1 Samuel 23:1
New International Version
When David was told, "Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah and are looting the threshing floors,"

New Living Translation
One day news came to David that the Philistines were at Keilah stealing grain from the threshing floors.

English Standard Version
Now they told David, “Behold, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah and are robbing the threshing floors.”

Berean Study Bible
Now it was reported to David, “Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah and looting the threshing floors.”

King James Bible
Then they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah, and they rob the threshingfloors.

New King James Version
Then they told David, saying, “Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and they are robbing the threshing floors.”

New American Standard Bible
Then they informed David, saying, “Behold, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah and are plundering the threshing floors.”

NASB 1995
Then they told David, saying, "Behold, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah and are plundering the threshing floors."

NASB 1977
Then they told David, saying, “Behold, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and are plundering the threshing floors.”

Amplified Bible
Then they told David, saying, “Behold, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah and are plundering (robbing) the threshing floors [of the grain].”

Christian Standard Bible
It was reported to David, “Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah and raiding the threshing floors.”

Holman Christian Standard Bible
It was reported to David: "Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah and raiding the threshing floors."

American Standard Version
And they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and are robbing the threshing-floors.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they revealed to David and they said to him: “Behold, the Philistines are fighting in Qayla and they are plundering the granary!”

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And it was told David, saying, behold, the Philistines war in Keila, and they rob, they trample on the threshing-floors.

Contemporary English Version
One day some people told David, "The Philistines keep attacking the town of Keilah and stealing grain from the threshing place."

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they told David, saying: Behold the Philistines fight against Ceila, and they rob the barns.

English Revised Version
And they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and they rob the threshing-floors.

Good News Translation
David heard that the Philistines were attacking the town of Keilah and were stealing the newly harvested grain.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
David was asked, "Did you know that the Philistines are fighting against Keilah? They are robbing the threshing floors."

International Standard Version
Someone told David, "Look, the Philistines are fighting at Keilah and are plundering the threshing floors."

JPS Tanakh 1917
And they told David, saying: 'Behold, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and they rob the threshing-floors.'

Literal Standard Version
And they declare to David, saying, “Behold, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and they are spoiling the threshing-floors.”

NET Bible
They told David, "The Philistines are fighting in Keilah and are looting the threshing floors."

New Heart English Bible
David was told, "Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and are robbing the threshing floors."

World English Bible
David was told, "Behold, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and are robbing the threshing floors."

Young's Literal Translation
And they declare to David, saying, 'Lo, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and they are spoiling the threshing-floors.'

Additional Translations ...
Context
David Delivers Keilah
1Now it was reported to David, “Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah and looting the threshing floors.” 2So David inquired of the LORD, “Should I go and attack these Philistines?” And the LORD said to David, “Go and attack the Philistines and save Keilah.”…

Cross References
Joshua 15:44
Keilah, Achzib, and Mareshah--nine cities, along with their villages.

Nehemiah 3:17
Next to him, the Levites made repairs under Rehum son of Bani, and next to him, Hashabiah, ruler of a half-district of Keilah, made repairs for his district.

Nehemiah 3:18
Next to him, their countrymen made repairs under Binnui son of Henadad, ruler of the other half-district of Keilah.

Daniel 2:35
Then the iron, clay, bronze, silver, and gold were shattered and became like chaff on the threshing floor in summer. The wind carried them away, and not a trace of them could be found. But the stone that had struck the statue became a great mountain and filled the whole earth.


Treasury of Scripture

Then they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah, and they rob the threshing floors.

Joshua 15:44
And Keilah, and Achzib, and Mareshah; nine cities with their villages:

Nehemiah 3:17,18
After him repaired the Levites, Rehum the son of Bani. Next unto him repaired Hashabiah, the ruler of the half part of Keilah, in his part…

rob the

Leviticus 26:16
I also will do this unto you; I will even appoint over you terror, consumption, and the burning ague, that shall consume the eyes, and cause sorrow of heart: and ye shall sow your seed in vain, for your enemies shall eat it.

