Titus 2:10
New International Version
and not to steal from them, but to show that they can be fully trusted, so that in every way they will make the teaching about God our Savior attractive.

New Living Translation
or steal, but must show themselves to be entirely trustworthy and good. Then they will make the teaching about God our Savior attractive in every way.

English Standard Version
not pilfering, but showing all good faith, so that in everything they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior.

Berean Study Bible
not stealing from them, but showing all good faith, so that in every respect they will adorn the teaching about God our Savior.

Berean Literal Bible
not pilfering, but showing all good fidelity, so that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in all things.

New American Standard Bible
not pilfering, but showing all good faith so that they will adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in every respect.

King James Bible
Not purloining, but shewing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.

Christian Standard Bible
or stealing, but demonstrating utter faithfulness, so that they may adorn the teaching of God our Savior in everything.

Contemporary English Version
or steal from them. They must be completely honest and trustworthy. Then everyone will show great respect for what is taught about God our Savior.

Good News Translation
or steal from them. Instead, they must show that they are always good and faithful, so as to bring credit to the teaching about God our Savior in all they do.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
or stealing, but demonstrating utter faithfulness, so that they may adorn the teaching of God our Savior in everything.

International Standard Version
or steal from them. Instead, they are to show complete and perfect loyalty, so that in every way they may make the teaching about God our Savior more attractive.

NET Bible
not pilfering, but showing all good faith, in order to bring credit to the teaching of God our Savior in everything.

New Heart English Bible
not stealing, but showing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God, our Savior, in all things.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Neither let them steal, but in all things let them show their good loyalty, to adorn the doctrine of God Our Lifegiver in all things.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
or steal from them. Instead, tell slaves to show their masters how good and completely loyal they can be. Then they will show the beauty of the teachings about God our Savior in everything they do.

New American Standard 1977
not pilfering, but showing all good faith that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in every respect.

Jubilee Bible 2000
not defrauding, but showing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.

King James 2000 Bible
Not pilfering, but showing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in all things.

American King James Version
Not purloining, but showing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in all things.

American Standard Version
not purloining, but showing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Not defrauding, but in all things shewing good fidelity, that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in all things:

Darby Bible Translation
not robbing [their masters], but shewing all good fidelity, that they may adorn the teaching which [is] of our Saviour God in all things.

English Revised Version
not purloining, but shewing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.

Webster's Bible Translation
Not purloining, but showing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in all things.

Weymouth New Testament
but manifesting perfect fidelity and kind feeling, in order to bring honour to the teaching of our Saviour, God, in all things.

World English Bible
not stealing, but showing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God, our Savior, in all things.

Young's Literal Translation
not purloining, but showing all good stedfastness, that the teaching of God our Saviour they may adorn in all things.
Study Bible
Teaching Sound Doctrine
9Slaves are to submit to their own masters in everything, to be well-pleasing, not argumentative, 10not stealing from them, but showing all good faith, so that in every respect they will adorn the teaching about God our Savior. 11For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all men.…
Cross References
Luke 1:47
and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior!

Luke 1:80
And the child grew and became strong in spirit; and he lived in the wilderness until the time of his public appearance to Israel.

Titus 1:3
In His own time, He has revealed His message in the proclamation entrusted to me by the command of God our Savior.

Titus 3:4
But when the kindness of God our Savior and His love for mankind appeared,

Treasury of Scripture

Not purloining, but showing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in all things.

purloining.

2 Kings 5:20-24
But Gehazi, the servant of Elisha the man of God, said, Behold, my master hath spared Naaman this Syrian, in not receiving at his hands that which he brought: but, as the LORD liveth, I will run after him, and take somewhat of him…

Luke 16:6-8
And he said, An hundred measures of oil. And he said unto him, Take thy bill, and sit down quickly, and write fifty…

John 12:6
This he said, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was a thief, and had the bag, and bare what was put therein.

shewing.

Genesis 31:37,38
Whereas thou hast searched all my stuff, what hast thou found of all thy household stuff? set it here before my brethren and thy brethren, that they may judge betwixt us both…

Genesis 39:8,9
But he refused, and said unto his master's wife, Behold, my master wotteth not what is with me in the house, and he hath committed all that he hath to my hand; …

1 Samuel 22:14
Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who is so faithful among all thy servants as David, which is the king's son in law, and goeth at thy bidding, and is honourable in thine house?

adorn.

Matthew 5:16
Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.

Ephesians 4:1
I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you that ye walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called,

Philippians 1:27
Only let your conversation be as it becometh the gospel of Christ: that whether I come and see you, or else be absent, I may hear of your affairs, that ye stand fast in one spirit, with one mind striving together for the faith of the gospel;

the doctrine.

1 Timothy 5:17
Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honour, especially they who labour in the word and doctrine.

1 Timothy 6:1,3
Let as many servants as are under the yoke count their own masters worthy of all honour, that the name of God and his doctrine be not blasphemed…

2 John 1:9
Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not God. He that abideth in the doctrine of Christ, he hath both the Father and the Son.

God.

Titus 1:3
But hath in due times manifested his word through preaching, which is committed unto me according to the commandment of God our Saviour;

1 Timothy 1:1
Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the commandment of God our Saviour, and Lord Jesus Christ, which is our hope;

Isaiah 12:2
Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the LORD JEHOVAH is my strength and my song; he also is become my salvation.







