Leviticus 25:39
New International Version
"'If any of your fellow Israelites become poor and sell themselves to you, do not make them work as slaves.

New Living Translation
"If one of your fellow Israelites falls into poverty and is forced to sell himself to you, do not treat him as a slave.

English Standard Version
“If your brother becomes poor beside you and sells himself to you, you shall not make him serve as a slave:

Berean Study Bible
If a countryman among you becomes destitute and sells himself to you, you must not force him into slave labor.

New American Standard Bible
'If a countryman of yours becomes so poor with regard to you that he sells himself to you, you shall not subject him to a slave's service.

King James Bible
And if thy brother that dwelleth by thee be waxen poor, and be sold unto thee; thou shalt not compel him to serve as a bondservant:

Christian Standard Bible
"If your brother among you becomes destitute and sells himself to you, you must not force him to do slave labor.

Contemporary English Version
Suppose some of your people become so poor that they have to sell themselves and become your slaves.

Good News Translation
If any Israelites living near you become so poor that they sell themselves to you as a slave, you shall not make them do the work of a slave.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If your brother among you becomes destitute and sells himself to you, you must not force him to do slave labor.

International Standard Version
"If your brother with you becomes so poor that he sells himself to you, you are not to make him serve like a bond slave.

NET Bible
"'If your brother becomes impoverished with regard to you so that he sells himself to you, you must not subject him to slave service.

New Heart English Bible
"'If your brother has grown poor among you, and sells himself to you; you shall not make him to serve as a slave.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"If an Israelite becomes poor and sells himself to you, don't work him like a slave.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And if thy brother be waxen poor with thee, and sell himself unto thee, thou shalt not make him to serve as a bondservant.

New American Standard 1977
‘And if a countryman of yours becomes so poor with regard to you that he sells himself to you, you shall not subject him to a slave’s service.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And when thy brother becomes poor, being with thee, and if he should sell himself unto thee, thou shalt not compel him to serve as a slave.

King James 2000 Bible
And if your brother that dwells by you becomes poor, and is sold unto you; you shall not compel him to serve as a slave:

American King James Version
And if your brother that dwells by you be waxen poor, and be sold to you; you shall not compel him to serve as a bondservant:

American Standard Version
And if thy brother be waxed poor with thee, and sell himself unto thee; thou shalt not make him to serve as a bond-servant.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if thy brother by thee be lowered, and be sold to thee, he shall not serve thee with the servitude of a slave.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If thy brother constrained by poverty, sell himself to thee, thou shalt not oppress him with the service of bondservants:

Darby Bible Translation
And if thy brother grow poor beside thee, and be sold unto thee, thou shalt not compel him to serve as a bondservant:

English Revised Version
And if thy brother be waxen poor with thee, and sell himself unto thee; thou shalt not make him to serve as a bondservant:

Webster's Bible Translation
And if thy brother that dwelleth by thee shall have become poor, and be sold to thee; thou shalt not compel him to serve as a bond servant:

World English Bible
"'If your brother has grown poor among you, and sells himself to you; you shall not make him to serve as a slave.

Young's Literal Translation
'And when thy brother becometh poor with thee, and he hath been sold to thee, thou dost not lay on him servile service;
Study Bible
Redemption of Bondmen
39If a countryman among you becomes destitute and sells himself to you, you must not force him into slave labor. 40Let him stay with you as a hired worker or temporary resident; he is to work for you until the Year of Jubilee.…
Cross References
Matthew 18:25
Since the man was unable to pay, the master ordered that he be sold to pay his debt, along with his wife and children and everything he owned.

Exodus 21:2
If you buy a Hebrew servant, he is to serve you for six years. But in the seventh year, he shall go free without paying anything.

Deuteronomy 15:12
If a fellow Hebrew, a man or a woman, sells himself to you and serves you six years, in the seventh year you must set him free.

1 Kings 9:22
But Solomon did not consign any of the Israelites to slavery, because they were his men of war, his servants, his officers, his captains, and the commanders of his chariots and cavalry.

2 Kings 4:1
Now the wife of one of the sons of the prophets cried out to Elisha, "Your servant, my husband, is dead, and you know that your servant feared the LORD. And now his creditor is coming to take my two children as his slaves!"

2 Chronicles 28:10
And now you intend to reduce to slavery the men and women of Judah and Jerusalem. But are you not also guilty before the LORD your God?

Nehemiah 5:5
We and our children are just like our countrymen and their children, yet we are subjecting our sons and daughters to slavery. Some of our daughters are already enslaved, but we are powerless to redeem them because our fields and vineyards belong to others."

