2 Corinthians 5:14
New International Version
For Christ's love compels us, because we are convinced that one died for all, and therefore all died.

New Living Translation
Either way, Christ's love controls us. Since we believe that Christ died for all, we also believe that we have all died to our old life.

English Standard Version
For the love of Christ controls us, because we have concluded this: that one has died for all, therefore all have died;

Berean Study Bible
For Christ’s love compels us, because we are convinced that One died for all, therefore all died.

Berean Literal Bible
For the love of Christ compels us, having concluded this, that One has died for all, therefore all have died.

New American Standard Bible
For the love of Christ controls us, having concluded this, that one died for all, therefore all died;

King James Bible
For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead:

Christian Standard Bible
For the love of Christ compels us, since we have reached this conclusion: If one died for all, then all died.

Contemporary English Version
We are ruled by Christ's love for us. We are certain that if one person died for everyone else, then all of us have died.

Good News Translation
We are ruled by the love of Christ, now that we recognize that one man died for everyone, which means that they all share in his death.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For Christ's love compels us, since we have reached this conclusion: If One died for all, then all died.

International Standard Version
The love of the Messiah controls us, for we are convinced of this: that one person died for all people; therefore, all people have died.

NET Bible
For the love of Christ controls us, since we have concluded this, that Christ died for all; therefore all have died.

New Heart English Bible
For the love of Christ constrains us; because we judge thus, that one died for all, therefore all died.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For the love of The Messiah compels us to reason this: The One died in the place of every person; so then every person died with him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Clearly, Christ's love guides us. We are convinced of the fact that one man has died for all people. Therefore, all people have died.

New American Standard 1977
For the love of Christ controls us, having concluded this, that one died for all, therefore all died;

Jubilee Bible 2000
For the charity of the Christ constrains us because we judge thus: that if one died for all, then all are dead:

King James 2000 Bible
For the love of Christ constrains us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead:

American King James Version
For the love of Christ constrains us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead:

American Standard Version
For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that one died for all, therefore all died;

Douay-Rheims Bible
For the charity of Christ presseth us: judging this, that if one died for all, then all were dead.

Darby Bible Translation
For the love of the Christ constrains us, having judged this: that one died for all, then all have died;

English Revised Version
For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that one died for all, therefore all died;

Webster's Bible Translation
For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead:

Weymouth New Testament
For the love of Christ overmasters us, the conclusion at which we have arrived being this--that One having died for all, His death was their death,

World English Bible
For the love of Christ constrains us; because we judge thus, that one died for all, therefore all died.

Young's Literal Translation
for the love of the Christ doth constrain us, having judged thus: that if one for all died, then the whole died,
Study Bible
Ambassadors for Christ
13If we are out of our mind, it is for God; if we are of sound mind, it is for you. 14For Christ’s love compels us, because we are convinced that One died for all, therefore all died. 15And He died for all, that those who live should no longer live for themselves, but for Him who died for them and was raised again.…
Cross References
Acts 18:5
And when Silas and Timothy came down from Macedonia, Paul devoted himself fully to the word, testifying to the Jews that Jesus is the Christ.

Romans 5:15
But the gift is not like the trespass. For if the many died by the trespass of the one man, how much more did God's grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, abound to the many!

Romans 6:6
We know that our old self was crucified with Him so that the body of sin might be rendered powerless, that we should no longer be slaves to sin.

Romans 6:13
Do not present the parts of your body to sin as instruments of wickedness, but present yourselves to God as those who have been brought from death to life; and present the parts of your body to Him as instruments of righteousness.

Galatians 2:20
I have been crucified with Christ, and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me. The life I live in the body, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself up for me.

Colossians 3:3
For you died, and your life is now hidden with Christ in God.

Treasury of Scripture

For the love of Christ constrains us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead:

the love.

