Hosea 2:5
New International Version
Their mother has been unfaithful and has conceived them in disgrace. She said, 'I will go after my lovers, who give me my food and my water, my wool and my linen, my olive oil and my drink.'

New Living Translation
Their mother is a shameless prostitute and became pregnant in a shameful way. She said, 'I'll run after other lovers and sell myself to them for food and water, for clothing of wool and linen, and for olive oil and drinks.'

English Standard Version
For their mother has played the whore; she who conceived them has acted shamefully. For she said, ‘I will go after my lovers, who give me my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, my oil and my drink.’

Berean Study Bible
For their mother has played the harlot and has conceived them in disgrace. For she thought, ‘I will go after my lovers, who give me bread and water, wool and linen, oil and drink.’

New American Standard Bible
"For their mother has played the harlot; She who conceived them has acted shamefully. For she said, 'I will go after my lovers, Who give me my bread and my water, My wool and my flax, my oil and my drink.'

King James Bible
For their mother hath played the harlot: she that conceived them hath done shamefully: for she said, I will go after my lovers, that give me my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, mine oil and my drink.

Christian Standard Bible
Yes, their mother is promiscuous; she conceived them and acted shamefully. For she thought, "I will follow my lovers, the men who give me my food and water, my wool and flax, my oil and drink."

Contemporary English Version
Your mother was unfaithful. She was disgraceful and said, "I'll run after my lovers. Everything comes from them--my food and drink, my linen and wool, my olive oil and wine."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Yes, their mother is promiscuous; she conceived them and acted shamefully. For she thought, "I will go after my lovers, the men who give me my food and water, my wool and flax, my oil and drink."

International Standard Version
Indeed, their mother has committed prostitution— the one who has been conceiving them has acted disgracefully— when she said, 'I'm going after my lovers, who provide me food and water, as well as my wool, my flax, my oil, and my wine.'

NET Bible
For their mother has committed adultery; she who conceived them has acted shamefully. For she said, "I will seek out my lovers; they are the ones who give me my bread and my water, my wool, my flax, my olive oil, and my wine.

New Heart English Bible
For their mother has played the prostitute. She who conceived them has done shamefully; for she said, 'I will go after my lovers, who give me my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, my oil and my drink.'

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Their mother acted like a prostitute. The woman who became pregnant with them did shameful things. She said, 'I'll chase after my lovers. They will give me food and water, wool and linen, olive oil and wine.'

JPS Tanakh 1917
For their mother hath played the harlot, She that conceived them hath done shamefully; For she said: 'I will go after my lovers, That give me my bread and my water, My wool and my flax, mine oil and my drink.'

New American Standard 1977
“For their mother has played the harlot; She who conceived them has acted shamefully. For she said, ‘I will go after my lovers, Who give me my bread and my water, My wool and my flax, my oil and my drink.’

Jubilee Bible 2000
For their mother has played the harlot; she that conceived them has been shamed; for she said, I will go after my lovers that give me my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, my oil and my drink.

King James 2000 Bible
For their mother has played the harlot: she that conceived them has done shamefully: for she said, I will go after my lovers, that give me my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, my oil and my drink.

American King James Version
For their mother has played the harlot: she that conceived them has done shamefully: for she said, I will go after my lovers, that give me my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, my oil and my drink.

American Standard Version
for their mother hath played the harlot; she that conceived them hath done shamefully; for she said, I will go after my lovers, that give me my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, mine oil and my drink.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For their mother hath committed fornication, she that conceived them is covered with shame: for she said: I will go after my lovers, that give me my bread, and my water, my wool, and my flax, my oil, and my drink.

Darby Bible Translation
For their mother hath played the harlot; she that conceived them hath done shamefully: for she said, I will go after my lovers, that give [me] my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, mine oil and my drink.

English Revised Version
for their mother hath played the harlot: she that conceived them hath done shamefully: for she said, I will go after my lovers, that give me my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, mine oil and my drink.

Webster's Bible Translation
For their mother hath played the harlot: she that conceived them hath done shamefully: for she said, I will go after my lovers, that give me my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, my oil and my drink.

World English Bible
For their mother has played the prostitute. She who conceived them has done shamefully; for she said, 'I will go after my lovers, who give me my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, my oil and my drink.'

Young's Literal Translation
For gone a-whoring hath their mother, Acted shamefully hath their conceiver, For she hath said, I go after my lovers, Those giving my bread and my water, My wool and my flax, my oil and my drink.
Study Bible
Israel's Adultery Rebuked
4I will have no compassion on her children because they are the children of adultery. 5For their mother has played the harlot and has conceived them in disgrace. For she thought, ‘I will go after my lovers, who give me bread and water, wool and linen, oil and drink.’ 6Therefore, behold, I will hedge up her path with thorns; I will enclose her with a wall, so she cannot find her way.…
Cross References
Isaiah 1:21
See how the faithful city has become a harlot! She once was full of justice; righteousness resided within her, but now only murderers!

Jeremiah 2:25
Keep your feet from being unshod and your throat from thirst. But you say, 'It is hopeless! I love foreign gods, and I must go after them.'

