Matthew 27:32
New International Version
As they were going out, they met a man from Cyrene, named Simon, and they forced him to carry the cross.

New Living Translation
Along the way, they came across a man named Simon, who was from Cyrene, and the soldiers forced him to carry Jesus' cross.

English Standard Version
As they went out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name. They compelled this man to carry his cross.

Berean Study Bible
Along the way they found a man from Cyrene, named Simon, and they forced him to carry the cross of Jesus.

Berean Literal Bible
And going forth, they found a man of Cyrene, named Simon. They compelled him that he might carry His cross.

New American Standard Bible
As they were coming out, they found a man of Cyrene named Simon, whom they pressed into service to bear His cross.

King James Bible
And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear his cross.

Christian Standard Bible
As they were going out, they found a Cyrenian man named Simon. They forced him to carry his cross.

Contemporary English Version
On the way they met a man named Simon who was from Cyrene, and they forced him to carry Jesus' cross.

Good News Translation
As they were going out, they met a man from Cyrene named Simon, and the soldiers forced him to carry Jesus' cross.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
As they were going out, they found a Cyrenian man named Simon. They forced this man to carry His cross.

International Standard Version
As they were leaving, they found a man from Cyrene named Simon, whom they forced to carry Jesus' cross.

NET Bible
As they were going out, they found a man from Cyrene named Simon, whom they forced to carry his cross.

New Heart English Bible
As they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name, and they compelled him to go with them, that he might carry his cross.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And as they went out, they found a Cyrenian man whose name was Shimeon; they compelled him to carry his cross.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
On the way they found a man named Simon. He was from the city of Cyrene. The soldiers forced him to carry Jesus' cross.

New American Standard 1977
And as they were coming out, they found a man of Cyrene named Simon, whom they pressed into service to bear His cross.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name; him they compelled to bear his cross {Gr. stauros – stake}.

King James 2000 Bible
And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear his cross.

American King James Version
And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear his cross.

American Standard Version
And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to go with them , that he might bear his cross.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And going out, they found a man of Cyrene, named Simon: him they forced to take up his cross.

Darby Bible Translation
And as they went forth they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name; him they compelled to go [with them] that he might bear his cross.

English Revised Version
And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to go with them, that he might bear his cross.

Webster's Bible Translation
And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they constrained to bear his cross.

Weymouth New Testament
Going out they met a Cyrenaean named Simon; whom they compelled to carry His cross,

World English Bible
As they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name, and they compelled him to go with them, that he might carry his cross.

Young's Literal Translation
And coming forth, they found a man, a Cyrenian, by name Simon: him they impressed that he might bear his cross;
Study Bible
The Crucifixion
31After they had mocked Him, they removed the robe and put His own clothes back on Him. Then they led Him away to crucify Him. 32Along the way they found a man from Cyrene, named Simon, and they forced him to carry the cross of Jesus. 33And when they came to a place called Golgotha, which means The Place of the Skull,…
Cross References
Mark 15:21
Now Simon of Cyrene, the father of Alexander and Rufus, was passing by on his way in from the country, and the soldiers forced him to carry the cross of Jesus.

Luke 23:26
As the soldiers led Him away, they seized Simon of Cyrene on his way in from the country, and put the cross on him to carry behind Jesus.

John 19:17
Carrying His own cross, He went out to The Place of the Skull, which in Aramaic is called Golgotha.

Acts 2:10
Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya near Cyrene; visitors from Rome,

Acts 6:9
But resistance arose from what was known as the Synagogue of the Freedmen, including Cyrenians, Alexandrians, and men from the provinces of Cilicia and Asia. They began to argue with Stephen,

Acts 11:20
But some of them, men from Cyprus and Cyrene, went to Antioch and began speaking to the Greeks as well, proclaiming the good news about the Lord Jesus.

Acts 13:1
In the church at Antioch there were prophets and teachers: Barnabas, Simeon called Niger, Lucius of Cyrene, Manaen (a childhood companion of Herod the tetrarch), and Saul.

Treasury of Scripture

And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear his cross.

as.

Leviticus 4:3,12,21
If the priest that is anointed do sin according to the sin of the people; then let him bring for his sin, which he hath sinned, a young bullock without blemish unto the LORD for a sin offering…

Numbers 15:35,36
And the LORD said unto Moses, The man shall be surely put to death: all the congregation shall stone him with stones without the camp…

1 Kings 21:10,13
And set two men, sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against him, saying, Thou didst blaspheme God and the king. And then carry him out, and stone him, that he may die…

they found.

Matthew 16:24
Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me.

Mark 15:21
And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross.

Luke 23:26
And as they led him away, they laid hold upon one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear it after Jesus.

Cyrene.

Acts 2:10
Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes,

Acts 6:9
Then there arose certain of the synagogue, which is called the synagogue of the Libertines, and Cyrenians, and Alexandrians, and of them of Cilicia and of Asia, disputing with Stephen.

Acts 11:20
And some of them were men of Cyprus and Cyrene, which, when they were come to Antioch, spake unto the Grecians, preaching the Lord Jesus.







