2 Chronicles 20:3
New International Version
Alarmed, Jehoshaphat resolved to inquire of the LORD, and he proclaimed a fast for all Judah.

New Living Translation
Jehoshaphat was terrified by this news and begged the LORD for guidance. He also ordered everyone in Judah to begin fasting.

English Standard Version
Then Jehoshaphat was afraid and set his face to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

Berean Study Bible
Jehoshaphat was alarmed and set his face to seek the LORD. And he proclaimed a fast throughout Judah.

New American Standard Bible
Jehoshaphat was afraid and turned his attention to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

King James Bible
And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

Christian Standard Bible
Jehoshaphat was afraid, and he resolved to seek the LORD. Then he proclaimed a fast for all Judah,

Contemporary English Version
Jehoshaphat was afraid, so he asked the LORD what to do. He then told the people of Judah to go without eating to show their sorrow.

Good News Translation
Jehoshaphat was frightened and prayed to the LORD for guidance. Then he gave orders for a fast to be observed throughout the country.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Jehoshaphat was afraid, and he resolved to seek the LORD. Then he proclaimed a fast for all Judah,

International Standard Version
In mounting fear, Jehoshaphat devoted himself to seek the LORD. He proclaimed a period of fasting throughout all of the territory of Judah,

NET Bible
Jehoshaphat was afraid, so he decided to seek the LORD's advice. He decreed that all Judah should observe a fast.

New Heart English Bible
Jehoshaphat was alarmed, and set himself to seek to the LORD. He proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Frightened, Jehoshaphat decided to ask for the LORD's help. He announced a fast throughout Judah.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek unto the LORD; and he proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

New American Standard 1977
And Jehoshaphat was afraid and turned his attention to seek the LORD; and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then Jehoshaphat feared and set himself to seek the LORD and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

King James 2000 Bible
And Jehoshaphat feared, and set his face to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

American King James Version
And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

American Standard Version
And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek unto Jehovah; and he proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Josaphat was alarmed, and set his face to seek the Lord earnestly, and he proclaimed a fast in all Juda.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Josaphat being seized with fear betook himself wholly to pray to the Lord, and he proclaimed a fast for all Juda.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek Jehovah, and proclaimed a fast throughout Judah.

English Revised Version
And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek unto the LORD; and he proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

World English Bible
Jehoshaphat was alarmed, and set himself to seek to Yahweh. He proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehoshaphat feareth, and setteth his face to seek to Jehovah, and proclaimeth a fast over all Judah;
Study Bible
Jehoshaphat Invaded by Moab
2Then some men came and told Jehoshaphat, “A vast army is coming against you from Edom, from beyond the Sea; they are already in Hazazon-tamar” (that is, En-gedi). 3Jehoshaphat was alarmed and set his face to seek the LORD. And he proclaimed a fast throughout Judah. 4So the people of Judah gathered to seek the LORD, and indeed, they came from all the cities of Judah to seek Him.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 7:6
When they had gathered at Mizpah, they drew water and poured it out before the LORD. On that day they fasted, and there they confessed, "We have sinned against the LORD." And Samuel judged the Israelites at Mizpah.

2 Chronicles 19:3
However, some good is found in you, for you have removed the Asherah poles from the land and have set your heart to seek God."

Ezra 8:21
And there by the Ahava Canal, I proclaimed a fast, so that we might humble ourselves before our God and ask Him for a safe journey for us and our children, with all our possessions.

Jeremiah 36:9
Now in the ninth month of the fifth year of Jehoiakim son of Josiah king of Judah, a fast before the LORD was proclaimed to all the people of Jerusalem and all who had come there from the cities of Judah.

Jonah 3:7
Then he issued a proclamation in Nineveh: "By the decree of the king and his nobles: Let no man or beast, herd or flock, taste anything at all. They must not eat or drink.

Treasury of Scripture

And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

feared

Genesis 32:7-11,24-28
Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed: and he divided the people that was with him, and the flocks, and herds, and the camels, into two bands; …

Psalm 56:3,4
What time I am afraid, I will trust in thee…

Isaiah 37:3-6
And they said unto him, Thus saith Hezekiah, This day is a day of trouble, and of rebuke, and of blasphemy: for the children are come to the birth, and there is not strength to bring forth…

himself [heb] his face

2 Chronicles 11:16
And after them out of all the tribes of Israel such as set their hearts to seek the LORD God of Israel came to Jerusalem, to sacrifice unto the LORD God of their fathers.

