1 Kings 9:21
New International Version
Solomon conscripted the descendants of all these peoples remaining in the land--whom the Israelites could not exterminate --to serve as slave labor, as it is to this day.

New Living Translation
These were descendants of the nations whom the people of Israel had not completely destroyed. So Solomon conscripted them for his labor force, and they serve in the labor force to this day.

English Standard Version
their descendants who were left after them in the land, whom the people of Israel were unable to devote to destruction—these Solomon drafted to be slaves, and so they are to this day.

Berean Study Bible
their descendants who remained in the land, those whom the Israelites were unable to destroy completely—Solomon conscripted these people to be forced laborers, as they are to this day.

New American Standard Bible
their descendants who were left after them in the land whom the sons of Israel were unable to destroy utterly, from them Solomon levied forced laborers, even to this day.

King James Bible
Their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel also were not able utterly to destroy, upon those did Solomon levy a tribute of bondservice unto this day.

Christian Standard Bible
their descendants who remained in the land after them, those whom the Israelites were unable to destroy completely--Solomon imposed forced labor on them; it is still this way today.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
their descendants who remained in the land after them, those whom the Israelites were unable to completely destroy--Solomon imposed forced labor on them; it is this way until today.

International Standard Version
and whose descendants had survived them and continued to live in the land because the Israelis were unable to completely eliminate them, Solomon placed under conscripted labor, a situation that remains in effect to this day.

NET Bible
Their descendants remained in the land (the Israelites were unable to wipe them out completely). Solomon conscripted them for his work crews, and they continue in that role to this very day.

New Heart English Bible
their children who were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel were not able utterly to destroy, of them Solomon conscripted for slave labor to this day.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
but they had descendants who were still in the land. Solomon drafted them for slave labor. ( They are still [slaves] today.)

JPS Tanakh 1917
even their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel were not able utterly to destroy, of them did Solomon raise a levy of bondservants, unto this day.

New American Standard 1977
their descendants who were left after them in the land whom the sons of Israel were unable to destroy utterly, from them Solomon levied forced laborers, even to this day.

Jubilee Bible 2000
their children that were left after them in the land, whom the sons of Israel were not able utterly to destroy, upon those Solomon levied a tribute of bondservice unto this day.

King James 2000 Bible
Their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel also were not able utterly to destroy, of those did Solomon conscript for forced labor unto this day.

American King James Version
Their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel also were not able utterly to destroy, on those did Solomon levy a tribute of slavery to this day.

American Standard Version
their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel were not able utterly to destroy, of them did Solomon raise a levy of bondservants unto this day.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Their children, that were left in the land, to wit, such as the children of Israel had not been able to destroy, Solomon made tributary unto this day.

Darby Bible Translation
their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel were not able utterly to destroy, upon them did Solomon impose a tribute of bondservice until this day.

English Revised Version
their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel were not able utterly to destroy, of them did Solomon raise a levy of bondservants, unto this day.

Webster's Bible Translation
Their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel also were not able utterly to destroy, upon those did Solomon levy a tribute of bond-service to this day.

World English Bible
their children who were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel were not able utterly to destroy, of them did Solomon raise a levy of bondservants to this day.

Young's Literal Translation
their sons who are left behind them in the land, whom the sons of Israel have not been able to devote -- he hath even lifted up on them a tribute of service unto this day.
Study Bible
Solomon's Numerous Achievements
20As for all the people who remained of the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites (the people who were not Israelites)— 21their descendants who remained in the land, those whom the Israelites were unable to destroy completely— Solomon conscripted these people to be forced laborers, as they are to this day. 22But Solomon did not consign any of the Israelites to slavery, because they were his men of war, his servants, his officers, his captains, and the commanders of his chariots and cavalry.…
Cross References
Genesis 9:25
he said, "Cursed be Canaan! A servant of servants shall he be to his brothers."

Genesis 9:26
He also declared: "Blessed be the LORD, the God of Shem! May Canaan be the servant of Shem.

Deuteronomy 20:11
If they accept your offer of peace and open their gates, all the people there will become forced laborers to serve you.

Joshua 15:63
But the descendants of Judah could not drive out the Jebusites who lived in Jerusalem. So to this day the Jebusites live there among the descendants of Judah.

Joshua 17:12
But the descendants of Manasseh were unable to occupy these cities, because the Canaanites were determined to stay in this land.

Joshua 17:13
However, when the Israelites grew stronger, they put the Canaanites to forced labor; but they failed to drive them out completely.

Judges 1:21
The Benjamites, however, failed to drive out the Jebusites living in Jerusalem. And to this day the Jebusites dwell among the Benjamites in Jerusalem.

Judges 1:28
When Israel became stronger, they pressed the Canaanites into forced labor, but they never drove them out completely.

Judges 1:35
And the Amorites were determined to dwell in Mount Heres, Aijalon, and Shaalbim. But when the house of Joseph grew in strength, they pressed the Amorites into forced labor.

