Leviticus 11:2
New International Version
"Say to the Israelites: 'Of all the animals that live on land, these are the ones you may eat:

New Living Translation
"Give the following instructions to the people of Israel. "Of all the land animals, these are the ones you may use for food.

English Standard Version
“Speak to the people of Israel, saying, These are the living things that you may eat among all the animals that are on the earth.

Berean Study Bible
“Say to the Israelites, ‘Of all the beasts of the earth, you may eat

New American Standard Bible
"Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'These are the creatures which you may eat from all the animals that are on the earth.

King James Bible
Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, These are the beasts which ye shall eat among all the beasts that are on the earth.

Christian Standard Bible
"Tell the Israelites: You may eat all these kinds of land animals.

Contemporary English Version
to say to the community of Israel: You may eat

Good News Translation
for the people of Israel. You may eat any land animal

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Tell the Israelites: You may eat all these kinds of land animals.

International Standard Version
"Tell the Israelis that these are the living creatures that you may eat among the animals of the earth:

NET Bible
"Tell the Israelites: 'This is the kind of creature you may eat from among all the animals that are on the land.

New Heart English Bible
"Speak to the children of Israel, saying, 'These are the living things which you may eat among all the animals that are on the earth.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Tell the Israelites: Here are the kinds of land animals you may eat:

JPS Tanakh 1917
Speak unto the children of Israel, saying: These are the living things which ye may eat among all the beasts that are on the earth.

New American Standard 1977
“Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘These are the creatures which you may eat from all the animals that are on the earth.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Speak unto the sons of Israel, saying, These are the animals which ye shall eat among all the animals that are on the earth.

King James 2000 Bible
Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, These are the animals which you shall eat among all the animals that are on the earth.

American King James Version
Speak to the children of Israel, saying, These are the beasts which you shall eat among all the beasts that are on the earth.

American Standard Version
Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, These are the living things which ye may eat among all the beasts that are on the earth.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Speak ye to the sons of Israel, saying, These are the beasts which ye shall eat of all beasts that are upon the earth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Say to the children of Israel: These are the animals which you are to eat of all the living things of the earth.

Darby Bible Translation
Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, These are the animals which ye shall eat of all the beasts which are on the earth.

English Revised Version
Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, These are the living things which ye shall eat among all the beasts that are on the earth.

Webster's Bible Translation
Speak to the children of Israel, saying, These are the beasts which ye may eat among all the beasts that are on the earth.

World English Bible
"Speak to the children of Israel, saying, 'These are the living things which you may eat among all the animals that are on the earth.

Young's Literal Translation
Speak unto the sons of Israel, saying, This is the beast which ye do eat out of all the beasts which are on the earth:
Study Bible
Clean and Unclean Animals
1The LORD spoke again to Moses and Aaron, saying, 2“Say to the Israelites, ‘Of all the beasts of the earth, you may eat 3any animal with split hooves and that chews the cud.…
Cross References
Hebrews 9:10
They consist only in food and drink and special washings--external regulations imposed until the time of reform.

Leviticus 11:1
The LORD spoke again to Moses and Aaron, saying,

Leviticus 11:3
any animal with split hooves and that chews the cud.

Deuteronomy 14:3
You must not eat any detestable thing.

Deuteronomy 14:4
These are the animals that you may eat: The ox, the sheep, the goat,

Treasury of Scripture

Speak to the children of Israel, saying, These are the beasts which you shall eat among all the beasts that are on the earth.

Deuteronomy 14:3-8
Thou shalt not eat any abominable thing…

Ezekiel 4:14
Then said I, Ah Lord GOD! behold, my soul hath not been polluted: for from my youth up even till now have I not eaten of that which dieth of itself, or is torn in pieces; neither came there abominable flesh into my mouth.

Daniel 1:8
But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king's meat, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself.







