2 Chronicles 20:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Alarmed, Jehoshaphat resolved to inquire of the LORD, and he proclaimed a fast for all Judah.

King James Bible
And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek Jehovah, and proclaimed a fast throughout Judah.

World English Bible
Jehoshaphat was alarmed, and set himself to seek to Yahweh. He proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehoshaphat feareth, and setteth his face to seek to Jehovah, and proclaimeth a fast over all Judah;

2 Chronicles 20:3 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Jehoshaphat feared - He found that he could not possibly stand against such a numerous army, and therefore could not expect to be delivered except by the strong arm of God. To get this assistance, it was necessary to seek it; and to get such extraordinary help, they should seek it in an extraordinary way; hence he proclaimed a universal fast, and all the people came up to Jerusalem to seek the Lord.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

feared

Genesis 32:7-11,24-28 Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed: and he divided the people that was with him, and the flocks, and herds, and the camels...

Psalm 56:3,4 What time I am afraid, I will trust in you...

Isaiah 37:3-6 And they said to him, Thus said Hezekiah, This day is a day of trouble, and of rebuke, and of blasphemy...

Jonah 1:16 Then the men feared the LORD exceedingly, and offered a sacrifice to the LORD, and made vows.

Matthew 10:28 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul...

himself [heb] his face
seek the Lord

2 Chronicles 11:16 And after them out of all the tribes of Israel such as set their hearts to seek the LORD God of Israel came to Jerusalem...

2 Chronicles 19:3 Nevertheless there are good things found in you, in that you have taken away the groves out of the land...

proclaimed

Judges 20:26 Then all the children of Israel, and all the people, went up, and came to the house of God, and wept, and sat there before the LORD...

1 Samuel 7:6 And they gathered together to Mizpeh, and drew water, and poured it out before the LORD, and fasted on that day, and said there...

Ezra 8:21-23 Then I proclaimed a fast there, at the river of Ahava, that we might afflict ourselves before our God...

Esther 4:16 Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast you for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day...

Jeremiah 36:9 And it came to pass in the fifth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, in the ninth month...

Daniel 9:3 And I set my face to the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes:

Joel 1:14 Sanctify you a fast, call a solemn assembly, gather the elders and all the inhabitants of the land into the house of the LORD your God...

Joel 2:12-18 Therefore also now, said the LORD, turn you even to me with all your heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning...

Jonah 3:5-9 So the people of Nineveh believed God, and proclaimed a fast, and put on sackcloth...

Library
A Strange Battle
'We have no might against this great company that cometh against us; neither know we what to do: but our eyes are upon Thee.'--2 CHRON xx. 12. A formidable combination of neighbouring nations, of which Moab and Ammon, the ancestral enemies of Judah, were the chief, was threatening Judah. Jehoshaphat, the king, was panic-stricken when he heard of the heavy war-cloud that was rolling on, ready to burst in thunder on his little kingdom. His first act was to muster the nation, not as a military levy
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Coast of the Asphaltites, the Essenes. En-Gedi.
"On the western shore" (of the Asphaltites) "dwell the Essenes; whom persons, guilty of any crimes, fly from on every side. A nation it is that lives alone, and of all other nations in the whole world, most to be admired; they are without any woman; all lust banished, &c. Below these, was the town Engadda, the next to Jerusalem for fruitfulness, and groves of palm-trees, now another burying-place. From thence stands Massada, a castle in a rock, and this castle not far from the Asphaltites." Solinus,
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica

Cross References
1 Samuel 7:6
When they had assembled at Mizpah, they drew water and poured it out before the LORD. On that day they fasted and there they confessed, "We have sinned against the LORD." Now Samuel was serving as leader of Israel at Mizpah.

2 Chronicles 19:3
There is, however, some good in you, for you have rid the land of the Asherah poles and have set your heart on seeking God."

Ezra 8:21
There, by the Ahava Canal, I proclaimed a fast, so that we might humble ourselves before our God and ask him for a safe journey for us and our children, with all our possessions.

Jeremiah 36:9
In the ninth month of the fifth year of Jehoiakim son of Josiah king of Judah, a time of fasting before the LORD was proclaimed for all the people in Jerusalem and those who had come from the towns of Judah.

Jonah 3:7
This is the proclamation he issued in Nineveh: "By the decree of the king and his nobles: Do not let people or animals, herds or flocks, taste anything; do not let them eat or drink.

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