Ephesians 1:10
New International Version
to be put into effect when the times reach their fulfillment--to bring unity to all things in heaven and on earth under Christ.

New Living Translation
And this is the plan: At the right time he will bring everything together under the authority of Christ--everything in heaven and on earth.

English Standard Version
as a plan for the fullness of time, to unite all things in him, things in heaven and things on earth.

Berean Study Bible
as a plan for the fullness of time, to bring all things in heaven and on earth together in Christ.

Berean Literal Bible
for the administration of the fullness of the times, to bring together all things in Christ--the things in the heavens and the things upon the earth--

New American Standard Bible
with a view to an administration suitable to the fullness of the times, that is, the summing up of all things in Christ, things in the heavens and things on the earth. In Him

King James Bible
That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him:

Christian Standard Bible
as a plan for the right time--to bring everything together in Christ, both things in heaven and things on earth in him.

Contemporary English Version
Then when the time is right, God will do all he has planned, and Christ will bring together everything in heaven and on earth.

Good News Translation
This plan, which God will complete when the time is right, is to bring all creation together, everything in heaven and on earth, with Christ as head.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
for the administration of the days of fulfillment--to bring everything together in the Messiah, both things in heaven and things on earth in Him.

International Standard Version
to usher in the fullness of the times and to bring together in the Messiah all things in heaven and on earth.

NET Bible
toward the administration of the fullness of the times, to head up all things in Christ--the things in heaven and the things on earth.

New Heart English Bible
to an administration of the fullness of the times, to sum up all things in Christ, the things in the heavens, and the things on the earth, in him;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For the administration of the end of time, that all things which are in Heaven and in Earth would be made new again by The Messiah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He planned to bring all of history to its goal in Christ. Then Christ would be the head of everything in heaven and on earth.

New American Standard 1977
with a view to an administration suitable to the fulness of the times, that is, the summing up of all things in Christ, things in the heavens and things upon the earth. In Him

Jubilee Bible 2000
that in the dispensation of the fulfillment of the times he might restore all things by the Christ, both those which are in heaven and those which are on earth,

King James 2000 Bible
That in the dispensation of the fullness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him:

American King James Version
That in the dispensation of the fullness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him:

American Standard Version
unto a dispensation of the fulness of the times, to sum up all things in Christ, the things in the heavens, and the things upon the earth; in him, I say,

Douay-Rheims Bible
In the dispensation of the fulness of times, to re-establish all things in Christ, that are in heaven and on earth, in him.

Darby Bible Translation
for [the] administration of the fulness of times; to head up all things in the Christ, the things in the heavens and the things upon the earth; in him,

English Revised Version
unto a dispensation of the fulness of the times, to sum up all things in Christ, the things in the heavens, and the things upon the earth; in him, I say,

Webster's Bible Translation
That in the dispensation of the fullness of times he might collect in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him:

Weymouth New Testament
for the government of the world when the times are ripe for it--the purpose which He has cherished in His own mind of restoring the whole creation to find its one Head in Christ; yes, things in Heaven and things on earth, to find their one Head in Him.

World English Bible
to an administration of the fullness of the times, to sum up all things in Christ, the things in the heavens, and the things on the earth, in him;

Young's Literal Translation
in regard to the dispensation of the fulness of the times, to bring into one the whole in the Christ, both the things in the heavens, and the things upon the earth -- in him;
Study Bible
Spiritual Blessings
9And He has made known to us the mystery of His will according to His good pleasure, which He purposed in Christ 10as a plan for the fullness of time, to bring all things in heaven and on earth together in Christ. 11In Him we were also chosen as God’s own, having been predestined according to the plan of Him who works out everything by the counsel of His will,…
Cross References
Mark 1:15
"The time is fulfilled," He said, "and the kingdom of God is near. Repent and believe in the gospel!"

Ephesians 3:2
Surely you have heard about the stewardship of God's grace that was given to me for you,

Ephesians 3:15
from whom every family in heaven and on earth derives its name.

Philippians 2:9
Therefore God exalted Him to the highest place and gave Him the name above all names,

Philippians 2:10
that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth,

Colossians 1:16
For in Him all things were created, things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities. All things were created through Him and for Him.

Colossians 1:20
and through Him to reconcile to Himself all things, whether things on earth or things in heaven, by making peace through the blood of His cross.

Treasury of Scripture

That in the dispensation of the fullness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him:

in the.

Isaiah 2:2-4
And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the LORD'S house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it…

Daniel 2:44
And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever.

Daniel 9:24-27
Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy…

he.

Ephesians 1:22
And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,

Ephesians 2:15
Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace;

Ephesians 3:15
Of whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named,

heaven.







