1 Kings 9:21
New International Version
Solomon conscripted the descendants of all these peoples remaining in the land—whom the Israelites could not exterminate —to serve as slave labor, as it is to this day.

New Living Translation
These were descendants of the nations whom the people of Israel had not completely destroyed. So Solomon conscripted them as slaves, and they serve as forced laborers to this day.

English Standard Version
their descendants who were left after them in the land, whom the people of Israel were unable to devote to destruction—these Solomon drafted to be slaves, and so they are to this day.

Berean Study Bible
their descendants who remained in the land, those whom the Israelites were unable to devote to destruction—Solomon conscripted these people to be forced laborers, as they are to this day.

King James Bible
Their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel also were not able utterly to destroy, upon those did Solomon levy a tribute of bondservice unto this day.

New King James Version
that is, their descendants who were left in the land after them, whom the children of Israel had not been able to destroy completely—from these Solomon raised forced labor, as it is to this day.

New American Standard Bible
their descendants who were left after them in the land, whom the sons of Israel were unable to completely eliminate, from them Solomon conscripted forced laborers, as they are to this day.

NASB 1995
their descendants who were left after them in the land whom the sons of Israel were unable to destroy utterly, from them Solomon levied forced laborers, even to this day.

NASB 1977
their descendants who were left after them in the land whom the sons of Israel were unable to destroy utterly, from them Solomon levied forced laborers, even to this day.

Amplified Bible
their children who were left after them in the land, whom the Israelites were unable to completely destroy, from them Solomon levied (conscripted) forced laborers, even to this day (the date of this writing).

Christian Standard Bible
their descendants who remained in the land after them, those whom the Israelites were unable to destroy completely —Solomon imposed forced labor on them; it is still this way today.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
their descendants who remained in the land after them, those whom the Israelites were unable to completely destroy—Solomon imposed forced labor on them; it is this way until today.

American Standard Version
their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel were not able utterly to destroy, of them did Solomon raise a levy of bondservants unto this day.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Their children who were left after them and whom the children of Israel were unable to destroy, Solomon made them Servants paying taxes until today.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Their children, that were left in the land, to wit, such as the children of Israel had not been able to destroy, Solomon made tributary unto this day.

English Revised Version
their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel were not able utterly to destroy, of them did Solomon raise a levy of bondservants, unto this day.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
but they had descendants who were still in the land. Solomon drafted them for slave labor. ( They are still [slaves] today.)

International Standard Version
and whose descendants had survived them and continued to live in the land because the Israelis were unable to completely eliminate them, Solomon placed under conscripted labor, a situation that remains in effect to this day.

JPS Tanakh 1917
even their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel were not able utterly to destroy, of them did Solomon raise a levy of bondservants, unto this day.

Literal Standard Version
their sons who are left behind them in the land, whom the sons of Israel have not been able to devote—he has even lifted up a tribute of service [on] them to this day.

NET Bible
Their descendants remained in the land (the Israelites were unable to wipe them out completely). Solomon conscripted them for his work crews, and they continue in that role to this very day.

New Heart English Bible
their descendants who were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel were not able utterly to destroy, of them Solomon conscripted for slave labor to this day.

World English Bible
their children who were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel were not able utterly to destroy, of them did Solomon raise a levy of bondservants to this day.

Young's Literal Translation
their sons who are left behind them in the land, whom the sons of Israel have not been able to devote -- he hath even lifted up on them a tribute of service unto this day.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Solomon's Numerous Achievements
20As for all the people who remained of the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites (the people who were not Israelites)— 21their descendants who remained in the land, those whom the Israelites were unable to devote to destruction— Solomon conscripted these people to be forced laborers, as they are to this day. 22But Solomon did not consign any of the Israelites to slavery, because they were his men of war, his servants, his officers, his captains, and the commanders of his chariots and cavalry.…

Cross References
Genesis 9:25
he said, "Cursed be Canaan! A servant of servants shall he be to his brothers."

Genesis 9:26
He also declared: "Blessed be the LORD, the God of Shem! May Canaan be the servant of Shem.

Deuteronomy 20:11
If they accept your offer of peace and open their gates, all the people there will become forced laborers to serve you.

