1 Peter 1:20
New International Version
He was chosen before the creation of the world, but was revealed in these last times for your sake.

New Living Translation
God chose him as your ransom long before the world began, but he has now revealed him to you in these last days.

English Standard Version
He was foreknown before the foundation of the world but was made manifest in the last times for the sake of you

Berean Study Bible
He was known before the foundation of the world, but was revealed in the last times for your sake.

Berean Literal Bible
having been foreknown indeed before the foundation of the world, but having been revealed in the last times for the sake of you,

New American Standard Bible
For He was foreknown before the foundation of the world, but has appeared in these last times for the sake of you

King James Bible
Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,

Christian Standard Bible
He was foreknown before the foundation of the world but was revealed in these last times for you.

Contemporary English Version
Christ was chosen even before the world was created, but because of you, he did not come until these last days.

Good News Translation
He had been chosen by God before the creation of the world and was revealed in these last days for your sake.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He was chosen before the foundation of the world but was revealed at the end of the times for you

International Standard Version
On the one hand, he was foreknown before the creation of the world, but on the other hand, he was revealed at the end of time for your sake.

NET Bible
He was foreknown before the foundation of the world but was manifested in these last times for your sake.

New Heart English Bible
who was foreknown indeed before the foundation of the world, but was revealed in these last times for your sake,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He was appointed beforehand to this before the foundation of the world and was manifested at the end of times for you;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He is the lamb who was known long ago before the world existed, but for your good he became publicly known in the last period of time.

New American Standard 1977
For He was foreknown before the foundation of the world, but has appeared in these last times for the sake of you

Jubilee Bible 2000
already ordained from before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for love of you,

King James 2000 Bible
Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,

American King James Version
Who truly was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,

American Standard Version
who was foreknown indeed before the foundation of the world, but was manifested at the end of times for your sake,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Foreknown indeed before the foundation of the world, but manifested in the last times for you,

Darby Bible Translation
foreknown indeed before [the] foundation of [the] world, but who has been manifested at the end of times for your sakes,

English Revised Version
who was foreknown indeed before the foundation of the world, but was manifested at the end of the times for your sake,

Webster's Bible Translation
Who verily was fore-ordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifested in these last times for you,

Weymouth New Testament
He was pre-destined indeed to this work, even before the creation of the world, but has been plainly manifested in these last days for the sake of you who, through Him,

World English Bible
who was foreknown indeed before the foundation of the world, but was revealed at the end of times for your sake,

Young's Literal Translation
foreknown, indeed, before the foundation of the world, and manifested in the last times because of you,
Study Bible
A Call to Holiness
19but with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or spot. 20He was known before the foundation of the world, but was revealed in the last times for your sake. 21Through Him you believe in God, who raised Him from the dead and glorified Him; and so your faith and hope are in God.…
Cross References
Matthew 25:34
Then the King will say to those on His right, 'Come, you who are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.

Acts 2:23
He was handed over by God's set plan and foreknowledge, and you, by the hands of the lawless, put Him to death by nailing Him to the cross.

Romans 8:29
For those God foreknew, He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brothers.

Ephesians 1:4
For He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world to be holy and blameless in His presence. In love

1 Timothy 3:16
By common confession, the mystery of godliness is great: He appeared in the flesh, was vindicated by the Spirit, was seen by angels, was proclaimed among the nations, was believed in throughout the world, was taken up in glory.

Hebrews 1:2
But in these last days He has spoken to us by His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, and through whom He made the universe.

Hebrews 2:14
Therefore, since the children have flesh and blood, He too shared in their humanity, so that by His death He might destroy him who holds the power of death, that is, the devil,

Hebrews 9:26
Otherwise, He would have had to suffer repeatedly since the foundation of the world. But now He has appeared once for all at the end of the ages to do away with sin by the sacrifice of Himself.