2 Corinthians 8:8,9
I speak not by commandment, but by occasion of the forwardness of others, and to prove the sincerity of your love…

Song of Solomon 1:4
Draw me, we will run after thee: the king hath brought me into his chambers: we will be glad and rejoice in thee, we will remember thy love more than wine: the upright love thee.

Song of Solomon 8:6,7
Set me as a seal upon thine heart, as a seal upon thine arm: for love is strong as death; jealousy is cruel as the grave: the coals thereof are coals of fire, which hath a most vehement flame…

constraineth.

Job 32:18
For I am full of matter, the spirit within me constraineth me.

Luke 24:29
But they constrained him, saying, Abide with us: for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent. And he went in to tarry with them.

Acts 4:19,20
But Peter and John answered and said unto them, Whether it be right in the sight of God to hearken unto you more than unto God, judge ye…

because.

Romans 2:2
But we are sure that the judgment of God is according to truth against them which commit such things.

1 Corinthians 2:14
But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.

one.

Isaiah 53:6
All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.

Matthew 20:28
Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

John 1:29
The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.

then.

2 Corinthians 3:7,9
But if the ministration of death, written and engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance; which glory was to be done away: …

Luke 15:24,32
For this my son was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and is found. And they began to be merry…

John 5:25
Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live.







Lexicon
For
γὰρ (gar)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1063: For. A primary particle; properly, assigning a reason.

Christ’s
Χριστοῦ (Christou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5547: Anointed One; the Messiah, the Christ. From chrio; Anointed One, i.e. The Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.

love
ἀγάπη (agapē)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 26: From agapao; love, i.e. Affection or benevolence; specially a love-feast.

compels
συνέχει (synechei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4912: From sun and echo; to hold together, i.e. To compress or arrest; figuratively, to compel, perplex, afflict, preoccupy.

us,
ἡμᾶς (hēmas)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative 1st Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1473: I, the first-person pronoun. A primary pronoun of the first person I.

[because] we are convinced
κρίναντας (krinantas)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 2919: Properly, to distinguish, i.e. Decide; by implication, to try, condemn, punish.

that
ὅτι (hoti)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3754: Neuter of hostis as conjunction; demonstrative, that; causative, because.

One
εἷς (heis)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1520: One. (including the neuter Hen); a primary numeral; one.

died
ἀπέθανεν (apethanen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 599: To be dying, be about to die, wither, decay. From apo and thnesko; to die off.

for
ὑπὲρ (hyper)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 5228: Gen: in behalf of; acc: above.

all,
πάντων (pantōn)
Adjective - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3956: All, the whole, every kind of. Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.

therefore
ἄρα (ara)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 686: Then, therefore, since. Probably from airo; a particle denoting an inference more or less decisive.

all
πάντες (pantes)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3956: All, the whole, every kind of. Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.

died.
ἀπέθανον (apethanon)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 599: To be dying, be about to die, wither, decay. From apo and thnesko; to die off.
(14) For the love of Christ constraineth us.--The Greek, like the English, admits of two interpretations--Christ's love for us, or our love for Christ. St. Paul's uniform use of this and like phrases, however, elsewhere (Romans 5:5; Romans 8:35; 1Corinthians 16:24; 2Corinthians 13:14), is decisive in favour of the former. It was the Apostle's sense of the love that Christ had shown to him and to all men that was acting as a constraining power, directing every act of every spiritual state to the good of others, restraining him from every self-seeking purpose.

Because we thus judge, that if one died for all.--Better, as expressing the force of the Greek tense, Because we formed this judgment. The form of expression implies that the conviction dated from a given time, i.e., probably, from the hour when, in the new birth of his conversion, he first learnt to know the universality of the love of Christ manifested in His death. Many MSS. omit the "if," but without any real change of meaning. It is obvious that St. Paul assumes the fact, even if it be stated hypothetically. The thought is the same as in the nearly contemporary passage of Romans 5:15-19, and takes its place among St. Paul's most unqualified assertions of the universality of the atonement effected by Christ's death. The Greek preposition does not in itself imply more than the fact that the death was on behalf of all; but this runs up--as we see by comparing Matthew 20:28, Mark 10:45, with Mark 14:24, John 15:13--into the thought that the death was, in some very real sense, vicarious: in the place of the death of all men. The sequence of thought involves that meaning here.