Lexicon
as
εἰς (eis)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1519: A primary preposition; to or into, of place, time, or purpose; also in adverbial phrases.

a plan
οἰκονομίαν (oikonomian)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3622: Management of household affairs, stewardship, administration. From oikonomos; administration; specially, a 'economy'.

for the
τοῦ (tou)
Article - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

fullness
πληρώματος (plērōmatos)
Noun - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4138: From pleroo; repletion or completion, i.e. what fills, or what is filled.

of
τῶν (tōn)
Article - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

time,
καιρῶν (kairōn)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 2540: Fitting season, season, opportunity, occasion, time. Of uncertain affinity; an occasion, i.e. Set or proper time.

to bring
ἀνακεφαλαιώσασθαι (anakephalaiōsasthai)
Verb - Aorist Infinitive Middle
Strong's Greek 346: To sum up, summarize, recapitulate, gather up in one. From ana and kephalaioo; to sum up.

all things
πάντα (panta)
Adjective - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3956: All, the whole, every kind of. Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.

in
ἐπὶ (epi)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1909: On, to, against, on the basis of, at.

heaven
οὐρανοῖς (ouranois)
Noun - Dative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3772: Perhaps from the same as oros; the sky; by extension, heaven; by implication, happiness, power, eternity; specially, the Gospel.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

on
ἐπὶ (epi)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1909: On, to, against, on the basis of, at.

earth
γῆς (gēs)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1093: Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe.

{together} in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

Christ.
Χριστῷ (Christō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5547: Anointed One; the Messiah, the Christ. From chrio; Anointed One, i.e. The Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
(10) That in the dispensation of the fulness of times.--The connection marked in our version seems certainly erroneous. The words should be connected with the previous verse, and translated thus: which He purposed in Himself for administration (or disposal) of the fulness of the (appointed) seasons, to gather, &c. We note (1) that the word "dispensation" is usually applied to the action of the servants of God, as "dispensers of His mysteries." (See Ephesians 3:2; 1Corinthians 9:17; Colossians 1:25.) Here, however, and in Ephesians 3:10, it is applied to the disposal of all by God Himself, according to "the law which He has set Himself to do all things by." Next (2) that the word "fulness," or completeness, frequently used by St. Paul, is only found in connection with time in this passage, and in Galatians 4:4 ("when the fulness of time was come"). There, however, the reference is to a point of time, marking the completion of the preparation for our Lord's coming; here, apparently, to a series of "seasons," "which the Father hath put in His own power" (Acts 1:7) for the completion of the acts of the Mediatorial kingdom described in the words following. (Comp Matthew 16:3; Luke 21:24; 1Thessalonians 5:1; 1Timothy 2:6; 1Timothy 4:1; 1Timothy 6:15; Titus 1:3.)

That he might gather together in one all things in Christ.--In these words St. Paul strikes the great keynote of the whole Epistle, the UNITY OF ALL IN CHRIST. The expression "to gather together in one" is the same which is used in Romans 13:9 (where all commandments are said to be "briefly comprehended," or summed up, "in the one saying, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself"). Here, however, there is the additional idea that this gathering up is "for Himself." The full meaning of this expression is "to gather again under one head" things which had been originally one, but had since been separated. The best comment upon the truth here briefly summed up is found in the full exposition of the Epistle to the Colossians (Colossians 1:16-20), "In Him were all things created, that are in heaven and that are in earth . . . all things were created by Him and for Him . . . and in Him all things consist. It pleased the Father that in Him should all fulness dwell, and . . . by Him to reconcile all things to Himself . . . whether things on earth or things in heaven." In Christ, as the Word of God in the beginning, all created things are considered as gathered up, through Him actually made, and in Him continuing to exist. This unity, broken by sin, under the effect of which "all creation groans" (Romans 8:22), is restored in the Incarnation and Atonement of the Son of God. By this, therefore, all things are again summed up in Him, and again made one in Him with the Father. In both passages St. Paul uses expressions which extend beyond humanity itself--"things in heaven and things in earth," "things visible and things invisible," "thrones and principalities and powers." In both he immediately proceeds from the grand outline of this wider unity, to draw out in detail the nearer, and to us more comprehensible, unity of all mankind in Christ. (Comp. Colossians 1:18; Colossians 1:21.) So also writes St. John (John 1:3-4; John 1:12), passing from the thought that "all things were made by Him," first to the declaration, "In Him was life, and the life was the light of men," and next to the power given to those who believed on Him to become sons of God. The lesser part of this truth, setting forth the unity of all mankind in the Second Adam, forms the basis of the argument of 1 Corinthians 15, that "in Christ all shall be made alive," in the course of which the existence of the Mediatorial kingdom of Christ is described, and its continuance till the final triumph, when it "shall be delivered up to God, even the Father," "that God may be all in all" (1Corinthians 15:24; 1Corinthians 15:28). In virtue of it, those who are His are partakers of His death and resurrection, His ascension, even His judgment (Ephesians 2:6; Matthew 19:28; Romans 6:3-10; 1Corinthians 6:2-3; Colossians 3:1-3).