Lexicon
“Say
דַּבְּר֛וּ (dab·bə·rū)
Verb - Piel - Imperative - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1696: To arrange, to speak, to subdue

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

the Israelites,
בְּנֵ֥י (bə·nê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

‘Of all
מִכָּל־ (mik·kāl)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the beasts
הַבְּהֵמָ֖ה (hab·bə·hê·māh)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 929: A dumb beast, any large quadruped, animal

of
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the earth,
הָאָֽרֶץ׃ (hā·’ā·reṣ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

you may eat
תֹּאכְל֔וּ (tō·ḵə·lū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 398: To eat
(2) These are the beasts which ye shall eat among all . . . --Better, These are the animals which ye may eat of all . . . . The dietary laws, which stand first in the general precepts about clean and unclean things, begin with the quadrupeds, or land animals, both domesticated and wild. This is in accordance with the Hebrew division of the animal kingdom into four principal classes :--(1) the land animals, (2) the water animals, (3) the birds of the air, and (4) the swarming animals. ? Though not specified here by name, yet the parallel regulations in Deuteronomy 14:4-5 enumerate the following ten animals :--the ox, the sheep, the goat, the hart, the roebuck, the fallow deer, the wild goat, the pygang, the wild ox, and the chamois, with their various kindred species, which are not mentioned. From the expression, "These are the animals," the opinion obtained during the second Temple that God actually caused specimens of every animal to pass before Moses and Aaron, in order to show them the veritable creatures which are clean and unclean, just as the Lord caused every species to come to Noah into the ark.

Verse 2. - These are the beasts that ye shall eat. In order that the Israelites might know how to avoid the uncleanness arising from the consumption of unclean flesh, plain rules are given them by which they may distinguish what flesh is clean and what is unclean. The first rule is that anything that dies of itself is unclean, whether it be beast, bird, or fish. The reasons of this are plain: for

(1) the flesh still retains the blood, which no Israelite might eat; and

(2) there is something loathsome in the idea of eating such flesh. Next, as to beasts, a class is marked off as edible by two plainly discernible characteristics, and instances are given to show that where there is any doubt owing to the animals possessing one of the characteristic marks only, the rule is to be construed strictly. As to fish and insects, equally plain rules, one in each case, are laid down; but as birds are not readily distinguished into large classes, the names of those that are unclean are given one by one, the remainder being all of them permissible. Thus the simple Israelite would run no risk of incurring uncleanness by inadvertently eating unclean food, whether of beast, bird, fish, or insect. The object of the regulations being to exclude all meats naturally offensive to the human taste, all carnivorous quadrupeds are shut out by the rule of chewing the cud (verse 3), with the same purpose, birds of prey and birds that eat offal are prohibited (verses 13-19), and scaleless fish on account of their repulsive appearance (verses 9-12), as well as beetles, maggots, and vermin of all sorts. In the case of beasts and fish, the rules laid down to mark off those things that are offensive, being general in their application, are such as to include in the forbidden class some few which do not appear naturally loathsome. This is owing partly to the difficulty of classification, partly to a change of feeling which experience has wrought in the sentiments of mankind with regard to such edibles as swine's flesh and shell-fish. 11:1-47 What animals were clean and unclean. - These laws seem to have been intended, 1. As a test of the people's obedience, as Adam was forbidden to eat of the tree of knowledge; and to teach them self-denial, and the government of their appetites. 2. To keep the Israelites distinct from other nations. Many also of these forbidden animals were objects of superstition and idolatry to the heathen. 3. The people were taught to make distinctions between the holy and unholy in their companions and intimate connexions. 4. The law forbad, not only the eating of the unclean beasts, but the touching of them. Those who would be kept from any sin, must be careful to avoid all temptations to it, or coming near it. The exceptions are very minute, and all were designed to call forth constant care and exactness in their obedience; and to teach us to obey. Whilst we enjoy our Christian liberty, and are free from such burdensome observances, we must be careful not to abuse our liberty. For the Lord hath redeemed and called his people, that they may be holy, even as he is holy. We must come out, and be separate from the world; we must leave the company of the ungodly, and all needless connexions with those who are dead in sin; we must be zealous of good works devoted followers of God, and companions of his people.
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Alphabetical: all animals are creatures earth eat from Israel Israelites land live may Of on ones Say saying sons Speak that the these to which you

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