1 Kings 9:21
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
their descendants who were left after them in the land, whom the people of Israel were unable to devote to destruction—these Solomon drafted to be slaves, and so they are to this day.

King James Bible
Their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel also were not able utterly to destroy, upon those did Solomon levy a tribute of bondservice unto this day.

American Standard Version
their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel were not able utterly to destroy, of them did Solomon raise a levy of bondservants unto this day.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Their children, that were left in the land, to wit, such as the children of Israel had not been able to destroy, Solomon made tributary unto this day.

English Revised Version
their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel were not able utterly to destroy, of them did Solomon raise a levy of bondservants, unto this day.

Webster's Bible Translation
Their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel also were not able utterly to destroy, upon those did Solomon levy a tribute of bond-service to this day.

1 Kings 9:21 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Solomon's tribute service, and the building of the cities. (Cf. 2 Chronicles 8:3-10.) The other means by which Solomon made it possible to erect so many buildings, was by compelling the remnants of the Canaanitish population that were still in the land to perform tributary labour. המּס דּבר יד, "this is the case with regard to the tribute." For מס העלה compare 1 Kings 5:13. To the announcement of the object which Solomon had in view in raising tributary labourers, namely, to build, etc., there is immediately appended a list of all the buildings completed by him (1 Kings 9:15-19); and it is not till 1 Kings 9:20 that we have more precise details concerning the tribute itself. Millo, the wall of Jerusalem, and the cities enumerated, are for the most part not new buildings, but simply fortifications, or the completion of buildings already in existence. David had already built the castle of Millo and the wall of Jerusalem (2 Samuel 5:9); so that Solomon's building was in both cases merely fortifying more strongly. On Millo see the fuller remarks at 2 Samuel 5:9; and on the building of the wall, those at 1 Kings 3:1 and 1 Kings 11:27. As Solomon thereby closed the breach of the city of David according to 1 Kings 11:27, he probably extended the city wall so as to enclose the temple mountain; and he may possibly have also surrounded the lower city with a wall, since David had only built a fortification round about the upper city upon Zion (see at 2 Samuel 5:9). - Hazor: an old royal city of the Canaanites above Lake Huleh, which has not yet been discovered (see at Joshua 11:1). Megiddo, i.e., Lejun (see at 1 Kings 4:12). Gezer: also an old Canaanitish royal city, which stood close to the Philistian frontier, probably on the site of the present village of el Kubab (see at Joshua 10:33).

1 Kings 9:21 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

left

Judges 1:21,27-35 And the children of Benjamin did not drive out the Jebusites that inhabited Jerusalem...

Judges 2:20-23 And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel; and he said...

Judges 3:1-4 Now these are the nations which the LORD left, to prove Israel by them, even as many of Israel as had not known all the wars of Canaan...

Psalm 106:34-36 They did not destroy the nations, concerning whom the LORD commanded them...

not

Joshua 15:63 As for the Jebusites the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the children of Judah could not drive them out...

Joshua 17:12,16-18 Yet the children of Manasseh could not drive out the inhabitants of those cities; but the Canaanites would dwell in that land...

levy

1 Kings 9:15 And this is the reason of the levy which king Solomon raised; for to build the house of the LORD, and his own house, and Millo...

1 Kings 5:13 And king Solomon raised a levy out of all Israel; and the levy was thirty thousand men.

Judges 1:28,35 And it came to pass, when Israel was strong, that they put the Canaanites to tribute, and did not utterly drive them out...

tribute He made them do the most laborious parts of the public works, the Israelites being exempt from all but the more honourable employments.

bond-service

Genesis 9:25,26 And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be to his brothers...

Ezra 2:55-58 The children of Solomon's servants: the children of Sotai, the children of Sophereth, the children of Peruda...

Nehemiah 7:57 The children of Solomon's servants: the children of Sotai, the children of Sophereth, the children of Perida,

Nehemiah 11:3 Now these are the chief of the province that dwelled in Jerusalem...

Cross References
Genesis 9:25
he said, "Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be to his brothers."

Genesis 9:26
He also said, "Blessed be the LORD, the God of Shem; and let Canaan be his servant.

Deuteronomy 20:11
And if it responds to you peaceably and it opens to you, then all the people who are found in it shall do forced labor for you and shall serve you.

Joshua 15:63
But the Jebusites, the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the people of Judah could not drive out, so the Jebusites dwell with the people of Judah at Jerusalem to this day.

Joshua 17:12
Yet the people of Manasseh could not take possession of those cities, but the Canaanites persisted in dwelling in that land.

Joshua 17:13
Now when the people of Israel grew strong, they put the Canaanites to forced labor, but did not utterly drive them out.

Judges 1:21
But the people of Benjamin did not drive out the Jebusites who lived in Jerusalem, so the Jebusites have lived with the people of Benjamin in Jerusalem to this day.

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Able Bondservants Children Complete Conscripted Descendants Destroy Devote Exterminate Force Forced Impose Israel Israelites Labor Levy Raise Remaining Service Slave Slaves Solomon Tribute Unable Utterly Work
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Able Bondservants Children Complete Conscripted Descendants Destroy Devote Exterminate Force Forced Impose Israel Israelites Labor Levy Raise Remaining Service Slave Slaves Solomon Tribute Unable Utterly Work
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