Jeremiah 34:8
After King Zedekiah had made a covenant with all the people in Jerusalem to proclaim liberty, the word came to Jeremiah from the LORD

Jeremiah 34:9
that each man should free his Hebrew slaves, both male and female, and no one should hold his fellow Jew in bondage.

Treasury of Scripture

And if your brother that dwells by you be waxen poor, and be sold to you; you shall not compel him to serve as a bondservant:

be sold

Exodus 21:2
If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.

Exodus 22:3
If the sun be risen upon him, there shall be blood shed for him; for he should make full restitution; if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft.

Deuteronomy 15:12
And if thy brother, an Hebrew man, or an Hebrew woman, be sold unto thee, and serve thee six years; then in the seventh year thou shalt let him go free from thee.

Leviticus 25:46
And ye shall take them as an inheritance for your children after you, to inherit them for a possession; they shall be your bondmen for ever: but over your brethren the children of Israel, ye shall not rule one over another with rigour.

Exodus 1:14
And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour.

Jeremiah 25:14
For many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of them also: and I will recompense them according to their deeds, and according to the works of their own hands.







Lexicon
If
וְכִֽי־ (wə·ḵî-)
Conjunctive waw | Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

a countryman
אָחִ֛יךָ (’ā·ḥî·ḵā)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 251: A brother, )

among you
עִמָּ֖ךְ (‘im·māḵ)
Preposition | second person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5973: With, equally with

becomes destitute
יָמ֥וּךְ (yā·mūḵ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4134: To be low or depressed, to grow poor

and sells himself
וְנִמְכַּר־ (wə·nim·kar-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4376: To sell

to you,
לָ֑ךְ (lāḵ)
Preposition | second person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew

you must not
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

force
תַעֲבֹ֥ד (ṯa·‘ă·ḇōḏ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5647: To work, to serve, till, enslave

him into
בּ֖וֹ (bōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew

slave
עָֽבֶד׃ (‘ā·ḇeḏ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5650: Slave, servant

labor.
עֲבֹ֥דַת (‘ă·ḇō·ḏaṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5656: Work of any kind
(39) And if thy brother that dwelleth by thee be waxen poor.--Better, And if thy brother be waxen poor by thee, that is, after supporting his tottering hand, as prescribed in Leviticus 25:35-38, and making all the charitable efforts to help him, they fail, and he still finds himself in extreme poverty, and unable to obtain a livelihood.

And be sold unto thee.--The voluntary disposal of his own liberty for a money consideration the Israelite could only effect by stress of poverty.

Thou shalt not compel him to serve as a bondservant.--Under these circumstances he is not to be treated like heathen slaves who are either purchased or captured, and made to do the menial service which these Gentile slaves have to perform. The authorities during the second Temple adduce the following as degrading work which the Israelite bondman is not to be put to: He must not attend his master at his bath, nor tie up or undo the latchets of his sandals, &c., &c.

Verses 39-42. - We see the way in which a poor Israelite might become a slave in the case of the sons of the widow whose oil was multiplied by Elisha. "Thy servant my husband is dead; (and thou knowest that thy servant did fear the Lord:) and the creditor is come to take unto him my two sons to be bondmen" (2 Kings 4:1). And in the time of Nehemiah, "Some also there were that said, We have mortgaged our lands, vineyards, and houses, that we might buy corn, because of the dearth.... And, lo, we bring into bondage our sons and our daughters to be servants, and some of our daughters are brought unto bondage already: neither is it in our power to redeem them; for other men have our lands and vineyards" (Nehemiah 5:3-5). But the fact that an Israelite could not be kept in slavery for more than six years (Exodus 21:2), and that the period of his service had to be still shorter if the jubilee fell before the seventh year, and the further fact that at the time of the jubilee he would not only he free, but recover any ancestral property that he had forfeited, so that he might become once more on an equality with his master, would have made his position totally different from the hopeless, helpless state of the Greek or Roman slave, even without the positive command that he was to be treated, not as a bondservant: but as an hired servant, and as a sojourner. All alike, master and bondsman, were the slaves of God, and therefore not only were they, so far, on an equality one with another, but the master would be encroaching on the right of God if he claimed God's slaves for his own inalienably. 25:39-55 A native Israelite, if sold for debt, or for a crime, was to serve but six years, and to go out the seventh. If he sold himself, through poverty, both his work and his usage must be such as were fitting for a son of Abraham. Masters are required to give to their servants that which is just and equal, Col 4:1. At the year of jubilee the servant should go out free, he and his children, and should return to his own family. This typified redemption from the service of sin and Satan, by the grace of God in Christ, whose truth makes us free, Joh 8:32. We cannot ransom our fellow-sinners, but we may point out Christ to them; while by his grace our lives may adorn his gospel, express our love, show our gratitude, and glorify his holy name.
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