1 Peter 2:11
New International Version
Dear friends, I urge you, as foreigners and exiles, to abstain from sinful desires, which wage war against your soul.

New Living Translation
Dear friends, I warn you as "temporary residents and foreigners" to keep away from worldly desires that wage war against your very souls.

English Standard Version
Beloved, I urge you as sojourners and exiles to abstain from the passions of the flesh, which wage war against your soul.

Berean Study Bible
Beloved, I urge you as foreigners and exiles, to abstain from the desires of the flesh, which war against your soul.

Berean Literal Bible
Beloved, I exhort you as aliens and sojourners, to abstain from fleshly desires, which war against the soul,

New American Standard Bible
Beloved, I urge you as aliens and strangers to abstain from fleshly lusts which wage war against the soul.

King James Bible
Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

Christian Standard Bible
Dear friends, I urge you as strangers and exiles to abstain from sinful desires that wage war against the soul.

Contemporary English Version
Dear friends, you are foreigners and strangers on this earth. So I beg you not to surrender to those desires that fight against you.

Good News Translation
I appeal to you, my friends, as strangers and refugees in this world! Do not give in to bodily passions, which are always at war against the soul.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Dear friends, I urge you as strangers and temporary residents to abstain from fleshly desires that war against you.

International Standard Version
Dear friends, I urge you as aliens and exiles to keep on abstaining from the desires of the flesh that wage war against the soul.

NET Bible
Dear friends, I urge you as foreigners and exiles to keep away from fleshly desires that do battle against the soul,

New Heart English Bible
Beloved, I urge you as foreigners and temporary residents, to abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Beloved, I beg of you, as wayfarers and as foreigners, depart from all these desires of the body that make war against the soul,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Dear friends, since you are foreigners and temporary residents [in the world], I'm encouraging you to keep away from the desires of your corrupt nature. These desires constantly attack you.

New American Standard 1977
Beloved, I urge you as aliens and strangers to abstain from fleshly lusts, which wage war against the soul.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from the carnal desires which war against the soul

King James 2000 Bible
Dearly beloved, I beseech you as aliens and exiles, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

American King James Version
Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

American Standard Version
Beloved, I beseech you as sojourners and pilgrims, to abstain from fleshly lust, which war against the soul;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, to refrain yourselves from carnal desires which war against the soul,

Darby Bible Translation
Beloved, I exhort [you], as strangers and sojourners, to abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

English Revised Version
Beloved, I beseech you as sojourners and pilgrims, to abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

Webster's Bible Translation
Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

Weymouth New Testament
Dear friends, I entreat you as pilgrims and foreigners not to indulge the cravings of your lower natures: for all such cravings wage war upon the soul.

World English Bible
Beloved, I beg you as foreigners and pilgrims, to abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

Young's Literal Translation
Beloved, I call upon you, as strangers and sojourners, to keep from the fleshly desires, that war against the soul,
Study Bible GRK ▾ 
The Living Stone
10Once you were not a people, but now you are the people of God; once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy. 11Beloved, I urge you, as foreigners and exiles, to abstain from the desires of the flesh, which war against your soul. 12Conduct yourselves with such honor among the Gentiles that, though they slander you as evildoers, they may see your good deeds and glorify God on the day He visits us.…
Cross References
Leviticus 25:23
The land must not be sold permanently, because it is Mine, and you are but foreigners and sojourners with Me.

Psalm 39:12
Hear my prayer, O LORD, and give ear to my cry for help; do not be deaf to my weeping. For I am a foreigner dwelling with You, a sojourner like all my fathers.

Romans 7:23
But I see another law at work in my body, warring against the law of my mind and holding me captive to the law of sin that dwells within me.

Romans 12:1
Therefore I urge you, brothers, on account of God's mercy, to offer your bodies as living sacrifices, holy and pleasing to God, which is your spiritual service of worship.

Romans 13:14
Instead, clothe yourselves with the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the desires of the flesh.

Galatians 5:16
So I say, walk by the Spirit, and you will not gratify the desires of the flesh.

Galatians 5:24
Those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires.

Ephesians 2:19
Therefore you are no longer strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens of the saints and members of God's household,

Hebrews 6:9
Even though we speak like this, beloved, we are convinced of better things in your case--things that accompany salvation.

Hebrews 11:13
All these people died in faith, without having received the things they were promised. However, they saw them and welcomed them from afar. And they acknowledged that they were strangers and exiles on the earth.

James 4:1
What causes conflicts and quarrels among you? Don't they come from the passions at war within you?

1 Peter 1:1
Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To the elect, exiles of the Dispersion throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia,

1 Peter 1:17
Since you call on a Father who judges each one's work impartially, live your lives in reverent fear during your temporary stay on earth.

