Romans 5:13
New International Version
To be sure, sin was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not charged against anyone's account where there is no law.

New Living Translation
Yes, people sinned even before the law was given. But it was not counted as sin because there was not yet any law to break.

English Standard Version
for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there is no law.

Berean Study Bible
For sin was in the world before the law was given; but sin is not taken into account when there is no law.

Berean Literal Bible
For until the Law, sin was in the world; but sin is not imputed, there being no law.

New American Standard Bible
for until the Law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

New King James Version
(For until the law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

King James Bible
(For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

Christian Standard Bible
In fact, sin was in the world before the law, but sin is not charged to a person's account when there is no law.

Contemporary English Version
Sin was in the world before the Law came. But no record of sin was kept, because there was no Law.

Good News Translation
There was sin in the world before the Law was given; but where there is no law, no account is kept of sins.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In fact, sin was in the world before the law, but sin is not charged to a person's account when there is no law.

International Standard Version
Certainly sin was in the world before the Law was given, but no record of sin is kept when there is no Law.

NET Bible
for before the law was given, sin was in the world, but there is no accounting for sin when there is no law.

New Heart English Bible
For until the law, sin was in the world; but sin is not charged when there is no law.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For until The Written Law, sin was in the universe, but it was not accounted as sin, because there was no written law.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Sin was in the world before there were any laws. But no record of sin can be kept when there are no laws.

New American Standard 1977
for until the Law sin was in the world; but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For until the law, sin was in the world; but the sin was not imputed, there being no law.

King James 2000 Bible
(For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

American King James Version
(For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

American Standard Version
for until the law sin was in the world; but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For until the law sin was in the world; but sin was not imputed, when the law was not.

Darby Bible Translation
(for until law sin was in [the] world; but sin is not put to account when there is no law;

English Revised Version
for until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

Webster's Bible Translation
For until the law, sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

Weymouth New Testament
For prior to the Law sin was already in the world; only it is not entered in the account against us when no Law exists.

World English Bible
For until the law, sin was in the world; but sin is not charged when there is no law.

Young's Literal Translation
for till law sin was in the world: and sin is not reckoned when there is not law;
Study Bible
Death in Adam, Life in Christ
12Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, so also death was passed on to all men, because all sinned. 13For sin was in the world before the Law was given; but sin is not taken into account when there is no law. 14Nevertheless, death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who did not sin in the way that Adam transgressed. He is a pattern of the One to come.…
Cross References
Romans 3:20
Therefore no one will be justified in His sight by works of the Law. For the Law merely brings awareness of sin.

Romans 4:15
because the Law brings wrath. And where there is no law, there is no transgression.

Treasury of Scripture

(For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

until.

Genesis 4:7-11
If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him…

Genesis 6:5,6,11
And GOD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually…

Genesis 8:21
And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done.

but sin.

Romans 4:15
Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression.

1 Corinthians 15:56
The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law.

1 John 3:4,14
Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law…







Lexicon
For
γὰρ (gar)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1063: For. A primary particle; properly, assigning a reason.

sin
ἁμαρτία (hamartia)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 266: From hamartano; a sin.

was
ἦν (ēn)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

[the] world
κόσμῳ (kosmō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2889: Probably from the base of komizo; orderly arrangement, i.e. Decoration; by implication, the world (morally).

before
ἄχρι (achri)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 891: As far as, up to, until, during. Or achris akh'-rece; akin to akron; until or up to.

[the] Law [was given];
νόμου (nomou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3551: From a primary nemo; law, genitive case, specially, (including the volume); also of the Gospel), or figuratively.

but
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

sin
ἁμαρτία (hamartia)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 266: From hamartano; a sin.

is not taken into account
ἐλλογεῖται (ellogeitai)
Verb - Present Indicative Middle or Passive - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1677: To charge to, put to one's account, impute. From en and logos; to reckon in, i.e. Attribute.

when there is
ὄντος (ontos)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

no
μὴ (mē)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3361: Not, lest. A primary particle of qualified negation; not, lest; also (whereas ou expects an affirmative one) whether.

law.
νόμου (nomou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3551: From a primary nemo; law, genitive case, specially, (including the volume); also of the Gospel), or figuratively.
(13) So much we can see; so much is simple matter of history, that sin was in the world from Adam downwards. But here comes the difficulty. Sin there was, but why guilt? And why death, the punishment of guilt? The pre-Mosaic man sinned indeed, but could not rightly be condemned for his sin until there was a law to tell him plainly the distinction between right and wrong.

