Hebrews 9:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
but deal only with food and drink and various washings, regulations for the body imposed until the time of reformation.

King James Bible
Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.

American Standard Version
being only (with meats and drinks and divers washings) carnal ordinances, imposed until a time of reformation.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And divers washings, and justices of the flesh laid on them until the time of correction.

English Revised Version
being only (with meats and drinks and divers washings) carnal ordinances, imposed until a time of reformation.

Webster's Bible Translation
Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.

Weymouth New Testament
For their efficacy depends only on meats and drinks and various washings, ceremonies pertaining to the body and imposed until a time of reformation.

Hebrews 9:10 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

The impotence of the gifts and sacrifices lay in the fact that they were only symbolic ordinances.

Which stood in (ἐπὶ)

The passage should be read thus: "according to which are offered gifts and sacrifices which cannot perfect the worshipper as touching the conscience, being mere ordinances of the flesh on the ground of (ἐπὶ resting upon) meats," etc.

Meats and drinks and divers washings (βρώμασιν καὶ πόμασιν καὶ διαφόροις βαπτισμοῖς)

Βρώμασιν, clean and unclean meats. πόμασιν drinks, concerning which the Levitical law laid down no prescriptions except as to abstinence in the case of a Nazarite vow, and of the priests when they were about to officiate. See Numbers 6:3; Leviticus 10:9. For βαπτισμοῖς washings see on Hebrews 6:2.

And carnal ordinances (δικαιώματα σαρκὸς)

Omit and. The phrase is a general description of meats, etc. Lit. ordinances of the flesh.

Imposed (ἐπικείμενα)

Some interpreters find in this the suggestion of a burden, which these ceremonial observances assuredly were. Comp. Acts 15:10. This, however, is not probable.

Until the time of reformation (μέχρι καιροῦ διορθώσεως)

Διόρθωσις N.T.o , olxx, occasionally in Class. Διόρθωμα correction, amendment, Acts 24:2. Διόρθωσις lit. making straight: used by medical writers of straightening a distorted limb. The verb διορθοῦν (not in N.T.) in lxx of mending one's ways, Jeremiah 7:3, Jeremiah 7:5; Wisd. 9:18. Of setting up or establishing, Isaiah 16:5; Isaiah 42:7. "The time of reformation" is the Christian age, when God made with his people a better covenant. It was inaugurated by the death of Christ. See on Hebrews 1:2. The gifts and offerings were only provisional, to tide the people over to the better time.

Hebrews 9:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

in meats.

Hebrews 13:9 Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For it is a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats...

Leviticus 11:2 Speak to the children of Israel, saying, These are the beasts which you shall eat among all the beasts that are on the earth.

*etc:

Deuteronomy 14:3-21 You shall not eat any abominable thing...

Ezekiel 4:14 Then said I, Ah Lord GOD! behold, my soul has not been polluted...

Acts 10:13-15 And there came a voice to him, Rise, Peter; kill, and eat...

Colossians 2:16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holy day, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days:

divers.

Hebrews 6:2 Of the doctrine of baptisms, and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment.

*Gr:

Hebrews 10:22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience...

Exodus 29:4 And Aaron and his sons you shall bring to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and shall wash them with water.

Exodus 30:19-21 For Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet thereat...

Exodus 40:12 And you shall bring Aaron and his sons to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and wash them with water.

Leviticus 14:8,9 And he that is to be cleansed shall wash his clothes, and shave off all his hair, and wash himself in water, that he may be clean...

Leviticus 16:4,24 He shall put on the holy linen coat, and he shall have the linen breeches on his flesh, and shall be girded with a linen girdle...

Leviticus 17:15,16 And every soul that eats that which died of itself, or that which was torn with beasts, whether it be one of your own country...

Leviticus 22:6 The soul which has touched any such shall be unclean until even, and shall not eat of the holy things...

Numbers 19:7-21 Then the priest shall wash his clothes, and he shall bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he shall come into the camp...

Deuteronomy 21:6 And all the elders of that city, that are next to the slain man, shall wash their hands over the heifer that is beheaded in the valley:

Deuteronomy 23:11 But it shall be, when evening comes on, he shall wash himself with water: and when the sun is down, he shall come into the camp again.

carnal.

Hebrews 9:1 Then truly the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary.

Hebrews 7:16 Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life.

Galatians 4:3,9 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world...

Ephesians 2:15 Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances...

Colossians 2:20-22 Why if you be dead with Christ from the rudiments of the world, why, as though living in the world, are you subject to ordinances...

ordinances. or, rites, or, ceremonies. until.

Hebrews 2:5 For to the angels has he not put in subjection the world to come, whereof we speak.

Hebrews 6:5 And have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come,

Galatians 4:4 But when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,

Ephesians 1:10 That in the dispensation of the fullness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven...

Cross References
Leviticus 11:2
"Speak to the people of Israel, saying, These are the living things that you may eat among all the animals that are on the earth.

Leviticus 11:25
and whoever carries any part of their carcass shall wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening.

Numbers 6:3
he shall separate himself from wine and strong drink. He shall drink no vinegar made from wine or strong drink and shall not drink any juice of grapes or eat grapes, fresh or dried.

Numbers 19:13
Whoever touches a dead person, the body of anyone who has died, and does not cleanse himself, defiles the tabernacle of the LORD, and that person shall be cut off from Israel; because the water for impurity was not thrown on him, he shall be unclean. His uncleanness is still on him.

Mark 7:4
and when they come from the marketplace, they do not eat unless they wash. And there are many other traditions that they observe, such as the washing of cups and pots and copper vessels and dining couches.)

Colossians 2:16
Therefore let no one pass judgment on you in questions of food and drink, or with regard to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath.

Hebrews 7:12
For when there is a change in the priesthood, there is necessarily a change in the law as well.

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