2 Samuel 23:23
New International Version
He was held in greater honor than any of the Thirty, but he was not included among the Three. And David put him in charge of his bodyguard.

New Living Translation
He was more honored than the other members of the Thirty, though he was not one of the Three. And David made him captain of his bodyguard.

English Standard Version
He was renowned among the thirty, but he did not attain to the three. And David set him over his bodyguard.

Berean Study Bible
He was most honored among the Thirty, but he did not become one of the Three. And David appointed him over his guard.

King James Bible
He was more honourable than the thirty, but he attained not to the first three. And David set him over his guard.

New King James Version
He was more honored than the thirty, but he did not attain to the first three. And David appointed him over his guard.

New American Standard Bible
He was honored among the thirty, but he did not attain the reputation of the three. And David appointed him over his bodyguard.

NASB 1995
He was honored among the thirty, but he did not attain to the three. And David appointed him over his guard.

NASB 1977
He was honored among the thirty, but he did not attain to the three. And David appointed him over his guard.

Amplified Bible
He was honored among the thirty, but he did not attain to the [greatness of the] three. David appointed him over his guard.

Christian Standard Bible
He was the most honored of the Thirty, but he did not become one of the Three. David put him in charge of his bodyguard.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He was the most honored of the Thirty, but he did not become one of the Three. David put him in charge of his bodyguard.

American Standard Version
He was more honorable than the thirty, but he attained not to the first three. And David set him over his guard.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he had achieved glory like the thirty mighty men, and David made him go out and come in

Brenton Septuagint Translation
He was honourable among the second three, but he reached not to the first three: and David made him his reporter. And these are the names of King David's mighty men.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he was renowned among the three valiant men, who were the most honourable among the thirty: but he attained riot to the first three: and David made him of his privy council.

English Revised Version
He was more honourable than the thirty, but he attained not to the first three. And David set him over his guard.

Good News Translation
He was outstanding among them, but was not as famous as "The Three." David put him in charge of his bodyguard.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He was honored more than the thirty, but he was not a member of the three. David put him in charge of his bodyguards.

International Standard Version
He was well known among the platoons, but he didn't measure up to the Three. David placed him in charge of his security detail.

JPS Tanakh 1917
He was more honourable than the thirty, but he attained not to the first three. And David set him over his guard.

Literal Standard Version
He is honored more than the thirty, but he did not come to the three; and David sets him over his guard.

NET Bible
He received honor from the thirty warriors, though he was not one of the three elite warriors. David put him in charge of his bodyguard.

New Heart English Bible
He was more honored than the Thirty, but he did not attain to the Three. David set him over his guard.

World English Bible
He was more honorable than the thirty, but he didn't attain to the [first] three. David set him over his guard.

Young's Literal Translation
Of the thirty he is honoured, and unto the three he came not; and David setteth him over his guard.

Additional Translations ...
Context
David's Mighty Men
22These were the exploits of Benaiah son of Jehoiada, who won a name alongside the three mighty men. 23He was most honored among the Thirty, but he did not become one of the Three. And David appointed him over his guard. 24Now these were members of the Thirty: Asahel the brother of Joab, Elhanan son of Dodo of Bethlehem,…

Cross References
2 Samuel 23:22
These were the exploits of Benaiah son of Jehoiada, who won a name alongside the three mighty men.

2 Samuel 23:24
Now these were members of the Thirty: Asahel the brother of Joab, Elhanan son of Dodo of Bethlehem,


Treasury of Scripture

He was more honorable than the thirty, but he attained not to the first three. And David set him over his guard.

more honourable.

1 Chronicles 27:6
This is that Benaiah, who was mighty among the thirty, and above the thirty: and in his course was Ammizabad his son.

over his guard.

2 Samuel 8:8
And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass.

2 Samuel 20:23
Now Joab was over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites:

1 Samuel 22:14
Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who is so faithful among all thy servants as David, which is the king's son in law, and goeth at thy bidding, and is honourable in thine house?









(23) Set him over his guard.--The word translated guard means rather private audience. David either made him a member of, or set him over his council. If in 1Chronicles 27:34 "Jehoiada son of Benaiah" is an error for "Benaiah son of Jehoiada," his holding of this office is also mentioned there.

Verse 23. - David set him over his guard. We have already seen (upon 1 Samuel 22:14) that the words mean that David made him a member of his privy council. Literally the words are, and David appointed him to his audience. In 1 Chronicles 27:34 mention is made of "Jehoiada the son of Benaiah" as being next in the council to Ahithophel, and many commentators think that the names have been transposed, and that we ought to read, "Benaiah the son of Jehoiada."

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
He was the most honored
נִכְבָּ֔ד (niḵ·bāḏ)
Verb - Nifal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 3513: To be heavy, weighty, or burdensome

of the Thirty,
הַשְּׁלֹשִׁ֣ים (haš·šə·lō·šîm)
Article | Number - common plural
Strong's 7970: Thirty, thirtieth

but he did not
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

become
בָ֑א (ḇā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 935: To come in, come, go in, go

one of the Three.
הַשְּׁלֹשָׁ֖ה (haš·šə·lō·šāh)
Article | Number - masculine singular
Strong's 7969: Three, third, thrice

And David
דָוִ֖ד (ḏā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

appointed
וַיְשִׂמֵ֥הוּ (way·śi·mê·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's 7760: Put -- to put, place, set

him over
וְאֶל־ (wə·’el-)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's 413: Near, with, among, to

his guard.
מִשְׁמַעְתּֽוֹ׃ (miš·ma‘·tōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 4928: A pithy maxim, a simile, proverb, speak


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Appointed Attain Attained Bodyguard Charge Council David Equal Fighting First Greater Guard Held Honor Honorable Honored Honourable Honoured Included Renowned Rest Thirty Three
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OT History: 2 Samuel 23:23 He was more honorable than the thirty (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam)
2 Samuel 23:22
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