2 Samuel 23:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He was renowned among the thirty, but he did not attain to the three. And David set him over his bodyguard.

King James Bible
He was more honourable than the thirty, but he attained not to the first three. And David set him over his guard.

American Standard Version
He was more honorable than the thirty, but he attained not to the first three. And David set him over his guard.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he was renowned among the three valiant men, who were the most honourable among the thirty: but he attained riot to the first three: and David made him of his privy council.

English Revised Version
He was more honourable than the thirty, but he attained not to the first three. And David set him over his guard.

Webster's Bible Translation
He was more honorable than the thirty, but he attained not to the first three. And David set him over his guard.

2 Samuel 23:23 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The three heroes then broke through the camp of the Philistines at Bethlehem, i.e., the outpost that occupied the space before the gate, fetched water out of the well, and brought it to David. He would not drink it, however, but poured it out upon the ground to the Lord, as a drink-offering for Jehovah. "He poured it out upon the earth, rendering Him thanks for the return of the three brave men" (Clericus). And he said, "Far be it from me, O Jehovah, to do this! The blood of the men who went with their lives (i.e., at the risk of their lives)," sc., should I drink it? The verb אשׁתּה is wanting in our text, but is not to be inserted according to the Chronicles as though it had fallen out; the sentence is rather to be regarded as an aposiopesis. יהוה after לי חלילה is a vocative, and is not to be altered into מיהוה according to the מאלחי of the Chronicles. The fact that the vocative does not occur in other passages after לי חלילה proves nothing. It is equivalent to the oath יהוה חי (1 Samuel 14:45). The chronicler has endeavoured to simplify David's exclamation by completing the sentence. בּנפשׁותם, "for the price of their souls," i.e., at the risk of their lives. The water drawn and fetched at the risk of their lives is compared to the soul itself, and the soul is in the blood (Leviticus 17:11). Drinking this water, therefore, would be nothing else than drinking their blood.

2 Samuel 23:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

more honourable. or, honourable among the thirty.

1 Chronicles 27:6 This is that Benaiah, who was mighty among the thirty, and above the thirty: and in his course was Ammizabad his son.

over his guard. or, over his council. [heb] at his command

2 Samuel 8:8 And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass.

2 Samuel 20:23 Now Joab was over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites:

1 Samuel 22:14 Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who is so faithful among all your servants as David, which is the king's son in law...

Cross References
2 Samuel 23:22
These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and won a name beside the three mighty men.

2 Samuel 23:24
Asahel the brother of Joab was one of the thirty; Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem,

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Appointed Attain Attained Bodyguard Charge Council David Equal Fighting First Greater Guard Held Honor Honorable Honored Honourable Honoured Included Renowned Rest Thirty Three
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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