Lexicon
Along the way
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

they found
εὗρον (heuron)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 2147: A prolonged form of a primary heuro, which heureo is used for it in all the tenses except the present and imperfect to find.

a man
ἄνθρωπον (anthrōpon)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 444: A man, one of the human race. From aner and ops; man-faced, i.e. A human being.

from Cyrene,
Κυρηναῖον (Kyrēnaion)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2956: Belonging to Cyrene, a Cyrenaean. From Kurene; i.e. Cyrenaean, i.e. Inhabitant of Cyrene.

named
ὀνόματι (onomati)
Noun - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3686: Name, character, fame, reputation. From a presumed derivative of the base of ginosko; a 'name'.

Simon,
Σίμωνα (Simōna)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4613: Simon. Of Hebrew origin; Simon, the name of nine Israelites.

[and] they forced
ἠγγάρευσαν (ēngareusan)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 29: Of foreign origin; properly, to be a courier, i.e. to press into public service.

him
τοῦτον (touton)
Demonstrative Pronoun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3778: This; he, she, it.

to
ἵνα (hina)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2443: In order that, so that. Probably from the same as the former part of heautou; in order that.

carry
ἄρῃ (arē)
Verb - Aorist Subjunctive Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 142: To raise, lift up, take away, remove.

the
τὸν (ton)
Article - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

cross
σταυρὸν (stauron)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4716: A cross.

of [Jesus].
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.
(32) They found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name.--There seems at that time to have been a flourishing settlement of Jews in Cyrene, and members of that community appear as prominent in the crowd of the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:10), among the disputants who opposed Stephen (Acts 6:9), and among the active preachers of the Word (Acts 11:20). Why, we ask, out of the whole crowd that was streaming to and fro, on the way to the place of execution, did the multitude seize on him? St. Mark's mention of him as the father of Alexander and Rufus (see Note on Mark 15:21), suggests the thought that his sons were afterwards prominent as members of the Christian community. May we not infer that he was suspected even then of being a secret disciple, and that this led the people to seize on him, and make him a sharer in the humiliation of his Master? He was coming, St. Mark adds, "out of the country."

Him they compelled.--The word is the technical term for forced service (see Note on Matthew 5:41). The act implied that our Lord was sinking beneath the burden, and that the soldiers began to fear that He might die before they reached the place of execution.

Verse 32. - As they came out; i.e. from the city gate which led to the place of execution. They found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name. He was, as the other synoptists mention, coming out of the country to Jerusalem, where probably he lived. Cyrene was a district in the north of Africa, under Roman rule, and colonized by a large number of Jews (Josephus, 'Cont. Apion.,' 2:4; 'Ant.,' 14:07. 2), who had a synagogue of their own at Jerusalem (Acts 6:9). Simon doubtless became a follower of Christ, and St. Mark mentions his two sons, Alexander and Rufus, as well known believers (see Romans 16:13). Probably the guards saw in him some tokens of sympathy with Christ and compassion for his sufferings; or they used his services simply as being a foreigner, and not likely to resent being put to a task which a Hebrew would deem the lowest degradation. Him they compelled (ἠγγάρευσαν, impressed) to bear his cross. The verb translated "compelled" is derived from the Persian, and implies the compulsory power possessed by couriers of requisitioning horses and carriages in forwarding despatches (see Matthew 5:41). The cross was probably the ordinary Latin cross, crux immissa, of which, however, the lower limb below the transom was longer than the upper; and this latter afforded a place where could be affixed the board containing the inscription. It was not as tall as usually represented; we are told that beasts of prey were able to gnaw the bodies hung thereon. In fact, the culprit's feet were only just raised above the ground, being drawn up till the soles lay flat on the upright beam. Nails were driven through the hands and feet, and the body was supported partly by these, and partly by a projecting pin of wood called the seat. The rest for the feet, often seen in pictures, was never used. A slight covering was allowed for decency's sake, the rest of the body being stripped of clothing; and thus the condemned, exposed to scorching sun, bleeding from the cruel scourge, suffering untold agonies, was left to die. Whether Jesus carried the whole cross or only the transom is uncertain. It is possible that the two were tied together by a rope at one end, so as to form an inverted V, and fastened in the proper position at the place of execution. However this may he, it proved too heavy a burden for him to bear. Spent with his long vigil and lack of food, his spirit afflicted by the agony in the garden and the unknown sufferings then and afterwards, his body tortured with open wounds and weakened with loss of blood, he sank beneath the weight, as he staggered weariedly along the rough and hilly streets, Either from a momentary compunction, or more probably flora impatience at the slowness of the poor Sufferer's movements, the soldiers gladly seized on Simon to relieve the Prisoner of the cross, or to share its weight, and thus enable them sooner to complete their cruel task. 27:31-34 Christ was led as a Lamb to the slaughter, as a Sacrifice to the altar. Even the mercies of the wicked are really cruel. Taking the cross from him, they compelled one Simon to bear it. Make us ready, O Lord, to bear the cross thou hast appointed us, and daily to take it up with cheerfulness, following thee. Was ever sorrow like unto his sorrow? And when we behold what manner of death he died, let us in that behold with what manner of love he loved us. As if death, so painful a death, were not enough, they added to its bitterness and terror in several ways.
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Matthew 27:31
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