Deuteronomy 28:33,51
The fruit of thy land, and all thy labours, shall a nation which thou knowest not eat up; and thou shalt be only oppressed and crushed alway: …

Judges 6:4,11
And they encamped against them, and destroyed the increase of the earth, till thou come unto Gaza, and left no sustenance for Israel, neither sheep, nor ox, nor ass…









(1) Then they told David. . . .--For this and like duties the prophet Gad (1Samuel 22:5) had summoned David to return with his armed band to Judah. There was a great work ready to his hand in his own country at that juncture. Saul was becoming more and more neglectful of his higher duty--that of protecting his people; as time went on and his malady increased, his whole thoughts were concentrated on David's imaginary crimes, and the history of the latter part of his reign is little more than a recital of his sad, bewildered efforts to compass the young hero's destruction. The task of protecting the people from the constant marauding expeditions of the Philistines, and probably of the neighbouring nations, then was entrusted to David. To point this out to the son of Jesse was evidently the first great mission of Gad the seer. Samuel's mind was, no doubt, busied in this matter. It is more than probable that Gad was first dispatched to join David at the instigation of the aged, but still mentally vigorous, prophet.

Keilah.--"This town lay in the lowlands of Judah, not far from the Philistine frontier, some miles south of Adullam, being perched on a steep hill overlooking the valley of Elah, not far from the thickets of Hareth" (Conder; Tent Life in Palestine).

Verse 1. - They told David, etc. The return of David into his own land was quickly followed by exploits which not only increased his power, but turned the eyes of all the people towards him as their protector. His first success was the deliverance of the city of Keilah from a body of Philistines who were plundering it of the produce of its harvest. This place lay a few miles south of the stronghold of Adullam, and itself occupied a defensible position, being perched on a steep hill overlooking the valley of Elah, not far from the thickets of Hareth (Condor, 'Tent Work,' 2:88). Being thus at no great distance from the Philistine border, a band of men started thence on a foray for the purpose of robbing the threshing floors. As no rain falls in Palestine in the harvest season (1 Samuel 12:17), the corn is threshed out in the open air by a heavy wooden sledge made of two boards, and curved up in front, with pieces of basalt inserted for teeth, drawn over it by horses, or it is trampled out by cattle. Conder ('Tent Work,' 2:259) describes the threshing floor as "a broad flat space on open ground, generally high. Sometimes the floor is on a flat rocky hill top, and occasionally it is in an open valley, down which there is a current of air; but it is always situated where most wind can be found, because at the threshing season high winds never occur, and the grain is safely stored before the autumn storms commence." As the grain after winnowing is made into heaps until it can be carried home, there is always a period when the threshing floors have to be watched to guard them from depredation, and this was the time chosen by the Philistines for a foray in force.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Now it was reported
וַיַּגִּ֥דוּ (way·yag·gi·ḏū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 5046: To be conspicuous

to David,
לְדָוִ֖ד (lə·ḏā·wiḏ)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

“Look,
הִנֵּ֤ה (hin·nêh)
Interjection
Strong's 2009: Lo! behold!

the Philistines
פְלִשְׁתִּים֙ (p̄ə·liš·tîm)
Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's 6430: Philistines -- inhabitants of Philistia

are fighting
נִלְחָמִ֣ים (nil·ḥā·mîm)
Verb - Nifal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's 3898: To feed on, to consume, to battle

against Keilah
בִּקְעִילָ֔ה (biq·‘î·lāh)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 7084: Keilah -- a city in Judah

and looting
שֹׁסִ֥ים (šō·sîm)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's 8154: To spoil, plunder

the threshing floors.”
הַגֳּרָנֽוֹת׃ (hag·go·rā·nō·wṯ)
Article | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's 1637: A threshing-floor, open area


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OT History: 1 Samuel 23:1 They told David saying Behold the Philistines (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa)
1 Samuel 22:23
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