winnow it and strip its land bare. They will attack it from every direction on the day of trouble.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And I will send unto Babylon strangers, that shall fan her, And they shall empty her land; For in the day of trouble they shall be against her round about.

New American Standard 1977
“And I shall dispatch foreigners to Babylon that they may winnow her And may devastate her land; For on every side they will be opposed to her In the day of her calamity.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And I will send unto Babylon fanners that shall fan her and shall empty her land; for in the day of trouble they shall be against her round about.

King James 2000 Bible
And will send unto Babylon winnowers, that shall winnow her, and shall empty her land: for in the day of trouble they shall be against her round about.

American King James Version
And will send to Babylon fanners, that shall fan her, and shall empty her land: for in the day of trouble they shall be against her round about.

American Standard Version
And I will send unto Babylon strangers, that shall winnow her; and they shall empty her land: for in the day of trouble they shall be against her round about.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And I will send forth against Babylon spoilers, and they shall spoil her, and shall ravage her land. Woe to Babylon round about her in the day of her affliction.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And I will send to Babylon fanners, and they shall fan her, and shall destroy her land: for they are come upon her on every side in the day of her affliction.

Darby Bible Translation
and I will send unto Babylon strangers, who shall fan her, and shall empty her land: for in the day of trouble they shall be against her round about.

English Revised Version
And I will send unto Babylon strangers, that shall fan her; and they shall empty her land: for in the day of trouble they shall be against her round about.

Webster's Bible Translation
And will send to Babylon fanners, that shall fan her, and shall empty her land: for in the day of trouble they shall be against her on all sides.

World English Bible
I will send to Babylon strangers, who shall winnow her; and they shall empty her land: for in the day of trouble they shall be against her around.

Young's Literal Translation
And I have sent to Babylon fanners, And they have fanned it, and they empty its land, For they have been against it, Round about -- in the day of evil.
Study Bible
The Judgment on Babylon
1This is what the LORD says: “Behold, I will stir up against Babylon and against the people of Leb-kamai the spirit of a destroyer. 2I will send strangers to Babylon to winnow her and empty her land; for they will come against her from every side in the day of her disaster. 3Do not let the archer bend his bow or put on his armor. Do not spare her young men; completely destroy her army!…
Cross References
Matthew 3:12
His winnowing fork is in His hand to clear His threshing floor and to gather His wheat into the barn; but He will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire."

Isaiah 41:16
You will winnow them, and a wind will carry them away; a gale will scatter them. But you will rejoice in the LORD; you will glory in the Holy One of Israel.

Jeremiah 15:7
I will scatter them with a winnowing fork at the gates of the land. I will bereave and destroy My people who have not turned from their ways.

Treasury of Scripture

And will send to Babylon fanners, that shall fan her, and shall empty her land: for in the day of trouble they shall be against her round about.

fanners

Jeremiah 15:7
And I will fan them with a fan in the gates of the land; I will bereave them of children, I will destroy my people, since they return not from their ways.

Isaiah 41:16
Thou shalt fan them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the whirlwind shall scatter them: and thou shalt rejoice in the LORD, and shalt glory in the Holy One of Israel.

Ezekiel 5:12
A third part of thee shall die with the pestilence, and with famine shall they be consumed in the midst of thee: and a third part shall fall by the sword round about thee; and I will scatter a third part into all the winds, and I will draw out a sword after them.

in the day

Jeremiah 51:27,28
Set ye up a standard in the land, blow the trumpet among the nations, prepare the nations against her, call together against her the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and Ashchenaz; appoint a captain against her; cause the horses to come up as the rough caterpillers…

Jeremiah 50:14,15,29,32
Put yourselves in array against Babylon round about: all ye that bend the bow, shoot at her, spare no arrows: for she hath sinned against the LORD…







Lexicon
I will send
וְשִׁלַּחְתִּ֨י (wə·šil·laḥ·tî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Conjunctive perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7971: To send away, for, out

strangers
זָרִים֙ (zā·rîm)
Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2114: To turn aside, to be a, foreigner, strange, profane, to commit adultery

to Babylon
לְבָבֶ֤ל ׀ (lə·ḇā·ḇel)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 894: Babylon -- an eastern Mediterranean empire and its capital city

to winnow her
וְזֵר֔וּהָ (wə·zê·rū·hā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Conjunctive perfect - third person common plural | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2219: To toss about, to diffuse, winnow

and empty
וִיבֹקְק֖וּ (wî·ḇō·qə·qū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Conjunctive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1238: To pour out, to empty, to depopulate, to spread out

her
אֶת־ (’eṯ-)
Direct object marker
Strong's Hebrew 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

land;
אַרְצָ֑הּ (’ar·ṣāh)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

for
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

they will come
הָי֥וּ (hā·yū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

against her
עָלֶ֛יהָ (‘ā·le·hā)
Preposition | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

from every side
מִסָּבִ֖יב (mis·sā·ḇîḇ)
Preposition-m | Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 5439: A circle, neighbour, environs, around

in the day
בְּי֥וֹם (bə·yō·wm)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3117: A day

of [her] disaster.
רָעָֽה׃ (rā·‘āh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7451: Bad, evil
(2) Fanners, that shall fan her.--The Hebrew word as it stands means "strangers," but a change of the vowel-points would give etymologically "winnowers" or "fanners," though the word is not found elsewhere. On the whole it would seem best to accept the meaning of "strangers," the prophet connecting it with the verb for "fan," which contains the same consonants, for the sake of a rhythmical assonance. The imagery in either case is that of the familiar picture of the "threshing-floor," where the "strong wind" scatters the chaff in all directions (Psalm 1:4; Psalm 35:5; Isaiah 17:13; Isaiah 29:5). The word for "empty" is the same as that used with an emphatic significance in Jeremiah 19:7.

Verse 2. - Farmers. This is supported by the Septuagint, Peshito, Targum, Vulgate, according to the Massoretic pointing, however, we should render "enemies." Possibly the prophet intended to suggest both meanings, a and o being so nearly related. Shall empty her land. The original has a much mere striking word, shall pour out (for the figures, comp. Jeremiah 48:12), which occurs again in similar contexts in Isaiah 24:1; Nahum 2:3 (Hebrew, 2). 51:1-58 The particulars of this prophecy are dispersed and interwoven, and the same things left and returned to again. Babylon is abundant in treasures, yet neither her waters nor her wealth shall secure her. Destruction comes when they did not think of it. Wherever we are, in the greatest depths, at the greatest distances, we are to remember the Lord our God; and in the times of the greatest fears and hopes, it is most needful to remember the Lord. The feeling excited by Babylon's fall is the same with the New Testament Babylon, Re 18:9,19. The ruin of all who support idolatry, infidelity, and superstition, is needful for the revival of true godliness; and the threatening prophecies of Scripture yield comfort in this view. The great seat of antichristian tyranny, idolatry, and superstition, the persecutor of true Christians, is as certainly doomed to destruction as ancient Babylon. Then will vast multitudes mourn for sin, and seek the Lord. Then will the lost sheep of the house of Israel be brought back to the fold of the good Shepherd, and stray no more. And the exact fulfilment of these ancient prophecies encourages us to faith in all the promises and prophecies of the sacred Scriptures.
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OT Prophets: Jeremiah 51:2 I will send to Babylon strangers who (Jer.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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