Proverbs 20:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler, and whoever is led astray by it is not wise.

King James Bible
Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.

American Standard Version
Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler; And whosoever erreth thereby is not wise.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Wine is a luxurious thing, and drunkenness riotous: whosoever is delighted therewith shell not be wise.

English Revised Version
Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler; and whosoever erreth thereby is not wise.

Webster's Bible Translation
Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whoever is deceived by it is not wise.

Proverbs 20:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

24 The slothful hath thrust his hand into the dish;

     He bringeth it not again to his mouth.

This proverb is repeated in a different form, Proverbs 26:15. The figure appears, thus understood, an hyperbole, on which account the lxx understand by צלחת the bosom or lap, κόλπον; Aquila and Symmachus understand by it the arm-pit, μασχάλην or μάλην; and the Jewish interpreters gloss it by חיק (Kimchi) or קרע החלוק, the slit (Ita. fenditura) of the shirt. But the domestic figure, 2 Kings 21:13, places before us a dish which, when it is empty, is wiped and turned upside down;

(Note: While צפּחת, ṣaḥfat, in the sense of dish, is etymologically clear, for צלּחת, neither ṣalaḥ (to be good for), nor salakh (to be deaf, mangy), offers an appropriate verbal meaning. The Arab. zuluh (large dishes) stands under zalah (to taste, of the tasting of good), but is scarcely a derivative from it. Only צלח, which in the meaning of good for, proceeding from the idea of penetrating through, has retained the root-meaning of cleft, furnishes for צלּחת and צלוחית a root-word in some measure useful.)

and that the slothful when he eats appears too slothful to bring his hand, e.g., with the rice or the piece of bread he has taken out of the dish, again to his mouth, is true to nature: we say of such a man that he almost sleeps when he eats. The fut. after the perf. here denotes that which is not done after the former thing, i.e., that which is scarcely and only with difficulty done; לּו ... גּם may have the meaning of "yet not," as at Psalm 129:2; but the sense of "not once" equals ne ... quidem, lies here nearer Deuteronomy 23:3.

Proverbs 20:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Genesis 9:21 He drank of the wine and became drunk, and uncovered himself inside his tent.

Proverbs 23:29 Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has contentions? Who has complaining? Who has wounds without cause? Who has redness of eyes?

Proverbs 23:30 Those who linger long over wine, Those who go to taste mixed wine.

Proverbs 31:4 It is not for kings, O Lemuel, It is not for kings to drink wine, Or for rulers to desire strong drink,

Isaiah 5:22 Woe to those who are heroes in drinking wine And valiant men in mixing strong drink,

Isaiah 28:7 And these also reel with wine and stagger from strong drink: The priest and the prophet reel with strong drink, They are confused by wine, they stagger from strong drink; They reel while having visions, They totter when rendering judgment.

Isaiah 56:12 "Come, " they say, "let us get wine, and let us drink heavily of strong drink; And tomorrow will be like today, only more so."

Hosea 4:11 Harlotry, wine and new wine take away the understanding.

Cross References
Ephesians 5:18
And do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery, but be filled with the Spirit,

Genesis 9:21
He drank of the wine and became drunk and lay uncovered in his tent.

Leviticus 10:9
"Drink no wine or strong drink, you or your sons with you, when you go into the tent of meeting, lest you die. It shall be a statute forever throughout your generations.

1 Samuel 25:36
And Abigail came to Nabal, and behold, he was holding a feast in his house, like the feast of a king. And Nabal's heart was merry within him, for he was very drunk. So she told him nothing at all until the morning light.

2 Samuel 11:13
And David invited him, and he ate in his presence and drank, so that he made him drunk. And in the evening he went out to lie on his couch with the servants of his lord, but he did not go down to his house.

1 Kings 20:16
And they went out at noon, while Ben-hadad was drinking himself drunk in the booths, he and the thirty-two kings who helped him.

Proverbs 23:20
Be not among drunkards or among gluttonous eaters of meat,

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