Jeremiah 3:1
"If a man divorces his wife and she leaves him to marry another, can he ever return to her? Would not such a land be completely defiled? But you have played the harlot with many lovers--and you would return to Me?" declares the LORD.

Jeremiah 3:2
"Lift up your eyes to the barren heights and see. Is there any place where you have not been violated? You sat waiting for your lovers beside the highways, like a nomad in the desert. You have defiled the land with your prostitution and wickedness.

Jeremiah 44:17
Instead, we will do everything we said: We will burn incense to the queen of heaven and offer drink offerings to her, just as we, our fathers, our kings, and our officials did in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem. At that time we had plenty of food and good things, and we saw no disaster.

Jeremiah 44:18
But from the time we stopped burning incense to the queen of heaven and pouring out drink offerings to her, we have lacked everything and have been perishing by sword and famine."

Hosea 1:2
When the LORD first spoke to Hosea, He told him, "Go, take a prostitute as your wife and have children of adultery, because this land is flagrantly prostituting itself by departing from the LORD."

Hosea 2:2
Rebuke your mother, rebuke her. For she is not My wife, and I am not her husband. Let her remove the adultery from her face and the unfaithfulness from between her breasts.

Hosea 2:8
For she does not acknowledge that it was I who gave her grain, new wine and oil, who lavished her with silver and gold--which was crafted for Baal.

Hosea 2:12
I will destroy her vines and fig trees, which she thinks are the wages paid by her lovers. So I will make them into a thicket, and the beasts of the field will devour them.

Hosea 3:1
Then the LORD said to me, "Go show love to your wife again, though she is loved by another and is an adulteress. Love her as the LORD loves the Israelites, though they turn to other gods and offer cakes of raisin."

Hosea 4:5
You will stumble by day, and the prophet will stumble with you by night. So I will destroy your mother--

Treasury of Scripture

For their mother has played the harlot: she that conceived them has done shamefully: for she said, I will go after my lovers, that give me my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, my oil and my drink.

their mother.

Hosea 2:2 Plead with your mother, plead: for she is not my wife, neither am …

Hosea 3:1 Then said the LORD to me, Go yet, love a woman beloved of her friend, …

Hosea 4:5,12-15 Therefore shall you fall in the day, and the prophet also shall fall …

Isaiah 1:21 How is the faithful city become an harlot! it was full of judgment; …

Isaiah 50:1 Thus said the LORD, Where is the bill of your mother's divorce, whom …

Jeremiah 2:20,25 For of old time I have broken your yoke, and burst your bands; and …

Jeremiah 3:1-9 They say, If a man put away his wife, and she go from him, and become …

Ezekiel 16:15,16 But you did trust in your own beauty, and played the harlot because …

Ezekiel 16:28-34 You have played the whore also with the Assyrians, because you were …

Ezekiel 23:5-11 And Aholah played the harlot when she was mine; and she doted on …

Revelation 2:20-23 Notwithstanding I have a few things against you, because you suffer …

Revelation 17:1-5 And there came one of the seven angels which had the seven vials, …

hath done.

Hosea 9:10 I found Israel like grapes in the wilderness; I saw your fathers …

Ezra 9:6,7 And said, O my God, I am ashamed and blush to lift up my face to …

Jeremiah 2:26,27 As the thief is ashamed when he is found, so is the house of Israel …

Jeremiah 11:13 For according to the number of your cities were your gods, O Judah…

Daniel 9:5-8 We have sinned, and have committed iniquity, and have done wickedly, …

I will.

Hosea 2:13 And I will visit on her the days of Baalim, wherein she burned incense …

Hosea 8:9 For they are gone up to Assyria, a wild donkey alone by himself: …

Isaiah 57:7,8 On a lofty and high mountain have you set your bed: even thither …

Jeremiah 3:1-3 They say, If a man put away his wife, and she go from him, and become …

Ezekiel 23:16,17,40-44 And as soon as she saw them with her eyes, she doted on them, and …

give.

Hosea 2:8,12 For she did not know that I gave her corn, and wine, and oil, and …

Judges 16:23 Then the lords of the Philistines gathered them together for to offer …

Jeremiah 44:17,18 But we will certainly do whatever thing goes forth out of our own …

drink. Heb. drinks.







Lexicon
For
כִּ֤י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

their mother
אִמָּ֔ם (’im·mām)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 517: A mother, )

has played the harlot
זָֽנְתָה֙ (zā·nə·ṯāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2181: To commit adultery, to commit idolatry

and has conceived them
הֽוֹרָתָ֑ם (hō·w·rā·ṯām)
Verb - Qal - Participle - feminine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2029: To conceive, become pregnant

in disgrace.
הֹבִ֖ישָׁה (hō·ḇî·šāh)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3001: To be ashamed, confused, disappointed, to dry up, wither

For
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

she thought,
אָמְרָ֗ה (’ā·mə·rāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

