John 13:12
New International Version
When he had finished washing their feet, he put on his clothes and returned to his place. "Do you understand what I have done for you?" he asked them.

New Living Translation
After washing their feet, he put on his robe again and sat down and asked, "Do you understand what I was doing?

English Standard Version
When he had washed their feet and put on his outer garments and resumed his place, he said to them, “Do you understand what I have done to you?

Berean Study Bible
When Jesus had washed their feet and put on His outer garments, He reclined with them again and asked, “Do you know what I have done for you?

Berean Literal Bible
Therefore when He had washed their feet and taken His garments, and having reclined again, He said to them, "Do you know what I have done to you?

New American Standard Bible
So when He had washed their feet, and taken His garments and reclined at the table again, He said to them, "Do you know what I have done to you?

King James Bible
So after he had washed their feet, and had taken his garments, and was set down again, he said unto them, Know ye what I have done to you?

Christian Standard Bible
When Jesus had washed their feet and put on his outer clothing, he reclined again and said to them, “Do you know what I have done for you?

Contemporary English Version
After Jesus had washed his disciples' feet and had put his outer garment back on, he sat down again. Then he said: Do you understand what I have done?

Good News Translation
After Jesus had washed their feet, he put his outer garment back on and returned to his place at the table. "Do you understand what I have just done to you?" he asked.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When Jesus had washed their feet and put on His robe, He reclined again and said to them, "Do you know what I have done for you?

International Standard Version
When Jesus had washed their feet and put on his outer robe, he sat down again and told them, "Do you realize what I've done to you?

NET Bible
So when Jesus had washed their feet and put his outer clothing back on, he took his place at the table again and said to them, "Do you understand what I have done for you?

New Heart English Bible
So when he had washed their feet, put his outer garment back on, and sat down again, he said to them, "Do you know what I have done to you?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But when he had washed their feet, he took up his robe and reclined at the table and he said to them, “Do you know what I have done to you?”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
After Jesus had washed their feet and put on his outer clothes, he took his place at the table again. Then he asked his disciples, "Do you understand what I've done for you?

New American Standard 1977
And so when He had washed their feet, and taken His garments, and reclined at the table again, He said to them, “Do you know what I have done to you?

Jubilee Bible 2000
So after he had washed their feet and had taken his garments and had sat down again, he said unto them, Know ye what I have done to you?

King James 2000 Bible
So after he had washed their feet, and had taken his garments, and was seated again, he said unto them, Know you what I have done to you?

American King James Version
So after he had washed their feet, and had taken his garments, and was set down again, he said to them, Know you what I have done to you?

American Standard Version
So when he had washed their feet, and taken his garments, and sat down again, he said unto them, Know ye what I have done to you?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Then after he had washed their feet, and taken his garments, being set down again, he said to them: Know you what I have done to you?

Darby Bible Translation
When therefore he had washed their feet, and taken his garments, having sat down again, he said to them, Do ye know what I have done to you?

English Revised Version
So when he had washed their feet, and taken his garments, and sat down again, he said unto them, Know ye what I have done to you?

Webster's Bible Translation
So after he had washed their feet, and had taken his garments, and was set down again, he said to them, Know ye what I have done to you?

Weymouth New Testament
So after He had washed their feet, put on His garments again, and returned to the table, He said to them, "Do you understand what I have done to you?

World English Bible
So when he had washed their feet, put his outer garment back on, and sat down again, he said to them, "Do you know what I have done to you?

Young's Literal Translation
When, therefore, he washed their feet, and took his garments, having reclined (at meat) again, he said to them, 'Do ye know what I have done to you?
Study Bible
Jesus Washes His Disciples' Feet
11For He knew who would betray Him. That is why He said, “Not all of you are clean.” 12When Jesus had washed their feet and put on His outer garments, He reclined with them again and asked, “Do you know what I have done for you? 13You call Me Teacher and Lord, and rightly so, because I am.…
Cross References
Luke 22:27
For who is greater, the one who reclines at the table or the one who serves? Is it not the one who reclines? But I am among you as the One who serves.

John 13:4
So He got up from the supper, laid aside His outer garments, and wrapped a towel around His waist.

John 13:7
Jesus replied, "You do not realize now what I am doing, but later you will understand."

Treasury of Scripture

So after he had washed their feet, and had taken his garments, and was set down again, he said to them, Know you what I have done to you?

Know.

John 13:7
Jesus answered and said unto him, What I do thou knowest not now; but thou shalt know hereafter.

Ezekiel 24:19,24
And the people said unto me, Wilt thou not tell us what these things are to us, that thou doest so? …

Matthew 13:51
Jesus saith unto them, Have ye understood all these things? They say unto him, Yea, Lord.







Lexicon
When [Jesus]
Ὅτε (Hote)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3753: When, at which time. From hos and te; at which too, i.e. When.

had washed
ἔνιψεν (enipsen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3538: To wash; mid. I wash my own (hands, etc.). To cleanse; ceremonially, to perform ablution.

their
αὐτῶν (autōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

feet
πόδας (podas)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 4228: The foot. A primary word; a 'foot'.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

put on
ἔλαβεν (elaben)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2983: (a) I receive, get, (b) I take, lay hold of.