2 Chronicles 19:3
Nevertheless there are good things found in thee, in that thou hast taken away the groves out of the land, and hast prepared thine heart to seek God.

proclaimed

Judges 20:26
Then all the children of Israel, and all the people, went up, and came unto the house of God, and wept, and sat there before the LORD, and fasted that day until even, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before the LORD.

1 Samuel 7:6
And they gathered together to Mizpeh, and drew water, and poured it out before the LORD, and fasted on that day, and said there, We have sinned against the LORD. And Samuel judged the children of Israel in Mizpeh.

Ezra 8:21-23
Then I proclaimed a fast there, at the river of Ahava, that we might afflict ourselves before our God, to seek of him a right way for us, and for our little ones, and for all our substance…







Lexicon
Jehoshaphat
יְהוֹשָׁפָ֛ט (yə·hō·wō·šā·p̄āṭ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3092: Jehoshaphat -- 'the LORD has judged', the name of a number of Israelites

was alarmed
וַיִּרָ֕א (way·yi·rā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3372: To fear, to revere, caus, to frighten

and set
וַיִּתֵּ֧ן (way·yit·tên)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

his face
פָּנָ֖יו (pā·nāw)
Noun - common plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

to seek
לִדְר֣וֹשׁ (liḏ·rō·wōš)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 1875: To tread, frequent, to follow, to seek, ask, to worship

the LORD.
לַיהוָ֑ה (Yah·weh)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

And he proclaimed
וַיִּקְרָא־ (way·yiq·rā-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7121: To call, proclaim, read

a fast
צ֖וֹם (ṣō·wm)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6685: Fasting, a fast

throughout
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

Judah.
יְהוּדָֽה׃ (yə·hū·ḏāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3063: Judah -- 'praised', a son of Jacob, also the southern kingdom, also four Israelites
(3) And Jehoshaphat.--And he was afraid (scil., at the news). And Jehoshaphat set his face, &c. Literally, put his face--a phrase used in Daniel 9:3 (comp. 2Kings 12:18), and implying resolved, determined.

To seek the Lord.--The Hebrew construction is that of 2Chronicles 15:13 (le is here a sign of the accusative).

Proclaimed a fast.--An act of national self-humiliation, implying an admission of guilt, and intended to evoke the Divine pity and succour. (Comp. Judges 20:26; Joel 2:12-17; 1Samuel 7:6; Ezra 8:21.)

Verse 3. - Proclaimed a fast. This is the first recorded occasion of a general fast by royal proclamation, and of individual fasting it is remarkable that there is no record before the time and the act of Moses (as e.g. Exodus 34:28); after which, for individual fasting, come occasions like those of David (2 Samuel 12:16) and Elijah (1 Kings 19:8); for general fasting, occasions like those of Joshua 7:6; Judges 20:26; 1 Samuel 7:6; and for partial fasting, by semi-royal authority, that "proclaimed" by Jezebel (1 Kings 21:9, 12). 20:1-13 In all dangers, public or personal, our first business should be to seek help from God. Hence the advantage of days for national fasting and prayer. From the first to the last of our seeking the Lord, we must approach him with humiliation for our sins, trusting only in his mercy and power. Jehoshaphat acknowledges the sovereign dominion of the Divine Providence. Lord, exert it on our behalf. Whom should we seek to, whom should we trust to for relief, but the God we have chosen and served. Those that use what they have for God, may comfortably hope he will secure it to them. Every true believer is a son of Abraham, a friend of God; with such the everlasting covenant is established, to such every promise belongs. We are assured of God's love, by his dwelling in human nature in the person of the Saviour. Jehoshaphat mentions the temple, as a token of God's favourable presence. He pleads the injustice of his enemies. We may well appeal to God against those that render us evil for good. Though he had a great army, he said, We have no might without thee; we rely upon thee.
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Alphabetical: a afraid Alarmed all and attention fast for he his inquire Jehoshaphat Judah LORD of proclaimed resolved seek the throughout to turned was

OT History: 2 Chronicles 20:3 Jehoshaphat feared and set himself to seek (2 Chron. 2Ch iiCh ii ch 2 chr 2chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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