Psalm 129:3
New International Version
Plowmen have plowed my back and made their furrows long.

New Living Translation
My back is covered with cuts, as if a farmer had plowed long furrows.

English Standard Version
The plowers plowed upon my back; they made long their furrows.”

Berean Study Bible
The plowmen plowed over my back; they made their furrows long.

New American Standard Bible
"The plowers plowed upon my back; They lengthened their furrows."

King James Bible
The plowers plowed upon my back: they made long their furrows.

Christian Standard Bible
Plowmen plowed over my back; they made their furrows long.

Contemporary English Version
though my back is like a field that has just been plowed."

Good News Translation
They cut deep wounds in my back and made it like a plowed field.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Plowmen plowed over my back; they made their furrows long.

International Standard Version
Wicked people ploughed over my back, creating long-lasting wounds."

NET Bible
The plowers plowed my back; they made their furrows long.

New Heart English Bible
The plowers plowed on my back. They made their furrows long.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
The scourgers scourged upon my back and prolonged their affliction.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They have plowed my back [like farmers plow fields]. They made long slashes [like furrows]."

JPS Tanakh 1917
The plowers plowed upon my back; They made long their furrows.

New American Standard 1977
“The plowers plowed upon my back; They lengthened their furrows.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
The plowers plowed upon my back; they made long their furrows.

King James 2000 Bible
The plowers plowed upon my back: they made long their furrows.

American King James Version
The plowers plowed on my back: they made long their furrows.

American Standard Version
The plowers plowed upon my back; They made long their furrows.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
The sinners wrought upon my back: they prolonged their iniquity.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The wicked have wrought upon my back: they have lengthened their iniquity.

Darby Bible Translation
The ploughers ploughed upon my back; they made long their furrows.

English Revised Version
The plowers plowed upon my back; they made long their furrows.

Webster's Bible Translation
The plowers plowed upon my back: they made long their furrows.

World English Bible
The plowers plowed on my back. They made their furrows long.

Young's Literal Translation
Over my back have ploughers ploughed, They have made long their furrows.
Study Bible
The Cords of the Wicked
2many a time they have persecuted me from my youth, but they have not prevailed against me. 3The plowmen plowed over my back; they made their furrows long. 4The LORD is righteous; He has cut me from the cords of the wicked.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 21:4
bring the heifer to a valley with running water that has not been plowed or sown, and break its neck there by the stream.

Psalm 129:2
many a time they have persecuted me from my youth, but they have not prevailed against me.

Psalm 129:4
The LORD is righteous; He has cut me from the cords of the wicked.

Psalm 141:7
As when one plows and breaks up the soil, so our bones have been scattered at the mouth of Sheol.

Treasury of Scripture

The plowers plowed on my back: they made long their furrows.

the plowers

Psalm 141:7
Our bones are scattered at the grave's mouth, as when one cutteth and cleaveth wood upon the earth.

Isaiah 51:23
But I will put it into the hand of them that afflict thee; which have said to thy soul, Bow down, that we may go over: and thou hast laid thy body as the ground, and as the street, to them that went over.







Lexicon
The plowmen
חָרְשׁ֣וּ (ḥā·rə·šū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 2790: To cut in, engrave, plow, devise

plowed
חֹרְשִׁ֑ים (ḥō·rə·šîm)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2790: To cut in, engrave, plow, devise

over
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

my back;
גַּ֭בִּי (gab·bî)
Noun - common singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 1354: The back, the top, rim, a boss, a vault, arch of eye, bulwarks

they made their furrows
לְמַעֲנִיתָֽם׃ (lə·ma·‘ă·nî·ṯām)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4618: A field for plowing

long.
הֶ֝אֱרִ֗יכוּ (he·’ĕ·rî·ḵū)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 748: To be, long
(3) Furrows.--The Hebrew word only occurs once besides, in 1Samuel 14:14, where the margin renders as here, furrow--a rendering which plainly there is not intelligible. "Half a furrow of an acre of land," as a space in which twenty men were killed, gives no clear idea to the mind. But Dr. J. G. Wettstein, in his excursus at the end of Delitzsch's Commentary, explains the ma'an to be the strip of ground which the ploughman takes in hand at one time, and round which consequently at the end of each furrow the plough turns. Delitzsch's "furrow-strip," therefore, more exactly reproduces the word, though here doubtless it is used with a poetic freedom and may be translated furrow. The double image, suggesting the lash given to a slave, and at the same time the actual and terrible imprints of oppression left on the country as well as the race, is as striking as poetry ever produced. It, in fact, combines two separate prophetic figures, Isaiah 1:6; Isaiah 51:23.

Verse 3. - The plowers plowed upon my back. A strong metaphor, which does not elsewhere occur. The idea is perhaps taken from the cruel treatment of captives in those days, who, in certain cases, were "put under saws and harrows of iron" (2 Samuel 12:31), or, as it is elsewhere expressed, "threshed with threshing instruments of iron" (Amos 1:3). They made long their furrows; i.e. "lengthened out their tortures." 129:1-4 The enemies of God's people have very barbarously endeavoured to wear out the saints of the Most High. But the church has been always graciously delivered. Christ has built his church upon a rock. And the Lord has many ways of disabling wicked men from doing the mischief they design against his church. The Lord is righteous in not suffering Israel to be ruined; he has promised to preserve a people to himself.
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OT Poetry: Psalm 129:3 The plowers plowed on my back (Psalm Ps Psa.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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