John 12:2
New International Version
Here a dinner was given in Jesus' honor. Martha served, while Lazarus was among those reclining at the table with him.

New Living Translation
A dinner was prepared in Jesus' honor. Martha served, and Lazarus was among those who ate with him.

English Standard Version
So they gave a dinner for him there. Martha served, and Lazarus was one of those reclining with him at table.

Berean Study Bible
So they hosted a dinner for Jesus there. Martha served, and Lazarus was among those reclining at the table with Him.

Berean Literal Bible
Therefore they made Him a supper there, and Martha was serving, and Lazarus was one of those reclining with Him.

New American Standard Bible
So they made Him a supper there, and Martha was serving; but Lazarus was one of those reclining at the table with Him.

King James Bible
There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him.

Christian Standard Bible
So they gave a dinner for him there; Martha was serving them, and Lazarus was one of those reclining at the table with him.

Contemporary English Version
A meal had been prepared for Jesus. Martha was doing the serving, and Lazarus himself was there.

Good News Translation
They prepared a dinner for him there, which Martha helped serve; Lazarus was one of those who were sitting at the table with Jesus.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So they gave a dinner for Him there; Martha was serving them, and Lazarus was one of those reclining at the table with Him.

International Standard Version
There they gave a dinner for him. Martha served, and Lazarus was one of those at the table with him.

NET Bible
So they prepared a dinner for Jesus there. Martha was serving, and Lazarus was among those present at the table with him.

New Heart English Bible
So they prepared a dinner for him there; and Martha served, but Lazarus was one of those reclining at the table with him.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they made a supper for him there and Martha was serving and Lazar was one of the guests with him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Dinner was prepared for Jesus in Bethany. Martha served the dinner, and Lazarus was one of the people eating with Jesus.

New American Standard 1977
So they made Him a supper there, and Martha was serving; but Lazarus was one of those reclining at the table with Him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
There they made him a supper; and Martha served, but Lazarus was one of those that sat at the table with him.

King James 2000 Bible
There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him.

American King James Version
There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him.

American Standard Version
So they made him a supper there: and Martha served; but Lazarus was one of them that sat at meat with him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they made him a supper there: and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that were at table with him.

Darby Bible Translation
There therefore they made him a supper, and Martha served, but Lazarus was one of those at table with him.

English Revised Version
So they made him a supper there: and Martha served; but Lazarus was one of them that sat at meat with him.

Webster's Bible Translation
There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him.

Weymouth New Testament
So they gave a dinner there in honour of Jesus, at which Martha waited at table, but Lazarus was one of the guests who were with Him.

World English Bible
So they made him a supper there. Martha served, but Lazarus was one of those who sat at the table with him.

Young's Literal Translation
they made, therefore, to him a supper there, and Martha was ministering, and Lazarus was one of those reclining together (at meat) with him;
Study Bible
Mary Anoints Jesus
1Six days before the Passover, Jesus came to Bethany, the hometown of Lazarus, whom He had raised from the dead. 2So they hosted a dinner for Jesus there. Martha served, and Lazarus was among those reclining at the table with Him. 3Then Mary took about a pint of expensive perfume, made of pure nard, and she anointed Jesus’ feet and wiped them with her hair. And the house was filled with the fragrance of the perfume.…
Cross References
Luke 10:38
As they traveled along, Jesus entered a village where a woman named Martha welcomed Him into her home.

Luke 10:40
But Martha was distracted by all the preparations to be made. She came to Jesus and said, "Lord, do You not care that my sister has left me to serve alone? Tell her to help me!"

Luke 10:41
"Martha, Martha," the Lord replied, "you are worried and upset about many things.

Treasury of Scripture

There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him.

they made.

Song of Solomon 4:16
Awake, O north wind; and come, thou south; blow upon my garden, that the spices thereof may flow out. Let my beloved come into his garden, and eat his pleasant fruits.

Song of Solomon 5:1
I am come into my garden, my sister, my spouse: I have gathered my myrrh with my spice; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey; I have drunk my wine with my milk: eat, O friends; drink, yea, drink abundantly, O beloved.

Luke 5:29
And Levi made him a great feast in his own house: and there was a great company of publicans and of others that sat down with them.

Martha.

Matthew 26:6
Now when Jesus was in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper,

Mark 14:3
And being in Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, as he sat at meat, there came a woman having an alabaster box of ointment of spikenard very precious; and she brake the box, and poured it on his head.

Luke 10:38-42
Now it came to pass, as they went, that he entered into a certain village: and a certain woman named Martha received him into her house…

Lazarus.

John 12:9,10
Much people of the Jews therefore knew that he was there: and they came not for Jesus' sake only, but that they might see Lazarus also, whom he had raised from the dead…

John 11:43,44
And when he thus had spoken, he cried with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth…







Lexicon
So
οὖν (oun)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3767: Therefore, then. Apparently a primary word; certainly, or accordingly.

they hosted
ἐποίησαν (epoiēsan)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4160: (a) I make, manufacture, construct, (b) I do, act, cause. Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do.

a dinner
δεῖπνον (deipnon)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 1173: A dinner, an afternoon or evening meal. From the same as dapane; dinner, i.e. The chief meal.

for [Jesus]
αὐτῷ (autō)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

there.
ἐκεῖ (ekei)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 1563: (a) there, yonder, in that place, (b) thither, there. Of uncertain affinity; there; by extension, thither.

