1 Chronicles 10:14
New International Version
and did not inquire of the LORD. So the LORD put him to death and turned the kingdom over to David son of Jesse.

New Living Translation
instead of asking the LORD for guidance. So the LORD killed him and turned the kingdom over to David son of Jesse.

English Standard Version
He did not seek guidance from the LORD. Therefore the LORD put him to death and turned the kingdom over to David the son of Jesse.

Berean Study Bible
and he failed to inquire of the LORD. So the LORD put him to death and turned the kingdom over to David son of Jesse.

New American Standard Bible
and did not inquire of the LORD. Therefore He killed him and turned the kingdom to David the son of Jesse.

King James Bible
And inquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse.

Christian Standard Bible
but he did not inquire of the LORD. So the LORD put him to death and turned the kingdom over to David son of Jesse.

Contemporary English Version
instead of asking the LORD. So the LORD had Saul killed and gave his kingdom to David, the son of Jesse.

Good News Translation
instead of consulting the LORD. So the LORD killed him and gave control of the kingdom to David son of Jesse.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
but he did not inquire of the LORD. So the LORD put him to death and turned the kingdom over to David son of Jesse.

International Standard Version
and by not seeking counsel from the LORD, who therefore put him to death and turned the kingdom over to Jesse's son David.

NET Bible
He did not seek the LORD's guidance, so the LORD killed him and transferred the kingdom to David son of Jesse.

New Heart English Bible
and did not inquire of the LORD: therefore he killed him, and turned the kingdom to David the son of Jesse.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He didn't request information from the LORD. So the LORD killed him and turned the kingship over to David, Jesse's son.

JPS Tanakh 1917
and inquired not of the LORD; therefore He slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse.

New American Standard 1977
and did not inquire of the LORD. Therefore He killed him, and turned the kingdom to David the son of Jesse.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and not enquire of the LORD; therefore, he slew him and turned the kingdom unto David, the son of Jesse.

King James 2000 Bible
And inquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom over to David the son of Jesse.

American King James Version
And inquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom to David the son of Jesse.

American Standard Version
and inquired not of Jehovah: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
and he sought not the Lord: so he slew him, and turned the kingdom to David the son of Jesse.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And trusted not is the Lord: therefore he slew him, and transferred his kingdom to David the son of Isai.

Darby Bible Translation
and he asked not counsel of Jehovah; therefore he slew him, and transferred the kingdom to David the son of Jesse.

English Revised Version
and inquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse.

Webster's Bible Translation
And inquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom to David the son of Jesse.

World English Bible
and didn't inquire of Yahweh: therefore he killed him, and turned the kingdom to David the son of Jesse.

Young's Literal Translation
and he inquired not at Jehovah, and He putteth him to death, and turneth round the kingdom to David son of Jesse.
Study Bible
Jabesh-gilead's Tribute to Saul
13So Saul died for his unfaithfulness to the LORD, because he did not keep the word of the LORD and even consulted a medium for guidance, 14and he failed to inquire of the LORD. So the LORD put him to death and turned the kingdom over to David son of Jesse.
Cross References
1 Samuel 15:28
So Samuel said to him, "The LORD has torn the kingdom of Israel from you today and has given it to your neighbor who is better than you.

1 Samuel 28:6
He inquired of the LORD, but the LORD did not answer him by dreams or Urim or prophets.

1 Chronicles 12:23
Now these are the numbers of men armed for battle who came to David at Hebron to turn Saul's kingdom over to him, in accordance with the word of the LORD:

1 Chronicles 17:13
I will be his Father, and he will be My son. And My loving devotion will never depart from him as I removed it from your predecessor.

Treasury of Scripture

And inquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom to David the son of Jesse.

enquired

Judges 10:11-16
And the LORD said unto the children of Israel, Did not I deliver you from the Egyptians, and from the Amorites, from the children of Ammon, and from the Philistines? …

1 Samuel 28:6
And when Saul inquired of the LORD, the LORD answered him not, neither by dreams, nor by Urim, nor by prophets.

Ezekiel 14:3-6
Son of man, these men have set up their idols in their heart, and put the stumblingblock of their iniquity before their face: should I be inquired of at all by them? …

he slew

Proverbs 17:13
Whoso rewardeth evil for good, evil shall not depart from his house.

