Isaiah 19:13
New International Version
The officials of Zoan have become fools, the leaders of Memphis are deceived; the cornerstones of her peoples have led Egypt astray.

New Living Translation
The officials of Zoan are fools, and the officials of Memphis are deluded. The leaders of the people have led Egypt astray.

English Standard Version
The princes of Zoan have become fools, and the princes of Memphis are deluded; those who are the cornerstones of her tribes have made Egypt stagger.

Berean Study Bible
The princes of Zoan have become fools; the princes of Memphis are deceived. The cornerstones of her tribes have led Egypt astray.

New American Standard Bible
The princes of Zoan have acted foolishly, The princes of Memphis are deluded; Those who are the cornerstone of her tribes Have led Egypt astray.

King James Bible
The princes of Zoan are become fools, the princes of Noph are deceived; they have also seduced Egypt, even they that are the stay of the tribes thereof.

Christian Standard Bible
The princes of Zoan have been fools; the princes of Memphis are deceived. Her tribal chieftains have led Egypt astray.

Contemporary English Version
The royal officials in Zoan and in Memphis are foolish and deceived. The leaders in every state have given bad advice to the nation.

Good News Translation
The leaders of Zoan and Memphis are fools. They were supposed to lead the nation, but they have misled it.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The princes of Zoan have been fools; the princes of Memphis are deceived. Her tribal chieftains have led Egypt astray.

International Standard Version
The princes of Zoan have become fools, and the princes of Memphis deluded; the leaders of its tribes have led Egypt astray.

NET Bible
The officials of Zoan are fools, the officials of Memphis are misled; the rulers of her tribes lead Egypt astray.

New Heart English Bible
The princes of Zoan have become fools. The princes of Memphis are deceived. They have caused Egypt to go astray, who are the cornerstone of her tribes.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The leaders of Zoan are acting foolishly. The leaders of Memphis are led astray. The leaders who are the cornerstones of its tribes mislead the Egyptians.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The princes of Zoan are become fools, The princes of Noph are deceived; They have caused Egypt to go astray, That are the corner-stone of her tribes.

New American Standard 1977
The princes of Zoan have acted foolishly, The princes of Memphis are deluded; Those who are the cornerstone of her tribes Have led Egypt astray.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The princes of Zoan are become fools, the princes of Noph are deceived; they have also seduced Egypt, even those that are the stay of the tribes thereof.

King James 2000 Bible
The princes of Zoan have become fools, the princes of Memphis are deceived; they have also seduced Egypt, even they that are the cornerstones of its tribes.

American King James Version
The princes of Zoan are become fools, the princes of Noph are deceived; they have also seduced Egypt, even they that are the stay of the tribes thereof.

American Standard Version
The princes of Zoan are become fools, the princes of Memphis are deceived; they have caused Egypt to go astray, that are the corner-stone of her tribes.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
The princes of Tanis have failed, and the princes of Memphis are lifted up with pride, and they shall cause Egypt to wander by tribes.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The princes of Tanis are become fools, the princes of Memphis are gone astray, they have deceived Egypt, the stay of the people thereof.

Darby Bible Translation
The princes of Zoan are become foolish, the princes of Noph are deceived; and the corner-stones of its tribes have caused Egypt to err.

English Revised Version
The princes of Zoan are become fools, the princes of Noph are deceived; they have caused Egypt to go astray, that are the corner stone of her tribes.

Webster's Bible Translation
The princes of Zoan are become fools, the princes of Noph are deceived; they have also seduced Egypt, even they that are the support of its tribes.

World English Bible
The princes of Zoan have become fools. The princes of Memphis are deceived. They have caused Egypt to go astray, who are the cornerstone of her tribes.

Young's Literal Translation
Foolish have been princes of Zoan, Lifted up have been princes of Noph, And they have caused Egypt to err, The chief of her tribes.
Study Bible
An Oracle Concerning Egypt
12Where are your wise men now? Let them tell you and reveal what the LORD of Hosts has planned against Egypt. 13The princes of Zoan have become fools; the princes of Memphis are deceived. The cornerstones of her tribes have led Egypt astray. 14The LORD has poured into her a spirit of confusion. Egypt has been led astray in all she does, as a drunkard staggers around in his vomit.…
Cross References
Jeremiah 2:16
The men of Memphis and Tahpanhes have shaved the crown of your head.

Jeremiah 44:1
This is the word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the Jews living in the land of Egypt--in Migdol, Tahpanhes, and Memphis--and in the land of Pathros:

Jeremiah 46:14
"Announce it in Egypt, and proclaim it in Migdol; proclaim it in Memphis and Tahpanhes: 'Take your positions and prepare yourself, for the sword devours those around you.'

Jeremiah 46:19
Pack your bags for exile, O daughter dwelling in Egypt! For Memphis will be laid waste, destroyed and uninhabited.

Ezekiel 30:13
This is what the Lord GOD says: 'I will destroy the idols and put an end to the images in Memphis. There will no longer be a prince in Egypt, and I will instill fear in that land.

Ezekiel 30:14
I will lay waste to Pathros, set fire to Zoan, and execute judgment on Thebes.

