Ephesians 1:22
New International Version
And God placed all things under his feet and appointed him to be head over everything for the church,

New Living Translation
God has put all things under the authority of Christ and has made him head over all things for the benefit of the church.

English Standard Version
And he put all things under his feet and gave him as head over all things to the church,

Berean Study Bible
And God put everything under His feet and made Him head over everything for the church,

Berean Literal Bible
And He put all things under His feet and gave Him to be head over all things to the church,

New American Standard Bible
And He put all things in subjection under His feet, and gave Him as head over all things to the church,

King James Bible
And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,

Christian Standard Bible
And he subjected everything under his feet and appointed him as head over everything for the church,

Contemporary English Version
God has put all things under the power of Christ, and for the good of the church he has made him the head of everything.

Good News Translation
God put all things under Christ's feet and gave him to the church as supreme Lord over all things.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And He put everything under His feet and appointed Him as head over everything for the church,

International Standard Version
God has put everything under the Messiah's feet and has made him the head of everything for the good of the church,

NET Bible
And God put all things under Christ's feet, and he gave him to the church as head over all things.

New Heart English Bible
He put all things under his feet, and gave him to be head over all things for the church,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he has put everything into subjection under his feet, and he has given him who is higher than all as The Head of the church,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
God has put everything under the control of Christ. He has made Christ the head of everything for the good of the church.

New American Standard 1977
And He put all things in subjection under His feet, and gave Him as head over all things to the church,

Jubilee Bible 2000
And has put all things under his feet and gave him to be the head over all things to the congregation {Gr. ekklesia – called out ones},

King James 2000 Bible
And has put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,

American King James Version
And has put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,

American Standard Version
and he put all things in subjection under his feet, and gave him to be head over all things to the church,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he hath subjected all things under his feet, and hath made him head over all the church,

Darby Bible Translation
and has put all things under his feet, and gave him [to be] head over all things to the assembly,

English Revised Version
and he put all things in subjection under his feet, and gave him to be head over all things to the church,

Webster's Bible Translation
And put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,

Weymouth New Testament
God has put all things under His feet, and has appointed Him universal and supreme Head of the Church, which is His Body,

World English Bible
He put all things in subjection under his feet, and gave him to be head over all things for the assembly,

Young's Literal Translation
and all things He did put under his feet, and did give him -- head over all things to the assembly,
Study Bible
Spiritual Wisdom
21far above all rule and authority, power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age, but also in the one to come. 22And God put everything under His feet and made Him head over everything for the church, 23which is His body, the fullness of Him who fills all in all.…
Cross References
Psalm 8:6
You made him ruler of the works of Your hands; You have placed everything under his feet:

Psalm 110:1
The LORD said to my Lord: "Sit at My right hand until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet."

1 Corinthians 11:3
But I want you to understand that the head of every man is Christ, and the head of the woman is man, and the head of Christ is God.

1 Corinthians 15:27
For "God has put everything under His feet." Now when it says that everything has been put under Him, this clearly does not include the One who put everything under Him.

Ephesians 4:15
Instead, speaking the truth in love, we will in all things grow up into Christ Himself, who is the head.

Ephesians 5:23
For the husband is head of the wife, just as Christ is the head of the church, His body, of which He is the Savior.

Colossians 1:18
And He is the head of the body, the church; He is the beginning and firstborn from among the dead, so that in all things He may have preeminence.

Colossians 2:19
and he loses connection to the head, from whom the whole body, supported and knit together by its joints and ligaments, grows as God causes it to grow.

Treasury of Scripture

And has put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,

put.

Genesis 3:15
And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

Psalm 8:6-8
Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet: …

Psalm 91:13
Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder: the young lion and the dragon shalt thou trample under feet.

gave.

Ephesians 4:15,16
But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even Christ: …

1 Corinthians 11:3
But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God.

Colossians 1:8
Who also declared unto us your love in the Spirit.

to the.

Ephesians 3:21
Unto him be glory in the church by Christ Jesus throughout all ages, world without end. Amen.

Matthew 16:18
And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.

Acts 20:28
Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.







Lexicon
And
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

[God] put
ὑπέταξεν (hypetaxen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 5293: From hupo and tasso; to subordinate; reflexively, to obey.

everything
πάντα (panta)
Adjective - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3956: All, the whole, every kind of. Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.

under
ὑπὸ (hypo)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 5259: A primary preposition; under, i.e. of place, or with verbs; of place (underneath) or where (below) or time (when).

His
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

feet
πόδας (podas)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 4228: The foot. A primary word; a 'foot'.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

made
ἔδωκεν (edōken)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1325: To offer, give; I put, place. A prolonged form of a primary verb; to give.