Isaiah 10:7,15
Howbeit he meaneth not so, neither doth his heart think so; but it is in his heart to destroy and cut off nations not a few…

turned

1 Samuel 13:14
But now thy kingdom shall not continue: the LORD hath sought him a man after his own heart, and the LORD hath commanded him to be captain over his people, because thou hast not kept that which the LORD commanded thee.

1 Samuel 15:28
And Samuel said unto him, The LORD hath rent the kingdom of Israel from thee this day, and hath given it to a neighbour of thine, that is better than thou.

1 Samuel 16:1,11-13
And the LORD said unto Samuel, How long wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? fill thine horn with oil, and go, I will send thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite: for I have provided me a king among his sons…

Jesse [heb] Isai







Lexicon
and he failed
וְלֹֽא־ (wə·lō-)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

to inquire
דָרַ֥שׁ (ḏā·raš)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1875: To tread, frequent, to follow, to seek, ask, to worship

of the LORD.
בַּֽיהוָ֖ה (Yah·weh)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

So the LORD put him to death
וַיְמִיתֵ֑הוּ (way·mî·ṯê·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4191: To die, to kill

and turned the kingdom
הַמְּלוּכָ֔ה (ham·mə·lū·ḵāh)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4410: Something ruled, a realm

over
וַיַּסֵּב֙ (way·yas·sêḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5437: To turn about, go around, surround

to David
לְדָוִ֖יד (lə·ḏā·wîḏ)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Jesse.
יִשָֽׁי׃ (yi·šāy)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3448: Jesse -- father of David
(14) And enquired not of the Lord.--Saul had, in fact, enquired of Jehovah before resorting to the witch of En-dor, "but the Lord answered him not, neither by the dreams, nor by the Urim, nor by the prophets" (1Samuel 28:6). We shall not be reading a meaning of our own into the text if we say that Saul's natural impatience (1Samuel 13:13) on this occasion betrayed him again; he at once despaired of help from his God, instead of seeking it with self-humiliation and penitence. His character is consistently drawn throughout the history. The sin that ruined the first king was essentially that which led to the final ruin of the nation, viz., unfaithfulness to the covenant-God. The same word characterises both. (Comp. 1Chronicles 10:13 with 1Chronicles 5:25; 1Chronicles 9:1.)

Therefore he slew him.--God acts through the instrumentality of His creatures. In this case He employed the Philistines, and the suicidal hand of Saul himself; just as He employed the Assyrian conquerors of a later age to be the scourge of guilty peoples (Isaiah 10:5-15), and raised up Cyrus to be His servant, who should fulfil all His pleasure (Isaiah 44:28; Isaiah 45:1-13).

Turned the kingdom unto David.--By means of the warriors of Israel (1Chronicles 12:23). This sentence shows that 1 Chronicles 10 is transitional to the history of David as king.

Verse 14. - And inquired not of the Lord. Saul seems to have, in point of fact, inquired in some sense (1 Samuel 14:37; 1 Samuel 28:5, 6, 15). But the probable meaning is that he did not inquire in the first instance (see vers. 3, 4); and when he did inquire, he did not await the reply solely and exclusively of Jehovah. Therefore he slew him (so see 1 Chronicles 2:3). David the son of Jesse. The compiler, having heretofore given so scrupulously whatever of genealogical fact he could, is now careful to use it. And he identifies the future chief hero of his history as him who had already been instanced (1 Chronicles 2:15), "son of Jesse."



10:1-14 The death of Saul. - The design chiefly in view in these books of the Chronicles, appears to be to preserve the records of the house of David. Therefore the writer repeats not the history of Saul's reign, but only of his death, by which a way was made for David to the throne. And from the ruin of Saul, we may learn, 1. That the sin of sinners will certainly find them out, sooner or later; Saul died for his transgression. 2. That no man's greatness can exempt him from the judgments of God. 3. Disobedience is a killing thing. Saul died for not keeping the word of the Lord. May be delivered from unbelief, impatience, and despair. By waiting on the Lord we shall obtain a kingdom that cannot be moved.
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