1 Peter 1:2
chosen by the foreknowledge of God the Father and sanctified by the Spirit for obedience to Jesus Christ and sprinkling by His blood: Grace and peace be yours in abundance.

Revelation 13:8
And all who dwell on the earth will worship the beast--all whose names have not been written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb who was slain.

Treasury of Scripture

Who truly was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,

verily.

Genesis 3:15
And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

Proverbs 8:23
I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was.

Micah 5:2
But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.

but.

Acts 3:25,26
Ye are the children of the prophets, and of the covenant which God made with our fathers, saying unto Abraham, And in thy seed shall all the kindreds of the earth be blessed…

Colossians 1:26
Even the mystery which hath been hid from ages and from generations, but now is made manifest to his saints:

1 John 1:2
(For the life was manifested, and we have seen it, and bear witness, and shew unto you that eternal life, which was with the Father, and was manifested unto us;)

in.

Galatians 4:4
But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,

Ephesians 1:10
That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him:

Hebrews 1:2
Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;







Lexicon
He was known before
προεγνωσμένου (proegnōsmenou)
Verb - Perfect Participle Middle or Passive - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4267: To know beforehand, foreknow. From pro and ginosko; to know beforehand, i.e. Foresee.

[the] foundation
καταβολῆς (katabolēs)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2602: From kataballo; a deposition, i.e. Founding; figuratively, conception.

of [the] world,
κόσμου (kosmou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2889: Probably from the base of komizo; orderly arrangement, i.e. Decoration; by implication, the world (morally).

but
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

was revealed
φανερωθέντος (phanerōthentos)
Verb - Aorist Participle Passive - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5319: To make clear (visible, manifest), make known. From phaneros; to render apparent.

in
ἐπ’ (ep’)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1909: On, to, against, on the basis of, at.

the
τῶν (tōn)
Article - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

last
ἐσχάτου (eschatou)
Adjective - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2078: Last, at the last, finally, till the end. A superlative probably from echo; farthest, final.

times
χρόνων (chronōn)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 5550: A space of time or interval; by extension, an individual opportunity; by implication, delay.

for your sake.
δι’ (di’)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1223: A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through.
(20) Who verily was foreordained.--There is a sharp contrast intended between the two clauses of this verse, and in the Greek the tenses are different. "Who had been foreknown, indeed, before the foundation of the world, but for your benefit was (only) pointed out at the end of the times." St, Peter is returning once more to the great argument of 1Peter 1:10-12, "Do not treat your share in the gospel liberation as if it were, at best, a piece of good luck, and so learn to despise it. Neither think of it as if Paul and Silvanus were preaching to you a novel invention at discord with the spirit of the old covenant, under which you were bred. God knew from all eternity who was to be His Messiah and His Lamb, but for your sakes the particular and personal declaration of Him was reserved till now. For you has been kept the revelation of a secret which underlay the whole Old Testament system." The grammatical antecedent of the relative "who verily" is not "lamb," but "Christ;" and the word for "foreordained" is, literally, foreknown, only as in 1Peter 1:2 (see Note), with the additional notion of coming to a decision. We see that St. Peter's doctrine has not changed since the great day of Pentecost (Acts 2:23). The foreknowledge (as that passage would show) includes not only the knowledge and decision that Jesus should be the Christ, but that the Christ's history should be what it was; and this seems to involve not only the doctrine that the Incarnation was no mere episode, consequent upon the Fall of man, but also the doctrine that, "before the foundation of the world," God had foreknown, and predecided to allow, the Fall itself. The same doctrine seems to be involved in Revelation 13:8, but only indirectly, because there the words "from the foundation of the world," are to be attached, not to the word "slain," but to the word "written."