1 Peter 4:12
Beloved, do not be surprised at the fiery trial that has come upon you, as though something strange were happening to you.

2 Peter 3:1
Beloved, this is now my second letter to you. Both of them are reminders to stir you to wholesome thinking

1 John 2:16
For all that is in the world--the desires of the flesh, the desires of the eyes, and the pride of life--is not from the Father but from the world.

Treasury of Scripture

Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

I beseech.

Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, that you …

2 Corinthians 5:20 Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech …

2 Corinthians 6:1 We then, as workers together with him, beseech you also that you …

Ephesians 4:1 I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you that you walk …

Philemon 1:9,10 Yet for love's sake I rather beseech you, being such an one as Paul …

as.

1 Peter 1:1,17 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout …

Genesis 23:4 I am a stranger and a sojourner with you: give me a possession of …

Genesis 47:9 And Jacob said to Pharaoh, The days of the years of my pilgrimage …

Leviticus 25:23 The land shall not be sold for ever: for the land is mine, for you …

1 Chronicles 29:15 For we are strangers before you, and sojourners, as were all our …

Psalm 39:12 Hear my prayer, O LORD, and give ear to my cry; hold not your peace …

Psalm 119:19,54 I am a stranger in the earth: hide not your commandments from me…

Hebrews 11:13 These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having …

abstain.

1 Peter 4:2 That he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh to …

Luke 21:34 And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged …

Acts 15:20,29 But that we write to them, that they abstain from pollutions of idols, …

Romans 8:13 For if you live after the flesh, you shall die: but if you through …

Romans 13:13,14 Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, …

2 Corinthians 7:1 Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves …

Galatians 5:16-21 This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and you shall not fulfill the …

2 Timothy 2:22 Flee also youthful lusts: but follow righteousness, faith, charity, …

1 John 2:15-17 Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If …

war.

Romans 7:23 But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind…

Romans 8:13 For if you live after the flesh, you shall die: but if you through …

Galatians 5:17,24 For the flesh lusts against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the …

1 Timothy 6:9,10 But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and …

James 4:1 From where come wars and fights among you? come they not hence, even …







Lexicon
Beloved,
Ἀγαπητοί (Agapētoi)
Adjective - Vocative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 27: From agapao; beloved.

I urge [you],
παρακαλῶ (parakalō)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 1st Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3870: From para and kaleo; to call near, i.e. Invite, invoke.

as
ὡς (hōs)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 5613: Probably adverb of comparative from hos; which how, i.e. In that manner.

foreigners
παροίκους (paroikous)
Adjective - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3941: Foreign, alien, subst: a foreigner, sojourner. From para and oikos; having a home near, i.e. a by-dweller.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

exiles,
παρεπιδήμους (parepidēmous)
Adjective - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3927: From para and the base of epidemeo; an alien alongside, i.e. A resident foreigner.

to abstain
ἀπέχεσθαι (apechesthai)
Verb - Present Infinitive Middle
Strong's Greek 568: To have in full, be far, it is enough. From apo and echo; to have out, i.e. Receive in full; to keep away, i.e. Be distant.

from
τῶν (tōn)
Article - Genitive Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

[the] desires
ἐπιθυμιῶν (epithymiōn)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 1939: Desire, eagerness for, inordinate desire, lust. From epithumeo; a longing.

of the flesh,
σαρκικῶν (sarkikōn)
Adjective - Genitive Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 4559: Fleshly, carnal, earthly. From sarx; pertaining to flesh, i.e. bodily, temporal, or animal, unregenerate.

which
αἵτινες (haitines)
Personal / Relative Pronoun - Nominative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 3748: Whosoever, whichsoever, whatsoever.

war
στρατεύονται (strateuontai)
Verb - Present Indicative Middle - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4754: To wage war, fight, serve as a soldier; fig: of the warring lusts against the soul.

against
κατὰ (kata)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 2596: A primary particle; down, in varied relations (genitive, dative or accusative) with which it is joined).

[your]
τῆς (tēs)
Article - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

soul.
ψυχῆς (psychēs)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 5590: From psucho; breath, i.e. spirit, abstractly or concretely.
PRUDENTIAL RULES OF CONDUCT IN VIEW OF THE HOSTILE ATTITUDE OF THE HEATHEN.--As slanders against the Christian name are rife, and bringing practical persecution on the Church, they are exhorted to extreme care about their conduct, especially in regard (1) to purity, and (2) to due subordination, whether as subjects to the officers of state, or as slaves to their masters, or as wives to their husbands (1Peter 2:11 to 1Peter 3:12.)