His
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

outer garments,
ἱμάτια (himatia)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 2440: A long flowing outer garment, tunic. Neuter of a presumed derivative of ennumi; a dress.

He reclined with them
ἀνέπεσεν (anepesen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 377: From ana and pipto; to fall back, i.e. Lie down, lean back.

again
πάλιν (palin)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3825: Probably from the same as pale; anew, i.e. back, once more, or furthermore or on the other hand.

[and] asked,
εἶπεν (eipen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2036: Answer, bid, bring word, command. A primary verb; to speak or say.

“Do you know
Γινώσκετε (Ginōskete)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1097: A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' in a great variety of applications and with many implications.

what
τί (ti)
Interrogative / Indefinite Pronoun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 5101: Who, which, what, why. Probably emphatic of tis; an interrogative pronoun, who, which or what.

I have done
πεποίηκα (pepoiēka)
Verb - Perfect Indicative Active - 1st Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4160: (a) I make, manufacture, construct, (b) I do, act, cause. Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do.

for you?
ὑμῖν (hymin)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
(12) And was set down again.--This means in the reclining position customary at meals. Comp. Luke 11:37; Luke 22:14; and in this Gospel John 6:10; John 21:20. Here it implies that the washing the feet preceded the supper (John 13:1).

Know ye what I have done to you?--This question is asked, not to be answered, but to direct their attention to what He had done, and to the interpretation which follows--"Do ye perceive what I have done? This is the meaning of it."

Verses 12-17. - The Lord gives other practical instructions based on his own humble self-obliterating discharge of a duty which it was obvious that, in their desire to be great, they had one and all abstained from doing even for their Lord. Out of it he draws the great lesson of mutual love and brotherly regard. Verse 12. - So when he had washed their feet - the interruption of Peter had brought forth the wonderful and weighty replies, and then, in awfulness and great amazement, the process went on. John and Judas as well as Peter submitted. Matthew and Thomas, Philip and Nathanael, and the rest yielded and received the deep, ineffaceable impression - and taken his garments he was no longer in the form of a slave, but of their Teacher and Lord - and again reclined at their head, he said unto them, Know ye what I have done unto you? They must consider the meaning of it all. There was no affectation of humility about it. The purpose of the Lord was distinctly practical and ethical. So when he ceased his manifestation in the likeness of sinful flesh, and was set down on the right hand of God, he sent his Spirit to teach them all things. Moulton calls attention to the trial arrangement. Three particulars precede the great utterance that follows (cf. vers. 1-3; cf. also John 16:6; John 16:8, etc.; John 17:22, 23), as well as the three topics of the intercessory prayer; also the three words from the cross (John 19:27-30) and three appearances to the disciples (John 21:14). This may be compared with the use of three throughout the Apocalypse. 13:1-17 Our Lord Jesus has a people in the world that are his own; he has purchased them, and paid dear for them, and he has set them apart for himself; they devote themselves to him as a peculiar people. Those whom Christ loves, he loves to the end. Nothing can separate a true believer from the love of Christ. We know not when our hour will come, therefore what we have to do in constant preparation for it, ought never to be undone. What way of access the devil has to men's hearts we cannot tell. But some sins are so exceedingly sinful, and there is so little temptation to them from the world and the flesh, that it is plain they are directly from Satan. Jesus washed his disciples' feet, that he might teach us to think nothing below us, wherein we may promote God's glory, and the good of our brethren. We must address ourselves to duty, and must lay aside every thing that would hinder us in what we have to do. Christ washed his disciples' feet, that he might signify to them the value of spiritual washing, and the cleansing of the soul from the pollutions of sin. Our Lord Jesus does many things of which even his own disciples do not for the present know the meaning, but they shall know afterward. We see in the end what was the kindness from events which seemed most cross. And it is not humility, but unbelief, to put away the offers of the gospel, as if too rich to be made to us, or too good news to be true. All those, and those only, who are spiritually washed by Christ, have a part in Christ. All whom Christ owns and saves, he justifies and sanctifies. Peter more than submits; he begs to be washed by Christ. How earnest he is for the purifying grace of the Lord Jesus, and the full effect of it, even upon his hands and head! Those who truly desire to be sanctified, desire to be sanctified throughout, to have the whole man, with all its parts and powers, made pure. The true believer is thus washed when he receives Christ for his salvation. See then what ought to be the daily care of those who through grace are in a justified state, and that is, to wash their feet; to cleanse themselves from daily guilt, and to watch against everything defiling. This should make us the more cautious. From yesterday's pardon, we should be strengthened against this day's temptation. And when hypocrites are discovered, it should be no surprise or cause of stumbling to us. Observe the lesson Christ here taught. Duties are mutual; we must both accept help from our brethren, and afford help to our brethren. When we see our Master serving, we cannot but see how ill it becomes us to domineer. And the same love which led Christ to ransom and reconcile his disciples when enemies, still influences him.
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