Hosea 4:16
New International Version
The Israelites are stubborn, like a stubborn heifer. How then can the LORD pasture them like lambs in a meadow?

New Living Translation
Israel is stubborn, like a stubborn heifer. So should the LORD feed her like a lamb in a lush pasture?

English Standard Version
Like a stubborn heifer, Israel is stubborn; can the LORD now feed them like a lamb in a broad pasture?

Berean Study Bible
For Israel is as obstinate as a stubborn heifer. Can the LORD now shepherd them like lambs in an open meadow?

New American Standard Bible
Since Israel is stubborn Like a stubborn heifer, Can the LORD now pasture them Like a lamb in a large field?

King James Bible
For Israel slideth back as a backsliding heifer: now the LORD will feed them as a lamb in a large place.

Christian Standard Bible
For Israel is as obstinate as a stubborn cow. Can the LORD now shepherd them like a lamb in an open meadow?

Contemporary English Version
You are nothing more than a stubborn cow--so stubborn that I, the LORD, cannot feed you like lambs in an open pasture.

Good News Translation
The people of Israel are as stubborn as mules. How can I feed them like lambs in a meadow?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For Israel is as obstinate as a stubborn cow. Can the LORD now shepherd them like a lamb in an open meadow?

International Standard Version
For Israel is as obstinate as a stubborn mule! Nevertheless, will not the LORD feed them like a lamb in a broad pasture?

NET Bible
Israel has rebelled like a stubborn heifer! Soon the LORD will put them out to pasture like a lamb in a broad field!

New Heart English Bible
For Israel has behaved extremely stubbornly, like a stubborn heifer. Then how will the LORD feed them like a lamb in a meadow.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"The people of Israel are as stubborn as a bull. How can the LORD feed them like lambs in an open pasture?

JPS Tanakh 1917
For Israel is stubborn like a stubborn heifer; Now shall the LORD feed them as a lamb in a large place?

New American Standard 1977
Since Israel is stubborn Like a stubborn heifer, Can the LORD now pasture them Like a lamb in a large field?

Jubilee Bible 2000
for Israel has turned away as a wild heifer; shall the LORD now feed them as rams in a large place?

King James 2000 Bible
For Israel slides back like a stubborn heifer: now the LORD will feed them as a lamb in an open pasture.

American King James Version
For Israel slides back as a backsliding heifer: now the LORD will feed them as a lamb in a large place.

American Standard Version
For Israel hath behaved himself stubbornly, like a stubborn heifer: now will Jehovah feed them as a lamb in a large place.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For Israel hath gone astray like a wanton heifer: now will the Lord feed them, as a lamb in a spacious place.

Darby Bible Translation
For Israel is refractory as an untractable heifer; now will Jehovah feed them as a lamb in a wide [pasture].

English Revised Version
For Israel hath behaved himself stubbornly, like a stubborn heifer: now will the LORD feed them as a lamb in a large place.

Webster's Bible Translation
For Israel slideth back as a backsliding heifer: now the LORD will feed them as a lamb in a large place.

World English Bible
For Israel has behaved extremely stubbornly, like a stubborn heifer. Then how will Yahweh feed them like a lamb in a meadow.

Young's Literal Translation
For as a refractory heifer hath Israel turned aside, Now doth Jehovah feed them as a lamb in a large place.
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
God's Charges Against Israel
15Though you prostitute yourself, O Israel, may Judah avoid such guilt! Do not go to Gilgal, do not go up to Beth-aven, and do not swear on oath, ‘As surely as the LORD lives!’ 16For Israel is as obstinate as a stubborn heifer. Can the LORD now shepherd them like lambs in an open meadow? 17Ephraim is joined to idols; leave him alone!…
Cross References
Psalm 78:8
Then they will not be like their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation, whose heart was not loyal, whose spirit was not faithful to God.

Isaiah 5:17
Lambs will graze as in their own pastures, and strangers will feed in the ruins of the wealthy.

Isaiah 7:25
For fear of the thorns and briers, you will no longer traverse the hills once tilled by the hoe; they will become places for oxen to graze and sheep to trample.

Isaiah 30:23
Then He will send rain for the seed that you have sown in the ground, and the food that comes from your land will be rich and plentiful. On that day your cattle will graze in open pastures.

Jeremiah 31:18
I have surely heard Ephraim's moaning: 'You disciplined me severely, like an untrained calf. Restore me, and I will return, for You are the LORD my God.

Hosea 10:11
Ephraim is a well-trained heifer that loves to thresh; but I will place a yoke on her fair neck. I will harness Ephraim, Judah will plow, and Jacob will break the hard ground.

Hosea 11:6
A sword will whirl through their cities; it will destroy the bars of their gates and consume them in their own plans.

Treasury of Scripture

For Israel slides back as a backsliding heifer: now the LORD will feed them as a lamb in a large place.

slideth.