Then were all dead.--These strange, mysterious words have received very different interpretations. They cannot be rightly understood without bearing in view what we may call the mystic aspect of one phase of St. Paul's teaching. We may, perhaps, clear the way by setting aside untenable expositions. (1) They cannot mean, however true the fact may be in itself, that the death of Christ for all showed that all were previously under a sentence of condemnation and of death, for the verb is in the tense which indicates the momentary act of dying, not the state of death. (2) They cannot mean, for the same reason, that all were, before that sacrifice, "dead in trespasses and sins." (3) They can hardly mean that all men, in and through that death, paid vicariously the penalty of death for their past sins, for the context implies that stress is laid not on the satisfaction of the claims of justice, but on personal union with Christ. The real solution of the problem is found in the line of thought of Romans 5:17-19, 1Corinthians 11:3; 1Corinthians 15:22, as to the relation of Christ to every member of the human family, in the teaching of Romans 6:10, as to the meaning of His death--("He died unto sin once"). "Christ died for all"--this is the Apostle's thought--"as the head and representative of the race." But if so, the race, in its collective unity, died, as He died, to sin, and should live, as He lives, to God. Each member of the race is then only in a true and normal state when he ceases to live for himself and actually lives for Christ. That is the mystic ideal which St. Paul placed before himself and others, and every advance in holiness is, in its measure, an approximation to it.

Verse 14. - The love of Christ. It matters little whether this be interpreted as a subjective genitive, "Christ's love to man," or as an objective genitive, our love to Christ;" for the two suppose and interfuse each other. St. Paul's usage, however, favours the former interpretation (2 Corinthians 13:14; 1 Corinthians 16:24). Constraineth. The word means that it compresses us, and therefore keeps us irresistibly to one object (Luke 12:50). That if one died for all, then were all dead. This is an unfortunate mistranslation and wrong reading for that one died for all, therefore all died. What compels Paul to sacrifice himself to the work of God for his converts is the conviction, which he formed once for all at his conversion, that One, even Christ, died on behalf of all men (Romans 5:15-19) a redeeming death (ver. 21); and that, consequently, in that death, all potentially died with him - died to their life of sin, and rose to the life of righteousness. The best comments on this bold and concentrated phrase are - "I died to the Law that I might live to Christ;" "I have been crucified with Christ" (Galatians 2:19, 20); and, "Ye died, and your life has been hidden with Christ in God" (Colossians 3:3). When Christ died, all humanity, of which he was the federal Head, died potentially with him to sin and selfishness, as he further shows in the next verse. 5:9-15 The apostle quickens himself and others to acts of duty. Well-grounded hopes of heaven will not encourage sloth and sinful security. Let all consider the judgment to come, which is called, The terror of the Lord. Knowing what terrible vengeance the Lord would execute upon the workers of iniquity, the apostle and his brethren used every argument and persuasion, to lead men to believe in the Lord Jesus, and to act as his disciples. Their zeal and diligence were for the glory of God and the good of the church. Christ's love to us will have a like effect upon us, if duly considered and rightly judged. All were lost and undone, dead and ruined, slaves to sin, having no power to deliver themselves, and must have remained thus miserable for ever, if Christ had not died. We should not make ourselves, but Christ, the end of our living and actions. A Christian's life should be devoted to Christ. Alas, how many show the worthlessness of their professed faith and love, by living to themselves and to the world!
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NT Letters: 2 Corinthians 5:14 For the love of Christ constrains us (2 Cor. 2C iiC 2Cor ii cor iicor) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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