Joshua 15:63
But the descendants of Judah could not drive out the Jebusites living in Jerusalem. So to this day the Jebusites live there among the descendants of Judah.

Joshua 17:12
But the descendants of Manasseh were unable to occupy these cities, because the Canaanites were determined to stay in this land.

Joshua 17:13
However, when the Israelites grew stronger, they put the Canaanites to forced labor; but they failed to drive them out completely.

Judges 1:21
The Benjamites, however, failed to drive out the Jebusites living in Jerusalem. So to this day the Jebusites live there among the Benjamites.


Treasury of Scripture

Their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel also were not able utterly to destroy, on those did Solomon levy a tribute of slavery to this day.

left

Judges 1:21,27-35
And the children of Benjamin did not drive out the Jebusites that inhabited Jerusalem; but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Benjamin in Jerusalem unto this day…

Judges 2:20-23
And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel; and he said, Because that this people hath transgressed my covenant which I commanded their fathers, and have not hearkened unto my voice; …

Judges 3:1-4
Now these are the nations which the LORD left, to prove Israel by them, even as many of Israel as had not known all the wars of Canaan; …

not

Joshua 15:63
As for the Jebusites the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the children of Judah could not drive them out: but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Judah at Jerusalem unto this day.

Joshua 17:12,16-18
Yet the children of Manasseh could not drive out the inhabitants of those cities; but the Canaanites would dwell in that land…

levy

1 Kings 9:15
And this is the reason of the levy which king Solomon raised; for to build the house of the LORD, and his own house, and Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer.

1 Kings 5:13
And king Solomon raised a levy out of all Israel; and the levy was thirty thousand men.

Judges 1:28,35
And it came to pass, when Israel was strong, that they put the Canaanites to tribute, and did not utterly drive them out…

bond-service

Genesis 9:25,26
And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren…

Ezra 2:55-58
The children of Solomon's servants: the children of Sotai, the children of Sophereth, the children of Peruda, …

Nehemiah 7:57
The children of Solomon's servants: the children of Sotai, the children of Sophereth, the children of Perida,









Verse 21. - Their children that were left after them in the land [this is explicative of ver. 20], whom the children of Israel also [also is not in the Hebrew, and is meaningless] were not able utterly to destroy, upon those did Solomon levy a tribute of bond service [see on 1 Kings 5:13, and cf. Judges 1., passim, and 1 Chronicles 22:2] unto this day.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
their descendants
בְּנֵיהֶ֗ם (bə·nê·hem)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 1121: A son

who
אֲשֶׁ֨ר (’ă·šer)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

remained
נֹתְר֤וּ (nō·ṯə·rū)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 3498: To jut over, exceed, to excel, to remain, be left, to leave, cause to abound, preserve

in the land,
בָּאָ֔רֶץ (bā·’ā·reṣ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 776: Earth, land

those whom
אֲשֶׁ֧ר (’ă·šer)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

the Israelites
בְּנֵ֥י (bə·nê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1121: A son

were unable
לֹֽא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

to destroy completely—
לְהַֽחֲרִימָ֑ם (lə·ha·ḥă·rî·mām)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 2763: To seclude, to devote to religious uses, to be blunt as to the nose

Solomon
שְׁלֹמֹה֙ (šə·lō·mōh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 8010: Solomon -- David's son and successor to his throne

conscripted these people
וַיַּעֲלֵ֤ם (way·ya·‘ă·lêm)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine plural
Strong's 5927: To ascend, in, actively

to be forced
לְמַס־ (lə·mas-)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 4522: Body of forced laborers, forced service, taskworkers, taskwork, serfdom

laborers,
עֹבֵ֔ד (‘ō·ḇêḏ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 5647: To work, to serve, till, enslave

as they are to
עַ֖ד (‘aḏ)
Preposition
Strong's 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

this
הַזֶּֽה׃ (haz·zeh)
Article | Pronoun - masculine singular
Strong's 2088: This, that

day.
הַיּ֥וֹם (hay·yō·wm)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3117: A day


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OT History: 1 Kings 9:21 Their children who were left after them (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg)
1 Kings 9:20
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