Titus 2:3
New International Version
Likewise, teach the older women to be reverent in the way they live, not to be slanderers or addicted to much wine, but to teach what is good.

New Living Translation
Similarly, teach the older women to live in a way that honors God. They must not slander others or be heavy drinkers. Instead, they should teach others what is good.

English Standard Version
Older women likewise are to be reverent in behavior, not slanderers or slaves to much wine. They are to teach what is good,

Berean Study Bible
Older women, likewise, are to be reverent in their behavior, not slanderers or addicted to much wine, but teachers of good.

Berean Literal Bible
the aged women likewise reverent in behavior, not slanderers, not being enslaved to much wine, teachers of what is good,

New American Standard Bible
Older women likewise are to be reverent in their behavior, not malicious gossips nor enslaved to much wine, teaching what is good,

King James Bible
The aged women likewise, that they be in behaviour as becometh holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things;

Christian Standard Bible
In the same way, older women are to be reverent in behavior, not slanderers, not slaves to excessive drinking. They are to teach what is good,

Contemporary English Version
Tell the older women to behave as those who love the Lord should. They must not gossip about others or be slaves of wine. They must teach what is proper,

Good News Translation
In the same way instruct the older women to behave as women should who live a holy life. They must not be slanderers or slaves to wine. They must teach what is good,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In the same way, older women are to be reverent in behavior, not slanderers, not addicted to much wine. They are to teach what is good,

International Standard Version
Likewise, older women are to show their reverence for God by their behavior. They are not to be gossips or addicted to alcohol, but to be examples of goodness.

NET Bible
Older women likewise are to exhibit behavior fitting for those who are holy, not slandering, not slaves to excessive drinking, but teaching what is good.

New Heart English Bible
and that older women likewise be reverent in behavior, not slanderers nor enslaved to much wine, teachers of that which is good;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the elder women, in this way also, to be fitting in appearance for the worship of God and not to be slanderers, neither subservient to much wine, and to be teachers of excellence.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Tell older women to live their lives in a way that shows they are dedicated to God. Tell them not to be gossips or addicted to alcohol, but to be examples of virtue.

New American Standard 1977
Older women likewise are to be reverent in their behavior, not malicious gossips, nor enslaved to much wine, teaching what is good,

Jubilee Bible 2000
The aged women likewise, that they be in behaviour as becomes holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of honesty;

King James 2000 Bible
The aged women likewise, that they be in behavior as becomes holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things;

American King James Version
The aged women likewise, that they be in behavior as becomes holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things;

American Standard Version
that aged women likewise be reverent in demeanor, not slanderers nor enslaved to much wine, teachers of that which is good;

Douay-Rheims Bible
The aged women, in like manner, in holy attire, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teaching well:

Darby Bible Translation
that the elder women in like manner be in deportment as becoming those who have to say to sacred things, not slanderers, not enslaved to much wine, teachers of what is right;

English Revised Version
that aged women likewise be reverent in demeanour, not slanderers nor enslaved to much wine, teachers of that which is good;

Webster's Bible Translation
The aged women likewise, that they be in behavior as becometh holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things;

Weymouth New Testament
In the same way exhort aged women to let their conduct be such as becomes consecrated persons. They must not be slanderers nor enslaved to wine-drinking. They must be teachers of what is right.

World English Bible
and that older women likewise be reverent in behavior, not slanderers nor enslaved to much wine, teachers of that which is good;

Young's Literal Translation
aged women, in like manner, in deportment as doth become sacred persons, not false accusers, to much wine not enslaved, of good things teachers,
Study Bible
Teaching Sound Doctrine
2Older men are to be temperate, dignified, self-controlled, and sound in faith, love, and perseverance. 3Older women, likewise, are to be reverent in their behavior, not slanderers or addicted to much wine, but teachers of good. 4In this way they can train the young women to love their husbands and children,…
Cross References
Romans 1:29
They have become filled with every kind of wickedness, evil, greed, and hatred. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, and malice. They are gossips,

1 Timothy 3:8
Deacons likewise must be dignified, not double-tongued or given to much wine or greedy for money.

1 Timothy 3:11
In the same way, the women must be dignified, not slanderers, but temperate and faithful in all things.

Titus 2:4
In this way they can train the young women to love their husbands and children,

Treasury of Scripture

The aged women likewise, that they be in behavior as becomes holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things;

as.

Romans 16:2
That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also.

Ephesians 5:3
But fornication, and all uncleanness, or covetousness, let it not be once named among you, as becometh saints;

1 Timothy 2:9,10
In like manner also, that women adorn themselves in modest apparel, with shamefacedness and sobriety; not with broided hair, or gold, or pearls, or costly array; …

holiness.

1 Timothy 3:8,11
Likewise must the deacons be grave, not doubletongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre; …

not given.

Titus 1:7
For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not selfwilled, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker, not given to filthy lucre;

teachers.

Titus 2:4
That they may teach the young women to be sober, to love their husbands, to love their children,

Hebrews 5:12
For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which be the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat.

Revelation 2:20
Notwithstanding I have a few things against thee, because thou sufferest that woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed unto idols.







Lexicon
Older [women],
πρεσβύτιδας (presbytidas)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 4247: An old woman. Feminine of presbutes; an old woman.

likewise,
ὡσαύτως (hōsautōs)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 5615: In like manner, likewise, just so. From hos and an adverb from autos; as thus, i.e. In the same way.

are to be reverent
ἱεροπρεπεῖς (hieroprepeis)
Adjective - Accusative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 2412: Suitable to a sacred character, reverent. From hieros and the same as prepo; reverent.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

[their] behavior,
καταστήματι (katastēmati)
Noun - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 2688: Behavior, conduct, deportment, demeanor. From kathistemi; properly, a position or condition, i.e. demeanor.

not
μὴ (mē)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3361: Not, lest. A primary particle of qualified negation; not, lest; also (whereas ou expects an affirmative one) whether.

slanderers
διαβόλους (diabolous)
Adjective - Accusative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 1228: From diaballo; a traducer; specially, Satan.

