Matthew 27:34
New International Version
There they offered Jesus wine to drink, mixed with gall; but after tasting it, he refused to drink it.

New Living Translation
The soldiers gave him wine mixed with bitter gall, but when he had tasted it, he refused to drink it.

English Standard Version
they offered him wine to drink, mixed with gall, but when he tasted it, he would not drink it.

Berean Study Bible
they offered Him wine to drink, mixed with gall; but after tasting it, He refused to drink it.

Berean Literal Bible
they gave Him wine to drink, mingled with gall; and having tasted, He was not willing to drink it.

New American Standard Bible
they gave Him wine to drink mixed with gall; and after tasting it, He was unwilling to drink.

King James Bible
They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted thereof, he would not drink.

Christian Standard Bible
they gave him wine mixed with gall to drink. But when he tasted it, he refused to drink it.

Contemporary English Version
There they gave Jesus some wine mixed with a drug to ease the pain. But when Jesus tasted what it was, he refused to drink it.

Good News Translation
There they offered Jesus wine mixed with a bitter substance; but after tasting it, he would not drink it.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
they gave Him wine mixed with gall to drink. But when He tasted it, He would not drink it.

International Standard Version
they offered him a drink of wine mixed with gall. But when he tasted it, he refused to drink it.

NET Bible
and offered Jesus wine mixed with gall to drink. But after tasting it, he would not drink it.

New Heart English Bible
They gave him wine to drink mixed with gall. When he had tasted it, he would not drink.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they gave him vinegar to drink that was mixed with gall, and he tasted and he did not want to drink it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They gave him a drink of wine mixed with a drug called gall. When he tasted it, he refused to drink it.

New American Standard 1977
they gave Him wine to drink mingled with gall; and after tasting it, He was unwilling to drink.

Jubilee Bible 2000
they gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall; and when he had tasted of it, he would not drink.

King James 2000 Bible
They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted thereof, he would not drink.

American King James Version
They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted thereof, he would not drink.

American Standard Version
they gave him wine to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted it, he would not drink.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they gave him wine to drink mingled with gall. And when he had tasted, he would not drink.

Darby Bible Translation
they gave to him to drink vinegar mingled with gall; and having tasted [it], he would not drink.

English Revised Version
they gave him wine to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted it, he would not drink.

Webster's Bible Translation
They gave him vinegar to drink, mingled with gall: and when he had tasted of it, he would not drink.

Weymouth New Testament
Here they gave Him a mixture of wine and gall to drink, but having tasted it He refused to drink it.

World English Bible
They gave him sour wine to drink mixed with gall. When he had tasted it, he would not drink.

Young's Literal Translation
they gave him to drink vinegar mixed with gall, and having tasted, he would not drink.
Study Bible
The Crucifixion
33And when they came to a place called Golgotha, which means The Place of the Skull, 34they offered Him wine to drink, mixed with gall; but after tasting it, He refused to drink it. 35When they had crucified Him, they divided up His garments by casting lots.…
Cross References
Psalm 69:21
They poisoned my food with gall and gave me vinegar to quench my thirst.

Jeremiah 8:14
"Why are we just sitting here? Gather together, let us flee to the fortified cities and perish there, for the LORD our God has doomed us. He has given us poisoned water to drink, because we have sinned against the LORD.

Mark 15:23
There they offered Him wine mixed with myrrh, but He did not take it.

Hebrews 6:4
It is impossible for those who have once been enlightened, who have tasted the heavenly gift, who have shared in the Holy Spirit,

Treasury of Scripture

They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted thereof, he would not drink.

Matthew

Matthew 27:34
They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted thereof, he would not drink.

gave.

Matthew 27:48
And straightway one of them ran, and took a spunge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink.

Psalm 69:21
They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

Mark 15:23
And they gave him to drink wine mingled with myrrh: but he received it not.

vinegar.







Lexicon
they offered
ἔδωκαν (edōkan)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1325: To offer, give; I put, place. A prolonged form of a primary verb; to give.