Lexicon
not
μὴ (mē)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3361: Not, lest. A primary particle of qualified negation; not, lest; also (whereas ou expects an affirmative one) whether.

stealing [from them],
νοσφιζομένους (nosphizomenous)
Verb - Present Participle Middle - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3557: To rob; mid: To set apart for myself, appropriate for my own benefit, purloin.

but
ἀλλὰ (alla)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 235: But, except, however. Neuter plural of allos; properly, other things, i.e. contrariwise.

showing
ἐνδεικνυμένους (endeiknymenous)
Verb - Present Participle Middle - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 1731: To show forth, prove. From en and deiknuo; to indicate.

all
πᾶσαν (pasan)
Adjective - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3956: All, the whole, every kind of. Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.

good
ἀγαθήν (agathēn)
Adjective - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 18: A primary word; 'good'.

faith,
πίστιν (pistin)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4102: Faith, belief, trust, confidence; fidelity, faithfulness.

so that
ἵνα (hina)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2443: In order that, so that. Probably from the same as the former part of heautou; in order that.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

every respect
πᾶσιν (pasin)
Adjective - Dative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3956: All, the whole, every kind of. Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.

they will adorn
κοσμῶσιν (kosmōsin)
Verb - Present Subjunctive Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 2885: To put into order; I decorate, deck, adorn. From kosmos; to put in proper order, i.e. Decorate; specially, to snuff.

the
τὴν (tēn)
Article - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

teaching
διδασκαλίαν (didaskalian)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1319: Instruction, teaching. From didaskalos; instruction.

about
τὴν (tēn)
Article - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

God
Θεοῦ (Theou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2316: A deity, especially the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very.

our
ἡμῶν (hēmōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive 1st Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1473: I, the first-person pronoun. A primary pronoun of the first person I.

Savior.
Σωτῆρος (Sōtēros)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4990: A savior, deliverer, preserver. From sozo; a deliverer, i.e. God or Christ.
(10) Not purloining, but shewing all good fidelity.--It must be remembered that many of the slaves in the Roman empire were employed in other duties besides those connected with the house or on the farm. Some were entrusted with shops, and these being left often quite to themselves, of course great opportunities for dishonesty and fraud were constantly present. Others received an elaborate training, and as artists, or even physicians, worked in part for their masters. A slave in the days of St. Paul had a hundred ways of showing to his owner this true and genuine fidelity, opposed to mere assumed surface obedience and service.

That they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.--A slave cheerfully accepting his hard yoke, and striving with hand and brain to please and advance the interest of his earthly master only for the dear love of Christ, must have been in those days of cynical self-love a silent, yet a most powerful preacher of a gospel which could so mould and elevate a character so degraded. Calvin remarks that it is indeed noteworthy how God deigns to receive an adornment from slaves, whose condition was so mean and abject that scarcely were they considered to rank among men at all; "they were ranked as 'possessions.' just like cattle or horses." Professor Reynolds very happily remarks here: "This teaching of St. Paul is in harmony with the words of the Lord Jesus--out of the mouths of babes and sucklings hast thou perfected praise. God gets His highest praise from the lips of little children, His robes of glory from the faithfulness, honour, and simplicity of born slaves."

Verse 10. - Purloining (νοσφιζομένους); literally, separating for their own use what does not belong to them. So Acts 5:2, 3, "to keep back part." It is used in the same sense by the LXX. Joshua 7:1 of Achan, and 2 Macc. 4:32 of Menelaus, and occasionally in classical Greek (Xenophon, Polybius, etc.). Showing (ἐνδεικνυμένους). It occurs eleven times in the New Testament, viz. twice in Hebrews, and nine times in St. Paul's acknowledged Epistles. All good fidelity. All fidelity means fidelity in everything where fidelity is required in a faithful servant - care of his master's property, conscientious labor, keeping of time, acting behind his master's back the same as before his face. The singular addition ἀγαθήν, coming after ἐνδεικνυμένους, must mean, as Bengel says, "in all good things." The duty of fidelity does not extend to crime or wrong-doing. The word "good" is like the addition in the oath of canonical obedience, "in all honest things," and is a necessary limitation to the preceding "all" (see Titus 3:1, and note). The doctrine (τὴν διδασκαλίον) as in ver. 1 (where see note). In Titus 1:9 (where see note) ἡ διδαχή is used in the same way. This use of διδασκαλία is confirmed by the reading of the R.T., which inserts a second τήν before τοῦ σωτῆρος. Adorn the doctrine. The sentiment is the same as that in 1 Peter 2:12; 1 Peter 4:11. Christians are exhorted to give glory to God, and support and honor to the gospel of God's grace, by their good works and holy lives. God our Savior (see 1 Timothy 1:1; 1 Timothy 2:3; 1 Timothy 4:10; and above, Titus 1:3, note). In all things (ἐν πᾶσιν); as 1 Peter 4:11. 2:9,10 Servants must know and do their duty to their earthly masters, with a reference to their heavenly one. In serving an earthly master according to Christ's will, He is served; such shall be rewarded by him. Not giving disrespectful or provoking language; but to take a check or reproof with silence, not making confident or bold replies. When conscious of a fault, to excuse or justify it, doubles it. Never putting to their own use that which is their master's, nor wasting the goods they are trusted with. Showing all good fidelity to improve a master's goods, and promote his thriving. If ye have not been faithful in that which is another man's, who shall give you that which is your own? Lu 16:12. True religion is an honour to the professors of it; and they should adorn it in all things.
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