Romans 11:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
If the dough offered as firstfruits is holy, so is the whole lump, and if the root is holy, so are the branches.

King James Bible
For if the firstfruit be holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root be holy, so are the branches.

American Standard Version
And if the firstfruit is holy, so is the lump: and if the root is holy, so are the branches.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For if the firstfruit be holy, so is the lump also: and if the root be holy, so are the branches.

English Revised Version
And if the firstfruit is holy, so is the lump: and if the root is holy, so are the branches.

Webster's Bible Translation
For if the first fruit is holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root is holy, so are the branches.

Weymouth New Testament
Now if the firstfruits of the dough are holy, so also is the whole mass; and if the root of a tree is holy, so also are the branches.

Romans 11:16 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

For (δὲ)

Better but, or now. A new paragraph begins.

The first-fruit - holy

See on James 1:18, see on Acts 26:10. Referring to the patriarchs.

Lump

See on Romans 9:21. The whole body of the people. The apparent confusion of metaphor, first-fruit, lump, is resolved by the fact that first-fruit does not apply exclusively to harvest, but is the general term for the first portion of every thing which was offered to God. The reference here is to Numbers 15:18-21; according to which the Israelites were to set apart a portion of the dough of each baking of bread for a cake for the priests. This was called ἀπαρχή, first-fruits.

Root - branches

The same thought under another figure. The second figure is more comprehensive, since it admits an application to the conversion of the Gentiles. The thought of both figures centres in holy. Both the first-fruits and the root represent the patriarchs (or Abraham singly, compare Romans 11:28). The holiness by call and destination of the nation as represented by its fathers (first-fruits, root) implies their future restoration, the holiness of the lump and branches.

Romans 11:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

if the first-fruit.

Exodus 22:29 You shall not delay to offer the first of your ripe fruits, and of your liquors: the firstborn of your sons shall you give to me.

Exodus 23:16,19 And the feast of harvest, the first fruits of your labors, which you have sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering...

Leviticus 23:10 Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, When you be come into the land which I give to you...

Numbers 15:17-21 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying...

Deuteronomy 18:4 The first fruit also of your corn, of your wine, and of your oil, and the first of the fleece of your sheep, shall you give him.

Deuteronomy 26:10 And now, behold, I have brought the first fruits of the land, which you, O LORD, have given me...

Nehemiah 10:35-37 And to bring the first fruits of our ground, and the first fruits of all fruit of all trees, year by year, to the house of the LORD...

Proverbs 3:9 Honor the LORD with your substance, and with the first fruits of all your increase:

Ezekiel 44:30 And the first of all the first fruits of all things, and every oblation of all, of every sort of your oblations, shall be the priest's...

James 1:18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of first fruits of his creatures.

Revelation 14:4 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb wherever he goes...

and if.

Romans 11:17 And if some of the branches be broken off, and you, being a wild olive tree, were grafted in among them...

Genesis 17:7 And I will establish my covenant between me and you and your seed after you in their generations for an everlasting covenant...

Jeremiah 2:21 Yet I had planted you a noble vine, wholly a right seed: how then are you turned into the degenerate plant of a strange vine to me?

1 Corinthians 7:14 For the unbelieving husband is sanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified by the husband...

Cross References
Numbers 15:18
"Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, When you come into the land to which I bring you

Nehemiah 10:37
and to bring the first of our dough, and our contributions, the fruit of every tree, the wine and the oil, to the priests, to the chambers of the house of our God; and to bring to the Levites the tithes from our ground, for it is the Levites who collect the tithes in all our towns where we labor.

Ezekiel 44:30
And the first of all the firstfruits of all kinds, and every offering of all kinds from all your offerings, shall belong to the priests. You shall also give to the priests the first of your dough, that a blessing may rest on your house.

Romans 8:23
And not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies.

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Batch Branches Dough First Firstfruit First-Fruit Firstfruits Fruit Fruits Holy Lump Mass Offered Part Piece Root Tree Whole
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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