1 Samuel 24:1
New International Version
After Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, he was told, "David is in the Desert of En Gedi."

New Living Translation
After Saul returned from fighting the Philistines, he was told that David had gone into the wilderness of En-gedi.

English Standard Version
When Saul returned from following the Philistines, he was told, “Behold, David is in the wilderness of Engedi.”

Berean Study Bible
After Saul had returned from pursuing the Philistines, he was told, “David is in the wilderness of En-gedi.”

New American Standard Bible
Now when Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, he was told, saying, "Behold, David is in the wilderness of Engedi."

King James Bible
And it came to pass, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold, David is in the wilderness of Engedi.

Christian Standard Bible
When Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, he was told, "David is in the wilderness near En-gedi."

Contemporary English Version
When Saul got back from fighting off the Philistines, he heard that David was in the desert around En-Gedi.

Good News Translation
When Saul came back from fighting the Philistines, he was told that David was in the wilderness near Engedi.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, he was told, "David is in the wilderness near En-gedi."

International Standard Version
When Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, he was told, "Look, David is in the wilderness of En-gedi."

NET Bible
When Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, they told him, "Look, David is in the desert of En Gedi."

New Heart English Bible
It happened, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, "Look, David is in the wilderness of En Gedi."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When Saul came back from [fighting] the Philistines, he was told "Now David is in the desert near En Gedi."

JPS Tanakh 1917
And it came to pass, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying: 'Behold, David is in the wilderness of En-gedi.'

New American Standard 1977
Now it came about when Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, he was told, saying, “Behold, David is in the wilderness of Engedi.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
And it came to pass when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold, David is in the wilderness of Engedi.

King James 2000 Bible
And it came to pass, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold, David is in the wilderness of Engedi.

American King James Version
And it came to pass, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold, David is in the wilderness of Engedi.

American Standard Version
And it came to pass, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold, David is in the wilderness of En-gedi.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And it came to pass when Saul returned from pursuing after the Philistines, that it was reported to him, saying, David is in the wilderness of Engaddi.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, they told him, saying: Behold, David is in the desert of Engaddi.

Darby Bible Translation
And it came to pass when Saul had returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold, David is in the wilderness of Engedi.

English Revised Version
And it came to pass, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold, David is in the wilderness of En-gedi.

Webster's Bible Translation
And it came to pass, when Saul had returned from following the Philistines, that it was told to him, saying, Behold, David is in the wilderness of En-gedi.

World English Bible
It happened, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, "Behold, David is in the wilderness of En Gedi."

Young's Literal Translation
And it cometh to pass when Saul hath turned back from after the Philistines, that they declare to him, saying, 'Lo, David is in the wilderness of En-gedi.'
Study Bible
David Spares Saul
1After Saul had returned from pursuing the Philistines, he was told, “David is in the wilderness of En-gedi.” 2So Saul took three thousand chosen men from all Israel and went to look for David and his men in the region of the Rocks of the Wild Goats.…
Cross References
Joshua 15:62
Nibshan, the City of Salt, and En-gedi--six cities, along with their villages.

1 Samuel 23:19
Then the Ziphites came up to Saul at Gibeah and said, "Is not David hiding with us in strongholds in Horesh, on the hill of Hachilah, south of Jeshimon?

1 Samuel 23:28
So Saul broke off his pursuit of David and went to meet the Philistines. That is why that place is called the Rock of Escape.

1 Samuel 23:29
And David went up from there and lived in the strongholds of En-gedi.

Ezekiel 47:10
Fishermen will stand by the shore; from En-gedi to En-eglaim they will spread their nets to catch fish of many kinds, like the fish of the Great Sea.

Treasury of Scripture

And it came to pass, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold, David is in the wilderness of Engedi.

when Saul

1 Samuel 23:28,29
Wherefore Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the Philistines: therefore they called that place Selahammahlekoth…

following.

1 Samuel 23:19
Then came up the Ziphites to Saul to Gibeah, saying, Doth not David hide himself with us in strong holds in the wood, in the hill of Hachilah, which is on the south of Jeshimon?

Proverbs 25:5
Take away the wicked from before the king, and his throne shall be established in righteousness.

Proverbs 29:12
If a ruler hearken to lies, all his servants are wicked.

the wilderness

1 Samuel 23:29
And David went up from thence, and dwelt in strong holds at Engedi.







Lexicon
After
כַּֽאֲשֶׁר֙ (ka·’ă·šer)
Preposition-k | Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

Saul
שָׁא֔וּל (šā·’ūl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7586: Saul -- first king of Israel, also an Edomite and two Israelites

had returned
שָׁ֣ב (šāḇ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

from pursuing
מֵאַחֲרֵ֖י (mê·’a·ḥă·rê)
Preposition-m
Strong's Hebrew 310: The hind or following part

the Philistines,
פְּלִשְׁתִּ֑ים (pə·liš·tîm)
Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6430: Philistines -- inhabitants of Philistia

he was told,
וַיַּגִּ֤דוּ (way·yag·gi·ḏū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5046: To be conspicuous

