Proverbs 20:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The sluggard does not plow in the autumn; he will seek at harvest and have nothing.

King James Bible
The sluggard will not plow by reason of the cold; therefore shall he beg in harvest, and have nothing.

American Standard Version
The sluggard will not plow by reason of the winter; Therefore he shall beg in harvest, and have nothing.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Because of the cold the sluggard would not plough: he shall beg therefore in the summer, and it shall not be given him.

English Revised Version
The slothful will not plow by reason of the winter; therefore he shall beg in harvest, and have nothing.

Webster's Bible Translation
The sluggard will not plow by reason of the cold; therefore shall he beg in harvest, and have nothing.

Proverbs 20:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

27 Cease, my son, to hear instruction,

     To depart from the words of knowledge.

Oetinger correctly: cease from hearing instruction if thou wilt make no other use of it than to depart, etc., i.e., cease to learn wisdom and afterwards to misuse it. The proverb is, as Ewald says, as "bloody irony;" but it is a dissuasive from hypocrisy, a warning against the self-deception of which James 1:22-24 speaks, against heightening one's own condemnation, which is the case of that servant who knows his lord's will and does it not, Luke 12:47. חדל, in the meaning to leave off doing something further, is more frequently construed with ל seq. infin. than with מן (cf. e.g., Genesis 11:8 with 1 Kings 15:21); but if we mean the omission of a thing which has not yet been begun, then the construction is with ל, Numbers 9:13, Instead of לשׁגּות, there might have been also used מלּשׁגּות (omit rather ... than...), and למען שׁגות would be more distinct; but as the proverb is expressed, לשׁגות is not to be mistaken as the subord. infin. of purpose. The lxx, Syr., Targ., and Jerome do violence to the proverb. Luther, after the example of older interpreters: instruction, that which leads away from prudent learning; but musar always means either discipline weaning from evil, or education leading to good.

Proverbs 20:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

sluggard

Proverbs 10:4 He becomes poor that deals with a slack hand: but the hand of the diligent makes rich.

Proverbs 19:15,24 Slothfulness casts into a deep sleep; and an idle soul shall suffer hunger...

Proverbs 26:13-16 The slothful man said, There is a lion in the way; a lion is in the streets...

cold

Proverbs 6:10,11 Yet a little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the hands to sleep...

Proverbs 19:15 Slothfulness casts into a deep sleep; and an idle soul shall suffer hunger.

Proverbs 24:34 So shall your poverty come as one that travels; and your want as an armed man.

Matthew 25:3-10,24-28 They that were foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them...

2 Peter 1:5-11 And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge...

Cross References
Proverbs 6:6
Go to the ant, O sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise.

Proverbs 13:4
The soul of the sluggard craves and gets nothing, while the soul of the diligent is richly supplied.

Proverbs 20:5
The purpose in a man's heart is like deep water, but a man of understanding will draw it out.

Proverbs 21:25
The desire of the sluggard kills him, for his hands refuse to labor.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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