2 Samuel 23:22
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and won a name beside the three mighty men.

King James Bible
These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had the name among three mighty men.

American Standard Version
These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had a name among the three mighty men.

Douay-Rheims Bible
These things did Banaias the son of Joiada.

English Revised Version
These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had a name among the three mighty men.

Webster's Bible Translation
These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had a name among three mighty men.

2 Samuel 23:22 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The three heroes then broke through the camp of the Philistines at Bethlehem, i.e., the outpost that occupied the space before the gate, fetched water out of the well, and brought it to David. He would not drink it, however, but poured it out upon the ground to the Lord, as a drink-offering for Jehovah. "He poured it out upon the earth, rendering Him thanks for the return of the three brave men" (Clericus). And he said, "Far be it from me, O Jehovah, to do this! The blood of the men who went with their lives (i.e., at the risk of their lives)," sc., should I drink it? The verb אשׁתּה is wanting in our text, but is not to be inserted according to the Chronicles as though it had fallen out; the sentence is rather to be regarded as an aposiopesis. יהוה after לי חלילה is a vocative, and is not to be altered into מיהוה according to the מאלחי of the Chronicles. The fact that the vocative does not occur in other passages after לי חלילה proves nothing. It is equivalent to the oath יהוה חי (1 Samuel 14:45). The chronicler has endeavoured to simplify David's exclamation by completing the sentence. בּנפשׁותם, "for the price of their souls," i.e., at the risk of their lives. The water drawn and fetched at the risk of their lives is compared to the soul itself, and the soul is in the blood (Leviticus 17:11). Drinking this water, therefore, would be nothing else than drinking their blood.

2 Samuel 23:22 Parallel Commentaries

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Cross References
2 Samuel 8:18
and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites, and David's sons were priests.

2 Samuel 23:20
And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was a valiant man of Kabzeel, a doer of great deeds. He struck down two ariels of Moab. He also went down and struck down a lion in a pit on a day when snow had fallen.

2 Samuel 23:21
And he struck down an Egyptian, a handsome man. The Egyptian had a spear in his hand, but Benaiah went down to him with a staff and snatched the spear out of the Egyptian's hand and killed him with his own spear.

2 Samuel 23:23
He was renowned among the thirty, but he did not attain to the three. And David set him over his bodyguard.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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