Hosea 11:7 And my people are bent to backsliding from me: though they called …

1 Samuel 15:11 It repents me that I have set up Saul to be king: for he is turned …

Jeremiah 3:6,8,11 The LORD said also to me in the days of Josiah the king, Have you …

Jeremiah 5:6 Why a lion out of the forest shall slay them, and a wolf of the evenings …

Jeremiah 7:24 But they listened not, nor inclined their ear, but walked in the …

Jeremiah 8:5 Why then is this people of Jerusalem slid back by a perpetual backsliding? …

Jeremiah 14:7 O LORD, though our iniquities testify against us, do you it for your …

Zechariah 7:11 But they refused to listen, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped …

as a lamb.

Leviticus 26:33 And I will scatter you among the heathen, and will draw out a sword …

Isaiah 7:21-25 And it shall come to pass in that day, that a man shall nourish a …

Isaiah 22:18 He will surely violently turn and toss you like a ball into a large …







Lexicon
For
כִּ֚י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

Israel
יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

is as obstinate
סֹֽרֵרָ֔ה (sō·rê·rāh)
Verb - Qal - Participle - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5637: To turn away, be refractory

as a stubborn
סָרַ֖ר (sā·rar)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5637: To turn away, be refractory

heifer.
כְּפָרָ֣ה (kə·p̄ā·rāh)
Preposition-k | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6510: A heifer, cow

Can the LORD
יְהוָ֔ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

now
עַתָּה֙ (‘at·tāh)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 6258: At this time

shepherd them
יִרְעֵ֣ם (yir·‘êm)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7462: To tend a, flock, pasture it, in, to graze, to rule, to associate with

like lambs
כְּכֶ֖בֶשׂ (kə·ḵe·ḇeś)
Preposition-k | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3532: A lamb

in an open meadow?
בַּמֶּרְחָֽב׃ (bam·mer·ḥāḇ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4800: A broad or roomy place
(16) Slideth back.--More correctly, is stubborn as a stubborn cow.

Will feed them as a lamb in a large place.--An expression of tender commiseration (so Ewald). But most commentators understand it in an unfavourable sense, i.e., will lead them forth into the desolate wilderness, a prey to wild beasts, or into the loneliness that a lamb would feel in a boundless pasture.

Verse 16. - For Israel slideth back as a back, sliding heifer: now the Lord will feed them s, a lamb in a large place. This verse conveys the reason of the warning contained in the preceding; and that reason is the punishment which is to overtake Israel as the consequence of their refractoriness. If this view of the connection be correct, it will help to the right understanding of a difficult passage. The "backsliding," according to the Authorized Version, is rather "stubbornness," "intractableness," or "unmanageableness." Keil renders it "refractory." This refractoriness was Israel's sin; the people would have their own way, and became refractory, like an unmanageable heifer, which rebels upon being trained. Aben Ezra explains סֹרֵרָה (which, by the way, has tsere before the tone syllable) as follows: "סי is he who turns aside from the way that is appointed him, so that he does not walk in it. And, behold, he compares Israel to a stubborn cow, with which a man cannot plough." So also Kfinchi: "Like a heifer which goes on a crooked way, and curves itself from under the yoke, that a man cannot plough with it; so Israel are crooked under their God, as they have taken upon them the yoke of the Law and of the command-meats which he commanded them, and curve themselves under the yoke, and break from off them the yoke of the commandments." Israel rebelled against instruction, waxed stubborn and intractable. They would have their own way, and worshipped according to their own will, in indulging all the while with a high hand in vilest lusts. Now the season of punishment is arrived; and as they refused instruction and rebelled against Divine guidance, God, in just judgment and deserved punishment, leaves them to themselves. Carried into captivity, they may worship what they will, and live as they list. In these circumstances they will resemble a lamb taken away into a wilderness, and left there to range the wild and live at large, but without provision and without protection. Untended by the shepherd's watchful care, unguarded from ravening wolves or other beasts of prey, that lamb is in a lost and perishing condition. So shall it be with Israel. Aben Ezra gives as an alternative sense: "Now (Jehovah will feed them like a lamb) alone in a wide place, and it wanders to and fro." Kimchi cites as the opinion of others: "Some say, Now will Jehovah let them feed alone in a wide place, like a lamb which bleats and goes to and fro, and neither rests nor feeds." Another meaning has been attached to the verse, to the effect that Israel, subdued by chastise-meat, will renounce their stubbornness, and, rendered tractable and tame, become like a lamb, which, brought to feel its helplessness amid a wilderness, requires and receives the shepherd's care. We much prefer the former. 4:12-19 The people consulted images, and not the Divine word. This would lead to disorder and sin. Thus men prepare scourges for themselves, and vice is spread through a people. Let not Judah come near the idolatrous worship of Israel. For Israel was devoted to idols, and must now be let alone. When sinners cast off the easy yoke of Christ, they go on in sin till the Lord saith, Let them alone. Then they receive no more warnings, feel no more convictions: Satan takes full possession of them, and they ripen for destruction. It is a sad and sore judgment for any man to be let alone in sin. Those who are not disturbed in their sin, will be destroyed for their sin. May we be kept from this awful state; for the wrath of God, like a strong tempest, will soon hurry impenitent sinners into ruin.
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