Exodus 12:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
They shall eat the flesh that night, roasted on the fire; with unleavened bread and bitter herbs they shall eat it.

King James Bible
And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

American Standard Version
And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they shall eat the flesh that night roasted at the fire, and unleavened bread with wild lettuce.

English Revised Version
And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roasted with fire; and unleavened bread, and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

Exodus 12:8 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

By the words, "in the land of Egypt," the law of the Passover which follows is brought into connection with the giving of the law at Sinai and in the fields of Moab, and is distinguished in relation to the former as the first or foundation law for the congregation of Jehovah. The creation of Israel as the people of Jehovah (Isaiah 43:15) commenced with the institution of the Passover. As a proof of this, it was preceded by the appointment of a new era, fixing the commencement of the congregation of Jehovah. "This month" (i.e., the present in which ye stand) "be to you the head (i.e., the beginning) of the months, the first let it be to you for the months of the year;" i.e., let the numbering of the months, and therefore the year also, begin with it. Consequently the Israelites had hitherto had a different beginning to their year, probably only a civil year, commencing with the sowing, and ending with the termination of the harvest (cf. Exodus 23:16); whereas the Egyptians most likely commenced their year with the overflowing of the Nile at the summer solstice (cf. Lepsius, Chron. 1, pp. 148ff.). The month which was henceforth to be the first of the year, and is frequently so designated (Exodus 40:2, Exodus 40:17; Leviticus 23:5, etc.), is called Abib (the ear-month) in Exodus 13:4; Exodus 23:15; Exodus 34:18; Deuteronomy 16:1, because the corn was then in ear; after the captivity it was called Nisan (Nehemiah 2:1; Esther 3:7). It corresponds very nearly to our April.

Exodus 12:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

eat the

Matthew 26:26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and broke it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take...

John 6:52-57 The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man give us his flesh to eat...

roast

Deuteronomy 16:7 And you shall roast and eat it in the place which the LORD your God shall choose: and you shall turn in the morning...

Psalm 22:14 I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the middle of my bowels.

Isaiah 53:10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he has put him to grief: when you shall make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed...

unleavened

Exodus 13:3,7 And Moses said to the people, Remember this day, in which you came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage...

Exodus 34:25 You shall not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leaven...

Numbers 9:11 The fourteenth day of the second month at even they shall keep it, and eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.

Deuteronomy 16:3 You shall eat no leavened bread with it; seven days shall you eat unleavened bread therewith, even the bread of affliction...

Amos 4:5 And offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving with leaven, and proclaim and publish the free offerings: for this likes you...

Matthew 16:12 Then understood they how that he bade them not beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees...

1 Corinthians 5:6-8 Your glorying is not good. Know you not that a little leaven leavens the whole lump...

Galatians 5:9 A little leaven leavens the whole lump.

with bitter

Exodus 1:14 And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in mortar, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field...

Numbers 9:11 The fourteenth day of the second month at even they shall keep it, and eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.

Zechariah 12:10 And I will pour on the house of David, and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications...

1 Thessalonians 1:6 And you became followers of us, and of the Lord, having received the word in much affliction, with joy of the Holy Ghost.

Cross References
1 Corinthians 5:8
Let us therefore celebrate the festival, not with the old leaven, the leaven of malice and evil, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

Exodus 12:9
Do not eat any of it raw or boiled in water, but roasted, its head with its legs and its inner parts.

Exodus 34:25
"You shall not offer the blood of my sacrifice with anything leavened, or let the sacrifice of the Feast of the Passover remain until the morning.

Numbers 9:11
In the second month on the fourteenth day at twilight they shall keep it. They shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.

Numbers 9:12
They shall leave none of it until the morning, nor break any of its bones; according to all the statute for the Passover they shall keep it.

Deuteronomy 16:3
You shall eat no leavened bread with it. Seven days you shall eat it with unleavened bread, the bread of affliction--for you came out of the land of Egypt in haste--that all the days of your life you may remember the day when you came out of the land of Egypt.

Deuteronomy 16:4
No leaven shall be seen with you in all your territory for seven days, nor shall any of the flesh that you sacrifice on the evening of the first day remain all night until morning.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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