Judges 3:1
These are the nations the LORD left to test all the Israelites who had not known any of the wars in Canaan,

1 Kings 9:20
As for all the people who remained of the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites (the people who were not Israelites)--

1 Chronicles 22:2
So David gave orders to gather the foreigners in the land of Israel, from whom he appointed stonecutters to prepare finished stones for building the house of God.

2 Chronicles 8:8
their descendants who remained in the land, those whom the Israelites were unable to destroy completely--Solomon conscripted these people to be forced laborers, as they are to this day.

Ezra 2:55
The descendants of the servants of Solomon: the descendants of Sotai, the descendants of Sophereth, the descendants of Peruda,

Ezra 2:58
The temple servants and descendants of the servants of Solomon numbered 392 in all.

Proverbs 12:24
The hand of the diligent will rule, but laziness ends in forced labor.

Treasury of Scripture

Their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel also were not able utterly to destroy, on those did Solomon levy a tribute of slavery to this day.

left

Judges 1:21,27-35
And the children of Benjamin did not drive out the Jebusites that inhabited Jerusalem; but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Benjamin in Jerusalem unto this day…

Judges 2:20-23
And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel; and he said, Because that this people hath transgressed my covenant which I commanded their fathers, and have not hearkened unto my voice; …

Judges 3:1-4
Now these are the nations which the LORD left, to prove Israel by them, even as many of Israel as had not known all the wars of Canaan; …

not

Joshua 15:63
As for the Jebusites the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the children of Judah could not drive them out: but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Judah at Jerusalem unto this day.

Joshua 17:12,16-18
Yet the children of Manasseh could not drive out the inhabitants of those cities; but the Canaanites would dwell in that land…

levy

1 Kings 9:15
And this is the reason of the levy which king Solomon raised; for to build the house of the LORD, and his own house, and Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer.

1 Kings 5:13
And king Solomon raised a levy out of all Israel; and the levy was thirty thousand men.

Judges 1:28,35
And it came to pass, when Israel was strong, that they put the Canaanites to tribute, and did not utterly drive them out…

bond-service

Genesis 9:25,26
And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren…

Ezra 2:55-58
The children of Solomon's servants: the children of Sotai, the children of Sophereth, the children of Peruda, …

Nehemiah 7:57
The children of Solomon's servants: the children of Sotai, the children of Sophereth, the children of Perida,







Lexicon
their descendants
בְּנֵיהֶ֗ם (bə·nê·hem)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

who
אֲשֶׁ֨ר (’ă·šer)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

remained
נֹתְר֤וּ (nō·ṯə·rū)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 3498: To jut over, exceed, to excel, to remain, be left, to leave, cause to abound, preserve

in the land,
בָּאָ֔רֶץ (bā·’ā·reṣ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

those whom
אֲשֶׁ֧ר (’ă·šer)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

the Israelites
בְּנֵ֥י (bə·nê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

were unable
לֹֽא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

to destroy completely—
לְהַֽחֲרִימָ֑ם (lə·ha·ḥă·rî·mām)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2763: To seclude, to devote to religious uses, to be blunt as to the nose

Solomon
שְׁלֹמֹה֙ (šə·lō·mōh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8010: Solomon -- David's son and successor to his throne

conscripted these people
וַיַּעֲלֵ֤ם (way·ya·‘ă·lêm)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5927: To ascend, in, actively

to be forced
לְמַס־ (lə·mas-)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4522: Body of forced laborers, forced service, taskworkers, taskwork, serfdom

laborers,
עֹבֵ֔ד (‘ō·ḇêḏ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5647: To work, to serve, till, enslave

as they are to
עַ֖ד (‘aḏ)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

this
הַזֶּֽה׃ (haz·zeh)
Article | Pronoun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2088: This, that

day.
הַיּ֥וֹם (hay·yō·wm)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3117: A day
Verse 21. - Their children that were left after them in the land [this is explicative of ver. 20], whom the children of Israel also [also is not in the Hebrew, and is meaningless] were not able utterly to destroy, upon those did Solomon levy a tribute of bond service [see on 1 Kings 5:13, and cf. Judges 1., passim, and 1 Chronicles 22:2] unto this day. 9:15-28 Here is a further account of Solomon's greatness. He began at the right end, for he built God's house first, and finished that before he began his own; then God blessed him, and he prospered in all his other buildings. Let piety begin, and profit follow; leave pleasure to the last. Whatever pains we take for the glory of God, and to profit others, we are likely to have the advantage. Canaan, the holy land, the glory of all lands, had no gold in it; which shows that the best produce is that which is for the present support of life, our own and others; such things did Canaan produce. Solomon got much by his merchandise, and yet has directed us to a better trade, within reach of the poorest. Wisdom is better than the merchandise of silver, and the gain thereof than fine gold, Pr 3:14.
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Alphabetical: after as conscripted could day descendants destroy even exterminate for force forced from his in is Israel Israelites it labor laborers land left levied not of remaining slave Solomon sons that the their them these this to unable utterly were who whom

OT History: 1 Kings 9:21 Their children who were left after them (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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