Job 30:3
New International Version
Haggard from want and hunger, they roamed the parched land in desolate wastelands at night.

New Living Translation
They are gaunt from poverty and hunger. They claw the dry ground in desolate wastelands.

English Standard Version
Through want and hard hunger they gnaw the dry ground by night in waste and desolation;

Berean Study Bible
Gaunt from poverty and hunger, they gnawed the dry land, and the desolate wasteland by night.

King James Bible
For want and famine they were solitary; fleeing into the wilderness in former time desolate and waste.

New King James Version
They are gaunt from want and famine, Fleeing late to the wilderness, desolate and waste,

New American Standard Bible
“From poverty and famine they are gaunt, They who gnaw at the dry ground by night in waste and desolation,

NASB 1995
“From want and famine they are gaunt Who gnaw the dry ground by night in waste and desolation,

NASB 1977
“From want and famine they are gaunt Who gnaw the dry ground by night in waste and desolation,

Amplified Bible
“They are gaunt with want and famine; They gnaw the dry and barren ground by night in [the gloom of] waste and desolation.

Christian Standard Bible
Emaciated from poverty and hunger, they gnawed the dry land, the desolate wasteland by night.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Emaciated from poverty and hunger, they gnawed the dry land, the desolate wasteland by night.

American Standard Version
They are gaunt with want and famine; They gnaw the dry ground, in the gloom of wasteness and desolation.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the power of their hands, why did it go to me?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
One is childless in want and famine, such as they that fled but lately the distress and misery of drought.

Contemporary English Version
They must claw the desert sand in the dark for something to satisfy their hunger.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Barren with want and hunger, who gnawed in the wilderness, disfigured with calamity and misery.

English Revised Version
They are gaunt with want and famine; they gnaw the dry ground; in the gloom of wasteness and desolation.

Good News Translation
They were so poor and hungry that they would gnaw dry roots--at night, in wild, desolate places.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Shriveled up from need and hunger, they gnaw at the dry and barren ground during the night.

International Standard Version
Unproductive due to poverty and hunger, they could only scratch in parched soil, devastated and desolated.

JPS Tanakh 1917
They are gaunt with want and famine; They gnaw the dry ground, in the gloom of wasteness and desolation.

Literal Standard Version
With want and with harsh famine, They are gnawing a dry place [in] the recent night, [In] desolation and ruin,

NET Bible
gaunt with want and hunger, they would gnaw the parched land, in former time desolate and waste.

New Heart English Bible
They are gaunt from lack and famine. They gnaw the dry ground, in the gloom of waste and desolation.

World English Bible
They are gaunt from lack and famine. They gnaw the dry ground, in the gloom of waste and desolation.

Young's Literal Translation
With want and with famine gloomy, Those fleeing to a dry place, Formerly a desolation and waste,

Additional Translations ...
Context
Job's Honor Turned into Contempt
2What use to me was the strength of their hands, since their vigor had left them? 3Gaunt from poverty and hunger, they gnawed the dry land, and the desolate wasteland by night. 4They plucked mallow among the shrubs, and the roots of the broom tree were their food.…

Cross References
Job 30:2
What use to me was the strength of their hands, since their vigor had left them?

Job 30:4
They plucked mallow among the shrubs, and the roots of the broom tree were their food.

Daniel 5:21
He was driven away from mankind, and his mind was like that of a beast. He lived with the wild donkeys and ate grass like an ox, and his body was drenched with the dew of heaven until he acknowledged that the Most High God rules over the kingdom of mankind, setting over it whom He wishes.


Treasury of Scripture

For want and famine they were solitary; fleeing into the wilderness in former time desolate and waste.

solitary.

Job 24:13-16
They are of those that rebel against the light; they know not the ways thereof, nor abide in the paths thereof…

fleeing into

Job 24:5
Behold, as wild asses in the desert, go they forth to their work; rising betimes for a prey: the wilderness yieldeth food for them and for their children.

Hebrews 11:38
(Of whom the world was not worthy:) they wandered in deserts, and in mountains, and in dens and caves of the earth.

in former time.









Verse 3. - For want and famine they were solitary; rather, they were gaunt (see the Revised Version). Compare the descriptions given to us of the native races of Central Africa by Sir S. Baker, Speke, Grant, Stanley, and others. Fleeing into the wilderness; rather, gnawing the wilderness; i.e. feeding on such dry and sapless roots and fruits as the wilderness produces. In former time desolate and waste; or, on the eve of wasteness and desolation.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Gaunt
גַּ֫לְמ֥וּד (gal·mūḏ)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 1565: Sterile, desolate

from poverty
בְּחֶ֥סֶר (bə·ḥe·ser)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2639: Lack, destitution

and hunger,
וּבְכָפָ֗ן (ū·ḇə·ḵā·p̄ān)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3720: Hunger, famine

they gnawed
הַֽעֹרְקִ֥ים (ha·‘ō·rə·qîm)
Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's 6207: To gnaw, eat, a pain

the dry land,
צִיָּ֑ה (ṣî·yāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 6723: Aridity, a desert

and the desolate
שׁוֹאָ֥ה (šō·w·’āh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 7722: A tempest, devastation

wasteland
וּמְשֹׁאָֽה׃ (ū·mə·šō·’āh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 4875: Desolation

by night.
אֶ֝֗מֶשׁ (’e·meš)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 570: Yesterday, last night


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Biting Desert Desolate Desolation Dry Earth Famine Flee Fleeing Food Former Gaunt Gloom Gloomy Gnaw Ground Haggard Hard Hope Hunger Lack Need Night Parched Places Roamed Solitary Time Want Waste Wasted Wastelands Wasteness Wilderness
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Biting Desert Desolate Desolation Dry Earth Famine Flee Fleeing Food Former Gaunt Gloom Gloomy Gnaw Ground Haggard Hard Hope Hunger Lack Need Night Parched Places Roamed Solitary Time Want Waste Wasted Wastelands Wasteness Wilderness
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OT Poetry: Job 30:3 They are gaunt from lack and famine (Jb)
Job 30:2
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