Martha
Μάρθα (Martha)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3136: Martha, sister of Mary and Lazarus of Bethany. Probably of Chaldee origin; Martha, a Christian woman.

served,
διηκόνει (diēkonei)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1247: From diakonos; to be an attendant, i.e. Wait upon (figuratively) teacher; technically, to act as a Christian deacon.

and
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

Lazarus
Λάζαρος (Lazaros)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2976: Probably of Hebrew origin; Lazarus, the name of two Israelites.

was
ἦν (ēn)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

among
εἷς (heis)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1520: One. (including the neuter Hen); a primary numeral; one.

those
τῶν (tōn)
Article - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

reclining at the table
ἀνακειμένων (anakeimenōn)
Verb - Present Participle Middle or Passive - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 345: To recline, especially at a dinner-table. From ana and keimai; to recline.

with
σὺν (syn)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 4862: With. A primary preposition denoting union; with or together.

Him.
αὐτῷ (autō)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.
(2) There they made him a supper.--Comp. Notes on Matthew 26:6 et seq., and Mark 14:3 et seq., which are clearly accounts of the same supper. Here the details peculiar to St. John, who was an eyewitness, will be noted. St. Matthew gives no indication of the day. St. Mark seems to place it two days before the Passover; but comp. Notes on Mark 16:1-2. Both the other accounts tell us that the supper was in the house of Simon the leper. St. John docs not define the place more definitely than to say that it was in Bethany; but he alone adds the facts that Martha was still serving, and that Lazarus was present as a guest.

And Martha served.--The tense of this verb differs from that of the others in the verse, and implies the continued act of serving, whilst "made a feast" is the statement of the fact as a whole. (Comp. Luke 10:40.)

Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him.--This is a natural touch answering to the impression that the fact made. It is closely connected with the statement of the preceding verse, "Lazarus had been dead, whom he raised from the dead." Here was one sitting at meat with them who had lain in the sepulchre four days. The meal is in his case, as afterwards in that of our Lord Himself (Luke 24:41-43), a physical proof of the Resurrection; and his presence by the side of our Lord calls forth from Mary the anointing, which testifies to her gratitude and love.

Verse 2. - There, therefore, they made him a supper, and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him. John does not tell us in whose house "they made the dinner" or supper, and unless Simon the leper (Matthew 26:6 and Mark 14:3) is a member of the family (or, as some suggest, the husband of Martha), we cannot suppose that it was in the quiet home of Bethany that this feast in honor of Jesus was held, but that it took place, as the synoptists positively declare, "in the house of Simon the leper." Simon may easily have been one of the many lepers whom our Lord had healed, and whose soul was filled with accordant gratitude. At that table there would be seated two transcendent; proofs of the power of Jesus to save, not only from the semblance but from the reality of death (see Meyer; Matthew 26:6). We wonder, with Godet, that Meyer should reject this simple supposition as "spurious harmony." All that is here stated is in agreement with it:

(1) that Martha should have shown her reverence by serving her Lord, according to her wont, not necessarily as hostess (Hengstenberg and Lange), but as the expression of her devoted thankfulness;

(2) that Lazarus should have been one of those who sat at meat, reclined at table, with him, i.e. took a position as a guest, like himself; and

(3) that Mary should have poured forth her costly spikenard, in royal self-forgetting love. The conduct of all the three thus mentioned is compatible with the fact stated in the synoptic narrative, that the festival was celebrated in the house of Simon the leper. Our Lord had commented, in the house of Simon the Pharisee (Luke 7:44, etc.), on the absence of the customary anointing with oil. Mary knew of this, and resolved that, whatever the woman who was a sinner had done, no similar act of neglect should occur on that memorable evening. A chronological discrepancy renders an identification of the synoptic narrative of Matthew with this story perplexing. In Matthew 26:2 we are brought to within two days of the Passover, whereas here we cannot well be less than five days before it. However, there is nothing in Matthew 26:6-13 which indubitably declares the date of the supper The "two days" may refer to the date of Judas's treachery, after mentioning which he goes back to an event which furnished occasion and temptation to the avaricious mind of Judas. 12:1-11 Christ had formerly blamed Martha for being troubled with much serving. But she did not leave off serving, as some, who when found fault with for going too far in one way, peevishly run too far another way; she still served, but within hearing of Christ's gracious words. Mary gave a token of love to Christ, who had given real tokens of his love to her and her family. God's Anointed should be our Anointed. Has God poured on him the oil of gladness above his fellows, let us pour on him the ointment of our best affections. In Judas a foul sin is gilded over with a plausible pretence. We must not think that those do no acceptable service, who do it not in our way. The reigning love of money is heart-theft. The grace of Christ puts kind comments on pious words and actions, makes the best of what is amiss, and the most of what is good. Opportunities are to be improved; and those first and most vigorously, which are likely to be the shortest. To consult to hinder the further effect of the miracle, by putting Lazarus to death, is such wickedness, malice, and folly, as cannot be explained, except by the desperate enmity of the human heart against God. They resolved that the man should die whom the Lord had raised to life. The success of the gospel often makes wicked men so angry, that they speak and act as if they hoped to obtain a victory over the Almighty himself.
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