Him
αὐτὸν (auton)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

head
κεφαλὴν (kephalēn)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2776: From the primary kapto; the head, literally or figuratively.

over
ὑπὲρ (hyper)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 5228: Gen: in behalf of; acc: above.

everything
πάντα (panta)
Adjective - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3956: All, the whole, every kind of. Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.

for the
τῇ (tē)
Article - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

church,
ἐκκλησίᾳ (ekklēsia)
Noun - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1577: From a compound of ek and a derivative of kaleo; a calling out, i.e. a popular meeting, especially a religious congregation.
(22) And hath put all things under his feet.--See 1Corinthians 15:25-28, where St. Paul deals with the quotation from Psalm 8:6, in application to our Lord's Mediatorial kingdom. In this passage these words fill up the picture of our Lord's transcendent dignity, by the declaration of the actual subjugation of all the powers of sin and death, rising up against Him, in the spiritual war which is to go on till the appointed end. They therefore form a natural link between the description of His lordship over all created being, and of His headship over the Church, militant on earth, as well as triumphant in heaven.

And gave him to be the head over all things to the church, which is his body.--This is the first time that this celebrated phrase is used, describing Christ as the Head, and viewing the Church as a whole as His body. It is characteristic that in 1Corinthians 11:3, Christ is called "the Head of each man," as "the man of the woman;" whereas in this Epistle Christ is the Head of the whole Church, on occasion of the same comparison (see Ephesians 5:23). The consideration of all Christians as the "body of Christ" is indeed found in Romans 12:4; 1Corinthians 12:12-27 : but it is notable that in these passages the leading idea is, first, of the individuality of each member, and then, secondarily, of their union in one body; and in 1Corinthians 12:21, "the head and the foot," just as much as "the eye and the hand," are simply looked upon as members. (Comp. also 1Corinthians 6:15; 1Corinthians 10:17.) Here, in accordance with the great doctrine of this Epistle--the unity of the whole of humanity and of the whole Church, ideally co-extensive with that humanity, with Christ--the metaphor is changed. The body is looked upon as a whole, Christ as its Head. The idea is wrought out again and again (see Ephesians 4:15-16; Ephesians 5:28; Colossians 1:18; Colossians 2:19) in these Epistles of the Captivity. It is from these that it has become a household word in all Christian theology. With some variation it is expressed also in other metaphors--the building and the corner-stone, the bride and the bridegroom. But under the title of the "Head" Christ is looked upon especially in His ruling, guiding, originating power over the Church. Probably the idea of His being the seat of its life, though not excluded, is secondary; whereas in His own figure of the vine and the branches (John 16:6) it is primary.

Verse 22. - And put all things under his feet; a strong, figurative expression, denoting high sovereignty. It does not refer merely to defeated and arrested enemies, but to the whole of creation and the fullness thereof. They are as thoroughly under Christ and at his disposal as if they were literally under his feet. As a military commander, proceeding even through his own country, has power to requisition everything needful for his army, and deal with all property as may be required for military purposes, so Christ has the whole creation at his disposal, animate and inanimate, hostile and friendly. And gave him to be Head over all things to the Church. The exaltation of Christ is not merely an honor conferred on himself, but has also a definite practical purpose; it is for the benefit of the Church. God gave him to the Church as Head over all things. The gift of Christ to the Church is the gift of One who has sovereign authority over all things. The official subordination of Christ to the Father is recognized throughout this remarkable passage. So in Philippians, though he was "in the form of God, and thought it not robbery to be equal with God, he made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men." It is this Jesus, in the form of a servant and in the likeness of men, that is now Head over all things, and as such given by the Father to the Church. With such a Head, what need the Church fear, and what can she want? 1:15-23 God has laid up spiritual blessings for us in his Son the Lord Jesus; but requires us to draw them out and fetch them in by prayer. Even the best Christians need to be prayed for: and while we hear of the welfare of Christian friends, we should pray for them. Even true believers greatly want heavenly wisdom. Are not the best of us unwilling to come under God's yoke, though there is no other way to find rest for the soul? Do we not for a little pleasure often part with our peace? And if we dispute less, and prayed more with and for each other, we should daily see more and more what is the hope of our calling, and the riches of the Divine glory in this inheritance. It is desirable to feel the mighty power of Divine grace, beginning and carrying on the work of faith in our souls. But it is difficult to bring a soul to believe fully in Christ, and to venture its all, and the hope of eternal life, upon his righteousness. Nothing less than Almighty power will work this in us. Here is signified that it is Christ the Saviour, who supplies all the necessities of those who trust in him, and gives them all blessings in the richest abundance. And by being partakers of Christ himself, we come to be filled with the fulness of grace and glory in him. How then do those forget themselves who seek for righteousness out of him! This teaches us to come to Christ. And did we know what we are called to, and what we might find in him, surely we should come and be suitors to him. When feeling our weakness and the power of our enemies, we most perceive the greatness of that mighty power which effects the conversion of the believer, and is engaged to perfect his salvation. Surely this will constrain us by love to live to our Redeemer's glory.
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NT Letters: Ephesians 1:22 He put all things in subjection under (Ephes. Eph. Ep) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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