Hebrews 9:10
New International Version
They are only a matter of food and drink and various ceremonial washings--external regulations applying until the time of the new order.

New Living Translation
For that old system deals only with food and drink and various cleansing ceremonies--physical regulations that were in effect only until a better system could be established.

English Standard Version
but deal only with food and drink and various washings, regulations for the body imposed until the time of reformation.

Berean Study Bible
They consist only in food and drink and special washings—external regulations imposed until the time of reform.

Berean Literal Bible
consisting only in foods and drinks and various washings--ordinances of the flesh being imposed until the time of reformation.

New American Standard Bible
since they relate only to food and drink and various washings, regulations for the body imposed until a time of reformation.

King James Bible
Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.

Christian Standard Bible
They are physical regulations and only deal with food, drink, and various washings imposed until the time of the new order.

Contemporary English Version
These rules are merely about such things as eating and drinking and ceremonies for washing ourselves. And rules about physical things will last only until the time comes to change them for something better.

Good News Translation
since they have to do only with food, drink, and various purification ceremonies. These are all outward rules, which apply only until the time when God will establish the new order.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They are physical regulations and only deal with food, drink, and various washings imposed until the time of restoration.

International Standard Version
since they deal only with food, drink, and various washings, which are required for the body until the time when things would be set right.

NET Bible
They served only for matters of food and drink and various washings; they are external regulations imposed until the new order came.

New Heart English Bible
but deal only with foods and drinks and various washings; they are regulations for the flesh imposed until the time of setting things right.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Except in food and drink only, and in various washings, which are ordinances of the flesh that are established until the time of reformation.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
These gifts and sacrifices were meant to be food, drink, and items used in various purification ceremonies. These ceremonies were required for the body until God would establish a new way of doing things.

New American Standard 1977
since they relate only to food and drink and various washings, regulations for the body imposed until a time of reformation.

Jubilee Bible 2000
but in foods and drinks and different washings and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of correction.

King James 2000 Bible
Which stood only in foods and drinks, and various washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.

American King James Version
Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.

American Standard Version
being only (with meats and drinks and divers washings) carnal ordinances, imposed until a time of reformation.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And divers washings, and justices of the flesh laid on them until the time of correction.

Darby Bible Translation
[consisting] only of meats and drinks and divers washings, ordinances of flesh, imposed until [the] time of setting things right.

English Revised Version
being only (with meats and drinks and divers washings) carnal ordinances, imposed until a time of reformation.

Webster's Bible Translation
Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.

Weymouth New Testament
For their efficacy depends only on meats and drinks and various washings, ceremonies pertaining to the body and imposed until a time of reformation.

World English Bible
being only (with meats and drinks and various washings) fleshly ordinances, imposed until a time of reformation.

Young's Literal Translation
only in victuals, and drinks, and different baptisms, and fleshly ordinances -- till the time of reformation imposed upon them.
Study Bible
The Earthly Tabernacle
9It is an illustration for the present time, because the gifts and sacrifices being offered were unable to cleanse the conscience of the worshiper. 10 They consist only in food and drink and special washings— external regulations imposed until the time of reform. 11But when Christ came as high priest of the good things that have come, He entered the greater and more perfect tabernacle not made by hands (that is, not of this creation).…
Cross References
Leviticus 11:2
"Say to the Israelites, 'Of all the beasts of the earth, you may eat

Leviticus 11:25
and whoever picks up one of their carcasses must wash his clothes, and he will be unclean until evening.

Numbers 6:3
he is to abstain from wine and strong drink. He must not drink vinegar made from wine or strong drink, and he must not drink any grape juice or eat fresh grapes or raisins.

Numbers 19:13
Anyone who touches a corpse, the body of a person who has died, and does not purify himself, defiles the tabernacle of the LORD. That person must be cut off from Israel. He remains unclean, because the water of purification has not been sprinkled on him, and his uncleanness is still on him.

Mark 7:4
And on returning from the market, they do not eat unless they wash. And there are many other traditions for them to observe, including the washing of cups, pitchers, kettles, and couches for dining.

Colossians 2:16
Therefore let no one judge you by what you eat or drink, or with regard to a festival, a New Moon, or a Sabbath.

Hebrews 7:12
For when the priesthood is changed, the Law must be changed as well.

Hebrews 7:16
one who has become a priest not by a law of succession, but by the power of an indestructible life.

Hebrews 9:1
Now the first covenant had regulations for worship and an earthly sanctuary.

Hebrews 13:9
Do not be carried away by all kinds of strange teachings, for it is good for the heart to be strengthened by grace and not by ceremonial foods, which are of no value to those devoted to them.

Treasury of Scripture

Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.

in meats.

Hebrews 13:9
Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For it is a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that have been occupied therein.

Leviticus 11:2
Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, These are the beasts which ye shall eat among all the beasts that are on the earth.

Deuteronomy 14:3-21
Thou shalt not eat any abominable thing…

divers.

Hebrews 6:2
Of the doctrine of baptisms, and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment.

Hebrews 10:22
Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.

Exodus 29:4
And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and shalt wash them with water.

carnal.

Hebrews 9:1
Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary.

Hebrews 7:16
Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life.

Galatians 4:3,9
Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world: …

ordinances.

Hebrews 2:5
For unto the angels hath he not put in subjection the world to come, whereof we speak.