Him
αὐτῷ (autō)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

wine
οἶνον (oinon)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3631: Wine. A primary word (yayin); 'wine'.

to drink,
πιεῖν (piein)
Verb - Aorist Infinitive Active
Strong's Greek 4095: To drink, imbibe. A prolonged form of pio, which poo occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses; to imbibe.

mixed
μεμιγμένον (memigmenon)
Verb - Perfect Participle Middle or Passive - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3396: To mix, mingle. A primary verb; to mix.

with
μετὰ (meta)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 3326: (a) gen: with, in company with, (b) acc: (1) behind, beyond, after, of place, (2) after, of time, with nouns, neut. of adjectives.

gall;
χολῆς (cholēs)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 5521: Gall, bitter herbs. Feminine of an equivalent perhaps akin to the same as Chloe; 'gall' or bile, i.e. poison or an anodyne.

but
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

after tasting [it],
γευσάμενος (geusamenos)
Verb - Aorist Participle Middle - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1089: (a) I taste, (b) I experience. A primary verb; to taste; by implication, to eat; figuratively, to experience.

He refused
ἠθέλησεν (ēthelēsen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2309: To will, wish, desire, be willing, intend, design.

to drink [it].
πιεῖν (piein)
Verb - Aorist Infinitive Active
Strong's Greek 4095: To drink, imbibe. A prolonged form of pio, which poo occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses; to imbibe.
(34) Vinegar to drink mingled with gall.--In Mark 15:23, "wine mingled with myrrh." The animal secretion known as "gall" is clearly out of the question, and the meaning of the word is determined by its use in the Greek version of the Old Testament, where it stands for the "wormwood" of Proverbs 5:4, for the poisonous herb joined with "wormwood" in Deuteronomy 29:18. It was clearly something at once nauseous and narcotic, given by the merciful to dull the pain of execution, and mixed with the sour wine of the country and with myrrh to make it drinkable. It may have been hemlock, or even poppy-juice, but there are no materials for deciding. It is probable that the offer came from the more pitiful of the women mentioned by St. Luke (Luke 23:27) as following our Lord and lamenting. Such acts were among the received "works of mercy" of the time and place. The "tasting" implied a recognition of the kindly purpose of the act, but a recognition only. In the refusal to do more than taste we trace the resolute purpose to drink the cup which His Father had given Him to the last drop, and not to dull either the sense of suffering nor the clearness of His communion with His Father with the slumberous potion. The same draught was, we may believe, offered to the two criminals who were crucified with Him.

Verses 34-44. - The Crucifixion and the mockery. (Mark 15:23-32; Luke 23:32-43; John 19:18-24.) Verse 34. - Vinegar...mingled with gall (χολῆς). Instead of "vinegar" (ὄξος) very many manuscripts, followed by Tischendorf, Westcott and Hort, and others, read here, as in Mark, "wine" (οϊνον). Dederunt ei viaum bibere (Vulgate). Doubtless the two words represent the same fluid, a wine of a sharp and acrid taste. The received reading in our text is supposed to be derived from Psalm 69:21, "They gave me gall for my meats, and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink." "Gall" here signifies some bitter ingredient (St. Mark calls it "myrrh"), which was infused in the wine to impart a narcotic quality. It was the custom to offer this draught to criminals about to undergo crucifixion, either as an anodyne or to give them adventitious strength to bear their sufferings. The beverage is said to have been prepared by some benevolent ladies in Jerusalem, and to have been owed to a gloss on Proverbs 31:6, 7, "Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish, and wine unto the bitter in soul; let him drink, and forget his poverty, and remember his misery no more." This was not an additional insult offered to Jesus, as some have opined, but a usual act of kindliness. When he had tasted thereof, he would not (οὐκ ἤθελε) drink. He accepted the kindly offer so far as to put his lips to the cup, but, recognizing its stupefying qualities, he refused to drink it. He willed to endure all the coming pains without mitigation; he would meet all with the powers of mind and body undarkened; he would have his senses and his self-consciousness unimpaired to the end. 27:31-34 Christ was led as a Lamb to the slaughter, as a Sacrifice to the altar. Even the mercies of the wicked are really cruel. Taking the cross from him, they compelled one Simon to bear it. Make us ready, O Lord, to bear the cross thou hast appointed us, and daily to take it up with cheerfulness, following thee. Was ever sorrow like unto his sorrow? And when we behold what manner of death he died, let us in that behold with what manner of love he loved us. As if death, so painful a death, were not enough, they added to its bitterness and terror in several ways.
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