(11) Dearly beloved.--"Affectionate and pressing exhortation," says Bengel. "That which is known to come from love," says Leighton, "cannot readily but be so received too, and it is thus expressed for that very purpose, that the request may be the more welcome. Beloved, it is the advice of a friend, one that truly loves-you, and aims at nothing but your good; it is because I love you that I intreat you, and intreat you, as you love yourselves, to abstain from fleshly lusts."

As strangers and pilgrims.--The exhortation will be felt with the more force if we turn to the Psalm from which St. Peter draws the phrase (Psalm 39:12, LXX.). The words, especially when compared with that Psalm, prepare for the description of distress which is to follow. (Comp. also Psalm 119:19.) The word "pilgrim" (which comes to us through the French form pelerin, from the Latin peregrinus) does not originally, or in this place, mean one on a pilgrimage. It implies no journeying, but simply residence in a foreign country. Here it represents the same Greek word which is rendered "strangers" in 1Peter 1:1, but is used in a metaphorical and not literal sense. Though no longer "scattered," but gathered mercifully once more into "a people," they were still far from home--unprotected residents in an alien and hostile world, which scrutinised their conduct and was anxious for an opportunity to get rid of them.

Abstain from fleshly lusts.--First prudential rule. Although all bad desires might be described as fleshly, the word seems here to mean what we usually understand by it, the lusts which lead to drunkenness, gluttony, and uncleanness. And though such sins are usually characteristic of the Gentile, not of the Jew, yet see our Note on 1Peter 1:14. Jews were not impeccable in such matters, and here the Apostle has a special reason for insisting on the observance of the seventh commandment. It may even be said that his mode of insistence recognises that his readers usually do observe it. He appeals to them as "Israelites from home" to be on their guard in such matters, as Leonidas might exhort Spartans going into battle not to flinch, or Nelson tell English sailors that "England expects every man to do his duty." There was special reason for these Hebrew Christians to be more than ever vigilant, because (see Note on next verse) of the calumnies which the heathen were beginning to circulate about the Christians.

Which war against the soul.--This clause is no specifying of the particular fleshly lusts to be guarded against, as though there were some of them which did not war against the soul; but it is a description of the way in which all fleshly lusts alike act. It means not merely a general antagonism between soul and body, but that the lusts are on active service, engaged in a definite campaign against the immortal part of the man. St. Peter has probably forgotten for the moment his metaphor of strangers and sojourners, and we are not to put the two things together too closely, as though their position of strangers rendered them more liable to the attack of the hostile lusts. "Abstain" cannot mean merely "be on your guard against." It runs rather thus: "You Christian Jews are dwelling as sojourners in the midst of jealous Gentile foreigners, and must, therefore, be particularly observant of moral conduct; for though I know that you usually are so, yet the fleshly appetites are actively engaged against your soul all the time; and if you should in any degree let them get the better of you, the heathen neighbours will at once take advantage of you." As the expression might have been drawn equally well from St. Paul or from St. James, it is perhaps the easiest thing to suppose that (like the metaphors of building or of giving milk) it was part of the common property of Christians, and not consciously traceable to any originator.

Verse 11. - Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims. St. Peter returns to practical topics: he begins his exhortation in the affectionate manner common in Holy Scripture. He calls his readers "strangers and pilgrims." The word here rendered "strangers" (πάροικοι) is equivalent to the classical μέτοικοι, and means "foreign set-tiers, dwellers in a strange land." The second word (παρεοίδημοι, translated "strangers" in 1 Peter 1.) means "visitors" who tarry for a time in a foreign country, not permanently settling in it. It does not contain the ideas associated with the modern use of "pilgrim;" though that word, derived kern the Latin peregrinus, originally meant no more than "sojourner." St. Peter is plainly using the words metaphorically his readers were citizens of the heavenly country; on earth they were sojourners. Both words occur in the Septuagint Version of Psalm 39:12 (38:13 in the Greek), with the same metaphorical meaning. Abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul. Strangers and pilgrims should remember their distant home, and not follow the practices of the strange land in which they sojourn. The lusts of the flesh are all those desires which issue out of our corrupt nature (temp. Galatians 5:16-21). They "war against the soul." "Non mode impediunt," says Bengel, "sod oppugnant; grande verbum" (comp. Romans 7:23). St. Peter uses the word "soul" here for the whole spiritual nature of man, as in 1 Peter 1:9, 22. 2:11,12 Even the best of men, the chosen generation, the people of God, need to be exhorted to keep from the worst sins. And fleshly lusts are most destructive to man's soul. It is a sore judgment to be given up to them. There is a day of visitation coming, wherein God may call to repentance by his word and his grace; then many will glorify God, and the holy lives of his people will have promoted the happy change.
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