Hebrews 6:5
And have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come,

Galatians 4:4
But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,







Lexicon
[ They consist ] only
μόνον (monon)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3440: Alone, but, only. Neuter of monos as adverb; merely.

in
ἐπὶ (epi)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1909: On, to, against, on the basis of, at.

food
βρώμασιν (brōmasin)
Noun - Dative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 1033: Food of any kind. From the base of bibrosko; food, especially articles allowed or forbidden by the Jewish law.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

drink
πόμασιν (pomasin)
Noun - Dative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 4188: Drink. From the alternate of pino; a beverage.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

special
διαφόροις (diaphorois)
Adjective - Dative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 1313: Differing, different; hence: excellent. From diaphero; varying; also surpassing.

washings—
βαπτισμοῖς (baptismois)
Noun - Dative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 909: Dipping, washing (of a ceremonial character). From baptizo; ablution.

external
σαρκὸς (sarkos)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4561: Flesh, body, human nature, materiality; kindred.

regulations
δικαιώματα (dikaiōmata)
Noun - Nominative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 1345: From dikaioo; an equitable deed; by implication, a statute or decision.

imposed
ἐπικείμενα (epikeimena)
Verb - Present Participle Middle or Passive - Nominative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 1945: From epi and keimai; to rest upon.

until
μέχρι (mechri)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 3360: As far as, until, even to.

[the] time
καιροῦ (kairou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2540: Fitting season, season, opportunity, occasion, time. Of uncertain affinity; an occasion, i.e. Set or proper time.

of reform.
διορθώσεως (diorthōseōs)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1357: From a compound of dia and a derivative of orthos, meaning to straighten thoroughly; rectification, i.e. the Messianic restauration.
(10) Which stood only in . . .--Better, only joined with meats and drinks and divers washings,--carnal ordinances, imposed until a time of reformation. Here again the best authorities correct the received Greek text, omitting "and" before the word "carnal," and so altering the next word as to make it descriptive of the "gifts and sacrifices" mentioned in Hebrews 9:9. These sacrifices--looked at in themselves, as powerless to attain the end designed (Hebrews 10:1; Hebrews 10:4)--are mere appendages of such regulations as deal with meats and drinks and washings. The character of this latter class of ordinances no one could mistake; and what the writer here says is that these powerless sacrifices belong to the same line of things. On the, "washings" see Note on Hebrews 6:2. The preceding words would most naturally refer to meats, &c., of which men were required to partake (as Exodus 12; Leviticus 7:15, et al.); but no doubt include the various restrictions and distinctions of the ceremonial law (Leviticus 11; Numbers 6, et al.). All these are "ordinances of flesh," ordinances which relate to the outward state of things only; closely connected with the maintenance of external privileges and relations, but (in themselves) nothing more. "Imposed," comp. Acts 15:10 : "reformation," Hebrews 8:7-12.

Verse 10. - Rendered in A.V.," Which stood only in (μόνον ἐπὶ) meats and drinks and divers washings, and carnal ordinances [καὶ δικαιώμασι σαρκὸς, Textus Receptus], imposed on them (ἐπικείμενα) until the time of reformation." This is a satisfactory rendering of the Textus Receptus, ἐπὶ before "meats," etc., being taken in the sense of dependence, and ἐπικείμενα necessarily as agreeing with "gifts and sacrifices" (δῶρα τε καὶ θυσίαι) in ver. 9. But there are other readings, though none, any more than that of the Textus Receptus, to be decidedly preferred on the mere ground of manuscript authority. The best sense seems to be given by that of δικαιΩ´ματα instead of καὶ δικαιώματι, so that we may render (ἐπὶ being taken in the sense of addition), Being only (with meats and drinks and divers washings) carnal ordinances, imposed until the time of reformation. We thus have an obvious neuter plural (δικαιώματα) for ἐπικείμενα to agree with, and we avoid the assertion that the "gifts and sacrifices" of the Law "stood only" in "meats," etc. This was not so; their essential part was blood-shedding (αἱματεκχύσια ver. 22) the other things here mentioned were but accompaniments and appendages. The "meats and drinks" spoken of may refer mainly to the distinctions between clean and unclean viands, which we know were made such a point of by the Jews of the apostolic ago (cf. Colossians 2:16-23; Romans 14; 1 Corinthians 8; also Mark 7:15). The "diverse washings" (βαπτισμοῖς) may be taken to include both the ablutions of the priests before sacrifice, and those enjoined on the people in many parts of the Law after ceremonial defile-merit, which kind of washings had been further multiplied variously in the traditional law (cf. Mark 7:3, 4, 8). 9:6-10 The apostle goes on to speak of the Old Testament services. Christ, having undertaken to be our High Priest, could not enter into heaven till he had shed his blood for us; and none of us can enter, either into God's gracious presence here, or his glorious presence hereafter, but by the blood of Jesus. Sins are errors, great errors, both in judgment and practice; and who can understand all his errors? They leave guilt upon the conscience, not to be washed away but by the blood of Christ. We must plead this blood on earth, while he is pleading it for us in heaven. A few believers, under the Divine teaching, saw something of the way of access to God, of communion with him, and of admission into heaven through the promised Redeemer, but the Israelites in general looked no further than the outward forms. These could not take away the defilement or dominion of sin. They could neither discharge the debts, nor resolve the doubts, of him who did the service. Gospel times are, and should be, times of reformation, of clearer light as to all things needful to be known, and of greater love, causing us to bear ill-will to none, but good-will to all. We have greater freedom, both of spirit and speech, in the gospel, and greater obligations to a more holy living.
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Alphabetical: a and applying are body ceremonial drink external food for imposed matter new of only order reformation regulations relate since the They time to until various washings

NT Letters: Hebrews 9:10 Being only with meats and drinks (Heb. He. Hb) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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