‘I will go
אֵלְכָ֞ה (’ê·lə·ḵāh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect Cohortative - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 1980: To go, come, walk

after
אַחֲרֵ֤י (’a·ḥă·rê)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 310: The hind or following part

my lovers,
מְאַהֲבַי֙ (mə·’a·hă·ḇay)
Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine plural construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 157: To have affection f

who give me
נֹתְנֵ֤י (nō·ṯə·nê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

bread
לַחְמִי֙ (laḥ·mî)
Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3899: Food, bread, grain

and water,
וּמֵימַ֔י (ū·mê·may)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 4325: Water, juice, urine, semen

wool
צַמְרִ֣י (ṣam·rî)
Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6785: Wool

and linen,
וּפִשְׁתִּ֔י (ū·p̄iš·tî)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6593: Flax, linen

oil
שַׁמְנִ֖י (šam·nî)
Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 8081: Grease, liquid, richness

and drink.’
וְשִׁקּוּיָֽי׃ (wə·šiq·qū·yāy)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 8250: A beverage, moisture, refreshment
(5) For their mother hath played . . .--We might render, with Ewald, yea, their mother hath played . . . This would more easily account for the change of person ("your ". . . "their "), which is, however, very frequent in Hebrew prophecy. The next "for" introduces a parenthetical clause--"her lovers"--a word used in a bad sense. The aggravation of her shame is that she seeks them, and not they her. She attributes to these idol-gods all those temporal benefits which theocratic history shows to have been Jehovah's gift, and the consequence of loyalty to Him. The modern analogue of this sin of Israel is the use of "Fortune," "Nature," "Destiny," "Impersonal Law," and even "Humanity," as the giver of all good things, as though it were superstitious or heretical to speak of God as the giver.

Verse 5. - Nor their mother hath played the harlot: she that conceived them hath dons shamefully: for she said, I will go after my lovers. The charge of idolatry under the figure of harlotry, spiritual harlotry, is reiterated. "Mother" is repeated in and emphasized by the parallel words, "she that conceived them." A somewhat similar form of expression is that in Psalm 58:3, "The wicked are estranged from the womb: they go astray as soon as they be born, speaking lies." To bosh, to be ashamed, belong the Hiphil forms, hebhish and hobhish (the latter formed from zabhish), properly "to put to shame," but also "to practice shame or do shameful things." The nature of her shameful conduct is more definitely and distinctly expressed in the clauses which follow; and consisted of several particulars. There is the persistent pursuit of her lovers; then the unblushing boldness with which she avows her determination to continue that course; and next come her expectations from them. That give me my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, mine oil and my drink (margin, drinks). The original word here rendered "lovers" is the Piel participle, which may have either its usual intensive sense or its occasional causative sense in which it is taken by Rosenmüller, who has "a-mare me facientes," equivalent to "wooers." It matters little which way we understand it. The more important point is to determine who or what are here meant by lovers. Most commentators understand them to be those nations whose friendship Israel set such store by - the Assyrians and the Egyptians. Thus Grotius and Jerome, - the latter explains them of the Assyrians and Egyptians and other nations, with whose idols Israel committed fornication, and from which in distress they vainly hoped for help; so also Kimchi, in the following comment: "By 'friends ' he implies the Assyrians and Egyptians joined in alliance to the Israelites, who delivered them from their enemies, so that they lived safely, in return for the gifts (tribute) which they (the Israelites) were in the habit of giving them. And as they lived in tranquility in virtue of the compact entered into with them, the prophet represents it as if they supplied them with all the necessaries of life. For with their help they tilled their land without fear and in safety traded from country to country." Kimchi quotes at the same time his father's (Joseph Kimchi) interpretation: "But my lord my father of blessed memory explained 'after her lovers' of the sun and moon and stars, which they worshipped; while their intention was that they gave them their food and their sufficiency, as they said, 'But since we left off to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, we have wanted all things, and have been consumed by the sword and by the famine.'" This exposition of Joseph Kimchi is much nearer the truth than that of his son David; it is, however, too restricted. The "lovers" were the idols on which the people of the northern kingdom so dented, and on which they placed so much dependence. The blessings which they vainly expected from these idols are enumerated: they were - food and raiment and luxuries; the bread and water were the articles of food as it is written elsewhere. "Bread shall be given him; his waters shall be sure;" the wool and flax were the materials for clothing; while the oil and drinks were, the former for ornament, the latter for refresh-merit, and so included all luxuries; thus in Psalm 23:5, "Thou anointest my head with oil;" and in Psalm 102:9, "And mingled my drink [literally, 'drinks,' the same word, shigguyar] with weeping;" also in Psalm 104:15 we read of "wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengthened man's heart." 2:1-5 This chapter continues the figurative address to Israel, in reference to Hosea's wife and children. Let us own and love as brethren, all whom the Lord seems to put among his children, and encourage them in that they have received mercy. But every Christian, by his example and conduct, must protest against evil and abuses, even among those to whom he belongs and owes respect. Impenitent sinners will soon be stripped of the advantages they misuse, and which they consume upon their lusts.
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OT Prophets: Hosea 2:5 For their mother has played the prostitute (Ho Hs Hos.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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