Genesis 15:13
New International Version
Then the LORD said to him, "Know for certain that for four hundred years your descendants will be strangers in a country not their own and that they will be enslaved and mistreated there.

New Living Translation
Then the LORD said to Abram, "You can be sure that your descendants will be strangers in a foreign land, where they will be oppressed as slaves for 400 years.

English Standard Version
Then the LORD said to Abram, “Know for certain that your offspring will be sojourners in a land that is not theirs and will be servants there, and they will be afflicted for four hundred years.

Berean Study Bible
Then the LORD said to Abram, “Know for certain that your descendants will be strangers in a land that is not their own; they will be enslaved and mistreated four hundred years.

New American Standard Bible
God said to Abram, "Know for certain that your descendants will be strangers in a land that is not theirs, where they will be enslaved and oppressed four hundred years.

King James Bible
And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years;

Christian Standard Bible
Then the LORD said to Abram, "Know this for certain: Your offspring will be resident aliens for four hundred years in a land that does not belong to them and will be enslaved and oppressed.

Good News Translation
The LORD said to him, "Your descendants will be strangers in a foreign land; they will be slaves there and will be treated cruelly for four hundred years.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then the LORD said to Abram, "Know this for certain: Your offspring will be foreigners in a land that does not belong to them; they will be enslaved and oppressed 400 years.

International Standard Version
Then the LORD told Abram, "You can be certain about this: Your descendants will be foreigners in a land that isn't theirs. They will be slaves there and will be oppressed for 400 years.

NET Bible
Then the LORD said to Abram, "Know for certain that your descendants will be strangers in a foreign country. They will be enslaved and oppressed for four hundred years.

New Heart English Bible
And he said to Abram, "Know for sure that your descendants will live as foreigners in a land that is not theirs; and they will serve them. And they will oppress them four hundred years.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
God said to Abram, "You can know for sure that your descendants will live in a land that is not their own, where they will be slaves, and they will be oppressed for 400 years.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And He said unto Abram: 'Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years;

New American Standard 1977
And God said to Abram, “Know for certain that your descendants will be strangers in a land that is not theirs, where they will be enslaved and oppressed four hundred years.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs and shall serve them, and they shall afflict them four hundred years;

King James 2000 Bible
And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that your descendants shall be sojourners in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years;

American King James Version
And he said to Abram, Know of a surety that your seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years;

American Standard Version
And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be sojourners in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And it was said to Abram, Thou shalt surely know that thy seed shall be a sojourner in a land not their won, and they shall enslave them, and afflict them, and humble them four hundred years.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And it was said unto him: Know thou beforehand that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land not their own, and they shall bring them under bondage, and afflict them four hundred years.

Darby Bible Translation
And he said to Abram, Know assuredly that thy seed will be a sojourner in a land [that is] not theirs, and they shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years.

English Revised Version
And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years;

Webster's Bible Translation
And he said to Abram, Know certainly that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years;

World English Bible
He said to Abram, "Know for sure that your seed will live as foreigners in a land that is not theirs, and will serve them. They will afflict them four hundred years.

Young's Literal Translation
and He saith to Abram, 'knowing -- know that thy seed is a sojourner in a land not theirs, and they have served them, and they have afflicted them four hundred years,
Study Bible
God Confirms His Promise
12As the sun was setting, Abram fell into a deep sleep, and suddenly great terror and darkness overwhelmed him. 13Then the LORD said to Abram, “Know for certain that your descendants will be strangers in a land that is not their own; they will be enslaved and mistreated four hundred years. 14But I will judge the nation they serve as slaves, and afterward they will depart with many possessions.…
Cross References
Acts 7:6
God told him that his descendants would be foreigners in a strange land, and they would be enslaved and mistreated four hundred years.

Acts 7:17
As the time drew near for God to fulfill His promise to Abraham, our people in Egypt increased greatly in number.

Galatians 3:17
What I mean is this: The Law that came 430 years later does not revoke the covenant previously established by God, so as to cancel the promise.

Genesis 15:16
In the fourth generation your descendants will return here, for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet complete."

Genesis 47:4
Then they said to Pharaoh, "We have come to live in the land for a time, because there is no pasture for the flock of your servants, since the famine in the land of Canaan has been severe. So now, please allow your servants to settle in the land of Goshen."

Exodus 1:11
So the Egyptians appointed taskmasters over the Israelites to oppress them with forced labor. As a result, they built Pithom and Rameses as store cities for Pharaoh.

Exodus 1:13
They worked the Israelites ruthlessly

Exodus 2:24
So God heard their groaning, and He remembered His covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

Exodus 3:8
I have come down to rescue them from the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them up out of that land to a good and spacious land, a land flowing with milk and honey--the home of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites.

Exodus 3:10
Therefore, go! I am sending you to Pharaoh to bring My people, the Israelites, out of Egypt."

Exodus 3:17
And I have promised to bring you up out of your affliction in Egypt, into the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites--a land flowing with milk and honey.'

Exodus 12:40
Now the duration of the Israelites' stay in Egypt was 430 years.

Deuteronomy 5:15
Remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and that the LORD your God brought you out of there with a mighty hand and outstretched arm. That is why the LORD your God has commanded you to keep the Sabbath day.

Psalm 105:42
For He remembered His holy promise to Abraham His servant.

Treasury of Scripture

And he said to Abram, Know of a surety that your seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not their's, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years;

thy.