Was manifest.--Better, was manifested, i.e., unambiguously shown, pointed out. The context shows that it does not simply mean the visible life of the Incarnate Word among men, as in 1Timothy 3:16; 1John 3:5; but that the Messiah and Lamb of God was pointed out as being identical with the Man Jesus. And this was the work of John the Baptist, to say of the particular Person whom he saw walking by Jordan, "Behold the Lamb." So St. John Baptist himself described his mission: "The whole purpose of my coming was that He might be manifested, singled out and shown to Israel," as the Person round whom all their Messianic hopes were gathered (John 1:31).

In these last times--i.e., not merely "in modern times," "lately," but "at the end of the times," showing St. Peter's belief that the end of the world was not far distant. (Comp. once more Daniel 12:4; Daniel 12:9; Daniel 12:13.) Almost exactly the same phrase is used in Hebrews 1:2; 2Peter 3:3.

Verse 20. - Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world; rather, as in the Revised Version, who was foreknown indeed; literally, who hath been fore known. But the foreknowledge of God implies the exercise of his will, therefore the "foreordained" of the Authorized Version, though not here an exact translation, is true in doctrine. St. Peter had asserted the same great truth in his sermon on the Day of Pentecost (Acts 2:23; comp. also Acts 3:18 and Acts 4:28). He had heard the words, "before the foundation of the world," again and again from the lips of Christ; he may possibly have read them in the Epistle to the Ephesians (Ephesians 1:4). The incarnation, death, and resurrection of Christ were not the result of a change of purpose to meet unforeseen circumstances; they were foreseen and foreordained in the eternal counsels of God. Those counsels are wholly above the range of our understanding; we cannot see through the veil of mystery which surrounds them; we cannot fathom the awful necessities which they imply. But was manifest in these last times for you; rather, as in the Revised Version, with the best manuscripts, was manifested at the end of the times for your sake. The aorist (φανερωθέντος) marks the Incarnation as an event which took place in time; the purpose of God was eternal, before all time. For the phrase, "at the end of the times" (ἐπ ἐσχάτου τών χρόνων), compare the reading of the most ancient manuscripts in Hebrews 1:1 (ἐπ ἐσχάτου τῶν ἡμερῶν τούτων, "at the end of these days"); also in Jude 1:8 (ἐπ ἐσχάτου χρόνου). "This is the last time," St. John says; or, rather, "the last hour (ἐσχάτη ὥρα)" (1 John 2:18); the last period in the development of God's dealings with mankind is the time which intervenes between the first and the second advents of Christ. 1:17-25 Holy confidence in God as a Father, and awful fear of him as a Judge, agree together; and to regard God always as a Judge, makes him dear to us as a Father. If believers do evil, God will visit them with corrections. Then, let Christians not doubt God's faithfulness to his promises, nor give way to enslaving dread of his wrath, but let them reverence his holiness. The fearless professor is defenceless, and Satan takes him captive at his will; the desponding professor has no heart to avail himself of his advantages, and is easily brought to surrender. The price paid for man's redemption was the precious blood of Christ. Not only openly wicked, but unprofitable conversation is highly dangerous, though it may plead custom. It is folly to resolve, I will live and die in such a way, because my forefathers did so. God had purposes of special favour toward his people, long before he made manifest such grace unto them. But the clearness of light, the supports of faith, the power of ordinances, are all much greater since Christ came upon earth, than they were before. The comfort is, that being by faith made one with Christ, his present glory is an assurance that where he is we shall be also, Joh 14:3. The soul must be purified, before it can give up its own desires and indulgences. And the word of God planted in the heart by the Holy Ghost, is a means of spiritual life, stirring up to our duty, working a total change in the dispositions and affections of the soul, till it brings to eternal life. In contrast with the excellence of the renewed spiritual man, as born again, observe the vanity of the natural man. In his life, and in his fall, he is like grass, the flower of grass, which soon withers and dies away. We should hear, and thus receive and love, the holy, living word, and rather hazard all than lose it; and we must banish all other things from the place due to it. We should lodge it in our hearts as our only treasures here, and the certain pledge of the treasure of glory laid up for believers in heaven.
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