Jeremiah 51:3
New International Version
Let not the archer string his bow, nor let him put on his armor. Do not spare her young men; completely destroy her army.

New Living Translation
Don’t let the archers put on their armor or draw their bows. Don’t spare even her best soldiers! Let her army be completely destroyed.

English Standard Version
Let not the archer bend his bow, and let him not stand up in his armor. Spare not her young men; devote to destruction all her army.

Berean Study Bible
Do not let the archer bend his bow or put on his armor. Do not spare her young men; devote all her army to destruction!

King James Bible
Against him that bendeth let the archer bend his bow, and against him that lifteth himself up in his brigandine: and spare ye not her young men; destroy ye utterly all her host.

New King James Version
Against her let the archer bend his bow, And lift himself up against her in his armor. Do not spare her young men; Utterly destroy all her army.

New American Standard Bible
“Let not him who bends his bow bend it, Nor let him rise up in his coat of armor. Do not spare her young men; Devote all her army to destruction.

NASB 1995
"Let not him who bends his bow bend it, Nor let him rise up in his scale-armor; So do not spare her young men; Devote all her army to destruction.

NASB 1977
“Let not him who bends his bow bend it, Nor let him rise up in his scale-armor; So do not spare her young men; Devote all her army to destruction.

Amplified Bible
“Do not let him (the Chaldean defender) who bends his bow bend it, Nor let him rise up in his coat of armor. So do not spare her young men; Devote her entire army to destruction.

Christian Standard Bible
Don’t let the archer string his bow; don’t let him put on his armor. Don’t spare her young men; completely destroy her entire army!

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Don't let the archer string his bow; dont let him put on his armor. Don't spare her young men; completely destroy her entire army!

American Standard Version
Against him that bendeth let the archer bend his bow, and against him that lifteth himself up in his coat of mail: and spare ye not her young men; destroy ye utterly all her host.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He who shoots with the bow shall not cease, and the warrior shall not strip his breastplate, and you shall not have pity for her young men. Destroy her army entirely!

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Let the archer bend his bow, and him that has armour put it on: and spare ye not her young men, but destroy ye all her host.

Contemporary English Version
I will tell these soldiers, "Attack quickly, before the Babylonians can string their bows or put on their armor. Kill their best soldiers and destroy their army!"

Douay-Rheims Bible
Let not him that bendeth, bend his bow, and let not, him go up that is armed with a coat of mail: spare not her young men, destroy all her army.

English Revised Version
Let not the archer bend his bow, and let him not lift himself up in his coat of mail: and spare ye not her young men; destroy ye utterly all her host.

Good News Translation
Don't give its soldiers time to shoot their arrows or to put on their armor. Do not spare the young men! Destroy the whole army!

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Have the archers bend their bows. Have them put on their armor. Don't spare Babylon's young men. Completely destroy its whole army.

International Standard Version
Don't let the archer bend the bow; don't let him rise up in his armor. Don't spare her young men. Completely destroy her entire army.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Let the archer bend his bow against her, And let him lift himself up against her in his coat of mail; And spare ye not her young men, Destroy ye utterly all her host.

Literal Standard Version
Do not let the treader tread his bow, "" Nor lift himself up in his coat of mail, "" Nor have pity on her young men, "" Devote all her host to destruction.

NET Bible
Do not give her archers time to string their bows or to put on their coats of armor. Do not spare any of her young men. Completely destroy her whole army.

New Heart English Bible
Do not let him who bends the bow bend it; nor not let him rise up in his armor. And do not spare her young men; utterly destroy all her army.

World English Bible
Against [him who] bends let the archer bend his bow, and against [him who] lifts himself up in his coat of mail: and don't spare her young men; utterly destroy all her army.

Young's Literal Translation
Let not the treader tread his bow, Nor lift himself up in his coat of mail, Nor have ye pity on her young men, Devote ye to destruction all her host.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Judgment on Babylon
2I will send strangers to Babylon to winnow her and empty her land; for they will come against her from every side in her day of disaster. 3 Do not let the archer bend his bow or put on his armor. Do not spare her young men; devote all her army to destruction! 4And they will fall slain in the land of the Chaldeans, and pierced through in her streets.…

Cross References
Isaiah 13:15
Whoever is caught will be stabbed, and whoever is captured will die by the sword.