(10, 11) Even in him: in whom also we have obtained an inheritance.--We have here (in the repetition, "even in Him") an emphatic transition to the truth most closely concerning the Apostle and his readers. The word "we" is not here emphatic, and the statement might be a general statement applicable to all Christians; but the succeeding verse seems to limit it to the original Jewish believers--the true Israel, who (like the whole of Israel in ancient days) have become "a people of inheritance" (Deuteronomy 4:20; Deuteronomy 9:29; Deuteronomy 32:9), so succeeding to the privileges (Romans 11:7) which their brethren in blindness rejected. Possibly this suggests the peculiar word here (and here only) used, meaning either "we were made partakers of a lot" in God's kingdom (to which Colossians 1:12, "who has made us meet for a part of the lot of the saints," closely corresponds), or "we were made His lot or inheritance;" which perhaps suits the Greek better, certainly accords better with the Old Testament idea, and gives a more emphatic sense. A third possible sense is "were chosen by lot." This is adopted by the Vulgate, supported by the only use of the word in the Septuagint (1Samuel 14:41), and explained by Chrysostom and Augustine as signifying the freedom of election without human merit, while by the succeeding words it is shown not to be really by chance, but by God's secret will. But this seems quite foreign to the genius of the passage.

Being predestinated . . . that we should be to the praise of his glory.--This is an application of the general truth before declared (Ephesians 1:5-6) that the source of election is God's predestination, and the object of it the manifestation of His glory.

After the counsel of his own will.--The expression evidently denotes not only the deliberate exercise of God's will by "determinate counsel and foreknowledge" (Acts 2:23), but also the guidance of that will by wisdom to the fulfilment of the Law Eternal of God's righteous dispensation. Hooker, in a well-known passage (Eccl. Pol. i. 2), quotes it as excluding the notion of an arbitrary will of God, "They err, who think that of God's will there is no reason except His will."

Verse 10. - With a view to the dispensation of the fullness of the times (or, seasons) (vers. 9 and 10 are one sentence, which should not be broken up). This seems to denote the times of the gospel generally; not, as in Galatians 4:4, the particular time of Christ's advent; the οἰκονομία, or economy, of the gospel being that during which, in its successive periods, all God's schemes are to ripen or come to maturity, and be fulfilled. To gather together under one head all things in Christ. Ἀνακεφαλαιώσασθαι is a word of some difficulty. It is true it is derived from κεφάλαιον, not κεφαλή: therefore some have thought that it does not include the idea of headship; but the relation of κεφάλαιον, to κεφαλή is as close that this can hardly be. The word expresses the Divine purpose - what God προέθετο ( ωηιξη was to restore in Christ a lost unity, to bring together disunited elements, viz. all things, whether they be things in heaven or things on earth. There is no hint here of a universal restoration. Such a notion would be in fiat contradiction to the doctrine of Divine election, which dominates the whole passage. God's purpose is to form a united kingdom, consisting of the unfallen and the restored - the unfallen in heaven, and the restored on earth, and to gather this whole body together under Christ as its Head (see Ephesians 3:15). We cannot say that this purpose has been fully effected as yet; but things are moving towards it, and one day it will be wholly realized. "He that sat on the throne said, Behold, I make all things new" (Revelation 21:5). 1:9-14 Blessings were made known to believers, by the Lord's showing to them the mystery of his sovereign will, and the method of redemption and salvation. But these must have been for ever hidden from us, if God had not made them known by his written word, preached gospel, and Spirit of truth. Christ united the two differing parties, God and man, in his own person, and satisfied for that wrong which caused the separation. He wrought, by his Spirit, those graces of faith and love, whereby we are made one with God, and among ourselves. He dispenses all his blessings, according to his good pleasure. His Divine teaching led whom he pleased to see the glory of those truths, which others were left to blaspheme. What a gracious promise that is, which secures the gift of the Holy Ghost to those who ask him! The sanctifying and comforting influences of the Holy Spirit seal believers as the children of God, and heirs of heaven. These are the first-fruits of holy happiness. For this we were made, and for this we were redeemed; this is the great design of God in all that he has done for us; let all be ascribed unto the praise of his glory.
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Alphabetical: a administration all an and be bring Christ earth effect even fulfillment fullness have head heaven heavens Him in into is of on one put reached suitable summing that the their things times to together under up view when will with

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