It will be observed that the law of nature (Romans 1:19-20; Romans 2:14-15) is here left out of consideration. In the places mentioned, St. Paul speaks of the law of nature only as applicable to his contemporaries or to comparatively recent times. He does not throw back its operation into the primitive ages of the world; neither does he pronounce upon the degree of responsibility which men, as moral agents, then incurred. This would fall in with the doctrine that the consciousness of right and wrong was gradually formed. It is not, indeed, to be said that St. Paul exactly anticipated the teachings of the inductive school of moralists, but there is much in their system, or at any rate in the results to which they seem to be coming, that appears to fall into easy and harmonious relations with the teaching of the Apostle.

Verses 13, 14. - For until Law (i.e. all through the time previous to the revelation of law) sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law. Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression. Though νόμος, where it first occurs in ver. 13, refers definitely, as appears from the context, to the Law of Moses, yet it is without the article, as denoting the principle of law, of which the Mosaic code was the embodiment; and it has therefore, in accordance with the rule laid down in this translation, been rendered as above. The purport of these two verses, connected by γὰρ with πάντες η{μαρτον of ver. 12, is to prove that the primeval sin did really infect and implicate the whole race of mankind. It might be supposed that those only would be implicated who had themselves transgressed, as Adam did, a known command; it being an acknowledged principle of Divine justice that only sin against law of which the sinner is conscious is imputed to him for con-detonation (cf. Romans 4:15; also John 9:41). Nay. but the universal dominion of death, the doom of sin, over all alike, whether or not they had themselves so sinned, was proof that sin was all along dominant in the world, infecting all. The Mosaic Law is spoken of as the distinct revelation of Divine Law to man; and therefore attention is first drawn to the fact that before that revelation, no less than after it, death had reigned over all. But is it thus implied that until the Law from Mount Sinai men had been without any kind of law, for transgressing which they were responsible? Not so. That Law is indeed regarded as the first definite enunciation of law under evident Divine sanction, after which, to those that were under it, sin became indubitably and exceeding sinful; but that men are conceived as having sinned previously against law of some kind, appears from the phrase, "Even over those (καὶ ἐπὶ τοὺς) who had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression," i.e. consciously against a known command. This surely implies that some had so sinned; and thus the essential point of the argument is that even over those who had not so sinned (such as the unenlightened and invincibly ignorant, or persons dying in infancy) death had equally reigned. Who is the figure of him that was to come. This is added so as to bring round the thought to the main subject of the chapter, viz. the reconciliation of all mankind through Christ, to which the scriptural account of the condemnation of all mankind through Adam had, at ver. 12, been adduced as analogous. Who refers to Adam, who has just been for the first time named; he that was to come is Christ, who is called, in 1 Corinthians 15:45, "the last Adam." Adam was a type (τύπος) of Christ in that both represented entire humanity; one as the representative and author of fallen, the other of restored, humanity - the transgression of the one and the obedience of the other alike affecting all (see vers 18, 19). But there is a difference between the two cases; and this is pointed out in vers. 15, 16, 17, which follow. 5:12-14 The design of what follows is plain. It is to exalt our views respecting the blessings Christ has procured for us, by comparing them with the evil which followed upon the fall of our first father; and by showing that these blessings not only extend to the removal of these evils, but far beyond. Adam sinning, his nature became guilty and corrupted, and so came to his children. Thus in him all have sinned. And death is by sin; for death is the wages of sin. Then entered all that misery which is the due desert of sin; temporal, spiritual, eternal death. If Adam had not sinned, he had not died; but a sentence of death was passed, as upon a criminal; it passed through all men, as an infectious disease that none escape. In proof of our union with Adam, and our part in his first transgression, observe, that sin prevailed in the world, for many ages before the giving of the law by Moses. And death reigned in that long time, not only over adults who wilfully sinned, but also over multitudes of infants, which shows that they had fallen in Adam under condemnation, and that the sin of Adam extended to all his posterity. He was a figure or type of Him that was to come as Surety of a new covenant, for all who are related to Him.
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