Genesis 17:8
And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.

Exodus 1:1-2:25
Now these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob…

Exodus 5:1-23
And afterward Moses and Aaron went in, and told Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Let my people go, that they may hold a feast unto me in the wilderness…

four.

Exodus 12:40,41
Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years…

Galatians 3:17
And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.







Lexicon
Then the LORD said
וַיֹּ֣אמֶר (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

to Abram,
לְאַבְרָ֗ם (lə·’aḇ·rām)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 87: Abram -- 'exalted father', the original name of Abraham

“Know
יָדֹ֨עַ (yā·ḏō·a‘)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's Hebrew 3045: To know

for certain
תֵּדַ֜ע (tê·ḏa‘)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3045: To know

that
כִּי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

your descendants
זַרְעֲךָ֗ (zar·‘ă·ḵā)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2233: Seed, fruit, plant, sowing-time, posterity

will be
יִהְיֶ֣ה (yih·yeh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

strangers
גֵ֣ר ׀ (ḡêr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1616: A guest, a foreigner

in a land
בְּאֶ֙רֶץ֙ (bə·’e·reṣ)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

that is not their own;
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

they will be enslaved
וַעֲבָד֖וּם (wa·‘ă·ḇā·ḏūm)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person common plural | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5647: To work, to serve, till, enslave

and mistreated
וְעִנּ֣וּ (wə·‘in·nū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Conjunctive perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 6031: To be bowed down or afflicted

four
אַרְבַּ֥ע (’ar·ba‘)
Number - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 702: Four

hundred
מֵא֖וֹת (mê·’ō·wṯ)
Number - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3967: A hundred

years.
שָׁנָֽה׃ (šā·nāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8141: A year
(13) Four hundred years.--The exact duration of the sojourn in Egypt was 430 years (Exodus 12:40-41), and with this agrees the genealogy of Jehoshua (1Chronicles 7:23-27).

Verse 13. - And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety - literally, knowing know (cf. Genesis 2:17; vide Ewald's 'Hebrew Syntax,' § 312) - that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land which is not there (literally, not to them, viz., Egypt, or Egypt and Canaan, according to the view which is taken of the point of departure for the reckoning of the 400 years), and shall serve them (i.e. the inhabitants of that alien country); and they (i.e. these foreigners) shall afflict them - three different stages of adverse fortune are described: -

(1) exile;

(2) bondage;

(3) affliction (Murphy);

or the two last clauses depict the contents of the first (Kalisch) - four hundred years. The duration not of their affliction merely, but either of their bondage and affliction, or more probably of their exile, bondage, and affliction; either a round number for 430 (Calvin, Rosenmüller, Keil, Alford), to Be reckoned from the date of the descent into Egypt (Kalisch, Lunge), as Moses (Exodus 12:89) and Stephen (Acts 7:6) seem to say, and to be reconciled with the statement of Paul (Galatians 3:17) by regarding the death of Jacob as the closing of the time of promise (Lange, Inglis); or an exact number dating from the birth of Isaac (Willet, Murphy, Wordsworth), which was thirty years after the call in Ur, thus making the entire interval correspond with the 430 years of Paul, or from the persecution of Ishmael (Ainsworth, Clarke, Bush), which occurred thirty years after the promise in Genesis 12:3. 15:12-16 A deep sleep fell upon Abram; with this sleep a horror of great darkness fell upon him: a sudden change. The children of light do not always walk in the light. Several things were then foretold. 1. The suffering state of Abram's seed for a long time. They shall be strangers. The heirs of heaven are strangers on earth. They shall be servants; but Canaanites serve under a curse, the Hebrews under a blessing. They shall be suffers. Those that are blessed and beloved of God, are often sorely afflicted by wicked men. 2. The judgment of the enemies of Abram's seed. Though God may allow persecutors and oppressors to trample upon his people a great while, he will certainly reckon with them at last. 3. That great event, the deliverance of Abram's seed out of Egypt, is here foretold. 4. Their happy settlement in Canaan. They shall come hither again. The measure of sin fills gradually. Some people's measure of sin fills slowly. The knowledge of future events would seldom add to our comfort. In the most favoured families, and most happy lives, there are so many afflictions, that it is merciful in God to conceal what will befall us and ours.
Jump to Previous
Abram Afflict Afflicted Assuredly Country Cruel Descendants Enslaved Foreigners Four Hundred Live Oppressed Seed Servants Serve Served Slaves Sojourner Sojourners Stranger Strangers Sure Surety Theirs
Jump to Next
Abram Afflict Afflicted Assuredly Country Cruel Descendants Enslaved Foreigners Four Hundred Live Oppressed Seed Servants Serve Served Slaves Sojourner Sojourners Stranger Strangers Sure Surety Theirs
Links
Genesis 15:13 NIV
Genesis 15:13 NLT
Genesis 15:13 ESV
Genesis 15:13 NASB
Genesis 15:13 KJV

Genesis 15:13 Bible Apps
Genesis 15:13 Biblia Paralela
Genesis 15:13 Chinese Bible
Genesis 15:13 French Bible
Genesis 15:13 German Bible

Alphabetical: a Abram and be certain country descendants enslaved for four God him hundred in is Know land LORD mistreated not oppressed own said strangers that the their theirs Then they to where will years your

OT Law: Genesis 15:13 He said to Abram Know for sure (Gen. Ge Gn) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Genesis 15:12
Top of Page
Top of Page