Hosea 9:6
For even if they flee destruction, Egypt will gather them and Memphis will bury them. Their precious silver will be taken over by thistles, and thorns will overrun their tents.

Zechariah 10:4
The cornerstone will come from Judah, the tent peg from him, as well as the battle bow and every ruler together.

Treasury of Scripture

The princes of Zoan are become fools, the princes of Noph are deceived; they have also seduced Egypt, even they that are the stay of the tribes thereof.

princes of Zoan

Isaiah 19:11
Surely the princes of Zoan are fools, the counsel of the wise counsellers of Pharaoh is become brutish: how say ye unto Pharaoh, I am the son of the wise, the son of ancient kings?

Romans 1:22
Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,

Noph

Jeremiah 2:16
Also the children of Noph and Tahapanes have broken the crown of thy head.

Jeremiah 46:14,19
Declare ye in Egypt, and publish in Migdol, and publish in Noph and in Tahpanhes: say ye, Stand fast, and prepare thee; for the sword shall devour round about thee…

Ezekiel 30:13
Thus saith the Lord GOD; I will also destroy the idols, and I will cause their images to cease out of Noph; and there shall be no more a prince of the land of Egypt: and I will put a fear in the land of Egypt.

stay.

Numbers 24:17
I shall see him, but not now: I shall behold him, but not nigh: there shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel, and shall smite the corners of Moab, and destroy all the children of Sheth.

1 Samuel 14:38
And Saul said, Draw ye near hither, all the chief of the people: and know and see wherein this sin hath been this day.

Zechariah 10:4
Out of him came forth the corner, out of him the nail, out of him the battle bow, out of him every oppressor together.







Lexicon
The princes
שָׂ֣רֵי (śā·rê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 8269: Chieftain, chief, ruler, official, captain, prince

of Zoan
צֹ֔עַן (ṣō·‘an)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6814: Zoan -- a place in Egypt

have become fools;
נֽוֹאֲלוּ֙ (nō·w·’ă·lū)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 2973: To be slack, to be foolish

the princes
שָׂ֣רֵי (śā·rê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 8269: Chieftain, chief, ruler, official, captain, prince

of Memphis
נֹ֑ף (nōp̄)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5297: Memphis -- a city in Egypt

are deceived.
נִשְּׁא֖וּ (niš·šə·’ū)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 5377: To lead astray, to delude, to seduce

The cornerstones
פִּנַּ֥ת (pin·naṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6438: An angle, a pinnacle, a chieftain

of her tribes
שְׁבָטֶֽיהָ׃ (šə·ḇā·ṭe·hā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7626: Rod, staff, club, scepter, tribe

have led Egypt
מִצְרַ֖יִם (miṣ·ra·yim)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4714: Egypt -- a son of Ham, also his descendants and their country in Northwest Africa

astray.
הִתְע֥וּ (hiṯ·‘ū)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 8582: To vacillate, reel, stray
(13) The princes of Noph.--Probably, as in the LXX., Noph is the same as Memphis. The name has been derived (1) from Ma-m-pthah ("the house of Pthah," an Egyptian deity of the Hephaestos, or Yulcan type); or (2), and more correctly, from Men-nepher ("place of the good"). This also was, as in Hosea 9:6 (where we have the form Moph), one of the chief royal cities of Lower Egypt, and the seat of the Ethiopian dynasty then ruling.

Even they that are the stay of the tribes thereof.--Better, the corner-stone of the castes. The word is the same as the "corner" of Zechariah 10:4, the "chief" of Judges 20:2; 1Samuel 14:38, and describes the position of superiority among the Egyptian castes claimed by the priest-rulers of Zoan and Noph.

Verse 13. - The princes of Noph. There are no grounds for changing "Noph" into "Moph." "Noph" is probably "Napata," known as "Nap" in the hieroglyphic inscriptions - the original capital of the Ethiopian kings, and, when Memphis had become their capital, still probably regarded as the second city of the empire. The "princes of Noph" would be Tirhakah's counselors. They have also, etc. Translate, Even they have led Egypt astray, who are the corner-stone of her tribes. Strictly speaking, there were no "tribes" in Egypt, much less "castes," but only classes, marked out by strong lines of demarcation the one from the other. Herodotus gives seven of them (2. 164) - priests, soldiers, herdsmen, swineherds, tradesmen, interpreters, and boatmen. But there were several others also, e.g., agricultural laborers, fishermen, artisans, official employee, etc. 19:1-17 God shall come into Egypt with his judgments. He will raise up the causes of their destruction from among themselves. When ungodly men escape danger, they are apt to think themselves secure; but evil pursues sinners, and will speedily overtake them, except they repent. The Egyptians will be given over into the hand of one who shall rule them with rigour, as was shortly after fulfilled. The Egyptians were renowned for wisdom and science; yet the Lord would give them up to their own perverse schemes, and to quarrel, till their land would be brought by their contests to become an object of contempt and pity. He renders sinners afraid of those whom they have despised and oppressed; and the Lord of hosts will make the workers of iniquity a terror to themselves, and to each other; and every object around a terror to them.
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