“David
דָוִ֔ד (ḏā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

is in the wilderness
בְּמִדְבַּ֖ר (bə·miḏ·bar)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4057: A pasture, a desert, speech

of
עֵ֥ין (‘ên)
0
Strong's Hebrew

En-gedi.”
גֶּֽדִי׃ (ge·ḏî)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5872: Engedi -- 'spring of a kid', a place on west shore of the Dead Sea
(1) When Saul was returned.--How intent Saul was on his bloody purpose with regard to his supposed rival is clear, for no sooner was the Philistine raid repulsed than with sleepless animosity he at once set forth with a force, as the next verse relates, of considerable magnitude to hunt down his foe. Saul was encouraged in this fresh enterprise by the offer of the Ziphites (see preceding 1Sam 1Samuel 24:19-22). These bitter enemies of David, in the interval of the Philistine war--accustomed to the passes and mountains of the barren region of the south of Canaan--complying with the king's request (1Samuel 23:23), had taken careful knowledge of the lurking-places where David was hiding, and were now prepared to act as guides to the well-equipped and disciplined forces under Saul in its marches and counter-marches in the deserts bordering on the south of Judah.

En-gedi.--David and his band were now wandering along a lofty plateau, upon the tops of cliffs some 2,000 feet above the Dead Sea. En-gedi--still known as Ain-jedy, the Fountain of the Kid--is a beautiful oasis, in the barren wilderness to the south of Judah. Its original name was Hazazon Tamar--"The Palm Wood" (see 2Chronicles 20:2)--and was once an ancient settlement of the Amorites (see Genesis 14:7). It has in all ages been a favourite spot with the possessors of the land. King Solomon appears to have paid peculiar attention to this garden of the wilderness. He planted the hills round it with vines; from the fountain flows a warm limpid stream, delicious to the taste. The remains of ancient gardens tell us that in the golden days of the kings En-gedi was probably a favourite resort of the wealthy citizen of Jerusalem. Solpmon, in his "Song of Songs," writes of it in a strain which shows how he loved it, when he compares his beloved "to a cluster of camphire in the vineyards of En-gedi."--Song of Solomon 1:14. Its present condition, as described by modern travellers, more nearly resembles the En-gedi when Saul hunted David among the rocks and caverns than the En-gedi the resort of the Jerusalem citizens, beautiful with gardens and vines of Solomon.--Conder: Tent Life. Dean Stanley and others have described the spot with great care, and left us a vivid picture of the scene. They tell us of the long and weary journey-across the desolate valleys and precipitous barren heights, and of the enchanting scene which lay before them when once Ain-jedy was reached. They describe in flowing language the plentiful and rich vegetation, the trees and fruits, the ruins of the ancient gardens, and remains of the beautiful groves, still inhabited by a multitude of singing birds. In the limestone cliffs are numerous caves, some of them very large and deep, well calculated to be the temporary shelter of large bodies of men.

Verse 1. - The wilderness of En-gedi. Finding no safety on the western side of the desert of Judah, where the Ziphites were ever watching his movements, David now boldly crossed this arid waste, and sought shelter in the remarkable oasis of En-gedi, on the shore of the Dead Sea. The word may signify either the Fountain of Luck or the Kid's Spring, the latter being the meaning of the name Ain-Jadi, which it still bears. In 2 Chronicles 20:2 it is identified with Hazazon-Tamar, the Palm Wood, an ancient seat of the Amorites, and evidently famous from of old for its fertility (Genesis 14:7). Conder ('Tent Work,' 2:126) describes the country over which David would have to travel as almost impassable, so that in four and a half hours of hard riding be and his party advanced only six miles, so deep were the valleys which they were obliged to cross. From a lofty peak on their way the view was most extraordinary. On every side were other ridges, equally white, steep, and narrow; their sides seamed by innumerable torrent beds, their summits sharp and rugged in outline. Not a tree was visible, and the whole region was like the dry basin of a former sea, scoured by the rains, and washed down in places to the hard foundation of metamorphic limestone which underlies the whole district. But the desert once crossed, "there is no scene," he says, "more vividly impressed on my memory than that of this magnificently rocky and savage pass, and the view from the spring below." He had encamped on a plateau upon the top of the cliffs, which rise to a height of 2000 feet above the Dead Sea; and 1340 feet below him the warm spring of En-gedi, 83° F., rises from under a great boulder, and dashing down the rest of the descent, flows across the plate at the foot of the cliffs, which is about half a mile square. All around are the ruins of ancient gardens and thickets, among which he saw the beautiful black grackles with gold-tipped wings, bulbuls, and thrushes. Solomon seems to have delighted in the spot, and to have covered the hills with vines; for he compares his beloved to a "cluster of camphire in the vineyards of En-gedi" (Song of Solomon 1:14). Neither palm nor vine is to be found there now, but there is still a rich vegetation, and groves of trees. According to Thomson ('The Land and the Book,' p. 602) the sides of the ravines leading to En-gedi are full of natural and artificial caves and sepulchres. 24:1-7 God delivered Saul into David's hand. It was an opportunity given to David to exercise faith and patience. He had a promise of the kingdom, but no command to slay the king. He reasons strongly, both with himself and with his men, against doing Saul any hurt. Sin is a thing which it becomes us to startle at, and to resist temptations thereto. He not only would not do this bad thing himself, but he would not suffer those about him to do it. Thus he rendered good for evil, to him from whom he received evil for good; and was herein an example to all who are called Christians, not to be overcome of evil, but to overcome evil with good.
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Alphabetical: After Behold David Desert En Engedi from Gedi he in is Now of Philistines pursuing returned Saul saying the told was when wilderness

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