Jeremiah 46:4
Harness the horses; mount the steeds; take your positions with helmets on! Polish your spears; put on armor!

Jeremiah 50:14
Line up in formation around Babylon, all you who draw the bow! Shoot at her! Spare no arrows! For she has sinned against the LORD.

Jeremiah 50:29
Summon the archers against Babylon, all who string the bow. Encamp all around her; let no one escape. Repay her according to her deeds; do to her as she has done. For she has defied the LORD, the Holy One of Israel.


Treasury of Scripture

Against him that bends let the archer bend his bow, and against him that lifts himself up in his brigandine: and spare you not her young men; destroy you utterly all her host.

let the

Jeremiah 50:14,41,42
Put yourselves in array against Babylon round about: all ye that bend the bow, shoot at her, spare no arrows: for she hath sinned against the LORD…

brigandine

Jeremiah 46:4
Harness the horses; and get up, ye horsemen, and stand forth with your helmets; furbish the spears, and put on the brigandines.

spare

Jeremiah 9:21
For death is come up into our windows, and is entered into our palaces, to cut off the children from without, and the young men from the streets.

Jeremiah 50:27,30
Slay all her bullocks; let them go down to the slaughter: woe unto them! for their day is come, the time of their visitation…

Deuteronomy 32:25
The sword without, and terror within, shall destroy both the young man and the virgin, the suckling also with the man of gray hairs.

destroy

Jeremiah 50:21
Go up against the land of Merathaim, even against it, and against the inhabitants of Pekod: waste and utterly destroy after them, saith the LORD, and do according to all that I have commanded thee.









(3) Let the archer bend his bow.--The words represent the sense of the original, but the Hebrew word for "archer" is literally bender, and so the iteration of the verb gains its full rhetorical force. On "brigandine," as meaning the "coat of mail" of heavy-armed troops, see Note on Jeremiah 46:4. The two classes of soldiers describe collectively the garrison that defended Babylon.

Verse 3. - Against him that bendeth, etc. There are two readings in the Hebrew Bible - one that given by the Authorized Version; the other, "Against him that bendeth (let) him that bendeth his bow (come)." The difficulty, however, is in the first two words of the clause, which are the same in either reading. It would be much simpler to alter a single point, and render, "Let not the archer bend his bow; and let him not lift himself up in his coat of mail" (for the old word "brigandine," see on Jeremiah 46:4); which might be explained of the Babylonians, on the analogy of Jeremiah 46:6, "Let him not bend his bow, for it will be useless;" but then the second half of the verse hardly suits the first - the prohibitions seem clearly intended to run on in a connected order. On the other hand, the descriptions, "him that bendeth," and "him that lifteth himself up in his brigandine," seem hardly a natural way of putting "the Chaldean army."

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Do not let the archer
יִדְרֹ֤ךְ (yiḏ·rōḵ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1869: To tread, to walk, to string a, bow

bend
הַדֹּרֵךְ֙ (had·dō·rêḵ)
Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 1869: To tread, to walk, to string a, bow

his bow
קַשְׁתּ֔וֹ (qaš·tōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 7198: A bow, for, shooting, the iris

[or]
יִתְעַ֖ל (yiṯ·‘al)
Verb - Hitpael - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5927: To ascend, in, actively

put on his armor.
בְּסִרְיֹנ֑וֹ (bə·sir·yō·nōw)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 5630: A coat of mail

Do not
וְאֶל־ (wə·’el-)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's 408: Not

spare
תַּחְמְלוּ֙ (taḥ·mə·lū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's 2550: To commiserate, to spare

her young men;
בַּ֣חֻרֶ֔יהָ (ba·ḥu·re·hā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 970: Selected, a youth

completely destroy
הַחֲרִ֖ימוּ (ha·ḥă·rî·mū)
Verb - Hifil - Imperative - masculine plural
Strong's 2763: To seclude, to devote to religious uses, to be blunt as to the nose

her
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

army!
צְבָאָֽהּ׃ (ṣə·ḇā·’āh)
Noun - common singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 6635: A mass of persons, reg, organized for, war, a campaign


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OT Prophets: Jeremiah 51:3 Against him who bends let the archer (Jer.)
Jeremiah 51:2
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