Job 30:4
New International Version
In the brush they gathered salt herbs, and their food was the root of the broom bush.

New Living Translation
They pluck wild greens from among the bushes and eat from the roots of broom trees.

English Standard Version
they pick saltwort and the leaves of bushes, and the roots of the broom tree for their food.

Berean Study Bible
They plucked mallow among the shrubs, and the roots of the broom tree were their food.

New American Standard Bible
Who pluck mallow by the bushes, And whose food is the root of the broom shrub.

King James Bible
Who cut up mallows by the bushes, and juniper roots for their meat.

Christian Standard Bible
They plucked mallow among the shrubs, and the roots of the broom tree were their food.

Contemporary English Version
They gather tasteless shrubs for food and firewood,

Good News Translation
They pulled up the plants of the desert and ate them, even the tasteless roots of the broom tree!

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They plucked mallow among the shrubs, and the roots of the broom tree were their food.

International Standard Version
"They would pluck off herbs from salt marshes to eat; and roots of the broom shrub for food.

NET Bible
By the brush they would gather herbs from the salt marshes, and the root of the broom tree was their food.

New Heart English Bible
They pluck salt herbs by the bushes. The roots of the broom are their food.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They pick saltwort from the underbrush, and the roots of the broom plant are their food.

JPS Tanakh 1917
They pluck salt-wort with wormwood; And the roots of the broom are their food.

New American Standard 1977
Who pluck mallow by the bushes, And whose food is the root of the broom shrub.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Who cut up mallows among the bushes and juniper roots for their food.

King James 2000 Bible
Who pick mallows by the bushes, and juniper roots for their food.

American King James Version
Who cut up mallows by the bushes, and juniper roots for their meat.

American Standard Version
They pluck salt-wort by the bushes; And the roots of the broom are their food.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Who compass the salt places on the sounding shore, who had salt herbs for their food, and were dishonorable and of no repute, in want of every good thing; who also ate roots of trees by reason of great hunger.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they ate grass, and barks of trees, and the root of junipers was their food.

Darby Bible Translation
They gather the salt-wort among the bushes, and the roots of the broom for their food.

English Revised Version
They pluck salt-wort by the bushes; and the roots of the broom are their meat.

Webster's Bible Translation
Who cut up mallows by the bushes, and juniper roots for their food.

World English Bible
They pluck salt herbs by the bushes. The roots of the broom are their food.

Young's Literal Translation
Those cropping mallows near a shrub, And broom-roots is their food.
Study Bible
Job's Honor Turned into Contempt
3Gaunt from poverty and hunger, they gnawed the dry land, and the desolate wasteland by night. 4They plucked mallow among the shrubs, and the roots of the broom tree were their food. 5They were banished from among men, shouted down like thieves,…
Cross References
1 Kings 19:4
while he himself traveled on a day's journey into the wilderness. He sat down under a broom tree and prayed that he might die. "I have had enough, LORD," he said. "Take my life, for I am no better than my fathers."

Job 30:3
Gaunt from poverty and hunger, they gnawed the dry land, and the desolate wasteland by night.

Job 30:5
They were banished from among men, shouted down like thieves,

Treasury of Scripture

Who cut up mallows by the bushes, and juniper roots for their meat.

for their meat

2 Kings 4:38,39
And Elisha came again to Gilgal: and there was a dearth in the land; and the sons of the prophets were sitting before him: and he said unto his servant, Set on the great pot, and seethe pottage for the sons of the prophets…

Amos 7:14
Then answered Amos, and said to Amaziah, I was no prophet, neither was I a prophet's son; but I was an herdman, and a gatherer of sycomore fruit:

Luke 15:16
And he would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine did eat: and no man gave unto him.







Lexicon
They plucked
הַקֹּטְפִ֣ים (haq·qō·ṭə·p̄îm)
Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6998: To pluck off or out

mallow
מַלּ֣וּחַ (mal·lū·aḥ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4408: Sea-purslain

among
עֲלֵי־ (‘ă·lê-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the shrubs,
שִׂ֑יחַ (śî·aḥ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7880: A bush, shrub, plant

and the roots
וְשֹׁ֖רֶשׁ (wə·šō·reš)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 8328: A root

of the broom tree
רְתָמִ֣ים (rə·ṯā·mîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7574: Broom plant, retem

were their food.
לַחְמָֽם׃ (laḥ·mām)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3899: Food, bread, grain
Verse 4. - Who cut up mallows by the bushes. One of the plants on which they feed is the malluch, not really a "mallow," but probably the Atriplex halimus which is "a shrub from four to five feet high, with many thick branches; the leaves are rather sour to the taste; the flowers are purple, and very small; it grows on the sea-coast in Greece, Arabia, Syria, etc., and belongs to the natural order Chenopodiace" (see Smith's 'Dict. of the Bible,' vol. 2. p. 215). And juniper roots for their meat. Most moderns regard the rothen as the Genista monosperma, which is a kind of broom. It is a leguminous plant, having a white flower. and grows plentifully in the Sinaitic desert, in Palestine, Syria, and Arabia. The root is very bitter, and would only be used as food under extreme pressure, but the fruit is readily eaten by sheep, and the roots would, no doubt, yield some nourishment (see Dr. Cunningham Geikie's work,' The Holy Land and the Bible,' vol. 1. p. 258). 30:1-14 Job contrasts his present condition with his former honour and authority. What little cause have men to be ambitious or proud of that which may be so easily lost, and what little confidence is to be put in it! We should not be cast down if we are despised, reviled, and hated by wicked men. We should look to Jesus, who endured the contradiction of sinners.
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OT Poetry: Job 30:4 They pluck salt herbs by the bushes (Jb) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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