Exodus 15:23
New International Version
When they came to Marah, they could not drink its water because it was bitter. (That is why the place is called Marah.)

New Living Translation
When they came to the oasis of Marah, the water was too bitter to drink. So they called the place Marah (which means "bitter").

English Standard Version
When they came to Marah, they could not drink the water of Marah because it was bitter; therefore it was named Marah.

Berean Study Bible
And when they came to Marah, they could not drink the water there because it was bitter. (That is why it was named Marah.)

New American Standard Bible
When they came to Marah, they could not drink the waters of Marah, for they were bitter; therefore it was named Marah.

King James Bible
And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah.

Christian Standard Bible
They came to Marah, but they could not drink the water at Marah because it was bitter--that is why it was named Marah.

Contemporary English Version
They did find water at Marah, but it was bitter, which is how that place got its name.

Good News Translation
Then they came to a place called Marah, but the water there was so bitter that they could not drink it. That is why it was named Marah.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They came to Marah, but they could not drink the water at Marah because it was bitter--that is why it was named Marah.

International Standard Version
When they came to Marah, they could not drink the water at Marah because it was bitter. (That is why it's called Marah.)

NET Bible
Then they came to Marah, but they were not able to drink the waters of Marah, because they were bitter. (That is why its name was Marah.)

New Heart English Bible
When they came to Marah, they couldn't drink from the waters of Marah, for they were bitter. Therefore its name was called Marah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When they came to Marah, they couldn't drink the water because it tasted bitter. That's why the place was called Marah [Bitter Place].

JPS Tanakh 1917
And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter. Therefore the name of it was called Marah.

New American Standard 1977
And when they came to Marah, they could not drink the waters of Marah, for they were bitter; therefore it was named Marah.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter; therefore the name of it was called Marah.

King James 2000 Bible
And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah.

American King James Version
And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah.

American Standard Version
And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
and they came to Merrha, and could not drink of Merrha, for it was bitter; therefore he named the name of that place, Bitterness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they came into Mara, and they could not drink the waters of Mara, because they were bitter: whereupon he gave a name also agreeable to the place, calling it Mara, that is, bitterness.

Darby Bible Translation
And they came to Marah, and could not drink the waters of Marah, for they were bitter; therefore the name of it was called Marah.

English Revised Version
And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah; for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah.

World English Bible
When they came to Marah, they couldn't drink from the waters of Marah, for they were bitter. Therefore its name was called Marah.

Young's Literal Translation
and they come in to Marah, and have not been able to drink the waters of Marah, for they are bitter; therefore hath one called its name Marah.
Study Bible
The Waters of Marah
22Then Moses led Israel from the Red Sea, and they went out into the Desert of Shur. For three days they walked in the desert without finding water. 23And when they came to Marah, they could not drink the water there because it was bitter. (That is why it was named Marah.) 24So the people grumbled against Moses, saying, “What are we to drink?”…
Cross References
Numbers 33:8
They set out from Pi-hahiroth and crossed through the sea, into the wilderness, and they journeyed three days into the Wilderness of Etham and camped at Marah.

Ruth 1:20
"Do not call me Naomi," she replied. "Call me Mara, because the Almighty has dealt quite bitterly with me.

Treasury of Scripture

And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah.

Marah

Numbers 33:8
And they departed from before Pihahiroth, and passed through the midst of the sea into the wilderness, and went three days' journey in the wilderness of Etham, and pitched in Marah.

marah.

Ruth 1:20
And she said unto them, Call me not Naomi, call me Mara: for the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly with me.







Lexicon
And when they came
וַיָּבֹ֣אוּ (way·yā·ḇō·’ū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

to Marah,
מָרָ֔תָה (mā·rā·ṯāh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4785: Marah -- a bitter spring in the Sinai peninsula

they could
יָֽכְל֗וּ (yā·ḵə·lū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 3201: To be able, have power

not
וְלֹ֣א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

drink
לִשְׁתֹּ֥ת (liš·tōṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 8354: To imbibe

the water
מַ֙יִם֙ (ma·yim)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4325: Water, juice, urine, semen

[there]
מִמָּרָ֔ה (mim·mā·rāh)
Preposition-m | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4785: Marah -- a bitter spring in the Sinai peninsula

because
כִּ֥י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

it
הֵ֑ם (hêm)
Pronoun - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1992: They

was bitter.
מָרִ֖ים (mā·rîm)
Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4751: Bitter, bitterness, bitterly

(That is why
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

it was named
קָרָֽא־ (qā·rā-)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7121: To call, proclaim, read

Marah.)
מָרָֽה׃ (mā·rāh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4785: Marah -- a bitter spring in the Sinai peninsula
(23) The waters of Marah . . . were bitter.--The extreme bitterness of the springs at the southern extremity of the wilderness of Shur is witnessed to by all travellers. (Burckhardt: Travels in Syria, p. 777; Robinson: Palestine, vol. i., p. 106; Wellsted, Arabia, vol. ii., p. 38, &c.) There are several such springs, that called Ain Howarah being the most copious, but scarcely so bitter as some others.

Therefore the name of it was called Marah.--"Marah" means "bitterness" both in Hebrew and in Arabic. It appears to be a form of the root which we find also in mare and amarus.

Verse 23. - And when they came to Marah. It is not clear whether the place already bore the name on the arrival of the Israelites, or only received it from them. Marah would mean "bitter" in Arabic no less than in Hebrew. The identification of Marah with the present Ain Howarah, in which most modern writers acquiesce, is uncertain from the fact that there are several bitter springs in the vicinity - one of them even bitterer than Howarah. (See Winer, Realworterbuch, ad voc. MARAH) We may, however, feel confident that the bitter waters of which the Israelites "would not drink" were in this neighbourhood, a little north of the Wady Ghurundel. 15:22-27 In the wilderness of Shur the Israelites had no water. At Marah they had water, but it was bitter; so that they could not drink it. God can make bitter to us that from which we promise ourselves most, and often does so in the wilderness of this world, that our wants, and disappointments in the creature, may drive us to the Creator, in whose favour alone true comfort is to be had. In this distress the people fretted, and quarrelled with Moses. Hypocrites may show high affections, and appear earnest in religious exercises, but in the time of temptation they fall away. Even true believers, in seasons of sharp trial, will be tempted to fret, distrust, and murmur. But in every trial we should cast our care upon the Lord, and pour out our hearts before him. We shall then find that a submissive will, a peaceful conscience, and the comforts of the Holy Ghost, will render the bitterest trial tolerable, yea, pleasant. Moses did what the people had neglected to do; he cried unto the Lord. And God provided graciously for them. He directed Moses to a tree which he cast into the waters, when, at once, they were made sweet. Some make this tree typical of the cross of Christ, which sweetens the bitter waters of affliction to all the faithful, and enables them to rejoice in tribulation. But a rebellious Israelite shall fare no better than a rebellious Egyptian. The threatening is implied only, the promise is expressed. God is the great Physician. If we are kept well, it is he that keeps us; if we are made well, it is he that recovers us. He is our life and the length of our days. Let us not forget that we are kept from destruction, and delivered from our enemies, to be the Lord's servants. At Elim they had good water, and enough of it. Though God may, for a time, order his people to encamp by the bitter waters of Marah, that shall not always be their lot. Let us not faint at tribulations.
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