Proverbs 30:32
New International Version
"If you play the fool and exalt yourself, or if you plan evil, clap your hand over your mouth!

New Living Translation
If you have been a fool by being proud or plotting evil, cover your mouth in shame.

English Standard Version
If you have been foolish, exalting yourself, or if you have been devising evil, put your hand on your mouth.

Berean Study Bible
If you have foolishly exalted yourself or if you have plotted evil, put your hand over your mouth.

New American Standard Bible
If you have been foolish in exalting yourself Or if you have plotted evil, put your hand on your mouth.

King James Bible
If thou hast done foolishly in lifting up thyself, or if thou hast thought evil, lay thine hand upon thy mouth.

Christian Standard Bible
If you have been foolish by exalting yourself or if you've been scheming, put your hand over your mouth.

Contemporary English Version
If you are foolishly bragging or planning something evil, then stop it now!

Good News Translation
If you have been foolish enough to be arrogant and plan evil, stop and think!

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If you have been foolish by exalting yourself or if you've been scheming, put your hand over your mouth.

International Standard Version
If you've foolishly exalted yourself or if you've plotted evil, put your hand over your mouth.

NET Bible
If you have done foolishly by exalting yourself or if you have planned evil, put your hand over your mouth!

New Heart English Bible
"If you have done foolishly in lifting up yourself, or if you have thought evil, put your hand over your mouth.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Do not covet, lest you be despised, and do not stretch your hand to your mouth in depravity.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If you are such a godless fool as to honor yourself, or if you scheme, you had better put your hand over your mouth.

JPS Tanakh 1917
If thou hast done foolishly in lifting up thyself, Or if thou hast planned devices, lay thy hand upon thy mouth.

New American Standard 1977
If you have been foolish in exalting yourself Or if you have plotted evil, put your hand on your mouth.

Jubilee Bible 2000
If thou hast fallen, it is because thou hast lifted thyself up; and if thou hast thought evil, lay thine hand upon thy mouth.

King James 2000 Bible
If you have done foolishly in lifting up yourself, or if you have thought evil, lay your hand upon your mouth.

American King James Version
If you have done foolishly in lifting up yourself, or if you have thought evil, lay your hand on your mouth.

American Standard Version
If thou hast done foolishly in lifting up thyself, Or if thou hast thought evil, Lay thy hand upon thy mouth.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
If thou abandon thyself to mirth, and stretch forth thine hand in a quarrel, thou shalt be disgraced.

Douay-Rheims Bible
There is that hath appeared a fool after he was lifted up on high: for if he had understood, he would have laid his hand upon his mouth.

Darby Bible Translation
If thou hast done foolishly in lifting up thyself, or if thou hast thought evil, [lay] the hand upon thy mouth.

English Revised Version
If thou hast done foolishly in lifting up thyself, or if thou hast thought evil, lay thine hand upon thy mouth.

Webster's Bible Translation
If thou hast done foolishly in lifting up thyself, or if thou hast thought evil, lay thy hand upon thy mouth.

World English Bible
"If you have done foolishly in lifting up yourself, or if you have thought evil, put your hand over your mouth.

Young's Literal Translation
If thou hast been foolish in lifting up thyself, And if thou hast devised evil -- hand to mouth!
Study Bible
The Words of Agur
31a strutting rooster, a he-goat, and a king with his army around him. 32If you have foolishly exalted yourself or if you have plotted evil, put your hand over your mouth. 33For as the churning of milk yields butter, and the twisting of the nose draws blood, so the stirring of anger brings forth strife.…
Cross References
Job 21:5
Look at me and be astonished; put your hand over your mouth.

Job 40:4
"Behold, I am insignificant. How can I reply to You? I place my hand over my mouth.

Proverbs 30:31
a strutting rooster, a he-goat, and a king with his army around him.

Micah 7:16
Nations will see and be ashamed, deprived of all their might. They will put their hands over their mouths, and their ears will become deaf.

Treasury of Scripture

If you have done foolishly in lifting up yourself, or if you have thought evil, lay your hand on your mouth.

thou hast done

Proverbs 26:12
Seest thou a man wise in his own conceit? there is more hope of a fool than of him.

Ecclesiastes 8:3
Be not hasty to go out of his sight: stand not in an evil thing; for he doeth whatsoever pleaseth him.

lay

Proverbs 17:28
Even a fool, when he holdeth his peace, is counted wise: and he that shutteth his lips is esteemed a man of understanding.

Job 21:5
Mark me, and be astonished, and lay your hand upon your mouth.

Job 40:4
Behold, I am vile; what shall I answer thee? I will lay mine hand upon my mouth.







Lexicon
If
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

you have foolishly
נָבַ֥לְתָּ (nā·ḇal·tā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5034: To wilt, to fall away, fail, faint, to be foolish, wicked, to despise, disgrace

exalted yourself
בְהִתְנַשֵּׂ֑א (ḇə·hiṯ·naś·śê)
Preposition-b | Verb - Hitpael - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 5375: To lift, carry, take

or if
וְאִם־ (wə·’im-)
Conjunctive waw | Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

you have plotted evil,
זַ֝מּ֗וֹתָ (zam·mō·w·ṯā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2161: To consider, purpose, devise

put your hand
יָ֣ד (yāḏ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3027: A hand

over your mouth.
לְפֶֽה׃ (lə·p̄eh)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6310: The mouth, edge, portion, side, according to
(32) Lay thine hand upon thy mouth--i.e., be silent. Agur deprecates two things which may easily lead to a quarrel, arrogance and malice. He explains this in the next verse.

Verses 32, 33. - Agur's last proverb, exhorting to discreet demeanour. Verse 32. - If thou hast done foolishly in lifting up thyself (Numbers 16:3). If thou hast had the folly to be arrogant, proud, and overbearing in conduct. Or if thou hast thought evil, lay thine hand upon thy mouth. The verb zamam, though possibly used in a bad sense, "to devise evil," is more suitably rendered "to meditate," "purpose;" so here it is the thought of lifting up one's self that is censured, the act and the thought being contrasted. Hast thou acted arrogantly, or even only meditated doing so, restrain yourself, keep silence (Job 21:5; Job 40:4). St. Jerome gives a different rendering, enforcing another lesson, "There is one who shows himself a fool after he is raised to high position; if he had had understanding, he would have laid his hand on his mouth." Septuagint, "If thou give thyself up to mirth, and stretch forth thy hand in a quarrel, thou wilt be dishonoured." Insensate mirth and a quarrelsome disposition alike lead to disgrace. St. Gregory ('Moral.,' 30:10) applies the Vulgate rendering to antichrist, "For he in truth will be lifted up on high, when he will feign that he is God. But he will appear a fool when lifted up on high, because he will fail in his very loftiness through the coming of the true Judge. But if he had understood this, he would have laid his hand on his mouth; that is, if he had foreseen his punishment, when he began to be proud, having been once fashioned aright, he would not have been raised up to the boastfulness of such great pride" (Oxford transl.). 30:24-28. Four things that are little, are yet to be admired. There are those who are poor in the world, and of small account, yet wise for their souls and another world. 29-33. We may learn from animals to go well; also to keep our temper under all provocations. We must keep the evil thought in our minds from breaking out into evil speeches. We must not stir up the passions of others. Let nothing be said or done with violence, but every thing with softness and calmness. Alas, how often have we done foolishly in rising up against the Lord our King! Let us humble ourselves before him. And having found peace with Him, let us follow peace with all men.
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