[or]
μηδὲ (mēde)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3366: And not, not even, neither´┐Żnor. From me and de; but not, not even; in a continued negation, nor.

addicted
δεδουλωμένας (dedoulōmenas)
Verb - Perfect Participle Middle or Passive - Accusative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 1402: To enslave. From doulos; to enslave.

to much
πολλῷ (pollō)
Adjective - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4183: Much, many; often.

wine,
οἴνῳ (oinō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3631: Wine. A primary word (yayin); 'wine'.

[but] teachers of good.
καλοδιδασκάλους (kalodidaskalous)
Adjective - Accusative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 2567: A teacher of that which is noble (honorable) and good. From kalos and didaskalos; a teacher of the right.
(3) The aged women likewise.--St. Paul, faithful to what had now become one of the guiding principles of Christianity, the equal position of women in the city of God, fellow-heirs with men in the citizenship of the city which hath foundations, proceeds to remind the elder women of Crete of their own high duties in the company of believers. They now--the women--must remember that the position which Christ and His disciples had claimed for them in the world was not without its grave responsibilities. These aged women of the flock. like the elders just exhorted, had also much to do for Christ.

That they be in behaviour as becometh holiness.--That is, that they should show themselves as it becometh holiness; or, more literally, in demeanour reverend. The Greek word rendered "in behaviour," or "in demeanour," includes dress, appearance, conversation, manner; includes an outward deportment dependent on something more internal. The elder Christian woman in her whole bearing should exhibit a certain dignity of sacred demeanour; there should be something in her general appearance, in her dress, in her speech, in her every-day behaviour, which the younger and more thoughtless sister could respect and reverence--an ideal she might hope one day, if the Master spared her so long, herself to reach. For an admirable gloss on these words, see 1Timothy 2:9-10.

Not false accusers.--Or better, perhaps, not slanderers. St. Paul knew well how easily old age yields itself to this temptation. Old age is at times intolerant, censorious, even bitter, forgetful especially of the days of youth; but Christ's aged saints must use their voice for better things than these.

Not given to much wine.--This warning was probably called for, owing to the evil habits and customs of the Cretans.

Teachers of good things.--Or, teachers of what is good. Beza's rendering, "mistresses of honour" (honestatis magistr?), is singular and expressive. This does not mean that these aged women should occupy the place of public instructresses, but that they should, by here and there speaking a kind warning word, and, better still, by the golden silence of a useful honoured life, teach their younger sisters lessons of truth and faith and love.

Verse 3. - That for the, A.V; be reverent in demeanor for that they be in behavior as becometh holiness, A.V.; slanderers for false accusers, A.V.; nor for not, A.V.; enslaved for given, A.V.; that which is good for good things, A.V. Reverent (ἱεροπρεπεῖς); only here in the New Testament, twice in 4 Maccabees (in 9:25, where the eldest of the seven brothers who suffered martyrdom ruder Antiochus Epiphanes is called ὁἱεροπρεπὴς νεανίας; and in 11:20, where it is coupled with αἰών, "age," or "generation"); it is not uncommon in classical Greek. The word means "becoming a holy person, place, or matter;" otherwise expressed in 1 Timothy 2:10, "which becometh women professing godliness;" and Ephesians 5:3, "as becometh saints." In demeanor (ἐν καταστήματι; Of much wider meaning than καταστολή in 1 Timothy 2:7); here only in the New Testament, once in 3Macc. 5:45, "a state" or "condition," spoken of elephants; and so in classical Greek, applied to a man, to health, to the air, or the body politic. Here mien, demeanor, or deportment, including, as St. Jerome expounds it, the movements of the body, the expression of the countenance, what is said, and what is left unsaid. The whole habit and composition or structure of mind and body is to be ἱερόπρεπες, what becomes a holy woman. Slanderers (διαβόλους); as 1 Timothy 3. (q.v.). Nor enslaved to much wine (comp. 1 Timothy 3:8). Observe the fitness of the phrase "enslaved." The drunkard is thoroughly the slave of his vicious appetite (cutup. Titus 3:3; Romans 6:16; 2 Peter 2:19). Teachers of that which is good (καλοδιδασκάλους); only here in the New Testament, not found in the LXX., or in classical Greek; teachers, by their holy demeanor as well as by their words. For as Ignatius (quoted by Ellicott) says of the Bishop of the Trallians, "His very demeanor (αὐτὸ τὸ κατάστημα) was a great lesson (μοθητεία)." 2:1-8 Old disciples of Christ must behave in every thing agreeably to the Christian doctrine. That the aged men be sober; not thinking that the decays of nature will justify any excess; but seeking comfort from nearer communion with God, not from any undue indulgence. Faith works by, and must be seen in love, of God for himself, and of men for God's sake. Aged persons are apt to be peevish and fretful; therefore need to be on their guard. Though there is not express Scripture for every word, or look, yet there are general rules, according to which all must be ordered. Young women must be sober and discreet; for many expose themselves to fatal temptations by what at first might be only want of discretion. The reason is added, that the word of God may not be blasphemed. Failures in duties greatly reproach Christianity. Young men are apt to be eager and thoughtless, therefore must be earnestly called upon to be sober-minded: there are more young people ruined by pride than by any other sin. Every godly man's endeavour must be to stop the mouths of adversaries. Let thine own conscience answer for thine uprightness. What a glory is it for a Christian, when that mouth which would fain open itself against him, cannot find any evil in him to speak of!
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